2 Changing LanesInclement Weather/ Road ConditionsSpace CushionNight DrivingFollowing DistanceEmotions/ Road RageCommunicatingPassing/ Being PassedCity vs. Country Driving
3 Reduce chances of accident by following this formula . . . Preventing AccidentsReduce chances of accident by following this formula . . .#1--- BE ALERTNever think the other driver will not make a mistake#2--- BE PREPAREDLearn how to have a good reaction time#3--- ACT IN TIMETry not to panic. Don’t get nervous, stay calm, cool, and collected
4 Road RageRoad rage occurs when motorists lose their tempers or become frustrated because of traffic disturbance.
5 Avoid DISTRACTIONS Smoking Watching children and pets in car Eating Applying makeupUsing cell phonesChanging CD’sTuning radio stations or IpodProgramming GPS
11 Distractions!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! Changing a CD Programming your GPSChecking out your brand new head unitGetting that perfect song on your ipodTuning the right radio stationsDistractions!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
12 Highway Hypnosis ZZZZZZZZZ!! Stare off! Trance-like/ hypnotic state resulting from driving long hours on a monotonous, non-scenic road such as a highway.WHO IS AT RISKmotoristspassengerspedestriansHOW TO AVOID…Get a good nights sleepDon’t take medicines that can cause drowsinessDo not drive long hoursTake rest stops even if you aren’t tiredSwitch driversDo not stareChew gum or sing with radioOpen window for fresh airStare off!
13 CommunicationTurn Signals Brake lights HornLeft Slow or StopRight
22 Why is it important to keep a safe following distance? The space provides motorists with time to react in case of an emergency or sudden shift in traffic flow.Increased reaction time helps drivers avoid accidents.
23 There are two methods drivers can use to determine a safe following distance.
24 One Car-Length MethodKeep at least one car length (about 20 feet) for each ten miles per hour of speedDuring bad weather or at higher speeds, increase following distance
26 How to:1. Choose a fixed object such as a sign or a tree, ahead of the car directly in front of you.2. Make sure the object does not cause any distraction3. At least two seconds should elapse between the two cars passing the sign or tree.
30 Two-Second RuleThis rule takes into account the traveling speeds of the two cars.It can help develop good judgment for proper following distances.During bad weather, the two second rule should be increased to four or more seconds.
32 Space between your car and others on all sides. SPACE CUSHIONSpace between your car and others on all sides.The space between you and other vehicles gives you time to react in emergencies.Space cushion between desks?
33 Changing Lanes Here are the steps for making a lane change: 1. Check mirrors for a space in traffic where you can enter safely.Check blind spot by looking over your shoulder in the direction of the lane change. Signal that you want to move left or right.Check again to make sure the way is clear and that no one is coming too fast from behind or from two lanes over on a multi-lane road.Steer gradually into the new lane. Do notslow down - maintain the same speed or gently increase it.
34 Passing on the Left DO NOT Pass if… Your lane has a solid yellow center line.You cannot safely return to the right lane before reaching a solid yellow centerline for the right line.You cannot safely return to the right lane before any approaching vehicle comes within 200 feet of you.You are approaching a curve or the crest of a hill on a two-way road and cannot see around or over it.You are within 100 feet of a railroad crossing on a two-way roadway.You are within 100 feet of a bridge or tunnel on a two-way road and your view isobstructed.Passing will interfere with oncoming traffic.
35 What is the best thing to do in bad weather? It is best not to drive!=But if you have too…
36 When driving in the rain… Turn on windshield wipers.WIPERS ON, LIGHTS ON!Allow additional stopping distance.
37 During the first few minutes of rainfall, road surfaces are the most slippery. Hydroplaning35 mph and up- contact with road surface is like a windshield wiperLike water skiingAt about 55mph the tire will lose control with the road.No friction to brake
38 Before driving in cold weather (snow)… Let the vehicle warm upRemove all snow and ice from the car(including the roof).Always make sure the vehicle has windshield wiper fluid.In New Jersey, motorists are liable if ice flies from a vehicle and causes death, injury, or property damage.Use studded snow tires for better traction fromNov 15th – April 1st.
39 When driving in fog… Slow down in patches of fog Turn on your low beam headlights or fog lights… why?Turn on your defroster and windshield wipersBe alert for surrounding trafficIn heavy fog, roll all your windows down (one can hear cars before you see them)
43 Danger… Conditions/Weather Few or no street lightsWindy/poorly maintained roadsDeer/animals run towards oncoming cars
44 Night Driving90% of driving decisions are made based on observations…..At night vision is reducedSlow downBe sure you can stop within the distance you can see aheadDrive within the range of headlights500 feet-- high beams350 feet-- low beams
45 How does one drive defensively? Be ProactiveMake sure everyone in the car is secured (wear seatbelts).Do not drive under the influence.Drive at the speed limit.Be aware of what other drivers on the road are doing, so you can react to them easily.
46 How to drive defensively… Follow the laws that control the roadsdo not tailgateabide by and anticipate the changing of the traffic lightsread and follow road signs.Make sure your car is safe and all parts are maintained.
47 Why should one drive defensively? 41,000 people die each year from motor vehicle accidents.Over two million people receive disabling injuries from motor vehicle accidents each year.It is the driver’s responsibility to protect yourself and others on the road by driving defensively.
51 Stats Traffic death rates are 3X as high at night than during the day 50 yr. old drivers need twice as much light to see as well as a 30 yr. old driverWhen smoking, the nicotine and carbon monoxide hamper night visionOn average, 45% of all car accidents with fatalities were the result of drunk driving
52 Sources Images: Information: Information:New Jersey. Motor Vehicle Commission. New Jersey Driver Manual. New Jersey, 2006.“Driving in Bad Weather.” Bergen County Office of Emergency Management16 November“Safe Communities of Wright County.” Concentrate on Driving16 November