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Creative Problem Solving April 14, 2010 Presented by Janna Smith Region 5 ESC

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Presentation on theme: "Creative Problem Solving April 14, 2010 Presented by Janna Smith Region 5 ESC"— Presentation transcript:

1 Creative Problem Solving April 14, 2010 Presented by Janna Smith Region 5 ESC

2 Creative Problem Solving April 14, 2010 Presented by Janna Smith Region 5 ESC

3 Be sure you sign in! Restrooms Breaks Snack/Drink Machine Smoking: ONLY ON BACK PATIO

4 Are you a Creative Problem Solver? Langrehr PreTest of Creative Problem Solving 15 minutes

5 Langrehr PreTest of Creative Problem Solving: Possible Answers 1.feelings, darkness, ideas, dinosaurs, sounds, thoughts 2.There are different types, shapes, and color; they give off gases, take in gases, and move; they provide shelter; people can sit in them; they have many parts 3.He is hiding or blind, the inside pages are not upside down, he is asleep or shading himself 4.To build a path; as a weapon, weight, support, border, tool, or wedge; support, border, tool, or wedge; to sit or stand on; to carve; as a holder for pens/flowers; as a ruler/stencil, chalk, or a home for insects; to fill up space or lift as a weight 5.Fill the pipe with water, use gum on the end of a stick, use a vacuum cleaner, or suck on a narrow pipe 6. a shining object, fuzzy creature, measuring scale, human face, non-human face, flower, tunnel/bridge, ferris wheel, igloo/tent, arrows in a target, bush/tree, explosion, brush, half pie, ice cream, jewelry, antennae, haystack, fallen fence, mask, slinky, pin cushion

6 Langrehr PreTest of Creative Problem Solving: Possible Answers Roll the sheets of newspaper into tubes. Attach a rubber band to both ends of each tube—this will stop them from unfolding. Insert the ends of the paper tubes into each other until the extended tube is 3 yards long. Place the end of the extended tube into the neck of the bottle. Roll the marble down the inside of the paper tube. You don’t need to use the other things

7 Are you a Creative Problem Solver? A score of 20 or more indicates that you are a good creative and/or critical thinker!

8 Are you a Creative Problem Solver? Creative Problem Solving Quiz 5 minutes

9 Are you a Creative Problem Solver? To get your analytical intelligence score, add up responses to questions 1, 2, 7, 8, pts. -- your analytical thinking skills are strong pts. -- your analytical thinking skills are average Under 13 pts. -- your analytical thinking skills are weak

10 Are you a Creative Problem Solver? To get your creative intelligence score, add up responses to questions 3, 4, 9, 10, pts. -- your creative thinking skills are strong pts. -- your creative thinking skills are average Under 13 pts. -- your creative thinking skills are weak

11 Are you a Creative Problem Solver? To get your practical intelligence score, add up responses to questions 5, 6, 11, 12, pts. -- your practical thinking skills are strong pts. -- your practical thinking skills are average Under 13 pts. -- your practical thinking skills are weak

12 What is a Problem?  A problem is an opportunity for improvement A real break, the stroke of luck, opportunity knocking, a chance to get out of the rut of the everyday Problems need not arrive as a result of external factors or bad events The most creative people are "problem seekers" rather than "problem avoiders." Developing a positive attitude toward problems can transform you into a happier, saner, more confident person who feels (and is) much more in control of life.  A problem is the difference between your current state and your goal state A problem can result from new knowledge or thinking. When you can identify the difference between what you have and what you want, you have defined your problem and can aim toward your goal.  A problem results from the recognition of a present imperfect and the belief in the possibility of a better future. Your hopes challenge you, and challenge is another definition of a problem. Introduction to Problem Solving, Robert Harris Version Date: July 2, 1998

13 What is a Solution?  Some problems cannot be eliminated entirely We can, however, create solutions or treatments that will make each of these problems less harmful Solution: the management of a problem in a way that successfully meets the goals established for treating it Introduction to Problem Solving, Robert Harris Version Date: July 2, 1998

14 Problem Solving Activity: Human Knot

15 Have you ever trained fleas to not jump out of a jar? All you have to do is put fleas in a glass jar, and then screw on a lid. They'll jump and they'll bounce. And after a while, they'll get sick and tired of banging their heads against that bright, shiny ceiling… So, they'll stop jumping as high. Jean V. Dickson

16 Creative Problem Solving is… __________________________________ __________________________________ __________________________________ __________________________________

17 Creative Problem Solving is… “looking at the same thing as everyone else and thinking something different.”

18 Your brain can make it hard for you to escape from the picture or pattern you have in your mind. Creative thinking involves breaking away from usual patterns stored in your memory. Teaching Our Children to Think, by John Langrehr

19 CREATE when you want to think creatively!  Combine: Can I combine some things in a new way?  Reverse: Can I reverse some parts or processes here?  Eliminate: Can I eliminate or remove some part or process?  Alternative: Can I use alternative methods or materials?  Twist: Can I twist things around a bit?  Elaborate: Can I elaborate or add something? Teaching Our Children to Think, by John Langrehr

