Presentation on theme: "Introduction to ABET Accreditation"— Presentation transcript:
1 Introduction to ABET Accreditation Jamie Rogers, Ph.D., P.E.ABET PresidentUT System Regents' Outstanding Teacher,Professor & Associate Department Chair - The University of Arlington Industrial & Manufacturing Systems Engineering Dept.May 7, 2014
2 Topics Who is ABET? Value of Accreditation Basics of ABET AccreditationProcessCriteriaContinuous Quality ImprovementABET’s Global ActivitiesBecoming a Program Evaluator
4 ABET VisionProvide world leadership in assuring quality and in stimulating innovation inApplied ScienceComputingEngineering, andEngineering TechnologyEducation
5 ABET Mission(slide 1)ABET serves the public globally through the promotion and advancement of education in applied science, computing, engineering, and engineering technology.Similarly, ABET’s mission extends outside the borders of the U.S. Our stakeholders and constituents have global operations and look to ABET to assure the graduates they hire from around the world are receiving a high quality education.Our mission requires us to do that through our accreditation activities and assisting others in the development and advancement of education world wide.
6 ABET Mission (slide 2) Accredits educational programs Promotes quality and innovation in educationCommunicates and collaborates with its constituents and the publicAssists in the development and advancement of education worldwideAnticipates and prepares for the changing educational environment and the future needs of its constituentsManages its operations and resources in an effective and fiscally responsible manner
7 What Does ABET Accredit? An academic program leading to a specific degree in a specific disciplineMisconceptions clarified:Not institutionsNot schools, colleges, or departmentsNot facilities, courses, or facultyNot graduatesNot degrees
8 Accreditation in the U.S. Non-governmentalVoluntaryPeer review
9 Who Recognizes ABET? In the U.S. 33 Member and Associate Member Societies of ABETCouncil for Higher Education Accreditation (CHEA)State Boards for Engineering & Surveying Licensure & Registration (over 55 jurisdictions)U.S. Patent OfficeU.S. Reserve Officers Training CorpsCouncil of Engineering Specialty Boards (CESB)Board of Certified Safety Professionals (BCSP)Accreditors in other disciplinesU.S. Trade OfficeU.S. State DepartmentEmployers (position announcements)
10 Brief ABET History1932 Engineers’ Council for Professional Development (ECPD) established1936 ECPD first evaluated engineering degree programs1980 Name changed to “Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology” (ABET)1980 Mutual Recognition Agreement (MRA) signed with Canada (1st international agreement)1989 Washington Accord Agreement signed with Canada, UK, Ireland, Australia, and New Zealand1994 Policies and Procedures for Substantial Equivalency evaluations (evaluations outside the U.S.) approvedMajor criteria reform (Engineering Criteria 2000)2005 Name changed to “ABET” solely, no longer spelling out the former name2006 Substantial Equivalency discontinued2007 Accreditation of programs outside the U.S. began2011 IFEES, GEDC Membership
11 ABET Organizational Design ABET is a federation of 33 professional and technical societies.Neither institutions nor individuals are members of ABET.ABET relies on the services of almost 2,200 volunteers supported by 33 full-time and seven part-time staff.
