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State of the State Budget 2012-13 Governor’s January Proposal Presented by Angela Su, CTA NODD School Finance January 2012

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Presentation on theme: "State of the State Budget 2012-13 Governor’s January Proposal Presented by Angela Su, CTA NODD School Finance January 2012"— Presentation transcript:

1 State of the State Budget 2012-13 Governor’s January Proposal Presented by Angela Su, CTA NODD School Finance January 2012 Link available until January 24, 2011


3 Proposition 98 The Constitutional Guarantee Compared to Actual Funding California Teachers Association

4 How We Got Here California Teachers Association

5 It’s the Economy… Housing Bubble Burst Financial Market Meltdown The Great Recession Sluggish state and national recovery Very slow job growth (public sector losses offset private sector gains) California Teachers Association

6 It’s the Economy… The Economy is the sum total of human work – The organization of money and resources in a country, region, or community – Everyone participates in it The purpose of the economy is to meet the needs of people California Teachers Association

7 …and the Economy is Political Whose “needs” get met in the current economy? The existing structure….. Enables a few to make lots more money Enables those few to pay less taxes Has not created, and in fact has reduced, the number of ‘middle class’ jobs (good wages and benefits) Has caused wages to stagnate California Teachers Association

8 The Truth About The Economy California Teachers Association


10 Corporate Profits, Personal Income & Median Wages 10 California Teachers Association

11 Who Pays Taxes in CA Has Changed Over Time LAO, Historical State Revenues

12 California Teachers Association


14 CA K-12 Education Funding Sources


16 CA Per Pupil Funding Rank Has Fallen Prop 13 Ed Week Revenue Limits

17 Where is “Here”? Overview of the 2012-13 State Education Budget

18 NEW MONEY, or NOT? Proposition 98 increase of $4.9 billion $2.4 billion deferral repayment = no program funding increase (deferrals borrow from next year’s P98 funding) $2.5 billion “credit” for a deferral whose creation was avoided (if program funding was increased to meet P98 min, a deferral would have to be made… I couldn’t make this stuff up) Transportation eliminated ($491 million statewide program funding cut) California Teachers Association

19 Governor’s Tax Initiative Increase income tax rates on wealthy (2012 - 2016) 1% rate increase married incomes $500,000 - $600,000 1.5% rate increase incomes $601,000 - $1 million 2% rate increase incomes over $1 million Increase the state’s sales tax rate by 0.5% points (2013 - 2016)

20 2011-12 Budget In Review K-12 Districts 2.237% COLA, but Funded 0% Deficit factor = 19.754%, w/ mid-year cut 19.96% Flat funding from 2010-11, except 0.25% mid-year cut ( about $13/ADA) COLA $ Elem$137 HS$164 Unif$143

21 2012-13 PROPOSED COLA & Revenue Limit K-12 Districts 3.17% COLA, but Funded 0%, sort of Deficit factor = 21.666% – Deficit factor from DOF doesn’t zero out COLA – Avg Increase $37/ADA (0.71%) from funded 2011-12 & $51/ADA (0.97%) increase from trigger cut funded BRL Believe Gov intended flat funding from 2011-12 COLA $ Elem$198 HS$238 Unif$207

22 2012-13 K-12 Revenue Limits Before 2011-12 mid- year cut W/ 2011-12 mid-year cut 2011-12 Funded BRL$5,244$5,231 2011-12 Statutory BRL$6,535 2012-13 Proj. Unified COLA$207 2012-13 Statutory BRL$6,742 2012-13 Proj. Deficit FactorX 0.78334 2012-13 Funded BRL$5,281 Diff. Funded BRL$5,281 - $5,244 = $37$5,281 - $5,231 = $51 %Δ Funded BRL$37 ÷ $5,244 = 0.71%$54 ÷ $5,228 = 0.97% DOF Deficit (21.666%) creates a slight increase in the BRL year-over-year (with or without the mid-year BRL cut in 2011-12). It is unlikely this increase will be realized in the final state budget and most LEAs will likely budget a 0% COLA.

23 2012-13 PROPOSED COE COLA & Revenue Limit County Offices 3.17% COLA, Funded 0% Deficit factor = 22.497% Flat funding from 2011- 12

24 Growth Statewide increase of K-12 ADA 0.36% Individual District & COE Growth Funded, but with deficit applied

25 Basic Aid (Excess Tax) For 2011-12 and beyond, SB 70 continues the Basic Aid “Fair Share” cut to categoricals but at the rate of 8.92% (of entitlement using the RL formula) – Cut is scheduled to continue each year until the 2008-09 & 2009-10 RL cuts are restored – intent of legislature, although will be implemented annually with legislation – Look for trailer legislation

26 Categorical Programs: Tier 1 Special Education QEIA K-3 Class Size Reduction Home-To-School Transportation (Proposed Elimination) Economic Impact Aid + ELL Child Nutrition Child Development AVID (Proposed Elimination) After School Programs Tier 1 No 2012-13 Cuts COLA = 0% Historically “Protected Programs” CSR internal flexibility

