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ADVENT OF ISLAM Muhammad (pbuh) A.S. Hashim, MD. How is Muhammad viewed? Muhammad as viewed: 1. By the Holy Quran 2. By Imam Ali 3. By Fatima 4. By Imam.

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Presentation on theme: "ADVENT OF ISLAM Muhammad (pbuh) A.S. Hashim, MD. How is Muhammad viewed? Muhammad as viewed: 1. By the Holy Quran 2. By Imam Ali 3. By Fatima 4. By Imam."— Presentation transcript:

1 ADVENT OF ISLAM Muhammad (pbuh) A.S. Hashim, MD

2 How is Muhammad viewed? Muhammad as viewed: 1. By the Holy Quran 2. By Imam Ali 3. By Fatima 4. By Imam Al- Mahdi

3 As the Quran Views Muhammad (68: 3-4) And lo! thine verily will be a reward unfailing. وَإِنَّ لَكَ لَأَجْرًا غَيْرَ مَمْنُونٍ And lo! thou art of a tremendous nature. وَإِنَّكَ لَعَلى خُلُقٍ عَظِيمٍ So you shall see, and they (too) shall see, فَسَتُبْصِرُ وَيُبْصِرُونَ

4 As the Quran Views Muhammad (53: 3-5) Nor doth he speak of (his own) desire. وَمَا يَنطِقُ عَنِ الْهَوَى It is naught but revelation that is revealed, إِنْ هُوَ إِلَّا وَحْيٌ يُوحَى He was taught by one Mighty in Power, عَلَّمَهُ شَدِيدُ الْقُوَى

5 As the Quran Views Muhammad (33: 56-57) Surely Allah and His angels bless the Prophet; O you who believe! call for Divine blessings on him and salute him with the proper salutation. إِنَّ اللَّهَ وَمَلَائِكَتَهُ يُصَلُّونَ عَلَى النَّبِيِّ يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا صَلُّوا عَلَيْهِ وَسَلِّمُوا تَسْلِيمًا Lo! those who malign Allah and His messenger, Allah hath cursed them in the world and the Hereafter, and hath prepared for them the doom of the disdained. إِنَّ الَّذِينَ يُؤْذُونَ اللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ لَعَنَهُمُ اللَّهُ فِي الدُّنْيَا وَالْآخِرَةِ وَأَعَدَّ لَهُمْ عَذَابًا مُّهِينًا

6 How is Muhammad viewed? More than a 1 ½ Billion bear witness that he is a Messenger of God More than a 1 ½ Billion bear witness that he is a Messenger of God Revered by numerous millions of people Revered by numerous millions of people Wise men adore him a great man Wise men adore him a great man Cartoonists in the West may caricature him in a mean way Cartoonists in the West may caricature him in a mean way

7 In sermon 1, page 44, Ali About the Prophet...till Allah deputized Muhammad (pbuh) as His Prophet, in fulfillment of His promise and in completion of His Prophethood. His pledge was as that of the Prophets, his character was well reputed, and his birth was most noble. The people at the time were divided, they had separate aims and diverse ways. They made similes of Allah with His creation, twisted Allah’s Names, or turned to other than Him. So Muhammad guided people out of the wrong and instead, he saved them from woeful ignorance...إِلَى أَنْ بَعَثَ اللهُ سُبْحَانَهُ مُحَمَّدا (صلى الله عليه وآله) لاِِنْجَازِ عِدَتِهِ وَتَمامِ نُبُوَّتِهِ، مَأْخُوذاً عَلَى النَّبِيِّينَ مِيثَاقُهُ، مَشْهُورَةً سِمَاتُهُ، كَرِيماً مِيلادُهُ. وَأهْلُ الاَْرْضِ يَوْمَئِذ مِلَلٌ مُتَفَرِّقَةٌ، وَأَهْوَاءٌ مُنْتَشِرَةٌ، وَطَرَائِقُ مُتَشَتِّتَةٌ، بَيْنَ مُشَبِّه للهِِ بِخَلْقِهِ، أَوْ مُلْحِد في اسْمِهِ، أَوْ مُشِير إِلَى غَيْرهِ، فَهَدَاهُمْ بهِ مِنَ الضَّلاَلَةِ، وَأَنْقَذَهُمْ بمَكانِهِ مِنَ الجَهَالَةِ.