12 ABET’s 33 Member Societies Board Orientation - March 2011
13 Member Societies Represent “the profession” Develop program criteria Over 1.5 million individual membersDevelop program criteriaAppoint Board representativesNominate commissionersRecruit and assign program evaluators
14 Organizational Structure Volunteer-Driven: 2,200+ VolunteersBoard of DirectorsNominated by member societiesProvide strategic direction and plansDecide policy and proceduresApprove criteria4 CommissionsASAC, CAC, EAC, ETACMake decisions on accreditation statusImplement accreditation policiesPropose changes to criteriaProgram EvaluatorsVisit campusesEvaluate individual programsMake initial accreditation recommendations“Face of ABET”100% of accreditation decisions are made by volunteersABET Headquarters (Baltimore): ~40 full, part time staff
15 Industry Advisory Council Academic Advisory Council ABET Organizational StructureCommitteesBoard of DirectorsAccreditationCouncilIndustry Advisory CouncilAcademic Advisory CouncilGlobal CouncilABETHeadquartersApplied Science Accreditation Commission73 accredited programs at 55 institutionsComputing Accreditation Commission405 accredited programs at 310 institutionsEngineering Accreditation Commission2,285 accredited programs at 468 institutions620 accreditedprograms at 212 institutionsEngineering Technology Accreditation Commission
16 ABET Board of Directors 5 OfficersPresident, President-Elect, Past President, Secretary, Treasurer1-year terms, except for Treasurer who serves for 2 years39 Directors1-3 Directors from each member society3-year term, renewable for additional term5 Public DirectorsRight to vote; no affiliation with member societies2 Associate Member RepresentativesPrivilege of the floor, but no vote
17 Sources of ABET Funding ABET Member SocietiesCosts associated with governanceInstitutionsCosts associated with accreditationUsers (individuals, institutions, and societies) of professional servicesCosts associated with workshops, symposiaBoard Orientation - March 2011
18 85,000 students graduate from ABET-accredited programs each year!
19 Topics Who is ABET? Value of Accreditation Basics of ABET AccreditationProcessCriteriaContinuous Quality ImprovementABET’s Global ActivitiesBecoming a Program Evaluator
21 Value of ABET Accreditation ABET-accredited programs recognized globallyCommitment to quality educationOutcomes-based approach“What is learned” vs. “what is taught”Emphasis on continuous quality improvementCriteria encourages innovation
22 ABET Value Students and Parents Helps students select quality programsShows institution is committed to improving the educational experienceHelps students prepare to enter “the profession”Enhances employment opportunitiesEstablishes eligibility for financial aid and scholarships
23 ABET Value Institutions “Third-party” confirmation of quality of programsPrestige, recognition by “the profession”Attract the strongest studentsAcceptability of transfer creditsSome external funding depends on accreditation status
24 ABET Value Faculty Encourages “best practices” in education Structured mechanisms for self-improvementInstitution is serious and committed to improving qualityFacilities, financial resources, training, etc.
25 ABET Value IndustryEnsures educational requirements to enter “the profession” are metAids industry in recruitingEnsures “baseline” of educational experienceEnhances mobilityOpportunity to help guide the educational processProgram’s industrial advisory groupsProfessional, technical societies
26 ABET Value Society Helps ensure public safety Supports professional licensure, certificationGraduates are ready for the professionEngages multiple constituentsAcademe, industry, publicIdentifies programs for investment of public and private fundsSome assurance to taxpayersFunds for higher education are appropriately spent
27 Topics Who is ABET? Value of Accreditation Basics of ABET AccreditationProcessCriteriaContinuous Quality ImprovementABET’s Global ActivitiesBecoming a Program Evaluator
29 Faculty Workshop on Accreditation Processes April 2010Generally Accepted Accreditation PrinciplesAccreditation is voluntaryNon-governmental organizationFair and impartial peer review processRequires self-assessment by the program/schoolContinuous process (reviewed every n years)Failure of single criterion results in loss of accreditationDeficiencies in one area CANNOT be compensated by strengths in other areas.Copyright 2010