20 Polygons Activity Teaching Our Children to Think, by John Langrehr

21 Polygons Activity Teaching Our Children to Think, by John Langrehr

22 Polygons Activity Teaching Our Children to Think, by John Langrehr

23 Polygons Activity Teaching Our Children to Think, by John Langrehr

24 Polygons Activity Teaching Our Children to Think, by John Langrehr

25 Polygons Activity Teaching Our Children to Think, by John Langrehr

26 Polygons Activity Teaching Our Children to Think, by John Langrehr

27 Polygons Activity Teaching Our Children to Think, by John Langrehr

28 Polygons Activity Teaching Our Children to Think, by John Langrehr

29 Polygons Activity Teaching Our Children to Think, by John Langrehr

30 Creative Problem Solving Quiz How do you put a giraffe into a refrigerator? Open the refrigerator, put in the giraffe and close the door. This question tests whether you tend to do simple things in an overly complicated way.

31 Creative Problem Solving Quiz How do you put an elephant into a refrigerator? Open the refrigerator, take out the giraffe, put in the elephant and close the door. This tests your ability to think through the repercussions of your actions.

32 Creative Problem Solving Quiz The Lion King is hosting an animal conference, all the animals attend except one. Which animal does not attend? The Elephant. The Elephant is in the refrigerator. This tests your memory.

33 Creative Problem Solving Quiz There is a river you must cross. It is inhabited by crocodiles. How do you manage it? You swim across. All the crocodiles are attending the Animal Meeting! This tests whether you learn quickly from your mistakes.

34 Creative Problem Solving Quiz  According to Accenture, around 90% of the professionals they tested got all questions wrong. But many preschoolers got several correct answers.  Accenture says this conclusively disproves the theory that most professionals have the brains of a four-year old.

35 10 minutes

36 How does Bloom’s Taxonomy relate to or encourage Problem Solving?

37 Revised Bloom’s Lower Order Thinking Skills (LOTS) Remembering - Recognizing, listing, describing, identifying, retrieving, naming, locating, finding Understanding - Interpreting, Summarizing, inferring, paraphrasing, classifying, comparing, explaining, exemplifying Applying - Implementing, carrying out, using, executing Analyzing - Comparing, organizing, deconstructing, Attributing, outlining, finding, structuring, integrating Evaluating - Checking, hypothesizing, critiquing, Experimenting, judging, testing, Detecting, Monitoring Creating - designing, constructing, planning, producing, inventing, devising, making Higher Order Thinking Skills (HOTS)

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39 Build a Bridge In your group, build a free-standing bridge out of newspaper and tape that will support 3 books and also allow 3 books to pass underneath it. You have 20 minutes

40 How can we foster Creative Problem Solving in the Classroom?

41 Brainstorming Brainstorming is the best-known and widely used team- based creative problem solving and creative thinking technique. One major reason why brainstorming is useful is that it helps to free us from 'fixed ideas'. Ideas are generated by members of the group. No evaluation is made of the ideas so criticism is ruled out. The wilder the idea the better. It is easier to tame an idea later than to think than to think one up. The greater the number of ideas the better. People can combine two or more ideas proposed by other people.

42 Brainstorming Resources Webspiration: Webspiration™ is the new online visual thinking tool that helps you capture ideas, organize information, diagram processes and create clear, concise written documents whether working individually or collaboratively. Bubbl.us: Bubbl.us is a simple and free web application that lets you brainstorm online. Printable Graphic Organizers:

43 Effective Questioning Effective questioning can..... Arouse curiosity Stimulate interest in the topic Clarify concepts Emphasize key points Enhance problem-solving ability Encourage students to think at higher cognitive levels Motivate student to search for new information Ascertain students’ knowledge level to aid in modifying instruction

44 Project-Based Learning Project Based Learning is an instructional approach built upon authentic learning activities that engage student interest and motivation. These activities are designed to answer a question or solve a problem and generally reflect the types of learning and work people do in the everyday world outside the classroom.

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46 Problem Solving Activity Edible Fractions

47 Right Brain vs. Left Brain The right side of the brain controls your creative, visual, spatial concepts. The left side of the brain controls your logical, mathematical judgmental, analytical activities.

48 Right Brain vs. Left Brain

49 If clockwise, then you use more of the right side of the brain and vice versa. Most of us would see the dancer turning anti-clockwise though you can try to focus and change the direction; see if you can do it. LEFT BRAIN FUNCTIONS uses logic detail oriented facts rule words and language present and past math and science can comprehend knowing acknowledges order/pattern perception knows object name reality based forms strategies practical safe RIGHT BRAIN FUNCTIONS uses feeling "big picture" oriented imagination rules symbols and images present and future philosophy & religion can "get it" (i.e. meaning) believes appreciates spatial perception knows object function fantasy based presents possibilities impetuous risk taking

50 Right Brain vs. Left Brain As evaluation and judgment get in the way of creativity, divide your time between these two types of activity. In a brainstorming session, suspend judgment – your left brain activity – while you're coming up with ideas by using your right brain. So, create, create, create. Then switch over and evaluate, evaluate, evaluate, to arrive at the best conclusion.

51 Main Points… Go forth and problem solve! Allow your students to learn and practice good problem solving skills!


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