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Important Insect Plant Pests and their Hosts in Florida Kirk W. Martin CBSP USDA-National Needs Fellow Graduate Student-University of Florida Plant Medicine.

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Presentation on theme: "Important Insect Plant Pests and their Hosts in Florida Kirk W. Martin CBSP USDA-National Needs Fellow Graduate Student-University of Florida Plant Medicine."— Presentation transcript:

1 Important Insect Plant Pests and their Hosts in Florida Kirk W. Martin CBSP USDA-National Needs Fellow Graduate Student-University of Florida Plant Medicine Program and IPM Apprentice-IPM Florida Denise D. Thomas D.P.M. University of Florida Plant Medicine Program and IPM Florida

2 Southern Chinch Bug - Blissus insularis Turf Pest AdultLarvaEgg 4 mm0.8 x 0.3 mm

3 Brown Stink Bug - Euschistus servus Field Crop, Fruit & Vegetable Pest AdultLarvaEgg mmFive instars Up to 10 mm 1.4 mm x 1.2 mm

4 Southern Green Stink Bug - Nezara viridula Ornamental, Field Crop, Fruit & Vegetable Pest AdultLarvaEgg mmFive instars Up to 10 mm 1.3 mm x 0.9 mm

5 Harlequin Bug - Murgantia histrionica Vegetable Pest AdultLarvaEgg 8-12 mmFive to six instars mm

6 Silverleaf Whitefly - Bemisia argentifolii or Bemisia tabaci Field Crop, Ornamental & Vegetable Pest AdultLarvaEgg 1 mmFour instars Up to 1 mm 0.2 mm

7 Citrus Whitefly - Dialeurodes citri Fruit Pest AdultLarvaEgg < 4.3 mm (Wingspan) 0.25 mm

8 Cloudywinged Whitefly - Singhiella citrifolii Fruit Pest AdultLarvaEgg 1 mmUp to 1 mm0.3 mm

9 FDACS/DPI Citrus Blackfly - Aleurocanthus woglumi Fruit Pest AdultLarvaEgg 1-2 mmUp to 1 mm

10 Green Peach Aphid - Myzus persicae Ornamental, Field Crop, Vegetable & Fruit Pest AdultLarvaEgg 2 mmFive instars0.6 mm x.3 mm

11 Cabbage Aphid - Brevicoryne brassicae Vegetable Pest AdultLarvaEgg 2 mmFour instars0.7 mm x 0.2 mm

12 Melon Aphid - Aphis gossypii Ornamental, Field Crop, Vegetable & Fruit Pest AdultLarvaEgg 1-2 mmUp to 1 mmNone

13 Potato Aphid - Macrosiphum euphorbiae Ornamental & Vegetable Pest AdultLarvaEgg 2-4 mmFour instars Up to 2 mm None

14 Brown Citrus Aphid - Toxoptera citricida Ornamental & Fruit Pest AdultLarvaEgg 3 mmUp to 3 mmNone

15 Pink Hibiscus Mealybug - Maconellicoccus hirsutus Ornamental Pest AdultLarvaEgg 2-3 mm (Female)Three instars (Female) Two instars & Two pupal stages (Male) Up to 2 mm 0.4 mm x 0.2 mm

16 Papaya Mealybug - Paracoccus marginatus Fruit & Ornamental Pest AdultLarvaEgg About 3 mm Females wingless Male winged Three instars

17 Longtailed Mealybug - Pseudococcus longispinus Fruit, Ornamental & Tree Pest AdultLarvaEgg 3 mm (Body)

18 Asiatic Citrus Psyllid - Diaphorina citri Fruit Pest AdultLarvaEgg 3-4 mmFive instars Up to 2 mm 0.3 mm

19 Cycad Aulacaspis Scale - Aulacaspis yasumatsui Ornamental & Tree Pest AdultLarvaEgg 1-2 mm (Female) Up to 1 mm (Male)

20 Tea Scale - Fiorinia theae Ornamental & Tree Pest AdultLarvaEgg Up to 2 mm

21 False Oleander Scale - Pseudaulacaspis cockerelli Ornamental & Tree Pest AdultLarvaEgg 2-3 mm (Female) 1 mm (Male)

22 Citrus Snow Scale - Unaspis citri Fruit Pest AdultLarvaEgg Up to 2 mm (Female)

23 White Peach Scale - Pseudaulacaspis pentagona Fruit, Ornamental & Tree Pest AdultLarvaEgg 2-3 mm (Female) <1 mm (Male)

