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Important Insect Plant Pests and their Hosts in Florida (Fruit Crops) Kirk W. Martin CBSP USDA-National Needs Fellow Graduate Student-University of Florida.

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Presentation on theme: "Important Insect Plant Pests and their Hosts in Florida (Fruit Crops) Kirk W. Martin CBSP USDA-National Needs Fellow Graduate Student-University of Florida."— Presentation transcript:

1 Important Insect Plant Pests and their Hosts in Florida (Fruit Crops) Kirk W. Martin CBSP USDA-National Needs Fellow Graduate Student-University of Florida Plant Medicine Program and IPM Apprentice-IPM Florida Denise D. Thomas D.P.M. University of Florida Plant Medicine Program and IPM Florida

2 White-fringed Beetle - Naupactus (=Graphognathus) spp. Fruit & Vegetable Pest AdultLarvaEgg 12 mm (Pupa) 0.9 mm x 0.6 mm

3 White Grubs - Phyllophaga spp. Vegetable, Fruit, Turf, Tree, Ornamental & Field Crop Pest AdultLarvaEgg mmThree instars2.4 mm x 1.5 mm

4 Southern Blue-Green Citrus Root Weevil - Pachnaeus litus Fruit Pest AdultLarvaEgg 8-14 mm

5 Northern Blue-Green Citrus Root Weevil - Pachnaeus opalus Fruit Pest AdultLarvaEgg mm

6 Little Leaf Notcher (Citrus Root Weevil) - Artipus floridanus Fruit Pest AdultLarvaEgg mm

7 Diaprepes Root Weevil - Diaprepes abbreviatus Fruit, Ornamental, Field Crop & Vegetable Pest AdultLarvaEgg 9-15 mm6-18 instars Up to 20 mm 1.2 mm x 0.4 mm

8 Female Male Caribbean Fruit Fly - Anastrepha suspensa Fruit Pest AdultLarvaEgg 5-8 mm (Female) 5-6 mm (Male) 8-10 mm

9 Brown Stink Bug - Euschistus servus Field Crop, Fruit & Vegetable Pest AdultLarvaEgg mmFive instars Up to 10 mm 1.4 mm x 1.2 mm

10 Southern Green Stink Bug - Nezara viridula Ornamental, Field Crop, Fruit & Vegetable Pest AdultLarvaEgg mmFive instars Up to 10 mm 1.3 mm x 0.9 mm

11 Silverleaf Whitefly - Bemisia argentifolii or Bemisia tabaci Field Crop, Ornamental & Vegetable Pest AdultLarvaEgg 1 mmFour instars Up to 1 mm 0.2 mm

12 Citrus Whitefly - Dialeurodes citri Fruit Pest AdultLarvaEgg < 4.3 mm (Wingspan) 0.25 mm

13 Cloudywinged Whitefly - Singhiella citrifolii Fruit Pest AdultLarvaEgg 1 mmUp to 1 mm0.3 mm

14 FDACS/DPI Citrus Blackfly - Aleurocanthus woglumi Fruit Pest AdultLarvaEgg 1-2 mmUp to 1 mm

15 Green Peach Aphid - Myzus persicae Ornamental, Field Crop, Vegetable & Fruit Pest AdultLarvaEgg 2 mmFive instars0.6 mm x.3 mm

16 Melon Aphid - Aphis gossypii Ornamental, Field Crop, Vegetable & Fruit Pest AdultLarvaEgg 1-2 mmUp to 1 mmNone

17 Brown Citrus Aphid - Toxoptera citricida Ornamental & Fruit Pest AdultLarvaEgg 3 mmUp to 3 mmNone

18 Papaya Mealybug - Paracoccus marginatus Fruit & Ornamental Pest AdultLarvaEgg About 3 mm Females wingless Male winged Three instars

19 Longtailed Mealybug - Pseudococcus longispinus Fruit, Ornamental & Tree Pest AdultLarvaEgg 3 mm (Body)

20 Asiatic Citrus Psyllid - Diaphorina citri Fruit Pest AdultLarvaEgg 3-4 mmFive instars Up to 2 mm 0.3 mm

21 Citrus Snow Scale - Unaspis citri Fruit Pest AdultLarvaEgg Up to 2 mm (Female)

22 White Peach Scale - Pseudaulacaspis pentagona Fruit, Ornamental & Tree Pest AdultLarvaEgg 2-3 mm (Female) <1 mm (Male)