8 Fatima speaks about her father And I testify that my father Muhammad is the apostle and the servant of Allah. And I testify that my father Muhammad is the apostle and the servant of Allah. And Allah selected and chose him before appointing him at the post of Prophethood. And Allah selected and chose him before appointing him at the post of Prophethood. And He named him before choosing and selecting him. And He named him before choosing and selecting him. And chose him before even delegating him. And chose him before even delegating him. By then: all the creations were hidden in the covers of the unseen and were also hidden amid the curtain of fright and fear, and stayed near the last and final border of non entity (nothingness) By then: all the creations were hidden in the covers of the unseen and were also hidden amid the curtain of fright and fear, and stayed near the last and final border of non entity (nothingness) for Allah was aware of and knew the end of matters and because of His foreknowledge of the incidents of times and ages and His knowledge of the predestinates. for Allah was aware of and knew the end of matters and because of His foreknowledge of the incidents of times and ages and His knowledge of the predestinates.

9 Fatima continues about her father Allah appointed Muhammad as an apostle to complete and finalize Allah’s matter and implement His order and materialize His decrees and predestinates. Allah appointed Muhammad as an apostle to complete and finalize Allah’s matter and implement His order and materialize His decrees and predestinates. My father Muhammad stood up with Allah’s guidance among the people. My father Muhammad stood up with Allah’s guidance among the people. And saved them from perversion and aberration, And saved them from perversion and aberration, and turned their blind ignorance into enlightenment and guided them towards the firm religion. and turned their blind ignorance into enlightenment and guided them towards the firm religion. And invited them to the straight way. And invited them to the straight way.

10 ENCYCLOPAEDIA BRITANNICA confirms: “.... A mass of detail in the early sources show that he [Muhammad] was an honest and upright man who had gained the respect and loyalty of others who were like-wise honest and upright men." (Vol. 12)

11 GEORGE BERNARD SHAW about Muhammad: If any religion had the chance of ruling over England, nay Europe within the next hundred years, it could be Islam." If any religion had the chance of ruling over England, nay Europe within the next hundred years, it could be Islam." I have always held the religion of Muhammad in high estimation because of its wonderful vitality. It is the only religion, which appears to me to possess that assimilating capacity to the changing phase of existence, which can make itself appeal to every age. I have always held the religion of Muhammad in high estimation because of its wonderful vitality. It is the only religion, which appears to me to possess that assimilating capacity to the changing phase of existence, which can make itself appeal to every age. I have studied him - the wonderful man and in my opinion for from being an anti-Christ, he must be called the Savior of Humanity." I have studied him - the wonderful man and in my opinion for from being an anti-Christ, he must be called the Savior of Humanity."

12 "I believe that if a man like him were to assume the dictatorship of the modern world he would succeed in solving its problems in a way that would bring it the much needed peace and happiness: "I believe that if a man like him were to assume the dictatorship of the modern world he would succeed in solving its problems in a way that would bring it the much needed peace and happiness: I have prophesied about the faith of Muhammad that it would be acceptable to the Europe of tomorrow as it is beginning to be acceptable to the Europe of today.” I have prophesied about the faith of Muhammad that it would be acceptable to the Europe of tomorrow as it is beginning to be acceptable to the Europe of today.” (Sir George Bernard Shaw in 'The Genuine Islam,' Vol. 1, No. 8, 1936.) GEORGE BERNARD SHAW continues

13 He was by far the most remarkable man that ever set foot on this earth. He was by far the most remarkable man that ever set foot on this earth. He preached a religion, founded a state, built a nation, laid down a moral code, initiated numerous social and political reforms He preached a religion, founded a state, built a nation, laid down a moral code, initiated numerous social and political reforms He established a powerful and dynamic society to practice and represent his teachings and completely revolutionized the worlds of human thought and behavior for all times to come. He established a powerful and dynamic society to practice and represent his teachings and completely revolutionized the worlds of human thought and behavior for all times to come.

14 GEORGE BERNARD SHAW continues During this short period of 23 years of his Prophethood, he completely changed the Arabian peninsula During this short period of 23 years of his Prophethood, he completely changed the Arabian peninsula From paganism and idolatry to SUMISSION to The God, From paganism and idolatry to SUMISSION to The God, From tribal quarrels and wars to national solidarity and cohesion, From tribal quarrels and wars to national solidarity and cohesion, From drunkenness and debauchery to sobriety and piety, From drunkenness and debauchery to sobriety and piety, From lawlessness and anarchy to disciplined living, From lawlessness and anarchy to disciplined living, From utter bankruptcy to the highest standards of moral excellence. From utter bankruptcy to the highest standards of moral excellence. Human history has never known such a complete transformation of a society or a place before or since – and imagine all these unbelievable wonders in just over two decades. Human history has never known such a complete transformation of a society or a place before or since – and imagine all these unbelievable wonders in just over two decades.

