Presentation on theme: "The Spanish Education System (according to L.O.E.) the last Spanish Educational Law, 2006."— Presentation transcript:
The Spanish Education System (according to L.O.E.) the last Spanish Educational Law, 2006
The Spanish Constitution of 1978, divides competences over educational matters between the State, the Autonomous Communities, local administrations and educational institutions. The Ministry of Education enacts of the basic standards which specify the constitutional right to education The Autonomous Communities are responsible for the implementation of basic national standards and for the regulation of non-basic aspects of the education system, as well as for the administration of the education system in their respective regions.
Schools in Spain can be divided into 3 categories : Privately run schools funded by the State (colégios concertados) Purely private schools (colégios privados) State schools All non-university state education is free in Spain, but parents have to buy all of their children's books and materials. This, nominally at least, also applies to colegios concertadosSpain
University 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 Baccalaureate Compulsory Secondary Education Initial Vocational Training (15, -18) Primary Education Preschool Education University Entrance Exam Middle Grade Vocational Professional Training Superior Grade Vocational Professional Training Com pulsory education
PRE-SCHOOL EDUCATION: 1st cycle: 0-3 years 2nd cycle: 3-6 years (free) COMPULSORY EDUCATION: (free) Primary Education (free) Secondary Education (free) POST COMPULSORY EDUCATION: (free) Baccalaureate (free) Vocational training (free) University (free depending on the degree)
COMPULSORY EDUCATION (free) PRIMARY EDUCATION: 1st cycle: 6-8 years 2nd cycle: 8-10 years 3rd cycle: 10-12 years COMPULSORY SECONDARY EDUCATION: COMPULSORY SECONDARY EDUCATION CERTIFICATE 1st cycle (12-14 years) OCCASIONAL CURRICULA ADAPTATIONS. 2nd cycle (14-16 years): CURRICULAR DIVERSIFICATION PROGRAMME: For those students who are in the 2nd cycle and can´t get the educational objectives because of different reasons but they have a good learning attitude and try hard. Students can do the whole 2nd cycle within this programme, and some other students will join it in the last year of the cycle, depending on each individual case. They share common subjects with other students who have a common curricula but they go to another class just for them in Linguistics and Communication, Mathematics and World knowledge.
COMPULSORY EDUCATION (Continuation) INICIAL VOCATIONAL TRAINING Those students who didn´t manage to obtain their Compulsory Secondary Education Certificate and they are over 15 and under 18 can join a programme called INITIAL VOCATIONAL TRAINING 1º course – It mixes basic skills in mathematics, reading and writing, general knowledge and vocational training. At the end they will be able to get the CERTIFICATE. Or the student can do a second course to get the COMPULSORY SECONDARY EDUCATION CERTIFICATE
Some Notes on Compulsory Education Important: attendance is compulsory till 16. If you have to take a course again, you can only do it once per cycle. If you have already done so, you will be automatically promoted to the next educational level. In Secondary school you have to take the year again if you fail more than two subjects but if you fail Spanish language and literature and Mathematics you cannot pass to the next academic level. Textbooks are free in primary school and secondary school in some regions: the school buys them with the money the government gives for it. Students cannot write on them, so students have to buy the workbooks. Financial issues: schools receive different amounts of money depending on: number of students but especially depending on the different projects the school is enrolled in In some scholl there are Bilingual Program.
