3Preventable Vehicle Accident …..One in which the driver failed to do everything reasonable to avoid the accident
4Accident Statistics & Facts 77% of accidents are due to driver errorNearly 6.3 million police-reported motor vehicle crashes occurred in the U.S. last yearLarge trucks accounted for 9% of the vehicles in fatal crashesRegardless of crash severity, the majority of vehicles in single and two-vehicle crashes were going straight prior to the crash
5Accident Statistics & Facts Traffic death rates are 3 times higher at night than during the day90% of a driver’s reaction depends on visionFrom , an estimated 123,213 lives were saved by seat beltsEvery 33 minutes someone dies in an alcohol-related crash
6Speeding Accidents Statistics & Facts Speeding was a contributing factor in 30% of all fatal crashes12,628 lives were lost in speeding-related crashes in 2001The economic cost of speeding-related crashes is estimated to be $28 billion each year-$53,243 per minute or $887 per second
7Speeding Accidents Statistics & Facts Speeding was involved in more than 1/3 of the fatal crashes that occurred in construction/maintenance zones in 200186% of speeding-related fatalities occurred on roads that were not Interstate highwaysBetween midnight and 3 am, 76% of speeding drivers involved in fatal crashes had been drinking
8CDL Driver Coaching Skills Cushion of SafetyFollowing Distance/TailgatingCovering the BrakeLong Distance ScanningTotal Stopping Distance
10Cushion of SafetyMaintain at least a 4-second following distance when traveling (in ideal conditions) under 40 mph; at greater speeds, add 1 secondScan your driving environment at least seconds down the roadFrequently check both left and right mirrors every 3-5 secondsScan for other vehicles moving behind your truck before you lose them in your blind spot
11Cushion of Safety Be aware of driving in others’ blind spot When changing lanes to the right, take extra care in checking your right mirrors for vehicles alongside your truckWhen backing off in a problem situation, “cover the brake”In congested areas, increase your scanning activity and levels of alertness
13DefinitionsPerception Distance: distance vehicle travels from the time a driver spots a problem to the time it takes them to react(12-15 seconds = ¼ mile or 1 ½ city blocks)Reaction Distance: distance vehicle travels from the time the accelerator is released to the time the brake pedal is pressed
14Reaction Distance THE AVERAGE PERSON’S REACTION TIME = ¾ SECOND Traveling at 30 mph ¾ second = 33 feetTraveling at 55 mph ¾ second = 60 feetTraveling at 65 mph ¾ second = 72 feet
15DefinitionsBrake Lag Distance: distance vehicle travels after the brake pedal is pressed and before air brakes actuatedBraking Distance: distance from the time after the brake is actuated and before vehicle comes to a complete stop
17Factors that Effect Stopping Distances Tire TreadRoad SurfaceVehicle LoadWeatherRoad InclinationEffects of Alcohol, Drugs & Fatigue
18Adverse Weather Conditions Increase your following distance in fog, heavy rain, snow, ice, etc.Reduce speed to well below the posted speed limit.Braking distances can increase 300% on ice an snowVehicle weight will not decrease stopping distanceWhenever there is a glare on the road, the conditions are prime for hydroplaning and black ice.
20Reading The Traffic Situation Driver A should be reading the traffic situation and recognize that if car B or D were to change lanes suddenly, the drivers of B or D might not see truck A in their blind spot
21Accident ReportThe accident report would say: I (driver A) had no one in front or behind me. Car B pulled right out in front of me. I could not do anything about it.
22Preventability Standpoint The driver could have done something reasonable to avoid the collision, by moving out of these blind spots.