15 In sermon #104, page 150, Ali about Muhammad So now, certainly Allah deputized Muhammad as the Prophet while no one among the Arabs read a Book nor claimed Prophethood or revelation. Muhammad had to fight those who disobeyed him by those who followed him: Leading people towards salvation, hastening with them before death would overtake them. When a weary person sighed or a distressed one stopped, he stood at him till he got him his aim, (except the ones in whom there was no hope at all). Eventually he showed them their goal and carried them to their deliverance. Consequently, their affairs moved on and their hand-mill began to rotate, and their affairs got straightened out. أمَّا بَعْدُ، فَإِنَّ اللهَ سُبْحَانَهُ بَعَثَ مُحَمَّداً أمَّا بَعْدُ، فَإِنَّ اللهَ سُبْحَانَهُ بَعَثَ مُحَمَّداً (صلى الله عليه وآله) ، وَلَيْسَ أَحَدٌ مِنَ الْعَرَبِ يَقْرَأُ كِتَاباً، وَلاَ يَدَّعِي نُبُوَّةً وَلاَ وَحْياً، فَقَاتَلَ بِمَنْ أطَاعَهُ مَنْ عَصَاهُ، يَسُوقُهُم إِلَى مَنْجَاتِهِمْ، وَيُبَادِرُ بِهِمُ السَّاعَةَ أَنْ تَنْزِلَ بِهِمْ، يَحْسَرُ الْحَسَيرُ ، وَيَقِفُ الْكَسِيرُ فَيُقِيمُ عَلَيْهِ حَتَّى يُلْحِقَهُ غَايَتَهُ، إِلاَّ هَالِكاً لاَ خَيْرَ فِيهِ، يَسُوقُهُم إِلَى مَنْجَاتِهِمْ، وَيُبَادِرُ بِهِمُ السَّاعَةَ أَنْ تَنْزِلَ بِهِمْ، يَحْسَرُ الْحَسَيرُ ، وَيَقِفُ الْكَسِيرُ فَيُقِيمُ عَلَيْهِ حَتَّى يُلْحِقَهُ غَايَتَهُ، إِلاَّ هَالِكاً لاَ خَيْرَ فِيهِ، حَتَّى أَرَاهُمْ مَنْجَاتَهُمْ وَبَوَّأَهُمْ مَحَلَّتَهُمْ، فَاسْتَدَارَتْ رَحَاهُمْ، وَاسْتَقَامَتْ قَنَاتُهُمْ حَتَّى أَرَاهُمْ مَنْجَاتَهُمْ وَبَوَّأَهُمْ مَحَلَّتَهُمْ، فَاسْتَدَارَتْ رَحَاهُمْ، وَاسْتَقَامَتْ قَنَاتُهُمْ

16 Imam Al-Mahdi in Du’aa Iftitah O Allah! Confer blessings on Muhammad, O Allah! Confer blessings on Muhammad, Thy servant and Messenger, the confidant, friend, beloved intimate, the mercy unto all the created beings, Thy servant and Messenger, the confidant, friend, beloved intimate, the mercy unto all the created beings, The bearer of Thy sacraments, quotient of Thy messengers, The bearer of Thy sacraments, quotient of Thy messengers, The most superior, the exquisite, the handsome, the perfect, the upright, the more prospering, The most superior, the exquisite, the handsome, the perfect, the upright, the more prospering, The pleasant, the thoroughly purified, the sublime; The pleasant, the thoroughly purified, the sublime; O Allah! provide him with the highest blessings, advantages, mercies, affections and salutations than You made available to any one of Thy servants, prophets, messengers, friends, and those honored by Thee from among Thy created being. O Allah! provide him with the highest blessings, advantages, mercies, affections and salutations than You made available to any one of Thy servants, prophets, messengers, friends, and those honored by Thee from among Thy created being. اَللّـهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلى مُحَمَّد عَبْدِكَ وَرَسُولِكَ، وَاَمينِكَ، وَصَفِيِّكَ، وَحَبيبِكَ، وَخِيَرَتِكَ مَنْ خَلْقِكَ، وَحافِظِ سِرِّكَ، وَمُبَلِّغِ رِسالاتِكَ، اَللّـهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلى مُحَمَّد عَبْدِكَ وَرَسُولِكَ، وَاَمينِكَ، وَصَفِيِّكَ، وَحَبيبِكَ، وَخِيَرَتِكَ مَنْ خَلْقِكَ، وَحافِظِ سِرِّكَ، وَمُبَلِّغِ رِسالاتِكَ، اَفْضَلَ وَاَحْسَنَ، وَاَجْمَلَ وَاَكْمَلَ، وَاَزْكى وَاَنْمى، وَاَطْيَبَ وَاَطْهَرَ، وَاَسْنى وَاَكْثَرَ ما صَلَّيْتَ وَبارَكْتَ وَتَرَحَّمْتَ، وَتَحَنَّنْتَ وَسَلَّمْتَ عَلى اَحَد مِن عِبادِكَ وَاَنْبِيائِكَ وَرُسُلِكَ، وَصِفْوَتِكَ وَاَهْلِ الْكَرامَةِ عَلَيْكَ مِن خَلْقِكَ، اَفْضَلَ وَاَحْسَنَ، وَاَجْمَلَ وَاَكْمَلَ، وَاَزْكى وَاَنْمى، وَاَطْيَبَ وَاَطْهَرَ، وَاَسْنى وَاَكْثَرَ ما صَلَّيْتَ وَبارَكْتَ وَتَرَحَّمْتَ، وَتَحَنَّنْتَ وَسَلَّمْتَ عَلى اَحَد مِن عِبادِكَ وَاَنْبِيائِكَ وَرُسُلِكَ، وَصِفْوَتِكَ وَاَهْلِ الْكَرامَةِ عَلَيْكَ مِن خَلْقِكَ،

