Presentation on theme: "Session Goals To share mentoring thoughts, ideas, current research, and resources To engage participants in conversations and activities about mentoring."— Presentation transcript:
1Session GoalsTo share mentoring thoughts, ideas, current research, and resourcesTo engage participants in conversations and activities about mentoring practicesTo identify indicators of a mentoring culture and critical components of a mentoring modelTo encourage the cross-collaborative modeling, grappling, sorting, thinking, listening, etc
2Think about your first day of teaching. Did it go something like LouAnne Johnson’s first day?
3Who mentored you?Most of us in this room can identify a person who had a positive and enduring impact on our personal or professional lifeIf that person is in this room today, shake his/her hand and say “Thank you.”
4About Mentoring Moments A mentoring moment, or “M&M,” occurs when you have a thought or idea specific to mentoring a science teacher.When a “mentoring moment” arises at your table, raise your hand and share your M&M with the rest of the group.Have some M&M’s for your good thinking and sharing.
5MOLD A MENTOR Using the material on your table MOLD a MENTOR! You have 5 minutes!Share your model with another table.What characteristics does your mentor model have?
6What is a Mentor? Mentoring? A wise and knowledgeable person who undertakes a special commitment to counsel, teach, and advise a less experienced person.MentoringA deep and extended relationship, or individualized learning and guidance.Hughley, J. (1997)
7A Brief History of Mentoring Homer created Mentor to be Odysseus’s trusted counselor and teacher. Theirs was a circle of two--one teacher, one student.Odysseus symbolized the inquirer and adventurer in all of us; thus, it was his mission to the mythical seas in search of answers and truths.With the aid of Mentor, his wise trusted counselor and teacher, Odysseus succeeded in exploring the wonders, mysterious creatures and events of the world around him.(Hughey, 1997)
8The Mentor ChainMentor advised Odysseus, then Athena (goddess of wisdom and the arts) took on the guise of Mentor in order to teach Odysseus’s son Telemachus.A chain was established and the ability to mentor was passed from one to another.
9Mentoring TodayThe tightly closed circle of one-to-one mentoring has expanded to include a greater number of participants.From one-to-one to one-to-many, or from many-to-many.
11Who is Mentored? Induction year teachers (First 3 years) Teachers new to a school or districtPost-baccalaureate teachers seeking certificationAdministratorsAnyone, everyone . . .
12Qualities of a Good Mentor Is committedHas empathyIs skilled at providing instructional supportUnderstands interpersonal contextsModels continuous learningCommunicates hope and optimism
13The ProblemWhile professional development is now recognized as a vital lever of change, the fact remains that most teachers rarely receive meaningful training and mentoring in their early years of teaching, and even more lack the continued learning opportunities to stay current in their profession.Before it’s Too Late, 2000
14Research Highlights on Mentoring Mentoring is by far the most common induction practice in the U.S. (What Matters Most, 1996)Much of the literature on mentoring asserts that formal programs produce dramatic changes for new teachers.Retention goes upAttitudes improveFeelings of efficacy and control increaseWider range of instructional strategies is demonstratedMentoring provides valuable experience for veteran teachers – formalizing the mentor role for experience teachers creates another niche in the career ladder for teachers and contributes to the professionalism of education. (Koki, 2002)
15The two most practical ways experienced teachers can help new teachers are through chance meetings in the hallways and through scheduled discussions during common preparation time.Mary Delgado, Teacher
16“Telementoring”On line communication promotes professional development by breaking down barriers of time and distance.Telementoring is emerging as a way to pair teachers and learners with subject-matter experts who can provide advice, guidance, and feedback on learning projects.See Judi Harris, UT
17Mentoring Beginning Teachers in Texas A bit of some Texas history:Texas created an alternative certification program with mentoring as a requirement in 1990 and in 1991 the mentoring requirement was mandated (but not funded) for all teachers during their induction year.In 1995 this mandate was challenged by legislation that released district to comply with unfunded mandates.In 1996 SBEC included mentoring their strategic plan for all educators granted a conditional teacher certificate.
18More Texas Mentoring History As of September 1, 1999 the Texas Education Code includes the following ammendment to 19 TAC Chapter 230, Subchapter V, Induction for Beginning Teachers:General provisions. Beginning teachers who do not have prior teaching experience shall be assigned a mentor teacher.SBEC sought and received funding from US Dept. of Education to pilot Texas Beginning Educator Support System (TxBESS)November 2000 Policy Research Report conducted by SEDL (Southwest Educational Development Lab)Go to for full report
19The SEDL Study on Mentoring How have schools and districts planned and implemented mentoring programs to respond to state policy on teacher induction?What are the characteristics of district or school mentoring programs in the state with respect to resource allocation, range of activities, and effectiveness?What are the implications of current mentoring activities for the retention of teachers in districts or schools with increasingly diverse student populations?Go to for full report
20What they found out . . . Overwhelmed first year teachers “First things first” mentalityPower of the Mentoring Culture…mentoring has to be ongoing … the language and the craft of teaching and learning with children and ourselves is constantly developing. It doesn’t stop after your first year. And you don’t get it after your fifth year [or even] after 20 years.A Principal
21RecommendationsTime is a critical resource and should also be provided.The preparation of mentors and the development of their capacity is critical.Support strategies are key – reciprocal classroom observation, model teaching . ..Effective mentoring involves more than an one-on-on relationship between mentor and protégé.
33Grounding the Work Focusing on Learning Maintaining the Focus The Learner-Centered ParadigmThe Role of Experience“Everything that happens to you is your teacher. The secret is to learn to sit at the feet of your own life and be taught by it.” (Berends, 1990)
34Working the Ground Considering the Context Long Distance Mentoring Cross-Cultural MentoringBecome culturally self-awareDevelop a working knowledge of and appreciation for other culturesImprove communication skills
35To Everything There is a Season Predictable Phases PreparingNegotiatingEnablingClosingReadiness, Opportunity, SupportAn Investment of TimeThe ROS Tool
36BUILDING AN EFFECTIVE MENTORING MODEL TIMERESOURCESSUPPORTFEEDBACKCHEMISTRYCOMMUNICATION
43GROUP TASKBrainstorm the mentoring category on the other side of this page.Make a list that describes the ACTIONS of the mentor with respect to the category. Answer the question: What is the mentor doing?Then make list that describes the ACTIONS of the mentee. Answer the question: What is the mentee doing?Select a spokesperson to share your ideas with the whole group in about 15 minutes.
44Top Ten indicators of a Mentoring Culture AccountabilityAlignmentDemandInfrastructureA Common Mentoring VocabularyMultiple VenuesRewardRole ModelingSafety NetTraining and Evaluation
45Design and Implementation Challenges Define the purpose.Ensure visible support from administrationIdentify the participants and the initiativeDefine and create the mentor pool.Identify roles and responsibilities.Develop protocols.Build a mentor education training program.Identify ways to reward, recognize, and celebrate mentoring success.
46Mentoring is a critical topic in education today and a favored strategy in U.S. policy initiatives focused on teacher induction. Besides creating new career opportunities for veteran teachers, assigning mentors to work with beginning teachers represents an improvement over the abrupt and unassisted entry into teaching that characterizes the experience of many novices.
47Still, the promise of mentoring goes beyond helping novices survive their first year of teaching. If mentoring is to function as a strategy of reform, it must be linked to a vision of good teaching, guided by an understanding of teacher learning, and supported by a professional culture that favors collaboration and inquiry.Feiman-Nemser, 1996