30 What Programs Do ABET Accredit? Academic program leading to a specific degree in a specific disciplineAssigned commission depends on program nameApplied Science (ASAC): AS, BS, MSExamples: Health Physics, Industrial Hygiene, Industrial & Quality Management, Safety Sciences, Surveying & MappingComputing (CAC): BSComputer Science, Info Systems, Info TechnologyEngineering (EAC): BS, MSEngineering Technology (ETAC): AS, BS
31 ABET Accreditation Process What Does It Involve? Criteria developed by member societies, practitioners, and educatorsSelf-Study Report by the institution and programOn-site evaluation by peersFrom education, government, and industryPublication of lists of accredited programsPeriodic re-evaluation (maximum 6 years)
32 Faculty Workshop on Accreditation Processes April 2010ABET Accreditation Process ObjectivesAssure that graduates of an accredited program are adequately prepared to enter and continue the practice of applied science, computing, engineering, and engineering technologyStimulate the improvement of technical educationEncourage new and innovative approaches to technical education and its assessmentCopyright 2010
33 Faculty Workshop on Accreditation Processes April 2010Basic RequirementsPrograms must have graduatesInstitution must assess entire programAppropriate institutional accreditation or governmental approvalU.S. Department of Education, orRegional accreditation agency, orNational accreditation agency, orState authorityOutside the U.S.Appropriate entity that authorizes/approves the offering of educational programsCopyright 2010
34 ABET Accreditation Process 4/12/2017ABET Accreditation ProcessPrograms prepare Self-Study Report for evaluation teamDocuments how the program meets criteriaProgram review conducted by team of peer colleaguesFaculty, industry and government professionals, and administrators in the professionReview the Self-Study Report, conduct the review visitABET Program Evaluators (PEVs)2,200+ volunteers from academe, industry, and government (individual members of ABET Member Societies)
35 Peer Review Evaluation conducted by team of peer colleagues: 4/12/2017Peer ReviewEvaluation conducted by team of peer colleagues:Faculty, industry and government professionals, and administrators in the professionReview the Self-Study Report and conduct review visitsABET resource pool of visitors consists of approximately 2,200 faculty, industry, and government representatives
36 Review Team Membership One Team ChairFor large teams: Team Chair and Co-ChairTypically one program evaluator for each program being evaluatedMinimum of 2 for a single programPossibly one or more observersInternational partners, U.S. state licensing boards, new program evaluators, ABET staffTeam members are volunteers and not compensated for their work
37 On-Site Visit Direct observations Complements the Self-Study Report 4/12/2017On-Site VisitDirect observationsProgram facilitiesStudent work, materialsInterview faculty, students, administrators, and other professional supporting personnelComplements the Self-Study ReportProvides direct, observable evidence that cannot be obtained from the Self-Study Report
38 Accreditation Timeline 18-Month Process 4/12/2017Accreditation Timeline 18-Month ProcessMarch - JuneTeam members assigned, dates set, Self-Study Report submittedMay - JuneNecessary changesto statement,if any, are madeJanuaryInstitution requestsaccreditation forprogramsDecember - FebruaryDraft statements editedand sent to institutionsAugustInstitutions notifiedof final actionYear 1Year 2September - DecemberVisits take place, draft statements written and finalized following7-day response periodFebruary - MayInstitution preparesself-evaluation(Program Self-Study Report)February - AprilInstitutions respondto draft statement and return to ABETJulyCommission meetsto take final actionOctoberAccreditation status publically released
39 Faculty Workshop on Accreditation Processes April 2010Governing Documents Accreditation ProcessABET Criteria for Accrediting Programs in [ASAC, CAC, EAC, ETAC]Program ManagementAssessmentCurriculumResources and SupportABET Accreditation Policy and Procedure Manual [APPM]Eligibility for AccreditationConduct of EvaluationsPublic Release of InformationAppealsCopyright 2010