17 MICHAEL H. HART in his book on Ratings of Men MICHAEL H. HART in his book on Ratings of Men He ranked Muhammad first in the list, who contributed towards the benefit and uplift of mankind: He ranked Muhammad first in the list, who contributed towards the benefit and uplift of mankind: "My choice of Muhammad to lead the list of the world's most influential persons may surprise some readers and may be questioned by others, but he was the only man in history who was supremely successful on both the religious and secular levels." "My choice of Muhammad to lead the list of the world's most influential persons may surprise some readers and may be questioned by others, but he was the only man in history who was supremely successful on both the religious and secular levels." (M.H. Hart, THE 100: A RANKING OF THE MOST INFLUENTIAL PERSONS IN HISTORY, New York, 1978, p. 33)

18 LA-MARTINE, speaking on the essentials of human greatness and wonders: "If greatness of purpose, smallness of means and astounding results are the three criteria of human genius, who could dare to compare any great man in modern history with Muhammad? "If greatness of purpose, smallness of means and astounding results are the three criteria of human genius, who could dare to compare any great man in modern history with Muhammad?

19 La-Martine Continues.. The most famous men created arms, laws and empires only. They founded, if anything at all, no more than material powers which often crumbled away before their eyes. The most famous men created arms, laws and empires only. They founded, if anything at all, no more than material powers which often crumbled away before their eyes. This man [Muhammad] moved not only armies, legislation, empires, peoples and dynasties, but millions of men in one-third of the then inhabited world; and more than that, he moved the altars, the gods, the religions, the ideas, the beliefs and souls.... This man [Muhammad] moved not only armies, legislation, empires, peoples and dynasties, but millions of men in one-third of the then inhabited world; and more than that, he moved the altars, the gods, the religions, the ideas, the beliefs and souls....

20 La-Martine Continues.. His forbearance in victory, his ambition, which was entirely devoted to one idea and in no manner striving for an empire; His forbearance in victory, his ambition, which was entirely devoted to one idea and in no manner striving for an empire; His endless prayers, his mystic conversations with God, his death and his triumph after death; His endless prayers, his mystic conversations with God, his death and his triumph after death; All these attest not to an imposture but to a firm conviction which gave him the power to restore a dogma. All these attest not to an imposture but to a firm conviction which gave him the power to restore a dogma. This dogma was two-fold, the unity of God and the immateriality of God; the former telling what God is, the latter telling what God is not; the one overthrowing false gods with the sword, the other starting an idea with the words. This dogma was two-fold, the unity of God and the immateriality of God; the former telling what God is, the latter telling what God is not; the one overthrowing false gods with the sword, the other starting an idea with the words.

21 La-Martine Continues.. (Alphonse de Lamar tine, HISTOIRE DE LA TURQUIE, Paris, 1854, Vol. II, pp ) "Philosopher, orator, apostle, legislator, warrior, conqueror of ideas, restorer of rational dogmas, of a cult without images, "Philosopher, orator, apostle, legislator, warrior, conqueror of ideas, restorer of rational dogmas, of a cult without images, the founder of twenty terrestrial empires and of one spiritual empire, that is MUHAMMAD. the founder of twenty terrestrial empires and of one spiritual empire, that is MUHAMMAD. As regards to all the standards by which Human Greatness may be measured, we may well ask, As regards to all the standards by which Human Greatness may be measured, we may well ask, IS THERE ANY MAN GREATER THAN HE?" IS THERE ANY MAN GREATER THAN HE?"

22 The world has had its share of great personalities. But these were one-sided figures who distinguished themselves in but one or two fields, such as religious thought or military leadership. The world has had its share of great personalities. But these were one-sided figures who distinguished themselves in but one or two fields, such as religious thought or military leadership. The lives and teachings of these great personalities of the world are shrouded in the mist of time. The lives and teachings of these great personalities of the world are shrouded in the mist of time. There is so much speculation about the time and place of their birth, the mode and style of their life, the nature and detail of their teachings and the degree and measure of their success or failure that it is impossible for humanity to reconstruct accurately the lives and teachings of these men. There is so much speculation about the time and place of their birth, the mode and style of their life, the nature and detail of their teachings and the degree and measure of their success or failure that it is impossible for humanity to reconstruct accurately the lives and teachings of these men. La-Martine Continues..

