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Sewing Basics Earning your Sewing License. Why Learn How to Sew? Why should we learn how to hand sew? What are some useful applications from hand sewing?

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Presentation on theme: "Sewing Basics Earning your Sewing License. Why Learn How to Sew? Why should we learn how to hand sew? What are some useful applications from hand sewing?"— Presentation transcript:

1 Sewing Basics Earning your Sewing License

2 Why Learn How to Sew? Why should we learn how to hand sew? What are some useful applications from hand sewing?

3 How to Measure your Thread Hold the end of the thread between your thumb and forefinger Unroll the thread from the spool up your arm to the shoulder bone Cut end off using scissors (Don’t break with hands, leaves jagged edges that are tough to thread)

4 How to Thread a Needle Cut off thread at a 45° angle Moisten the end of the thread Hold the needle between the thumb and forefinger of one hand, and the edge of the thread on the other hand Push through the eye of the needle, once enough has come through, pull to make two even ends

5 How to Knot Your Needle Moisten your finger, wrap the ends around your finger Pinch and roll the thread off of your finger to make a loose loop Pinch and slide the loop tight to make a knot MQY MQY

6 Practice Threading a Needle

7 Sewing Terminology Right Side Wrong Side Pile Fabric Pattern Cutting Pinning Basting stitch Backstitch Buttonhole Stitch (Blanket Stitch) Closing Stitch

8 Sides of Fabric Right Side: The side of fabric that is finished (Fur Side) Wrong Side: The back side of fabric (backing side) Pile Fabric: Fabric with extra thread that gives appearance of fur When you cut and pin your project, you always pin with the right sides in (wrong sides facing out)

9 Pattern: Cutting and Pinning Sewing Pattern: The template placed on fabric that, when cut out gives pieces to be assembled Your kits will have the pattern printed onto the back of the fabric

10 Patterns Solid Line: Follow along solid line when cutting Dashed Line: line where you will stitch Notches: indicate where two different pieces of pattern match up (indicated by #’s and  ’s on pattern)

11 Cutting Patterns Lay fabric flat on table Using sharp cutting shears, cut along the cutting line with long even strokes With your free hand, hold the fabric flat on the table Use the point of your shears to cut corners, curves and notches (gives more control) Always cut notches outwards

12 Pattern Markings Worksheet Use your books or netbooks to find out what each of those symbols mean and match the picture to the names

13 Pinning Pins are used to hold two pieces of fabric together while sewing Always put right sides in Put pins in perpendicular to the direction you will be sewing Have pins pointing inwards Put pins every 3-4 inches along the pieces

14 Starting to Stitch Always start by placing your knot from your thread on the wrong side of the fabric We will be making simple square pin cushions to practice the different types of stitches Each will get two pieces of square fabric 2”x2” One side will have running stitch, one will have backstitching, one will have blanket stitch and one will be the closing stitch

15 Basic Running (Basting) Stitch Weave in and out of fabric Used to hold two pieces of fabric together loosely WgI WgI

16 Backstitching Strong and durable hand sewn stitch Used to repair torn seams or join two pieces together tightly Start same as running stitch, but double back half way before next stitch This stitch will be used for Sewing kits to prevent stitches from being seen EjA EjA

17 Buttonhole Stitch or Blanket Stitch Used to sew thick fabric together (like quilts) Strong stitch that prevents holes in seams Start with knot on wrong side of fabric, weave in through both sides, leave loose loop, put needle through loop, then weave again You want this stitch to be close to the edge of the fabric

18 Ladder Stitch (Closing Stitch) Used to close a hole after your toy has been stuffed Done on the right side of the fabric that has been raw edges folded in Make stitches as small and as close together as possible and pull tight Should be invisible once finished o o

19 Pin Cushion This fabric allows for you to draw on it using markers Feel free to add designs to your pin cushion before handing it in Make sure to include your name


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