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1 Engineering Education and Practice for the Global Community Preparing THE Civil Engineer of the Future Jeffrey S. Russell, Ph.D., P.E. (Chair, CAP^3)

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Presentation on theme: "1 Engineering Education and Practice for the Global Community Preparing THE Civil Engineer of the Future Jeffrey S. Russell, Ph.D., P.E. (Chair, CAP^3)"— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Engineering Education and Practice for the Global Community Preparing THE Civil Engineer of the Future Jeffrey S. Russell, Ph.D., P.E. (Chair, CAP^3)

2 2 Vision for Tomorrow A better prepared engineer More agile, flexible, global, and competitive A profession that attracts, retains, and develops a diverse student body where students find relevance, meaning, and significance in the quest to improve the human condition.

3 3 A Profession* Body of Knowledge Ethic of Professional Service Organization * Lawson, W.D. (2004). “Professionalism: The Golden Years.” Journal of Professional Issues in Engr (ASCE).

4 4 Body of Knowledge Knowledge, skills, and attitudes necessary to become a licensed professional civil engineer.

5 5

6 6 BOK – The BIG Picture 1.Fundamentals -- math, science, and engr science. 2.Technical breadth. 3.Breadth in the humanities & social sciences. 4.Professional practice breadth. 5.Specialization (Technical depth).

7 7 Technical core Life-long learning Engineering tools Communication Contemporary issues Professional & ethical standards Impact of engineering Experimentation Design Inter-disciplinary teams Engineering problems Civil Engineering Body of Knowledge Specialized area of civil engineering Project management, construction, and asset mgmt. Business & public policy Leadership TECHNICALPROFESSIONAL

8 8 BOK Profile Outcomes Bloom’s Level 6. Evaluation 5. Synthesis 4. Analysis 3. Application 2. Comprehension 1. Knowledge

9 9 The Body of Knowledge (BOK) necessary to enter the practice of civil engineering at the professional level in the future is beyond the scope of the traditional 4-year bachelor’s degree and required experience. The “Bottom Line” Problem Statement

10 10 Trend in Reduced Total Credit-Hours Year Credits

11 11 A Leader No Longer Medicine Law Pharmacy Architecture Accounting Occupational Therapy Civil Engineering Years of Formal Education Civil Engineering

12 12 BOK Profile Outcomes Bloom’s Level 6. Evaluation 5. Synthesis 4. Analysis 3. Application 2. Comprehension 1. Knowledge

13 13 ASCE Policy 465 (Adopted by the BOD on October 19, 2004) Fulfillment of this BOK will include -- 1.a baccalaureate degree 2.a master’s degree, or approximately 30 coordinated graduate or upper level... 3.appropriate experience... The American Society of Civil Engineers supports the attainment of a Body of Knowledge for entry into the practice of civil engineering at a professional level.

14 14 CE BOK Fulfilled Secondary Primary B + M ABET & E B ABET +(M/30) Validated & E BOK

15 15 Implementation Initiatives Year 2001 Year 2020 BOK Accreditation Licensure Specialty Certification Curricula Fulfillment & Validation

16 16 Implementation Initiatives Year 2001 Year 2020 BOK Accreditation Licensure Specialty Certification Curricula Fulfillment & Validation

17 17 Misinformation 10.Implementation will occur instantly. 9.Current P.E.’s must obtain a “M/30.” 8.The goal is to eliminate the 4-year degree. 7.Education is more important than Experience. 6.All BSCE graduates need to be licensed. 5.“M/30” should follow directly after “B.” 4.Degrees (not knowledge) are the key. 3.“M” means traditional MS degree with thesis. 2.The current BSCE will not be changed. 1.We are working for faculty job security.

18 18 “It is evident that the exploding body of science and engineering knowledge can not be accommodated within the context of the traditional four year baccalaureate degree.” “The baccalaureate degree should be recognized as the “pre-engineering” degree... ” Educating the Engineer of 2020 The National Academy of Engineering, 2005

19 19 Vision of Full Realization of PS 465 Body of Specialized Knowledge Licensure More Experience and Lifelong Learning and Possibly Specialty Certification Practice of CE at the Professional Level Baccalaureate Education Add’lEducation Experience

20 20 Information and Knowledgeable Points of Contact For more information visit the ASCE website If you have questions or comments, please contact Jeff Russell: Stu Walesh: Tom Lenox:

21 21 Implementation Year 2001 Year 2020 BOK 1 Accreditation Licensure Specialty Certification Curricula Fulfillment & Validation Year 2007 BOK 2

22 22 ASCE Policy 465 (Adopted by the BOD on October 19, 2004) The American Society of Civil Engineers supports the attainment of a Body of Knowledge for entry into the practice of civil engineering at a professional level.

