2 Why is it important?To create arrangements with the feel of another time and place.To harmonize your arrangements with the time period of the room or building.Any other ideas?
3 1. Egyptian Period: Design Characteristics Common types of designs were chaplets, wreaths, garlandsDesigns were typically orderly with alternating patterns of flowersDominant colors were red, yellow, and blue
4 Egyptian Period: Flowers (Pick 3 for your notes) AcaciaGladiolasJasmineLilyLupineMorning GloryPoppyRoseLotus**Containers were often made from pottery, gold, slate, or polished alabasterThe lotus was sacred because it was the flower of the Goddess Isis.
5 Egyptian Period: Foliage & Fruit (Pick 3 for your notes) IvyLaurelOleanderFigsGrapesOlivesPalmPapyrusPeachesPlums
6 2. Greek Period Design Characteristics: Not arranged in vases or bouquetsDesign types often used were wreaths and garlandsThe cornucopia was first introduced during this eraFirst to have professional florists
8 Greek Period: Foliage & Fruit HerbsIvyLaurelBerriesOakOliveAcornsGrapes
9 3. Roman Period Design Characteristics: Often used heavy & elaborate wreathsUsed fragrant flowers with bright colorsFirst use of natural bouquets
10 4. Byzantine Period Design Characteristics: Used symmetrical tree-like compositionsChanged construction of garlands to be narrow bands of flowers or fruit alternated with foliage
11 5. Middle Ages (476 - 1450 A.D.) Design Characteristics: Very little is known about floral art in this periodFragrant flowers were highly favored for strewing on the ground, freshening the air, and making wreaths/garlands
12 6. Renaissance Period in Europe after Middle Ages Interesting Facts:Paintings from this period often show vases of flowers because flowers had great symbolismex: The rose symbolized sacred or profane loveex: A white lily symbolized chastity and fertility
13 Renaissance: Design Styles Design Characteristics:Single white lily placed in a jug is typicalFlowers arranged in vases so that only blossoms were visibleMassed, symmetrically stiff, compact arrangements commonBright colors and forms of flowers were used as focus
14 Renaissance: Flowers Anemone Campanula Carnations Iris Poppy Rose Lily Lily of the ValleyMarigoldNarcissusPansyViolets
16 Renaissance: Containers Elaborate metal containers with well formed bases, stems, necks, & handles popularSome containers were made especially for flowers (ex: holes in a removable lid to hold flowers in place)Urns made of pottery, marble, bronze, or glass
17 7. Baroque Period Era following the Renaissance in Europe Interesting Facts:Art is no longer just for the church or nobility, it is now accessible to the middle classPaintings show arrangements in everyday settingsDesign Characteristics:Many interiors were overdecorated and gaudyDesigns became more creative and expressive
18 Baroque Period: Containers Massive and sturdyMetal and stone urnsChinese and Japanese vases, bowls, and flasks
21 Hogarth Curve Created by William Hogarth (1697-1764) called 'Line of Beauty'follows the shape of the letter S. The arrangement may be a line or massed line.
22 8. French Period (17th & 18th century France) Also known as the “Grand Era”Associated with the courtly lifeEmphasis was on classic design, refinement, and eleganceDesigns were often fan shaped and massed
23 French Period: Flowers & Foliage AcaciaAsterCarnationFernsHyacinthLarkspurLilacsLiliesMarigoldsPansyPoppyRosesTulips
24 French Period: Containers Elegant and ornateGoblets and vases made of glass, ceramic, or porcelainClassic urns
25 9. English-Georgian Period (18th century England) Named for English Kings George I, II, & IIIFragrance was very important in flower selection because it was thought to rid diseaseEnglish created the nosegay to safeguard from illness
26 English-Georgian Period (18th century England) Cont. Flowers became part of fashion in hair, around necks, and in décolletageArrangements were formal & symmetricalOften used bough pots
27 English-Georgian: Flowers Used the same as the Baroque period but also included:CloverGeraniumsHibiscusPassion FlowerPhloxSnowdropVeronica
28 English-Georgian: Containers WedgwoodPosy-holder vasesUrns made of pewter, sliver, or ceramicsCeramic wall pocketsEnclosed bricks
29 11. Victorian EraNamed for Queen Victoria who reigned in England from 1837 to 1901Victorian interiors were lavishly decorated in heavy colors and patterns
30 Victorian Era cont.Time of great enthusiasm about flowers; floral design was taught and recognized as artFirst attempt to establish rules for floral arranging
31 Victorian Era: Design Characteristics Described as grouping large masses of flowers, foliage, and grasses together to create a design with no center of interestUsually round or oval shaped arrangements
32 Victorian Era: Tuzzy Muzzy Victorian bridal bouquetpopular arrangement that can be used for any occasion. a small, compact cluster of flowers with bound stems creating a round bouquetcan be designed to be hand-held or slipped into your favorite vase
35 Victorian Era: Containers Metal, porcelain, ceramic, glass, and alabaster were popular materialsWall pocketsTuzzy-muzzy holdersVases of various shapesUrns & jugs
36 12. Early American Style Focused on natural styles and arrangements Wildflowers, grains, and grasses were often placed in everyday jugs and pitchers to make an arrangement
37 13. Colonial Williamsburg Style: 1714 - 1780 Typical arrangements were massed, rounded, and fan shaped bouquetsCasual, open designs were popular
38 14. Neoclassic Style Covered two time periods Federal PeriodGreek PeriodDesigns were typically broken from English tradition and were influenced by the FrenchRoses, geraniums, and trailing ivy were popular plant materials
39 15. American Federal Period: 1780-1820 Equivalent to the English Georgian periodArrangement shape was often fan shaped, influenced by French design style.
40 16. American Victorian: 1845 - 1900 Also called the Romantic era Designs copied European Victorian stylesEpergnes were popular containers
41 17. Art Nouveau Period:Style was based on curvilinear lines and often patterned after nature in the shape of plants or flowersContainers were curving and asymmetrical
42 Art Deco Period: 1920’s & 30’sBlending of influences including ancient Egyptian, Jazz age, and industrial ageCharacterized by strong geometric lines and patternsThe style reemerged in the 1960’s
43 18. Free Form Expression: 1950’s Arrangements were more expressive with feeling of movement and freedomTextural differences between design materials were emphasized
44 19. Geometric Mass Design: 1960’s & 70’s Tight, geometric bouquets were commonArrangements combined mass and line into stiff patternsCompote containers were commonly used
45 Oriental Influence in Floral Design Oriental influence placed emphasis on the individual form, texture, and color of plant material
46 20. Chinese vs. 21. Japanese Style Chinese style is less stylizedJapanese style is very formal and follows strict rules of constructionJapanese
51 ReviewWhat are some types of flowers and foliage common to all periods of floral design?Why is it important to study the history of floral design?How did European traditions influence American design?