27 Categorical Programs: Tier 2 No 2012-13 Cuts COLA = 0% No Categorical Flexibility Year Round Schools (final year $ to Charter Facilities, then eliminated) Student Assessment Testing Charter School Facilities Grant Partnership Academies Apprentice Program K-12 Internet Access Ag-Voc Ed Foster Youth Programs Adults in Correctional Facilities Tier 2

28 Categorical Programs: Tier 3 Admin Training ProgramCOE Fiscal OversightPupil Retention BG Adult EducationCOE: Williams AuditsReader Services: Blind Alternative Tcher CertifCommunity Day SchoolsROC/Ps American Indian ECECCommunity-Based Eng TutoringSanctions AP ProgramsDeferred MaintenanceSchool and Library Impr BG Arts and Music Block GrantEd TechSchool Safety Block Grant (8-12) Bilingual Teacher TrainingGifted and TalentedSchool Safety Competitive Grants CALHSEE-Inst Supp & ServInstructional Materials BGSpecialized Secondary Prog Grants California Assn Student CouncilsInternational BaccalaureateSupp Instruction (Summer School) CalSAFEMath & Reading Prof DevelSupp Schl Counseling Certificated Staff MentoringMH CSR 9th GradeTargeted Instructional Improv BG Charter School Categorical BGNational Board Cert IncentTeacher Credentialing BG Child Oral Health AssessmentsPE Teacher IncntTeacher Dismissal Civic EducationPeer Assistance and Review Class Size Reduction (9th Grade)Professional Devel BG

29 Categorical Programs: Tier 3 No 2012-13 Cuts COLA = 0% Categorical Flexibility for “any educational purpose” –Flexibility for 2008-09 to 2014-15 –Public Hearing – new requirement (AB 189, effective Jan 1, 2012. –Must meet before budget adoption & identify program to be closed

30 Fiscal Flexibility Flexibility OptionsOriginal Flex Duration Extension Passed 2011 Restricted routine maintenance set aside, reduced from 3% to 1% or 0% 2008-09 to 2012-132014-15 Deferred Maintenance Match – eliminates 0.5% of budget local match 2008-09 to 2012-132014-15 Suspends new Instr Materials requirement & suspends SBE instructional material adoptions 2008-09 to 2012-13 2014-15 & SBE adopt 2015-16 Reduce Min Requirement for REU to 1/3 of the regularly recommended level. 2008-09 to 2012-13 2013-14 (back to prior level) Current Law

31 Fiscal Flexibility Flexibility OptionsOriginal Flex Duration Extension Passed 2011 Categorical Program Flexibility – use for any educational purpose Thru 2009-10 only2014-15 Option to negotiate 5 day reduction in student year and instructional minutes 2009-10 to 2012-132014-15 Sell surplus property not purchased with state funds and use proceeds for general fund purposes Until 01/01/20121/1/2014 Class Size Reduction K-3 Flexibility - Escalating penalties 2008-09 to 2011-122013-14 Current Law

32 PROPOSED Weighted Student Funding Formula Provide significant & permanent flexibility – most state categoricals & revenue limit $ – weighted factors considering costs of educating specific student populations – phased in over five years – coupled with accountability measures basis for evaluating & rewarding schools include the current quantitative, test ‑ based accountability measures & locally developed assessments & qualitative measures of schools.

33 Special Education 0% COLA on state/local share $12.3 million for growth Est. $465 per unit of growth ADA

34  $178 million for Mandate Block Grant  Plan to eliminate almost half of all current K ‑ 14 mandates (needs legislation)  Plan to create incentives for schools to continue to comply with remaining previously mandated activities Mandated Cost Reimbursement

35 Transitional Kindergarten $223.7 million Requirement that schools provide transitional kindergarten in 2012-13

36 Unemployment Insurance Increase of $21.8 million – fully fund the additional costs of unemployment insurance for local school districts and county offices of education.

37 Charter Schools Streamline and Expand Financial Support for Charter Schools $50.3 million increase charter school categorical programs for growth Enhance Charter School Funding Invest in Charter School Facilities Improve Charter School Working Capital ru12Education.pdf ru12Education.pdf

38 Federal Stimulus/Ed Jobs 2010-11 – Last 10% of SFSF now allocated to LEA’s – “Education Jobs” $1.2 billion to CA Over 90% of the final allocation already distributed to LEA’s asp asp may be used only for Compensation, benefits and other expenses, such as support services, necessary to retain existing employees, to recall or rehire former employees, and to hire new employees, in order to provide early childhood, elementary, or secondary educational and related services where those employees provide school-level educational and related services.