23 Hemispherical Scale - Saissetia coffeae Ornamental & Fruit Pest AdultLarvaEgg 2-5 mm1 mm (Crawler) 0.7 mm

24 Pyriform Scale - Protopulvinaria pyriformis Ornamental & Fruit Pest AdultLarvaEgg Up to 3 mm

25 Cottony Cushion Scale - Icerya purchasi Fruit Pest AdultLarvaEgg 5 mm

26 Leaf-footed Bug - Leptoglossus phyllopus Ornamental, Field Crop, Fruit & Vegetable Pest AdultLarvaEgg 2-3 cm

27 Glassy-winged Sharpshooter - Homalodisca coagulata Fruit & Ornamental Pest AdultLarvaEgg 2 cm

28 Citrus Leafminer - Phyllocnistis citrella Fruit Pest AdultLarvaEgg 2 mm (Resting) 4 mm (Wingspan) Up to 3 mm

29 Corn Earworm - Helicoverpa zea Field Crop, Fruit & Ornamental Pest AdultLarvaEgg mm (Wingspan) Six instars Up to 25 mm mm

30 Grape Root Borer - Vitacea polistiformis Fruit Pest AdultLarvaEgg 1.9 cm (Female length) 1.5 cm (Male length) 38 mm

31 American Grasshopper - Schistocerca americana Fruit, Tree & Ornamental AdultLarvaEgg mm (Male) mm (Female) Six instars Up to 45 mm mm

32 Eastern Lubber Grasshopper - Romalea microptera (formerly R. guttata) Fruit, Tree & Ornamental AdultLarvaEgg 6-8 cm

33 Florida Flower Thrips - Frankliniella bispinosa Fruit, Vegetable & Field Crop Pest AdultLarvaEgg 1 mm

34 Two-spotted Spider Mite - Tetranychus urticae Ornamental, Vegetable, Field Crop & Fruit Pest AdultLarvaEgg minute

35 Citrus Rust Mite - Phyllocoptruta oleivora Fruit Pest AdultLarvaEgg minute

36 Many thanks to those that contributed to this project Photographs by: – Lyle Buss, UF Entomology and Nematology – Dr. Paul Choate, UF Entomology and Nematology – Dr. John Capinera, Chair, UF Entomology and Nematology – Dr. Norman Leppla, Director IPM Florida, UF Entomology and Nematology – Dr. Whitney Cranshaw, Colorado State University - Dept., Bioagricultural Sciences and Pest Management, Bugwood.org – John Folz,, Emeritus Faculty, UF Entomology and Nematology Photographs by: – Dr. Russ Ottens, University of Georgia, Bugwood.org – Tracy Conklin, UF Entomology and Nematology – Larry Williams, Okaloosa County Extension – Natasha Wright, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, Bugwood.org – Dr. James Castner, UF Entomology and Nematology – Dr. Wayne Dixon, Florida Division of Plant Industry – USDA Forest Service, Forest Health Protection, Southern Region

37 Many thanks to those that contributed to this project – Dr. Norman Leppla, Director-IPM Florida, UF Entomology and Nematology – Dr. Jennifer Gillett-Kaufman, Associate Director IPM Florida, UF Entomology and Nematology – Lyle Buss, UF Entomology and Nematology – Joyce Merritt, Publications Specialist, IPM Florida and Plant Medicine Program – Kevyn Juneau, Research Assistant IPM Florida, UF Entomology and Nematology Contributors:

38 References Capinera, J.L., 2001 Handbook of Vegetable Pests. Academic Press: San Diego Hodges, A., Hodges, G., Buss, L., Osborne, L., 2005 Mealybugs& Mealybug Look-Alikes of the Southeastern United States Stehr, F.W Immature Insects. Volumes I and II. Kendall/Hunt Publishing Company C. Malcolm Beck and John Howard Garrett, 2005 Texas Bug Book The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly, Revised Edition. University of Texas Press: Austin, TX. Short, D.E., Simone, G.W., Dunn, R.A. (Eds.), 2001 Commercial Ornamental Nursery Scouting Manual. Department of Entomology and Nematology, Institute for Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida: Gainesville, FL.


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