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Medicine –Selection Process

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Presentation on theme: "Medicine –Selection Process"— Presentation transcript:

1 Medicine –Selection Process
Welsh National School of Medicine Cardiff University University of Wales College of Medicine Medicine –Selection Process Professor Aled Phillips Admissions Sub-Dean

2 Your selection: The course The facilities The location
Support for students Entry requirements

3 Which Medical School ? 30 undergraduate medical schools
1 - Wales 5 - Scotland 1 - N. Ireland 23 - England (including 5 in London) 2 postgraduate medical schools Swansea and Warwick

4 Are all courses the same ? Yes and No!!
Yes -General Medical Council Knowledge Skills Attitudes Behaviour

5 Are all courses the same? No - Course structure
Course Structures: Traditional - preclinical & clinical Integrated/system based – multidisciplinary Methods of teaching: PBL - problem-based learning Lectures, practicals, tutorials Hybrid

6 C21: what are the principles?
Evidence based Early clinical experience Small group learning Case based learning – facilitated small group learning based on clinical scenarios Reliable and fair assessments

7 The traditional divide
Qualification Clinical science Year 5 Year 4 Year 3 Year 2 Basic science Year 1 Entry Slide Courtesy Prof Paul Bradley

8 Scientifically informed
Vertical integration Life long learners Clinical science Year 5 Scientifically informed Clinical Practice Research minded Evidence based Year 4 Research capable Year 3 Year 2 Basic science Year 1 Selection and admission Slide Courtesy Prof Paul Bradley

9 C21: Changing the MBBCh course
Phase 1 Years 1&2 Core science and clinical practice Simultaneous science Clinical immersion Phase 2 Years 3&4 Learning to Care Integrated contemporary clinical / science experience Phase 3 Years 5 & F1 Learning from and at work Consolidated preparation for practice and work-based learning Scholarship Science Safety Service

10 Case based learning The case is the key to the learning
Clinical scenario introduces the subject area Support for students Seminars Practical experiences Patient encounters Clinical skills

11 C21: Phase 1 learning Structured small group session: ‘case scenarios’
Assessment Seminars Clinical skills Plenaries Practicals Life sciences Placements e-Learning Structured small group session: ‘case scenarios’ Self directed learning Learning outcomes

12 Ischaemic Heart Disease
Spiral Curriculum : Ischaemic Heart Disease Year 5 – Clinical Assistantships/Primary Care Direct patient management Year 4 – Chronic Disease Management Implications for patient and service delivery Year 3 – Hospital Front Door Different patient presentations Treatment options Year 2 – Older person 2 Pathophysiology and Co-morbidity Year 1 – PCS and Dedicated Case Introduction to Basic and Clinical science Year 1 Year 3 Year 5 Year 2 Year 4

13 C21: Harmonisation what does it mean for you?
Work-place based education around Wales Predominantly clinical experience enhanced with supplementary simulation Increasing responsibility in an assistantship model

14 Facilities

15 Heath Park Campus Shared site University Hospital of Wales
Children’s Hospital for Wales New Teaching Accommodation opened 2008 IV Lounge for Students completed 2009 (social club) Very Very New Cochrane Building

16 Heath Park Campus Research: Institute of Medical Genetics
Centre for Neuropsychiatric Genetics and Genomics Wales Heart Research Institute Henry Wellcome Centre for Biomedical Research Cancer Research UK Centre Arthritis Research Campaign Biomechanics & Bioengineering Centre

17 Other major hospitals in Cardiff:
University Hospital Llandough Velindre Whitchurch Other hospitals in South East Wales: Royal Gwent – Newport Royal Glamorgan – Llantrisant Princess of Wales – Bridgend Prince Charles – Merthyr Tydfil

18 1. Collaboration across the whole of Wales
GPs DGH University University Hospital 1. Collaboration across the whole of Wales

19 Location: Cardiff Capital of Wales Population 350,000
Close to sea and mountains Multicultural community Good transport links Safe, friendly, affordable

20 Cardiff Major developments: Millennium Stadium, Millennium Centre
International Arena, International Sports Village New Shopping Centre Within a 1 mile radius: City Centre – shops, entertainment, etc Main University campus, University Hospital site Most student accommodation

21 Cardiff University 26,000 students, 6000 staff Multidisciplinary
Member of the Russell Group 125 years old Main Campus - base for initial stages Heath Park Campus – clinical training

22 Accommodation Guaranteed single occupancy room for everyone who accepts our offer of a place 5300 study bedrooms Catered or self catered 70% En suite Internet connection

23 Personal Support / Pastoral Care
Student Support services Study Skills Counselling Disability / Dyslexia Support Unit Financial Advice Hardship and Access funds Careers Service Accommodation Health Service Student Union Welfare and legal advice

24 Personal Support / Pastoral Care
Personal Tutors Pastoral Care on Placement Buddy Schemes Year Co-ordinators Deanery FY1 Liaison

25 Cardiff’s Selection Policy
Open Equitable Non-discriminatory Reliable, valid and relevant Defined criteria Consistent with legislation Approved by Board of Medical Studies

26 “The art or science of prevention and cure of disease”
What is Medicine? “The art or science of prevention and cure of disease”

27 What Sorts of Medicine are there?
Primary Care (General Practice) Secondary Care Accident & Emergency Anaesthetics & Intensive Care Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology Medicine Mental Illness Obstetrics & Gynaecology Paediatrics Pathology Radiology Rehabilitation Surgery

