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Mark 5a Mark 4 :36-5:20 Faith in the King. JESUS LORD OF LEGEND?

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Presentation on theme: "Mark 5a Mark 4 :36-5:20 Faith in the King. JESUS LORD OF LEGEND?"— Presentation transcript:

1 Mark 5a Mark 4 :36-5:20 Faith in the King

2 JESUS LORD OF LEGEND?

3 1. Timing of mark makes it unlikely to be a legend AD 33 Jesus ministry and death AD 60 Gospel of Mark Eye witnesses still alive Paul writes in 1 Cor 1 that there were 500 witnesses of Jesus resurrection

4 2. tHE NATURE OF THE GOSPEL WRITING COMPARED TO CONTEMPORARY LEGENDS AND MYTHS

5 And from heaven father Zeus himself gave confirmation to his words, and commanded that glorious Hermes should be lord over all birds of omen and grim- eyed lions, and boars with gleaming tusks, and over dogs and all flocks that the wide earth nourishes, and over all sheep; also that he only should be the appointed messenger to Hades, who, though he takes no gift, shall give him no mean prize." Homeric Hymn to Hermes IV.549f

6 Then King Agamemnon rose, holding his sceptre. This was the work of Vulcan, who gave it to Jove the son of Saturn. Jove gave it to Mercury, slayer of Argus, guide and guardian. King Mercury gave it to Pelops, the mighty charioteer, and Pelops to Atreus, shepherd of his people. Atreus, when he died, left it to Thyestes, rich in flocks, and Thyestes in his turn left it to be borne by Agamemnon, that he might be lord of all Argos and of the isles. "

7 Just after teaching he switched boats Again he began to teach beside the sea. And a very large crowd gathered about him, so that he got into a boat and sat in it on the sea, and the whole crowd was beside the sea on the land. 2 And he was teaching themAgain he began to teach beside the sea. And a very large crowd gathered about him, so that he got into a boat and sat in it on the sea, and the whole crowd was beside the sea on the land. 2 And he was teaching them (Mark 4:1-2 ESV)(Mark 4:1-2 ESV)

8 On that day, when evening had come, he said to them, “Let us go across to the other side.” 36 And leaving the crowd, they took him with them in the boat, just as he was. And other boats were with himOn that day, when evening had come, he said to them, “Let us go across to the other side.” 36 And leaving the crowd, they took him with them in the boat, just as he was. And other boats were with him (Mark 4:35-36 ESV)(Mark 4:35-36 ESV)

9 Incredible detail And a great windstorm arose, and the waves were breaking into the boat, so that the boat was already filling. 38 But he was in the stern, asleep on the cushion. And they woke him and said to him, “Teacher, do you not care that we are perishingAnd a great windstorm arose, and the waves were breaking into the boat, so that the boat was already filling. 38 But he was in the stern, asleep on the cushion. And they woke him and said to him, “Teacher, do you not care that we are perishing (Mark 4:37-38 ESV)(Mark 4:37-38 ESV) Experienced sailors terrifed

10 Evidence Detailed Eye witness details.Detailed Eye witness details. Legends do not have details as they don’t add anything to the storyLegends do not have details as they don’t add anything to the story Gospel account don’t fit into these theories about legendsGospel account don’t fit into these theories about legends

11 Mark 2000 years ago without any precedent suddenly produced modern narrative realistic fiction and then stopped till todayMark 2000 years ago without any precedent suddenly produced modern narrative realistic fiction and then stopped till today

12 . And they woke him and said to him, “Teacher, do you not care that we are perishing. And they woke him and said to him, “Teacher, do you not care that we are perishing (Mark 4:37-38 ESV)(Mark 4:37-38 ESV) Experienced sailors terrifed

13 And he awoke and rebuked the wind and said to the sea, “ Peace! Be still! ” And the wind ceased, and there was a great calmAnd he awoke and rebuked the wind and said to the sea, “ Peace! Be still! ” And the wind ceased, and there was a great calm (Mark 4:39 ESV)(Mark 4:39 ESV) Mega calm or Dead calm..sea like glass Wind can stop but waves usually will continue to pound Here everything stops..incomparable power Ancient cultures –sea is ultimate symbol of uncontrollable power Only God can control the sea Be quiet and stay quiet

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15 Antiochus Epiphanes 2 Maccabees 9 claimed he had power to calm the waves and all the Jewish rabbis said that is blasphemy2 Maccabees 9 claimed he had power to calm the waves and all the Jewish rabbis said that is blasphemy

16 Who is this and what does this mean for us? Jesus does not conjure or call on a higher power. He is the power..Jesus does not conjure or call on a higher power. He is the power..