23 EDWARD GIBBON and SIMON OCKLEY speaking on the profession of ISLAM: "'I BELIEVE is the simple and invariable profession of Islam. "'I BELIEVE is the simple and invariable profession of Islam. The intellectual image of the Deity has never been degraded by any visible idol; The intellectual image of the Deity has never been degraded by any visible idol; the honor of the Prophet has never transgressed the measure of human virtues; the honor of the Prophet has never transgressed the measure of human virtues; and his living precepts have restrained the gratitude of his disciples within the bounds of reason and religion." and his living precepts have restrained the gratitude of his disciples within the bounds of reason and religion." IN ONE GOD, AND MAHOMET, AN APOSTLE OF GOD' (HISTORY OF THE SARACEN EMPIRES, London, 1870, p. 54)

24 EDWARD GIBBON continues Muhammad (pbuh) was nothing more or less than a human being. But he was a man with a noble mission, which was to unite humanity on the submission to ONE and ONLY GOD and to teach them the way to ideal and upright living based on the commands of God. Muhammad (pbuh) was nothing more or less than a human being. But he was a man with a noble mission, which was to unite humanity on the submission to ONE and ONLY GOD and to teach them the way to ideal and upright living based on the commands of God. He always described himself as, 'A Servant and Messenger of God,' and so indeed every action of his proclaimed to be. He always described himself as, 'A Servant and Messenger of God,' and so indeed every action of his proclaimed to be.

25 In Sermon 109, page 162, Ali about Muhammad Muhammad disdained the pleasures of this world. He held it in contempt. Muhammad disdained the pleasures of this world. He held it in contempt. He realized that Allah intentionally kept it away from him but spread it out for others. He realized that Allah intentionally kept it away from him but spread it out for others. Therefore, Muhammad distanced it from his heart, banished it from his mind. He wished that its attraction be concealed from his eyes so as neither garments nor hope for staying in it matters much. Therefore, Muhammad distanced it from his heart, banished it from his mind. He wished that its attraction be concealed from his eyes so as neither garments nor hope for staying in it matters much. He conveyed from Allah the pleas, Counseled his people, warning, but at the same time calling them towards Paradise by giving the Good Tidings. He conveyed from Allah the pleas, Counseled his people, warning, but at the same time calling them towards Paradise by giving the Good Tidings. قَدْ حَقَّرَ الدُّنْيَا وَصَغَّرَهَا، وَأَهْوَنَ بَهَا وَهَوَّنَهَا، وَعَلِمَ أَنَّ اللهَ تعالى زَوَاهَاعَنْهُ اخْتِيَاراً، وَبَسَطَهَا لِغَيْرِهِ احْتِقَاراً، قَدْ حَقَّرَ الدُّنْيَا وَصَغَّرَهَا، وَأَهْوَنَ بَهَا وَهَوَّنَهَا، وَعَلِمَ أَنَّ اللهَ تعالى زَوَاهَاعَنْهُ اخْتِيَاراً، وَبَسَطَهَا لِغَيْرِهِ احْتِقَاراً، فَأَعْرَضَ عَنِ الدُّنْيَا بِقَلْبِهِ، وَأَمَاتَ ذِكْرَهَا عَنْ نَفْسِهَ، وَأَحَبَّ أَنْ تَغِيبَ زِينَتُهَا عَنْ عَيْنِهِ، لِكَيْلاَ يَتَّخِذَ مِنْهَا رِيَاشاً، أوْ يَرْجُوَفِيهَا مَقَاماً فَأَعْرَضَ عَنِ الدُّنْيَا بِقَلْبِهِ، وَأَمَاتَ ذِكْرَهَا عَنْ نَفْسِهَ، وَأَحَبَّ أَنْ تَغِيبَ زِينَتُهَا عَنْ عَيْنِهِ، لِكَيْلاَ يَتَّخِذَ مِنْهَا رِيَاشاً، أوْ يَرْجُوَفِيهَا مَقَاماً بَلَّغَ عَنْ رَبِّهِ مُعْذِراً، وَنَصَحَ لاُِمَّتِهِ مُنْذِراً، وَدَعاَ إِلَى الْجَنَّةِ مُبَشِّراً،. بَلَّغَ عَنْ رَبِّهِ مُعْذِراً، وَنَصَحَ لاُِمَّتِهِ مُنْذِراً، وَدَعاَ إِلَى الْجَنَّةِ مُبَشِّراً،.