28 What Sorts of Medicine are there?
General Medicine Cardiology Dermatology Endocrinology Gastroenterology Genitourinary Medicine Geriatric Medicine Infectious Diseases Medical Genetics Nephrology Neurology Nuclear Medicine Oncology Palliative Medicine Rheumatology Thoracic Medicine

29 What Sorts of Medicine are there?
Primary Care Secondary Care Community Medicine Academic Medicine Private Practice Pharmaceutical Industry Armed Forces Aviation Medicine Travel Industry Aid Organisations Legal Medicine Overseas

30 No “stereotype”, No “typical” student

31 Routes into Medicine in Cardiff
Applying with your GCSE Two courses A100 and A104 to accommodate all subject choices Applying with your A levels So its not all about your GCSEs!! Applying with a Degree There is hope even after A level!! “Feeder Courses”

32 Selection Process for ALL Routes:
Three scored stages: - academic - non-academic - interview Documented extenuating circumstances are taken into account if presented at the time of application

33 Non-Academic Criteria
Personal Statement Insight into the Medical career A caring attitude towards people and social awareness Team-working and a willingness to accept responsibility Study skills- evidence of self directed learning Evidence of balanced approach to life [Referee’s comments] Scored by trained selectors

34 Work Experience: Why? To show that the applicant understands medicine as a career To enable the applicant to demonstrate that they have had people focused experience of providing care to other people and that they understand the realities of working in a caring profession. To enable the applicant to demonstrate some of the attitudes and behaviours essential to being a doctor such as conscientiousness, good communication skills or the ability to interact with a wide variety of people.

35 Work Experience – bottom line
Remember: it is what you learnt not what you did that counts!! Personal statement and Interview

36 Interview: 20 minute informal discussion based on UCAS Personal Statement Two/Three trained interviewers on the panel (including a clinician and a 4th yr medical student) English or bilingual

37 Non-Academic Criteria
Interview Communication skills Insight into the Medical career – reflection on what makes a good doctor Understanding demands of studying medicine A caring attitude towards people and social/medical awareness Team-working and a willingness to accept responsibility Evidence of balanced approach to life

38 Typical Offer (5-year course)
A level grades AAA including 2 sciences from Chemistry, Biology, Physics, Mathematics or Statistics; Chemistry or Biology at grade A must be one Only one Maths subject counted Non-science welcomed as third ‘A’ level General studies and Critical Thinking not counted Plus AS level grade C Chemistry or Biology required at ‘AS’ level with a A grade if not offered at ‘A’ Level Key Skills level 3 in 3 subjects accepted instead of an ‘AS’ level

39 Typical Offer (6-year foundation course)
A level grades AAA Only one from Chemistry, Biology, Physics Only one Maths subject counted General studies and Critical Thinking not counted Plus AS level grade C

40 European Baccalaureate International Baccalaureate
Welsh Baccalaureate European Baccalaureate International Baccalaureate (36 points – no theory of knowledge/extended essay) BTEC National & Higher National National Diploma in Distinction (DDD) – A104 Higher National Distinction (DDD) – A100 Scottish Highers AAAAB highers – A104 +AA Advanced highers –A100 Irish Qualifications (A104) AAAABB at higher level Other International Qualifications

41 The academic requirements!!!

42 Academic Requirements: Applying with GCSEs (A100/A104)
GCSE(or Equivalent)- Minimum Reqs Science/Additional Science AA 3 Separate Sciences AAB Mathematics B English/Welsh Language B Breadth - best 9 (to include the above) scored - short courses not included - but not AS levels Validated Results, not predictions In practice – 5/6A* (score 24/25) - but don’t give up!!!!

43 Applying Post A Levels AAA-c (or a if Chem/Biol)
Post A-level - academic score will now take account of the A level results - so you can make up GCSE score e.g. GCSE 20 (2A*/7A) + AAA = 25 Think about a Gap year - but use it wisely! ABB – Graduate entry through Linked Courses/Feeder Courses or into the five year course Will need GAMSAT

44 Graduate entry- Linked Courses (Could apply to these courses directly with CGSE)
ABB at A2 Cardiff University BSc Medical Pharmacology BSc Biosciences Universities of Glamorgan and Bangor BSc Medical Sciences (Priority for “widening access) Up to 10 students will be considered for entry into year 2 of A100 course Declare an interest in Year 2 Exactly the same standards as other Graduates (Personal statement, UKCAT, reference, interview) For 2014/15 entry will need GAMSAT

45 Academic Requirements: Contextualisation
Cardiff School of Medicine is committed to widening access and welcomes applications from students of all backgrounds For Entry 2012, the School piloted the University’s use of contextual data The academic and non-academic attainment of a candidate reviewed against socioeconomic background (and school performance data) The School considers this information in deciding whether or not to call a candidate for interview It will not use this information to make lower or differential offers

46 Plus – Fitness to Practice (GMC)
Enhanced Criminal Record Check Spent and unspent convictions, cautions, admonishments, reprimands, warnings, bind over orders, fixed penalty notices, ASBOs etc Health Check

47 UK Clinical Aptitude Test
Tests Cognitive Skills: Verbal reasoning Quantitative reasoning Abstract reasoning Decision analysis Non-Cognitive analysis Not science paper, not curriculum based Two free practice papers on website Use them with time restrictions MUST take the test in the Summer BEFORE applying

48 Good Luck!!

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