23 23 Iowa State Georgia Tech Wentworth Case Western Tennessee Tech Northern Arizona Colorado State Florida Western Michigan Wyoming Bucknell Nebraska California State - L.A. Louisville Wisconsin Madison West Virginia Oklahoma Norwich Rose-Hulman Penn State Illinois Urbana-Champaign US Military Academy Texas-Austin Texas-Tyler “BOK cannot fit into today’s BSCE” “Outcomes 1-11 & Outcomes in tomorrow’s BSCE?”

24 24 Purpose and Outline Purpose is to inform Outline Vision and background on global trends Response to globalization—BOK—a better prepared engineer in the future

25 25 Selected Global Trends Global Economy –~50% of the world’s population entered the market economy in the last ~10 years –Increasingly competitive at all technology levels Demographic changes –Aging population, declining birth rates in developed countries –Will drive pressures for students and workforce Technology revolution –Revolutionary innovation is occurring in all scientific and technological fields –Driven by accelerating exponential growth rate of IT

26 26 IT Future Trends Everything will become connected –Devices, systems, machines, business processes, even networks Digital technology is making transactions ‘smarter’ –Tiny processors see, listen, and pass messages to one another in sensor networks Digital technology is spawning new technical areas and creating new sub-industries –Molecular-level drug design, genomics – gene diagnostics and therapies Implications: continuing culture changes Source: W. B. Arthur, Fortune, Nov “:P. Saffo, Inst. for the Future

27 27 The Technology Environment in 2020 Rapid and accelerating pace of technological innovation The world will be intensely connected Technology in our everyday lives will be seamless, transparent, and more significant than ever People involved with or affected by technology will be increasingly diverse Social, cultural, political and economic forces will continue to shape and affect the success of technological innovation Source: “The Engineer of 2020” NAE

28 28 Global Environmental Issues Global warming Energy supplies Population pressure Other resource limitations All are major engineering challenges

29 29 An Era of Rapid & Accelerating Change All organizations must See change as an opportunity, not simply as a threat Aggressively seek new opportunities and abandon less productive activities and products Form strategic alliances and re-think how they empower their knowledge workers

30 30 Role of U.S. Research Universities The standard of living and economic growth of a nation is proportional to the education of its population R&D investment and economic strength are strongly correlated Technology and energy are the industries of the 21 st Century U.S. research universities have become the basic research labs of the nation Source: C. R. Barrett, 2004 NAE Annual Meeting

31 31 Research Support Infrastructure Research funding in the College of Engineering continues to increase The complexity of managing research grants and contracts is increasing Improved financial and administrative infrastructure for research is required A different administrative and support structure is needed

32 32 International Competition in Higher Ed International competition in higher education and to U.S. research universities is increasing –Nations want to keep their best and brightest at home Countries in the EU created the Bologna Accord –All research universities in countries in the EU, and other countries in Europe, will offer a three-year B.S., two-year M.S. and a PhD by January 2010 –All courses will be taught in English China’s strategic intent: create 10 world-class research universities by 2010 –Last year universities in Asia graduated ~six times as many students with Bachelor’s degrees in engineering as U.S. universities did

33 33 Engineering Is Changing Rapidly The complexity of the design space is increasing: Materials, Processes, Information Technology, Engineered Systems, etc. The complexity of the constraint set has increased The role of engineers in industry has expanded Globalization is introducing major changes in the engineering profession An education that integrates science and multiple engineering disciplines is required

34 34 Selected recent quotes “We went to India to save money; we stayed there because of their technical expertise.” – CTO, Cisco Systems in Business Week We had to open a facility in Shanghai for our routine engineering design in order to stay in business.” – CEO of a large Midwestern- headquartered company “I am scheduled to leave for India tomorrow where I will dedicate our two new design centers, one with 150 engineers and with over 90. For U.S. engineers to continue to command high salaries, they must be innovative and must think at the system level.” – Chief Engineer of a large Midwestern high tech company

35 35 The Complete Engineer: CoE IAB View Top tier basic engineering education with technical fundamentals Cross-disciplinary perspective International experience Creativity / innovation Entrepreneurship Communication skills Cost knowledge (business) Management and leadership Extracurricular activities Public / civic involvement

36 36 Attributes of Engineers in 2020: NAE View Strong analytical skills Practical ingenuity Creativity Good communication skills Understand business and management Understand principles of leadership High ethical standards Professionalism Dynamic, agile, resilient, and flexible Lifelong learners Source: “The Engineer of 2020” NAE


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