39 Community Colleges 2012-13 0% COLA No growth 0% COLA for categorical funding, but proposes to consolidate funding for nearly all categorical programs and allow use of the funds for any purpose – Administration to review the recommendations of the forthcoming Student Success Task Force report for inclusion in the May Revision Ongoing deferrals same as 2011-12 except $209 million to be repaid in 2012-13 New Mandate block grant ($12.5 million new $) consistent with his K-12 mandate proposal, would eliminate nearly half of existing mandates and would make remaining mandates optional – Funding contingent on CCC ‘s continuing to meet the requirements of mandates that are not eliminated

40 Mid-Year Cut Trigger If the Governor’s Tax Initiative does not pass in November 2012, the following education cuts will occur on January 1, 2013: $4.8 billion from K-14 – $2.3 billion to not repay deferral – $2.6 billion real program cut (6% RL reduction or $387/ADA – cost of about 3 weeks instruction) $200 million University of California $200 million California State University

41 How Do We Fix our Education Funding Problem?

42 Our Union’s Funding Goals for Education Adequate – Amount of per pupil funding needed to provide all students the opportunity for academic success – CTA goal of the top quartile of the 50 states* Equitable – Promotes fairness by funding schools and colleges to meet the individual needs of all students* – CTA believes in compliance with the Serrano decision to achieve equalization of educational opportunities* Stable & Reliable – Avoid “bubbles and “crashes” * California Teachers Association 2011-12 Organizational Handbook, Policies

43 Funding Initiate Criteria Based on tax fairness – a progressive tax system – to ensure everyone is paying their fair share and to and bring stability to our funding issues Include funding for Pre-K through higher education and other essential public services Generate at least $8 billion Broad coalition support Winnable

44 Beyond Proposition 98 Although Proposition 98 has established K-14 education funding as a priority in the state budget, it is clearly not enough to fund an adequate education for California’s children. Proposition 98 does not include the CSU & UC systems, therefore portions of higher education do not have a constitutional priority position in the state budget. Since Proposition 98, we’ve dropped from 30 th to 47 th in per pupil spending.

45 School Funding (2009 Averages) Quality Counts 2012 &

46 How to Increase Funding Bigger piece of the pie - Improve the relative priority in the state budget – Proposition 98 (Been there, done that) – CSU & UC systems not included – Other important state programs, including social services may be just as important for student success Grow the Pie – Expand the revenue base Economic development Expanding who pays taxes or what items/services are taxed Increase tax rates Closing Loopholes

47 Possible Tax Solutions… Return top Income Tax brackets to 11% ($4B) Return VLF to 2% ($2B -$4B) Broaden Sales Tax ($2B+) Oil Severance Tax @ 9.9% ($1B+) Close Corp Prop Tax Loopholes ($2B+) Increase Alcohol & Tobacco Taxes ($2.4B) Eliminate Corp Tax Loopholes from 2009-10 Budget Agreement ($1.7B+) Others? (Nov 2012)

48 Current Initiatives The Schools & Local Public Safety Protection Act of 2012 (Gov, $4.8 - $6.9 B annually) Our Children, Our Future Local School Funding Act (Advancement Project – Molly Munger, $10 B annually) – Raise Income tax 0.4% to 2.2% based on income – 1 st 4 yrs 60% to K-12, 10% ECE, 30% reduce state debt after, 85% to K-12, 15% ECE – Funds must be used at school sites not district – Prohibits use for personnel salary increases beyond what was in place Novemeber1, 2012 – Considerable reporting requirements

49 Current Initiatives Millionaires Tax to Restore Funding for Education and Essential Services Act of 2012 (Courage Campaign & CFT, $6 B) – Raise income tax 3% on incomes > $1 M to $2 M, 5% over $2 M – 3/5 to education, 2/5 to local gov’t for public safety and infrastructure 60% for education, 25% children & senior services, 10% public safety, 4.9% roads & bridges, 0.1% admin

50 Current Initiatives Protect Homeowners and Close Corporate Tax Loopholes Act ($4.5 B, $2 B inc Prop 98) – assess commercial property @ market value 90% of revenue to General Fund remaining 10% would be distributed among cities, counties, special districts, school districts, and community college districts as under current law – doubles the homeowner's property tax exemption as well as the renter's tax credit and exempts from taxation the first $1 million of value of business personal property


52 Possible Economic Solutions… “Fix it” ideas not as easy to come by The “Newer” Deal = Massive public investment in infrastructure (federal level) Investment in public education for a better educated workforce (long term) Support small business Other ???

53 Economic Prosperity & Funding Education Prosperity for large corporations does not necessarily translate to prosperity for the vast majority of the people in America Economic Expansion is important and necessary and will ultimately increase public funds and by extension, school funding, but only if the economic expansion includes improvements for all (including working people) who pay taxes Education Funding is a key ingredient in improving education and thus the value of human capital which can help economic expansion

54 Taxes, Economic Development & Education Funding More Education Funding More tax revenue – Expand base – Alter structure Economic development expands tax base – Education Funding has a high rate of economic return

55 How are we going to reach the goal of education funding in the top quartile of the fifty states? 1.Educate CTA Members on – The relationships between The Education Funding System Tax Fairness Ideals Economic Development and Expansion Revitalize the Working Class

56 The End of the American Dream?

57 Educate, Agitate, Organize Check back for information about tax fairness and economic development in California and the how to fund schools beyond Proposition 98. California Budget Project EdSource Public Policy Institute of CA CA Tax Reform Assn

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