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Postsecondary Education Sample Studies and Data Tools Susan Aud, Ph.D. National Center for Education Statistics Institute of Education Sciences U.S. Department.

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Presentation on theme: "Postsecondary Education Sample Studies and Data Tools Susan Aud, Ph.D. National Center for Education Statistics Institute of Education Sciences U.S. Department."— Presentation transcript:

1 Postsecondary Education Sample Studies and Data Tools Susan Aud, Ph.D. National Center for Education Statistics Institute of Education Sciences U.S. Department of Education May 18, 2014

2 Postsecondary Sample Survey Data Our Research Agenda Generating a nationally representative descriptive portrait of students enrolled in postsecondary education.  Who are these students?  Where are they enrolling?  How are they paying for college? Student, institutional, and federal financing  What are they experiencing in the postsecondary “environment?”

3 Postsecondary Sample Survey Data Our Research Agenda  What outcomes are they attaining? Educational awards Labor market outcomes Further education and training

4 Postsecondary Sample Survey Data How We Achieve Our Goals Cross-Sectional  The National Postsecondary Student Aid Study (NPSAS) Longitudinal  The Beginning Postsecondary Students Study (BPS)  The Baccalaureate and Beyond Study (B&B)  The Postsecondary Education Transcript Study (PETS)

5 Postsecondary Sample Survey Data A Chronology of the Surveys NPSAS:87 NPSAS:90 NPSAS:93 NPSAS:96 NPSAS:00 NPSAS:04 NPSAS:08 NPSAS:12 BPS:90/92BPS:90/94 BPS:96/98BPS:96/01 BPS:04/06BPS:04/09 BPS:12/14BPS:12/17 B&B:93/94B&B:93/97 B&B:00/01 B&B:08/12B&B:08/09 B&B:93/03 PETS:09 BPS:12/19PETS Limited PETS

6 Overview National Postsecondary Student Aid Study Baccalaureate and Beyond Longitudinal Study Beginning Postsecondary Students Longitudinal Study Study of Student Financial Aid and Demographics Study of Workforce Outcomes, Family Formation, and Graduate School Study of Persistence and Attainment

7 Overview National Postsecondary Student Aid Study Baccalaureate and Beyond Longitudinal Study Beginning Postsecondary Students Longitudinal Study Study of Student Financial Aid and Demographics Study of Workforce Outcomes, Family Formation, and Graduate School Study of Persistence and Attainment

8 NPSAS Overview Purpose of the Study Legislatively mandated data collection to make sense of the federal government’s $180B per year investment in financing students’ postsecondary educations Heavily used by policymakers, analysts, and researchers to understand programs like the Pell Grant and the Stafford Loan

9 Purpose: To examine how students and their families pay for college. Secondarily: To examine the characteristics of students enrolled in all levels of postsecondary education. NPSAS Overview Purpose of the Study

10 Target Population Undergraduate and graduate students enrolled in Title IV participating institutions by institution sector.  Students enrolled in all types of institutions.  Students with and without financial aid.  Students in all attendance statuses (e.g., full- and part-time) NPSAS Overview Sample

11 Samples sizes for recent studies include approximately 120k students (100k undergraduates / 20k graduates) In NPSAS:12, the sample represents 25 million undergraduate and 4 million graduate students NPSAS Overview Sample

12 NPSAS Overview Key Data Elements Student demographic characteristics Pre-college characteristics Institutional characteristics Enrollment histories Detailed information on college financing Collegiate experiences

13 Overview National Postsecondary Student Aid Study Baccalaureate and Beyond Longitudinal Study Beginning Postsecondary Students Longitudinal Study Study of Student Financial Aid and Demographics Study of Workforce Outcomes, Family Formation, and Graduate School Study of Persistence and Attainment

14 B&B:08/12 Overview Purpose of the Study Purpose: First and foremost, to better understand the early labor market and graduate school experiences of students graduating with a baccalaureate degree Secondarily: To better understand the early career experiences of teachers

15 B&B:08/12 Overview Sampling Strategy Subsample NPSAS:08 respondents who are identified as graduating seniors.  Some practical overlap with NCES’s elementary/secondary longitudinal studies, but different population and longer follow-up.  Some practical overlap with NSF’s Recent College Graduates survey, but longitudinal and includes non-STEM graduates.  About 15,000 respondents

16 B&B:08/12 Overview Key Data Elements Base Year NPSAS:08 Postsecondary Education Transcript Study First Follow-up B&B:08/09 Second Follow- up B&B:08/12 Third Follow-up B&B:08/18 Student Demographic Characteristics Degrees or certificates earned / Graduate enrollment Graduate enrollment Anticipated employment Employment history, compensation & working conditions Family Formation College financing (all sources) College financing & Cumulative Debt

17 B&B:08/12 Overview Key Data Elements An explicit focus on teachers Comparison of STEM graduates to other graduates Choices to take further education Academic transcripts

18 B&B:08/12 Overview Data Sources Multiple time points of data from: Student Interview Institutional Administrative Records ED Financial Aid Systems –FAFSA Central Processing System –Pell Grant Recipient File –National Student Loan Data System

19 Overview National Postsecondary Student Aid Study Baccalaureate and Beyond Longitudinal Study Beginning Postsecondary Students Longitudinal Study Study of Student Financial Aid and Demographics Study of Workforce Outcomes, Family Formation, and Graduate School Study of Persistence and Attainment

20 BPS:04/09 Overview Purpose of the Study To generate two key indicators of student progress:  The proportion of students who complete a course of study at their first institution within 150% of normal time to degree (NTD); and  The proportion of students who complete anywhere within 150% NTD. To unpack the persistence phenomenon.

21 BPS:04/09 Overview Sampling Strategy Subsample NPSAS:04 respondents who are identified as “first-time beginning” students.  Cohort of first beginners, not based on age or transition from high school.  Representative of postsecondary students, so higher proportion of “non-traditional” students  About 16,500 respondents

22 BPS:04/09 Overview Key Data Elements Base Year NPSAS:04 First Follow-up BPS:04/06 Second Follow-up BPS:04/09 Postsecondary Education Transcript Study Student Demographic Characteristics Degrees or certificates earned Pre-college characteristics Social and academic integration Early workforce outcomes (if applicable) Enrollment histories College financing (all sources) College financing (federal only)

23 BPS:04/09 Overview Key Data Elements Institutional characteristics Detailed information on college financing Collegiate experiences As of BPS:04/06/09, academic transcripts

24 NCES Data Analysis Tools: PowerStats and QuickStats

25 Quick & easy to use to generate percentages, averages tables, and simple graphs using frequently used variables. (Limited to 1 column and 1 row variable.) Complex averages, percentages, medians, and centiles tables. Linear and logistic regressions. Choose from complete lists thousands of variables.

26 Introduction to PowerStats/QuickStats Datalab

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32 A table and statistics generator using Restricted Use data but without the need for a license (i.e. users only see estimates and standard errors) Features include: Introduction to PowerStats/QuickStats PowerStats

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35 NPSAS:12 Overview Sample Research Question, Guided Example What is the rate of students’ application for federal financial aid by institution sector? QuickRetreive: (any aid) (federal aid)

36 BPS Overview Sample Research Question, Guided Example What is the average amount of institution aid given to first-time beginning students by institution sector? QuickRetreive:

37 Contact Information Susan Aud, Ph.D. Statistician Telephone:(202) PowerStats Helpdesk Telephone(866)


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