40 Self-Study Basics and Context Institutions and programs prepare the Self- Study Report documenting how they comply with ABET policy and criteriaPresents the program to the evaluation teamAffords team its first impression of the extent to which the program meets the criteriaGives an impression of the institution’s preparation for the upcoming visit
41 The Guiding Principles of Accreditation Decisions Criteria
42 Faculty Workshop on Accreditation Processes April 2010Overview of Criteria GoalsEnsure the quality of educational programsFoster the systematic pursuit of quality improvement in educational programsDevelop educational programs that satisfy the needs of constituents in a dynamic and competitive environmentCopyright 2010
44 Faculty Workshop on Accreditation Processes April 2010Engineering Criteria 2000 “EC 2000”Philosophy: “Outcomes-Based”Institutions and programs define mission and objectives to meet their constituents’ needsOutcomes: preparation for professional practiceDemonstrate how criteria are being metWide national and international acceptanceCommitment to Continuous ImprovementProcess focus: outcomes and assessment linked to objectives; input from constituenciesStudent, faculty, facilities, institutional support, and financial resources linked to program objectivesCopyright 2010
45 Faculty Workshop on Accreditation Processes April 2010Program NamesDetermines:Which ABET Accreditation Commission is responsibleASAC, CAC, EAC, ETACWhich professional society is responsibleAppropriate program evaluatorsWhich criteria are applicable“General Criteria” for all programs“Program Criteria” for certain disciplinesCopyright 2010
46 Faculty Workshop on Accreditation Processes April 2010Baccalaureate Level ProgramsCriteriaStudentsProgram Educational ObjectivesStudent OutcomesContinuous ImprovementCurriculumFacultyFacilitiesInstitutional SupportCopyright 2010
47 Program CriteriaEach program must satisfy applicable program criteria that may, depending upon the commission, amplify:ObjectivesOutcomesCurricular topicsFaculty qualifications
48 Master’s Level Programs Criteria Fulfillment of baccalaureate-level general criteriaOne academic year of study beyond the baccalaureate levelAbility to apply master’s level knowledge in a specialized area related to program areaFulfillment of program criteria appropriate to master’s specialization areaDevelop, publish, and periodically review educational objectives and student outcomes
50 Continuous Quality Improvement (CQI) ABET criteria have been developed on the principles of continuous quality improvement.On-going process at institution to improve quality of student’s educational experienceSystematic process: documented, repeatableAssess performance against criteriaTake actions to improve programAccreditation is a part of CQI.Verification that program meets certain level of quality, and CQI is part of the quality process.
51 Faculty Workshop on Accreditation Processes April 2010Continuous Quality Improvement (CQI Process)CQI process includes a clear understanding of:Mission (your purpose)Constituents (your customers)Objectives (what one is trying to achieve)Outcomes (learning that takes place to meet objectives)Processes (internal practices to achieve the outcome)Facts (data collection)Evaluation (interpretation of facts)Action (change, improvement)Copyright 2010
52 Assessment How Well Are We Doing? Establish Purpose and Set GoalsDefine/Refine Objectives and OutcomesDesign and Conduct AssessmentsEvaluate Assessment FindingsUse Results for Decision MakingInstitutional supportStudent advisingFacultyCurriculumProgram goalsCustomersHow students learnWhat students learn
53 Assessment Common Issues (slide 1) Faculty and/or staff fail to put adequate attention to what data need to be gathered to assess and evaluate, especially for student outcomes.Common mistake: gathering much more data than neededFailure to logically evaluate data prevents reasonable conclusion that an objective or outcome is being attained
54 Assessment Common Issues (slide 2) Many large programs hand off all assessment activities to a staff person (some qualified, some not).Program evaluators look for faculty knowledge of processes and results.Experience shows that most (preferably all) faculty members must be involved for the requirements of Criterion 4 (Continuous Improvement) to be fully met.