26 The famous poetess of India, SAROJINI NAIDU says: "It was the first religion that preached and practiced democracy; for, in the mosque, when the call for prayer is sounded and worshippers are gathered together, the democracy of Islam is embodied five times a day when the peasant and king kneel side by side and proclaim: 'God Alone is Great'... "It was the first religion that preached and practiced democracy; for, in the mosque, when the call for prayer is sounded and worshippers are gathered together, the democracy of Islam is embodied five times a day when the peasant and king kneel side by side and proclaim: 'God Alone is Great'... I have been struck over and over again by this indivisible unity of Islam that makes man instinctively a brother" I have been struck over and over again by this indivisible unity of Islam that makes man instinctively a brother" (S.Naidu, IDEALS OF ISLAM, vide Speeches & Writings, Madras, 1918, p. 169)

27 In the words of PROF. HURGRONJE "The league of nations founded by the Prophet of Islam put the principle of international unity and human brotherhood on such universal foundations as to show candle to other nations.“ "The league of nations founded by the Prophet of Islam put the principle of international unity and human brotherhood on such universal foundations as to show candle to other nations.“ He continues: "The fact is that no nation of the world can show a parallel to what Islam has done towards the realization of the idea of the League of Nations." He continues: "The fact is that no nation of the world can show a parallel to what Islam has done towards the realization of the idea of the League of Nations."

28 PROF. HURGRONJE Continues The world has not hesitated to raise to divinity, individuals whose lives and missions have been lost in legend. Historically speaking, none of these legends achieved even a fraction of what Muhammad accomplished. And all his striving was for the sole purpose of uniting mankind for the worship of One God on the codes of moral excellence. The world has not hesitated to raise to divinity, individuals whose lives and missions have been lost in legend. Historically speaking, none of these legends achieved even a fraction of what Muhammad accomplished. And all his striving was for the sole purpose of uniting mankind for the worship of One God on the codes of moral excellence. Muhammad or his followers never at any time claimed that he was a Son of God or the God- incarnate or a man with divinity - but he always was and is even today considered as only a Messenger chosen by God. Muhammad or his followers never at any time claimed that he was a Son of God or the God- incarnate or a man with divinity - but he always was and is even today considered as only a Messenger chosen by God.

29 PROF. HURGRONJE Continues Today after a lapse of fourteen centuries, the life and teachings of MUHAMMAD have survived without the slightest loss, alteration or interpolation. They offer the same undying hope for treating mankind's many ills, which they did when he was alive. Today after a lapse of fourteen centuries, the life and teachings of MUHAMMAD have survived without the slightest loss, alteration or interpolation. They offer the same undying hope for treating mankind's many ills, which they did when he was alive. This is not a claim of Muhammad's followers but also the inescapable conclusion forced upon by a critical and unbiased history. This is not a claim of Muhammad's followers but also the inescapable conclusion forced upon by a critical and unbiased history.

30 PROF. HURGRONJE Continues Not so this man. Muhammad (peace be upon him) accomplished so much in such diverse fields of human thought and behavior in the fullest blaze of human history. Not so this man. Muhammad (peace be upon him) accomplished so much in such diverse fields of human thought and behavior in the fullest blaze of human history. Every detail of his private life and public utterances has been accurately documented and faithfully preserved to our day. The authenticities of the record so preserved are vouched for not only by the faithful followers but also even by his prejudiced critics. Every detail of his private life and public utterances has been accurately documented and faithfully preserved to our day. The authenticities of the record so preserved are vouched for not only by the faithful followers but also even by his prejudiced critics.

31 PROF. HURGRONJE Continues Muhammad was a teacher, and a social reformer Muhammad was a teacher, and a social reformer a moral guide, an administrative colossus, a faithful friend, a wonderful companion, a devoted husband, a loving father - all in one. a moral guide, an administrative colossus, a faithful friend, a wonderful companion, a devoted husband, a loving father - all in one. No other man in history ever excelled or equaled him in any of these different aspects of life - but it was only for the selfless personality of Muhammad to achieve such incredible perfections. No other man in history ever excelled or equaled him in any of these different aspects of life - but it was only for the selfless personality of Muhammad to achieve such incredible perfections.