24 Green Scale - Coccus viridis Ornamental & Tree Pest AdultLarvaEgg 3 mm

25 Florida Wax Scale - Ceroplastes floridensis Ornamental & Tree Pest AdultLarvaEgg 2-4 mm

26 Hemispherical Scale - Saissetia coffeae Ornamental & Fruit Pest AdultLarvaEgg 2-5 mm1 mm (Crawler) 0.7 mm

27 Pyriform Scale - Protopulvinaria pyriformis Ornamental & Fruit Pest AdultLarvaEgg Up to 3 mm

28 Cottony Cushion Scale - Icerya purchasi Fruit Pest AdultLarvaEgg 5 mm

29 Lobate Lac Scale - Paratachardina pseudolobata Ornamental & Tree Pest AdultLarvaEgg 1-2 mm

30 Leaf-footed Bug - Leptoglossus phyllopus Ornamental, Field Crop, Fruit & Vegetable Pest AdultLarvaEgg 2-3 cm

31 Squash Bug - Anasa tristis Vegetable Pest AdultLarvaEgg mmFive instars Up to 10 mm mm

32 Lantana Lace Bug - Teleonemia scrupulosa Ornamental Pest AdultLarvaEgg 3-4 mmFive instars

33 Garden Fleahopper - Halticus bractatus Vegetable Pest AdultLarvaEgg 7 mm5 instars0.7 mm x 0.2 mm

34 Glassy-winged Sharpshooter - Homalodisca coagulata Fruit & Ornamental Pest AdultLarvaEgg 2 cm

35 Jadera Bug - Jadera haemataloma Nuisance & Tree Pest AdultLarvaEgg mm (Winged) 7-8 mm (Short-winged)

36 Two-lined Spittlebug - Prosapia bicincta Turf Pest AdultLarvaEgg 6 mmFour instars

37 Many thanks to those that contributed to this project Photographs by: – Lyle Buss, UF Entomology and Nematology – Dr. Paul Choate, UF Entomology and Nematology – Dr. John Capinera, Chair, UF Entomology and Nematology – Dr. Norman Leppla, Director IPM Florida, UF Entomology and Nematology – Dr. Whitney Cranshaw, Colorado State University - Dept., Bioagricultural Sciences and Pest Management, Bugwood.org – John Folz,, Emeritus Faculty, UF Entomology and Nematology Photographs by: – Dr. Russ Ottens, University of Georgia, Bugwood.org – Tracy Conklin, UF Entomology and Nematology – Larry Williams, Okaloosa County Extension – Natasha Wright, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, Bugwood.org – Dr. James Castner, UF Entomology and Nematology – Dr. Wayne Dixon, Florida Division of Plant Industry – USDA Forest Service, Forest Health Protection, Southern Region

38 Many thanks to those that contributed to this project – Dr. Norman Leppla, Director-IPM Florida, UF Entomology and Nematology – Dr. Jennifer Gillett-Kaufman, Associate Director IPM Florida, UF Entomology and Nematology – Lyle Buss, UF Entomology and Nematology – Joyce Merritt, Publications Specialist, IPM Florida and Plant Medicine Program – Kevyn Juneau, Research Assistant IPM Florida, UF Entomology and Nematology Contributors:

39 References Capinera, J.L., 2001 Handbook of Vegetable Pests. Academic Press: San Diego Hodges, A., Hodges, G., Buss, L., Osborne, L., 2005 Mealybugs& Mealybug Look-Alikes of the Southeastern United States Stehr, F.W Immature Insects. Volumes I and II. Kendall/Hunt Publishing Company C. Malcolm Beck and John Howard Garrett, 2005 Texas Bug Book The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly, Revised Edition. University of Texas Press: Austin, TX. Short, D.E., Simone, G.W., Dunn, R.A. (Eds.), 2001 Commercial Ornamental Nursery Scouting Manual. Department of Entomology and Nematology, Institute for Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida: Gainesville, FL.


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