17 38.But he was in the stern, asleep on the cushion. And they woke him and said to him, “Teacher, do you not care that we are perishing38.But he was in the stern, asleep on the cushion. And they woke him and said to him, “Teacher, do you not care that we are perishing 40.He said to them, “Why are you so afraid? Have you still no faith40.He said to them, “Why are you so afraid? Have you still no faith If you loved us you would not be letting us go through deadly peril I can love someone and still let them go through a storm

18 Fear of jesus now instead of sto?rm And they were filled with great fear and said to one another, “Who then is this, that even the wind and the sea obey himAnd they were filled with great fear and said to one another, “Who then is this, that even the wind and the sea obey him (Mark 4:41 ESV)(Mark 4:41 ESV) Jesus is very powerful and unmanageable! Storm is powerful too

19 Both powerful

20 40.He said to them, “Why are you so afraid? Have you still no faith

21 3. The characteristics of jesus miracles Sign of His authority Reversal of the effects of the FallDirected to elicit faith Why things appear as they do if the kingdom is presentWhy things appear as they do if the kingdom is present Jesus preaches about the kingdom and the people question where is it if its supposed to be here?Jesus preaches about the kingdom and the people question where is it if its supposed to be here?

22 Infancy gospel of thomas

23

24 Evil Complexity of evilComplexity of evil The pattern of evilThe pattern of evil How it can be defeatedHow it can be defeated

25 Exorcism of the demon possessed man at gerasenes

26 They came to the other side of the sea, to the country of the Gerasenes. 2 And when Jesus had stepped out of the boat, immediately there met him out of the tombs a man with an unclean spiritThey came to the other side of the sea, to the country of the Gerasenes. 2 And when Jesus had stepped out of the boat, immediately there met him out of the tombs a man with an unclean spirit (Mark 5:1-2 ESV)(Mark 5:1-2 ESV)

27 Is it rational to believe in demons Is it rational to believe God existsIs it rational to believe God exists If it is rational to believe there is personal supernational good exists why not belive personal supernatuiral evilIf it is rational to believe there is personal supernational good exists why not belive personal supernatuiral evil Ancient superstitions?..did not understand diseasesAncient superstitions?..did not understand diseases

28 They knew the difference So his fame spread throughout all Syria, and they brought him all the sick, those afflicted with various diseases and pains, those oppressed by demons, epileptics, and paralytics, and he healed themSo his fame spread throughout all Syria, and they brought him all the sick, those afflicted with various diseases and pains, those oppressed by demons, epileptics, and paralytics, and he healed them (Matthew 4:24 ESV)(Matthew 4:24 ESV) Physical Disease Demon possession Psychiatric illness Diseases Pains Paralytics

29 Seleniazomai; middle voice or passive from a presumed derivative of 4582; to be moon- struck, i. e. crazy:— be a lunatic.Seleniazomai; middle voice or passive from a presumed derivative of 4582; to be moon- struck, i. e. crazy:— be a lunatic. be lunatickbe lunatick to be moon- struck or lunatic to be epileptic to be moon- struck or lunatic to be epileptic

30 Features of demon possession Great powerGreat power Slave to the demonsSlave to the demons Loss of sense of selfLoss of sense of self Process is gradual..no one can bind him any moreProcess is gradual..no one can bind him any more

31 And when he saw Jesus from afar, he ran and fell down before him. 7 And crying out with a loud voice, he said, “What have you to do with me, Jesus, Son of the Most High God? I adjure you by God, do not torment me.” 8 For he was saying to him, “Come out of the man, you unclean spiritAnd when he saw Jesus from afar, he ran and fell down before him. 7 And crying out with a loud voice, he said, “What have you to do with me, Jesus, Son of the Most High God? I adjure you by God, do not torment me.” 8 For he was saying to him, “Come out of the man, you unclean spirit (Mark 5:6-8 ESV)(Mark 5:6-8 ESV) Always call on higher power..Demon calls on GodAlways call on higher power..Demon calls on God Legion – 6000 demonsLegion – 6000 demons He is power Himself..He is power Himself..

32 Nothing anywhere else like this happened in ancient literature..must be trueNothing anywhere else like this happened in ancient literature..must be true You cant tell Jesus what to doYou cant tell Jesus what to do All the wealth in the world is not worth one human soulAll the wealth in the world is not worth one human soul Romans were unclean pigsRomans were unclean pigs Decapolis unclean area Gentile area..Jesus expected there to go there to drive them into the sea, He heals gentile manDecapolis unclean area Gentile area..Jesus expected there to go there to drive them into the sea, He heals gentile man Legions that are causing trouble are not outside but insideLegions that are causing trouble are not outside but inside

