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The Olympic Games. PreviousPrevious Next IndexNextIndex 2 The Olympic Games: A History researched and compiled by Martin S. Fisher Edited by Sarah Cushion.

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Presentation on theme: "The Olympic Games. PreviousPrevious Next IndexNextIndex 2 The Olympic Games: A History researched and compiled by Martin S. Fisher Edited by Sarah Cushion."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Olympic Games

2 PreviousPrevious Next IndexNextIndex 2 The Olympic Games: A History researched and compiled by Martin S. Fisher Edited by Sarah Cushion and Dennis Roscoe History of the Modern Olympics Part 8 The Olympic Winter Games 1924 to 1944 Jan Roscoe Publications

3 PreviousPrevious Next IndexNextIndex 3 Winter Sports 44 The I Olympic Winter Games, Chamonix Chamonix 1924, Statistics 66 Chamonix 1924, Britain’s Successes 77 Chamonix 1924, Medal League Table 88 The II Olympic Winter Games, St Moritz 1928 & Other Bids 99 St Moritz 1928, Medal League Table 1010 The III Olympic Winter Games, Lake Placid 1932 & Other Bids 1111 Lake Placid 1932, Medal League Table 1212 The IV Olympic Winter Games, Garmisch-Partenkirchen 1936 & Other bids 1313 Garmisch 1936, British Medal Haul 1414 Garmisch 1936, Medal League Table 1515 The 1940 Olympic Winter Games - cancelled 1616 The 1944 Olympic Winter Games - cancelled 1717 Acknowledgements 1818 Photo Credits 1919INDEX

4 PreviousPrevious Next IndexNextIndex 4 Winter Sports Until 1920 some winter sports (Figure Skating, Ice Hockey) had been included in the main Olympic programme.Until 1920 some winter sports (Figure Skating, Ice Hockey) had been included in the main Olympic programme. Just after World War I the suggestion was made to separate them off into a specialised Winter Festival.Just after World War I the suggestion was made to separate them off into a specialised Winter Festival. The birth of the Olympic Winter Games.The birth of the Olympic Winter Games.

5 PreviousPrevious Next IndexNextIndex 5 The I Olympic Winter Games - Chamonix 1924 These Games were held in CHAMONIXFRA.These Games were held in CHAMONIXFRA. The Games were opened by Gaston Vidal, French Under-Secretary of Sport.The Games were opened by Gaston Vidal, French Under-Secretary of Sport. The I Olympic Winter Games IOC PRESIDENT AT THESE GAMES Baron Pierre de Coubertin FRA

6 PreviousPrevious Next IndexNextIndex 6 Called International Winter Sports Week.Called International Winter Sports Week. Later accepted as first Winter Olympics.Later accepted as first Winter Olympics. 16 countries represented.16 countries represented. 16 events.16 events. 5 sports Skiing (inc. Ski Jumping), Bobsleigh, Skating, Curling, Ice Hockey.5 sports Skiing (inc. Ski Jumping), Bobsleigh, Skating, Curling, Ice Hockey. Chamonix Statistics The I Olympic Winter Games

7 PreviousPrevious Next IndexNextIndex 7 Chamonix Britain’s Successes Britain won Gold in Men’s Curling – although not accepted as official event until many years later.Britain won Gold in Men’s Curling – although not accepted as official event until many years later. Britain won silver in 4-man Bob and bronzes in Ice Hockey and Ladies Figure Skating.Britain won silver in 4-man Bob and bronzes in Ice Hockey and Ladies Figure Skating. This is Britain’s best performance at Winter Games.This is Britain’s best performance at Winter Games. The I Olympic Winter Games

8 PreviousPrevious Next IndexNextIndex 8 First Winter Games medal for Belgium, France.First Winter Games medal for Belgium, France. - 1Norway Finland Austria Great Britain112 Chamonix Medal League Table First Winter Games Golds for Austria, Finland, Great Britain, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland and USA.First Winter Games Golds for Austria, Finland, Great Britain, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland and USA. The I Olympic Winter Games

9 PreviousPrevious Next IndexNextIndex 9 The II Olympic Winter Games - St Moritz 1928 & Other Bids These Games were awarded to ST MORITZSUI.These Games were awarded to ST MORITZSUI. There were other bids from DavosSUI EngelbergSUI.There were other bids from DavosSUI EngelbergSUI. The Games were opened by Edmund Schulthess, President of the Helvetic Confederation of Switzerland.The Games were opened by Edmund Schulthess, President of the Helvetic Confederation of Switzerland. The II Olympic Winter Games IOC PRESIDENT AT THESE GAMES Henri de Baillet-Latour BEL