55 Resources Program Assessment Workshops ABET Symposium Institute for the Development of Excellence in Assessment Leadership (IDEAL)Intensive, Interactive Daylong WorkshopsProgram Assessment WorkshopsABET SymposiumApril of each yearOver 70 sessionsFour educational tracksAccreditation trackSelf-Study ReportsVarious topicsMultiple offeringsNo costWebsite:
56 Topics Who is ABET? Value of Accreditation Basics of ABET AccreditationProcessCriteriaContinuous Quality ImprovementABET’s Global ActivitiesBecoming a Program Evaluator
58 ABET’s Global Activities Consistent with ABET’s Constituents Students/Young Professionals: Increasingly multicultural and mobileABET Member Societies: Nearly all have international membership/chaptersHigher Education: Trend toward establishing international campuses, distance learningEmployers: U.S. industry increasing its global presence
59 ABET IS Engaged Globally Consistent with ABET’s Mission and Vision Accredits programs outside the U.S.Assistance: MOUs with 15 national agenciesMutual Recognition AgreementsEngineers CanadaInternational Engineering Alliance (IEA)Seoul AccordMembership in Global OrganizationsGlobal Engineering Deans Council (GEDC)Intl Federation of Engineering Education Societies (IFEES)
60 Global Accreditation Activities As of 1 October 2013 Accredited 3,367 programs at 684 colleges and universities in 24 countriesNon-U.S. ProgramsAccredited 365 programs at 72 institutions in 23 countriesUniform accreditation criteria, policies and procedures used for all visits, regardless of location
61 Mutual Recognition Agreements International agreementAmong bodies responsible for accrediting technical degree programsRecognizes “substantial equivalency”Of accrediting systemsGraduates of accredited programs are prepared to practice engineering at the entry level of the profession.
62 International Engineering Alliance Washington Accord*EngineeringSydney Accord*Engineering TechnologyDublin Accord*Engineering TechnicianAPEC Engineer AgreementAsia Pacific Economic CooperationEngineers Mobility ForumProfessional Engineers RegisterEngineering Technologist Forum* ABET is a signatory.
63 Washington Accord Engineering ABET: U.S. (1989)IEAust: Australia (1989)CEAB: Canada (1989)IEI: Ireland (1989)IPENZ: New Zealand (1989)EngC: UK (1989)HKIE: Hong Kong (1995)ECSA: South Africa (1999)JABEE: Japan (2005)IES: Singapore (2006)IEET: Chinese Taipei (2007)ABEEK: South Korea (2007)BEM: Malaysia (2009)MUDEK: Turkey (2011)AEER: Russia (2012)
64 Mutual Recognition Agreements Periodic review of assessment processesFor every member organizationEvery 6th yearSelf-Study Report + observer teamsCampus evaluations, decision meetingsSignatories’ website lists recognized programsGraduate attributesExemplars for graduates of accredited programs (next slide)
65 Mutual Recognition Agreements Sydney Accord (Engineering Technologist) Australia – IEAustCanada – CEABHong Kong China – HKIEIreland – IEINew Zealand – IPENZSouth Africa – ECSAUnited Kingdom – EngCUnited States – ABET
66 Topics Who is ABET? Value of Accreditation Basics of ABET AccreditationProcessCriteriaContinuous Quality ImprovementABET’s Global ActivitiesBecoming a Program Evaluator
68 The Big PictureABET accredits 3,367 programs at 684 institutions in 24 nationsAt present, more than ABET 2,200 volunteersFrom academia, industry, government, and the professionVolunteers serve many roles in ABETQuality and consistency of the accreditation process is derived from strength of the PEV pool.
69 A Growing Need for PEVsProjected need for up to 2,500 volunteers within five yearsMajor ABET priorities:Work with societies to recruit PEV volunteersRefine/improve trainingRetain new PEVs
70 Why Become an ABET Volunteer? Ensure global program qualityContribute to technical education program deliveryIndividual professional developmentGain best practice experience from programs other than one’s ownInfluence academic conversation and relationship with industry
71 Program Evaluator (PEV) Competency Model Program evaluators are the “face of ABET” and need to:Uphold the highest qualityImprove consistency“Walk the talk” of continuous improvementApproved by Board and implemented in 2005
72 What Is a Competency Model? A set of behaviors that encompass the knowledge, skills, and abilities of highly successful program evaluators
73 PEV Competencies Technically Current Effective Communicators ProfessionalInterpersonally SkilledTeam-OrientedOrganized
74 How is the ABET PEV Competency Model Used? RecruitingInforms nominators and candidates of expectationsSelectionAllows assessment of candidates against minimum criteria and competenciesTrainingFocuses on the competencies needed for PEV successPerformance AppraisalProvides standards that enable continuous improvementCompetency models are standard practice in the industries served by ABET programs.