33 The “Headless One” Exorcism Ritual,

34 “I invoke you, Headless One ( ἀ κέφαλος ), who created earth and heaven, who created night and day, who created light and darkness. You are Osoronn ō phris ( Ὀ σοροννωφρις ), whom no one has ever seen. You are Iabas ( Ἰ αβας ). You are Iap ō s ( Ἰ α π ως ). You distinguished the just and the unjust. You made female and male. You revealed seed and fruits. You caused people to love each other and to hate each other. ἀ κέφαλος “I am Moses your prophet to whom you have transmitted your mysteries celebrated by Israel. You revealed the moist and the dry and all nourishment. Hear me! “I am the messenger of Pharaoh Osoronnophris; this is your true name which has been transmitted to the prophets of Israel. Hear me, ARBATHIA Ō REIBET ATHELEBERS Ē TH [ARA] BLATHA ALBEU EBENPHCHI CHITASGO Ē IBA Ō TH IA Ō. Listen to me and turn away this daimon. “I call upon you, awesome and invisible god with an empty spirit, AROGOGOROBRA Ō SOCHOU MODORI Ō PHALARCHA Ō OOO. Holy Headless One, deliver him, NN, from the daimon which restrains him. ROUBRIA Ō MARI Ō DAM BAABNABA Ō TH ASS AD Ō NAI APHNIA Ō ITH Ō L Ē TH ABRASAX A ĒŌŌ U; mighty Headless One, deliver him, NN, from the daimon which restrains him. MABARRAI Ō IO Ē L KOTHA ATHOR Ē BAL Ō ABRA Ō TH, deliver him, NN, A Ō TH ABRA Ō TH BASUM ISAK SABA Ō TH IA Ō. “He is the lord of the gods; he is the lord of the inhabited world; he is the one whom the winds fear; he is the one who made all things by the command of his voice.”

35 “Lord, King, Master, Helper, save the soul, IEOU PUR IOU PUR IA Ō T IA ĒŌ IOOU ABRASAX SABRIAM OO UU EU OO UU AD Ō NAIE, immediately, immediately, good messenger of God ANLALA LAI GAIA APA DIACHANNA CHORUN.” “I am the headless daimon with my sight in my feet, the mighty one [with] the immortal fire; I am the truth that hates the fact that unjust deeds are done in the world; I am the one who makes the lightning flash and the thunder roll; I am the one whose sweat falls as rain so that it can inseminate the earth; I am the one whose mouth burns completely; I am the one who begets and destroys; I am the Favor of the Aeon! My name is: Heart Encircled by a Serpent ( καρδία π εριεζωσμένη ὄ φιν ). Come forth and follow!” Preparation for the foregoing ritual: Write the name-formula on a new sheet of papyrus, and after extending it from one of your temples to the other, read the six names, while you face north, saying: “Subject to me all daimons, so that every daimon, whether heavenly or aerial or earthly or subterranean or terrestrial or aquatic, might be obedient to me and every enchantment and scourge which is from God.” And all daimons will be obedient to you

36

37 Whats with the pigs? Proof of removal of spirits The demons down die just the pigs In the eyes of Jesus, the rescue and restoration of one person is more important than vast capital assets

38 Jesus expects everyone to testify As he was getting into the boat, the man who had been possessed with demons begged him that he might be with him. 19 And he did not permit him but said to him, “Go home to your friends and tell them how much the Lord has done for you, and how he has had mercy on you.” 20 And he went away and began to proclaim in the Decapolis how much Jesus had done for him, and everyone marveled As he was getting into the boat, the man who had been possessed with demons begged him that he might be with him. 19 And he did not permit him but said to him, “Go home to your friends and tell them how much the Lord has done for you, and how he has had mercy on you.” 20 And he went away and began to proclaim in the Decapolis how much Jesus had done for him, and everyone marveled (Mark 5:18-20 ESV)(Mark 5:18-20 ESV)

39 The herdsmen fled and told it in the city and in the country. And people came to see what it was that had happened. 15 And they came to Jesus and saw the demon- possessed man, the one who had had the legion, sitting there, clothed and in his right mind, and they were afraidThe herdsmen fled and told it in the city and in the country. And people came to see what it was that had happened. 15 And they came to Jesus and saw the demon- possessed man, the one who had had the legion, sitting there, clothed and in his right mind, and they were afraid (Mark 5:14-15 ESV)(Mark 5:14-15 ESV)

40 And he awoke and rebuked the wind and said to the sea, “ Peace! Be still! ” And the wind ceased, and there was a great calmAnd he awoke and rebuked the wind and said to the sea, “ Peace! Be still! ” And the wind ceased, and there was a great calm (Mark 4:39 ESV)(Mark 4:39 ESV)

41 And they were filled with great fear and said to one another, “Who then is this, that even the wind and the sea obey himAnd they were filled with great fear and said to one another, “Who then is this, that even the wind and the sea obey him (Mark 4:41 ESV)(Mark 4:41 ESV)

42 The JESUS effect Calm the outer stormCalm the inner storm Godly fearRejection

43 As he was getting into the boat, the man who had been possessed with demons begged him that he might be with him. 19 And he did not permit him but said to him, “Go home to your friends and tell them how much the Lord has done for you, and how he has had mercy on you.” 20 And he went away and began to proclaim in the Decapolis how much Jesus had done for him, and everyone marveledAs he was getting into the boat, the man who had been possessed with demons begged him that he might be with him. 19 And he did not permit him but said to him, “Go home to your friends and tell them how much the Lord has done for you, and how he has had mercy on you.” 20 And he went away and began to proclaim in the Decapolis how much Jesus had done for him, and everyone marveled (Mark 5:18-20 ESV)(Mark 5:18-20 ESV)

44 Ying Kai

45 4 questions What do I say? To whom do I say it to What will enable me to be faithful to do this? What do I do if they say “yes” to Jesus? Your story Your Friends and family Your church Alpha

46 What jesus did for you Your life before JesusYour life after Jesus


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