10 PreviousPrevious Next IndexNextIndex 10 St Moritz Medal League Table Record 25 countries represented, 14 events & 4 sports.Record 25 countries represented, 14 events & 4 sports. Earl of Northesk (GBR) won bronze in Skeleton Bob (GBR’s 5th winter medal).Earl of Northesk (GBR) won bronze in Skeleton Bob (GBR’s 5th winter medal). First Winter Games Golds for Canada and France.First Winter Games Golds for Canada and France. First Winter Games medals for Czechoslovakia, and Germany.First Winter Games medals for Czechoslovakia, and Germany. - 1Norway USA Sweden Great Britain001 The II Olympic Winter Games

11 PreviousPrevious Next IndexNextIndex 11 The III Olympic Winter Games - Lake Placid 1932 & Other Bids These Games were awarded to LAKE PLACIDUSA.These Games were awarded to LAKE PLACIDUSA. There were other bids from Bear MountainUSA DenverUSA DuluthUSA Lake TahoeUSA MinneapolisUSA MontrealCAN Yosemite ValleyUSA.There were other bids from Bear MountainUSA DenverUSA DuluthUSA Lake TahoeUSA MinneapolisUSA MontrealCAN Yosemite ValleyUSA. The Games were opened by Franklin D. Roosevelt, Governor of New York.The Games were opened by Franklin D. Roosevelt, Governor of New York. The III Olympic Winter Games IOC PRESIDENT AT THESE GAMES Henri de Baillet-Latour BEL

12 PreviousPrevious Next IndexNextIndex 12 Lake Placid Medal League Table - 1 USA Norway Sweden Great Britain countries represented - lower number because of transatlantic travel.17 countries represented - lower number because of transatlantic travel. 14 events & 4 sports.14 events & 4 sports. The III Olympic Winter Games Sonja Henie (NOR) won Figure Skating for second time.Sonja Henie (NOR) won Figure Skating for second time.

13 PreviousPrevious Next IndexNextIndex 13 The IV Olympic Winter Games - Garmisch-Partenkirchen 1936 These Games were awarded to GARMISCH - PARTENKIRCHEN GER.These Games were awarded to GARMISCH - PARTENKIRCHEN GER. There was another bid from St Moritz SUI.There was another bid from St Moritz SUI. The Games were opened by Adolf Hitler, Chancellor of the German Reich and the games were dominated by the Nazi regime.The Games were opened by Adolf Hitler, Chancellor of the German Reich and the games were dominated by the Nazi regime. 28 countries represented - record.28 countries represented - record. The IV Olympic Winter Games IOC PRESIDENT AT THESE GAMES Henri de Baillet-Latour BEL

14 PreviousPrevious Next IndexNextIndex 14 Garmisch British Medal Haul Britain won Ice Hockey - its second Winter Gold medal.Britain won Ice Hockey - its second Winter Gold medal. Cecilia Colledge won silver in Ladies Figure Skating.Cecilia Colledge won silver in Ladies Figure Skating. GBR won bronze in 4 - man Bobsleigh.GBR won bronze in 4 - man Bobsleigh. This was Britain’s second best Winter Games.This was Britain’s second best Winter Games. Garmisch-Partenkirchen (GER) 1936.Garmisch-Partenkirchen (GER) The IV Olympic Winter Games Record 17 events & 4 sports.Record 17 events & 4 sports.

15 PreviousPrevious Next IndexNextIndex 15 Garmisch Medal League Table First Women’s Nordic Skiing.First Women’s Nordic Skiing. First Winter Games Golds for Germany.First Winter Games Golds for Germany. - 1Norway Germany Sweden Great Britain111 The IV Olympic Winter Games Sonja Henie (NOR) won Ladies Figure Skating for third time - later Hollywood filmstar.Sonja Henie (NOR) won Ladies Figure Skating for third time - later Hollywood filmstar.

16 PreviousPrevious Next IndexNextIndex 16 The 1940 Olympic Winter Games - cancelled Games eventually cancelled because of World War II.Games eventually cancelled because of World War II. Later transferred to St Moritz (SUI) because of Sino-Japanese War.Later transferred to St Moritz (SUI) because of Sino-Japanese War. Games initially awarded to Sapporo JPN.Games initially awarded to Sapporo JPN. Later transferred to Garmisch- Partenkirchen (GER).Later transferred to Garmisch- Partenkirchen (GER).

17 PreviousPrevious Next IndexNextIndex 17 The 1944 Olympic Winter Games - cancelled Games initially awarded to Cortina d’Ampezzo ITA.Games initially awarded to Cortina d’Ampezzo ITA. Games eventually cancelled because of World War II.Games eventually cancelled because of World War II.

18 PreviousPrevious Next IndexNextIndex 18 My grateful thanks to the international Olympic committee for permission to use the Olympic logo, and to other original research by Erich Kamper, Volker Kluge, Wolf Lyberg, Bill Mallon, Ian Buchanan and the International Society of Olympic Historians.

19 PreviousPrevious Next IndexNextIndex 19 all images/photos not specified below and for leading me to all the following of Pierre de Coubertinthroughout of Olympic medalsthroughout of de Baillet-Latourthroughout Wikimedia commonsphoto of Sonja Henieslides Photos and Images Courtesy of:


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