AREAS1ST CYCLE 2ND CYCLE 3RD CYCLE Environmental, social and cultural knowledge 333 Artistic Education222 Physical Education222 Spanish language and literature 555 Foreign Language333 Maths555 Religion1,5 Citizenship and Human Rights Education --2 Reading111 PRIMARY EDUCATION
SECONDARY EDUCATION FIRSTSECONDTHIRDFOURTH NATURAL SCIENCES 3343* SOCIAL SCIENCES 3433 PHYSICAL EDUCATION 2222 CITIZENSHIP -1-- VISUAL ARTS -323* SPANISH LANGUAGE 5444 ENGLISH 3333 MATHS 4433 MUSIC 3-23* TECHNOLOGY 3-33* RELIGION 1212 OPTIONAL 2222 TUTORIAL 1111 CIVICS ---1 BIOLOGY AND GEOLOGY ---3* PHYSICS AND CHEMISTRY ---3* INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES ---3* LATIN ---3* 2nd FOREIGN LANGUAGE ---3*
POST COMPULSORY EDUCATION When you are 16 and you get your Certificate, you have two options depending on what you want to do in the future: For those that aim at going to university, there is the BACCALAUREATE (Arts, Science and Technology or Social Sciences and Humanities)(2 years). When they get their Baccalaureate Certificate and they wnat to go to University: They have to take a UNIVERSITY ENTRANCE EXAM. * It is the same exam for the whole region. * They are tested on the compulsory subjects of their Baccalaureate (English, Spanish language, History or Philosophy, and the subjects of their field of specialization). * GRADE: 60% marks from the Baccalaureate + 40% marks from the exam.
POST COMPULSORY EDUCATION (continuation) They can go to a MIDDLE GRADE TRAINING CYCLE for (2 years). They get a certificate as a Technician, and then: they go to work. or they continue their studies in a SUPERIOR GRADE TRAINING CYCLE with a exam (2 years). (students who finish their baccalaureate can do this as well) When students have a SUPERIOR GRADE TRAINING CYCLE, they can have access to University without having to take the UNIVERSITY ENTRANCE EXAM. UNIVERSITY GRADO (4 YEARS) + MASTER (1 OR 2 YEARS)
ADULT EDUCATION For those over 18 it is possible to follow their school education. Adult Education is regulated by law: objectives, contents, etc. 2 modalities: 1) Normal course 2) Distance learning And at the end you get the COMPULSORY SECONDARY EDUCATION CERTIFICATE
ADULT EDUCATION There are PERMANENT EDUCATION CENTRES in many towns in Spain providing basic training for adults, concentrating basically on reading and writing skills, ICT, general knowledge, basic English, etc. There are people who manage to get their Compulsory Secondary Education Diploma at 60 or even later, which is lowest academic level you can have in our system. Councils also organise and offer courses for unemployed people who are interested in learning any of the contents above for a future job, or for the sake of learning.
EDUCATIONAL OFFER COMPULSORY SECUNDARY EDUCATION - 420 students 1º ESO - 5 groups - 2º ESO - 4 groups 3º ESO - 4 groups 4º ESO - 4 groups Initial Vocational Training programme 2 groups - 38 students Curricular Diversification programme 2 groups - 30 students
EDUCATIONAL OFFER BACCALAUREATE - 275 studentes Science y Tecnology Social Sciences and Humanities 1º Bach - 5 groups - 2º Bach - 4 groups
EDUCATIONAL OFFER VOCATIONAL TRAINING- MIDDLE GRADE TRAINING CYCLE 8 groups - 196 studentes SUPERIOR GRADE TRAINING CYCLE 14 groups - 345 students
EDUCATIONAL OFFER VOCATIONAL TRAINING- MIDDLE GRADE TRAINING CYCLE 8 groups - SUPERIOR GRADE TRAINING CYCLE 14 groups
4 PROFESSIONAL FAMILY – BUILDING AND CIVIL WORS – ELECTRICITY AND ELECTRONICS – COMPUTER – CHEMISTRY
BUILDING AND CIVIL WORKS TWO SUPERIOR GRADE TRAINING CYCLE – “BUILDING PROJECTS” – “ DEVELOPMENT OF URBAN PROJECTS AND TOPOGRAPHY”
ELECTRICITY AND ELECTRONICS TWO MIDDLE GRADE TRAINING CYCLE – “CONSUMER ELECTRONICS” – “ ELECTRICAL AND AUTOMATIC INSTALLATIONS” ONE SUPERIOR GRADE TRAINING CYCLE – “COMPUTER AND TELLECOMUNICATION SYSTEMS”