32 Attesting to the Messenger of God اَشْهَدُ يا رَسُولَ اللهِ مَعَ كُلِّ شاهِد، وَاَتَحَمَّلُها عَنْ كُلِّ جاحِد، اَنَّكَ قَدْ بَلَّغْتَ رِسالاتِ رَبِّكَ، وَنَصَحْتَ لاُِمَّتِكَ، وَجاهَدْتَ في سَبيلِ رَبِّكَ، اَشْهَدُ يا رَسُولَ اللهِ مَعَ كُلِّ شاهِد، وَاَتَحَمَّلُها عَنْ كُلِّ جاحِد، اَنَّكَ قَدْ بَلَّغْتَ رِسالاتِ رَبِّكَ، وَنَصَحْتَ لاُِمَّتِكَ، وَجاهَدْتَ في سَبيلِ رَبِّكَ، وصَدَعْتَ بِاَمْرِهِ، وَاحْتَمَلْتَ الاَْذى في جَنْبِهِ، وَدَعَوْتَ اِلى سَبيلِهِ بِالْحِكْمَةِ وَالْمَوْعِظَةِ الْحَسَنَةِ الْجَميلَةِ، وَاَدَّيْتَ الْحَقَّ الَّذي كانَ عَلَيْكَ، وصَدَعْتَ بِاَمْرِهِ، وَاحْتَمَلْتَ الاَْذى في جَنْبِهِ، وَدَعَوْتَ اِلى سَبيلِهِ بِالْحِكْمَةِ وَالْمَوْعِظَةِ الْحَسَنَةِ الْجَميلَةِ، وَاَدَّيْتَ الْحَقَّ الَّذي كانَ عَلَيْكَ، وَاَنَّكَ قَدْ رَؤُفْتَ بِالْمُؤْمِنينَ، وَغَلُظْتَ عَلَى الْكافِرينَ، وَعَبَدْتَ اللهَ مُخْلِصاً حَتّى اَتاكَ الْيَقينُ، وَاَنَّكَ قَدْ رَؤُفْتَ بِالْمُؤْمِنينَ، وَغَلُظْتَ عَلَى الْكافِرينَ، وَعَبَدْتَ اللهَ مُخْلِصاً حَتّى اَتاكَ الْيَقينُ، فَبَلَغَ اللهُ بِكَ اَشْرَفَ مَحَلِّ الْمُكَرَّمينَ، وَاَعْلى مَنازِلِ الْمُقَرَّبينَ، وَاَرْفَعَ دَرَجاتِ الْمُرْسَلينَ، فَبَلَغَ اللهُ بِكَ اَشْرَفَ مَحَلِّ الْمُكَرَّمينَ، وَاَعْلى مَنازِلِ الْمُقَرَّبينَ، وَاَرْفَعَ دَرَجاتِ الْمُرْسَلينَ، حَيْثُ لا يَلْحَقُكَ لاحِقٌ، وَلا يَفُوقُكَ فائِقٌ، وَلا يَسْبِقُكَ سابِقٌ، وَلا يَطْمَعُ في اِدْراكِكَ طامِعٌ، حَيْثُ لا يَلْحَقُكَ لاحِقٌ، وَلا يَفُوقُكَ فائِقٌ، وَلا يَسْبِقُكَ سابِقٌ، وَلا يَطْمَعُ في اِدْراكِكَ طامِعٌ،

33 MAHATMA GANDHI Speaking on the character of Muhammad, says in YOUNG INDIA: "I wanted to know the best of one who holds today's undisputed sway over the hearts of millions of mankind.. "I wanted to know the best of one who holds today's undisputed sway over the hearts of millions of mankind.. I became more than convinced that it was not the sword that won a place for Islam in those days in the scheme of life. I became more than convinced that it was not the sword that won a place for Islam in those days in the scheme of life.

34 MAHATMA GANDHI Continues It was the rigid simplicity, the utter self- effacement of the Prophet, the scrupulous regard for his pledges, his intense devotion to this friends and followers, his intrepidity, his fearlessness, his absolute trust in God and in his own mission. It was the rigid simplicity, the utter self- effacement of the Prophet, the scrupulous regard for his pledges, his intense devotion to this friends and followers, his intrepidity, his fearlessness, his absolute trust in God and in his own mission. These and not the sword carried everything before them and surmounted every obstacle. When I closed the 2nd volume (of the Prophet's biography), I was sorry there was not more for me to read of the great life." These and not the sword carried everything before them and surmounted every obstacle. When I closed the 2nd volume (of the Prophet's biography), I was sorry there was not more for me to read of the great life."