75 What’s in It for You? Help ensure the quality of higher education Unique professional development opportunityUse your specialized knowledge to improve educational experience for thousands of students.Network with other professionalsA great source of experience-based knowledgeKeep up to date and have input on the criteriaService to the community of people who are trying to help maintain quality educationServe your profession, “give back”
76 What’s in It for You? For Those from Academe Help other institutions/programs improveHelps you prepare for an ABET visitSee accreditation from the “other side”What happens to your Self-Study Report after it leaves your institution?What kind of issues may be raised?How you can make the PEV’s job easier (and in the process make your visit go more smoothly)?How can you reduce unnecessary anxiety about visits?How are other schools handling some of the issues you find to be difficult?
77 PEV Pre-Visit Effort Pre-Visit (10-28 hours) Training updates (1-2 hours)Reviewing the Self-Study Report (4-8 hours)Completing required forms (2-6 hours)Participating in team conference calls (2-4 hours)Communicating with the program and team chair prior to the visit (1-8 hours)
78 PEV Visit and Post-Visit Campus Visit: Sunday through TuesdayTravel Saturday, Tuesday eveningReview materialsBased on your assessment of Self-Study ReportTour facilitiesMeet and interview faculty, students, and othersParticipate in team meetingsExtensive discussions – team-based decisionsWrite short report of findingsPost Visit (1-2 hours)As requested by the team chairNo direct contact with school after visit
79 PEV Annual Cycle Experience 360° review of each visitPEVs evaluated by program chair and team chairPEVs evaluate other PEVs and team chairResults provided to PEV after completion of review cycleUpdate status each springCode of conduct agreementAvailability for visitsNew conflicts of interestTrainingRefresher trainingJust-in-time training prior to each visitABET Workshops and Symposia (complimentary registration for PEVs)Repeat as desired
80 Potential ABET Career Trainee Observer Program Evaluator Accreditation Commission Member(i.e., team leader)Accreditation Commission Executive Committee MemberBoard of Directors MemberBoard of Directors Officer
81 Initial Training Three Separate Steps Online learning experienceFace-to-face facilitated instructionSociety-specific training (if applicable)
82 Online TrainingOnline portion of PEV Candidate Training typically takes hoursRequires written work and the completion of three end-of-module quizzes
83 Face-to-Face Training Pre-Work (4-8 hours)Review of process and requirementsEvaluation of partial Self-Study ReportMentor support/feedbackFace-to-Face Training (~2 days with travel)Full-day Saturday, half-day SundayTeams of 5-6 PEV candidates with Support FacilitatorVariety of activitiesPresentation of informationTeam activitiesPlay-acting demonstrationsIndividual statement writing exercise
84 Personal Travel Expenses ABET pays all reasonable and appropriate travel expensesFace-to-Face TrainingCampus visits
85 Training PeriodThe entire PEV candidate training process begins in March and ends in June.The online training must be completed at least three weeks before the Face-to-Face Training.
86 Additional Training Notes New PEVs are assigned a mentor who provides feedback throughout training.Support Facilitator at the Face-to-Face Training also provides feedback.Some societies require an observer visit before a PEV serves on an actual visit.PEVs do online just-in-time training prior to visits each year as a reminder about tasks and changes.Professional Development Hours (PDHs) can be awarded for participation.
87 Start With Online Application www.abet.org When you apply, you must select the appropriate commission.Applied Science Accreditation Commission (ASAC)Computing Accreditation Commission (CAC)Engineering Accreditation Commission (EAC)Engineering Technology Accreditation Commission (ETAC)Your member society will review your application and contact you if you are selected for training.Each society has different selection cycle and may take several months.
88 ABET’s 33 Member Societies Board Orientation - March 2011
89 Nomination by Your Professional / Technical Society PEV candidates who successfully complete both the online training and the Face-to-Face Training may be nominated by his or her member society to serve as a program evaluator.Some societies require additional specialized training and conduct that separately, often online.