35 In sermon 160, page 227 Ali about Muhammad You should follow your Prophet, the pure, the chaste. In him is the example for the follower, and the consolation for its seeker. You should follow your Prophet, the pure, the chaste. In him is the example for the follower, and the consolation for its seeker. The most beloved person before Allah is he who follows His Prophet and who treads in his footsteps. The most beloved person before Allah is he who follows His Prophet and who treads in his footsteps. Muhammad took the least (share) from this world and did not take a full glance at it. Of all the people of the world he was the least satiated and the most empty of stomach. Muhammad took the least (share) from this world and did not take a full glance at it. Of all the people of the world he was the least satiated and the most empty of stomach. The world was offered to him but he refused to accept it. When he knew that Allah disdained a thing, he too disdained it; what Allah held a thing low, he too held it low; what Allah held a thing small, he too held it small. The world was offered to him but he refused to accept it. When he knew that Allah disdained a thing, he too disdained it; what Allah held a thing low, he too held it low; what Allah held a thing small, he too held it small. فَتَأَسَّ بِنَبِيِّكَ الاَْطْيَبِ الاَْطْهَرِ (صلى الله عليه وآله) فَإِنَّ فِيهِ أُسْوَةً لِمَنْ تَأَسَّى، وَعَزَاءً لِمَنْ تَعَزَّى ـ وَأَحَبُّ الْعِبَادِ إِلَى اللهِ الْمُتَأَسِّي بِنَبِيِّهِ، وَالْمُقْتَصُّ لاَِثَرِهِ ـ قَضَمَ الدُّنْيَا قَضْماً، وَلَمْ يُعِرْهَا طَرْفاً، أَهْضَمُ أَهْلِ الدُّنْيَا كَشْحاً، وَأَخْمَصُهُمْ مِنَ الدُّنْيَا بَطْناً، عُرِضَتْ عَلَيْهِ الدُّنْيَا فَأَبَى أَنْ يَقْبَلَهَا، وَعَلِمَ أَنَّ اللهَ سُبْحَانَهُ أَبْغَضَ شَيْئاً فَأَبْغَضَهُ، وَحَقَّرَ شَيْئاً فَحَقَّرَهُ، وَصَغَّرَ شَيْئاً فَصَغَّرَهُ.

36 HOMAS CARLYLE in his HEROES AND HEROWORSHIP, was simply amazed as to: "How one man single-handedly, could weld warring tribes and wandering Bedouins into a most powerful and civilized nation in less than two decades." "How one man single-handedly, could weld warring tribes and wandering Bedouins into a most powerful and civilized nation in less than two decades." "The lies (Western slander) which well- meaning zeal has heaped round this man (Muhammad) are disgraceful to ourselves only." "The lies (Western slander) which well- meaning zeal has heaped round this man (Muhammad) are disgraceful to ourselves only." "A silent great soul, one of that who cannot but be earnest. He was to kindle the world, the world’s Maker had ordered so." "A silent great soul, one of that who cannot but be earnest. He was to kindle the world, the world’s Maker had ordered so."

37 In Sermon 72, page 101, Ali Supplicates for Muhammad (pbuh) Oh Allah reserve for him a spacious place under Thy shade and award him multitude of good by Thy bounty. Oh Allah, enhance his construction above all others, and heighten his position with Thee, and grant him perfection and perfect for him his light. In reward for his discharging Thy Prophethood, grant him that his testimony be admitted and his speech be liked for his speech is just, and his judgments are clear-cut. Oh Allah join us with him in ease of living, continuity of bounty, satisfaction of desires, enjoyment of pleasures, peace of mind and gifts of honor اللَّهُمَّ افْسَحْ لَهُ مَفْسَحاً فِي ظِلِّك ، وَاجْزِهِ مُضَاعَفَاتِ الْخَيْرِ مِنْ فَضْلِكَ. اللَّهُمَّ افْسَحْ لَهُ مَفْسَحاً فِي ظِلِّك ، وَاجْزِهِ مُضَاعَفَاتِ الْخَيْرِ مِنْ فَضْلِكَ. اللَّهُمَّ أَعْلِ عَلَى بِنَاءِ الْبَانِينَ بِنَاءَهُ، وَأَكْرِمْ لَدَيْكَ مَنْزِلَتَهُ، وَأَتْمِمْ لَهُ نُورَهُ، وَاجْزِهِ مِنَ ابْتِعَاثِكَ لَهُ مَقبُولَ الشَّهَادَةِ، مَرْضِيَّ المَقالَةِ، ذا مَنْطِق عَدْل، وخُطّة فَصْل. اللَّهُمَّ أَعْلِ عَلَى بِنَاءِ الْبَانِينَ بِنَاءَهُ، وَأَكْرِمْ لَدَيْكَ مَنْزِلَتَهُ، وَأَتْمِمْ لَهُ نُورَهُ، وَاجْزِهِ مِنَ ابْتِعَاثِكَ لَهُ مَقبُولَ الشَّهَادَةِ، مَرْضِيَّ المَقالَةِ، ذا مَنْطِق عَدْل، وخُطّة فَصْل. اللَّهُمَّ اجْمَعْ بَيْنَنَا وَبَيْنَهُ فِي بَرْدِ الْعَيشِ، وَقَرَارِ النِّعْمَةِ ، وَمُنَى الشَّهَوَاتِ، وَأَهْوَاءِ اللَّذَّاتِ، وَرَخَاءِ الدَّعَةِ وَمُنْتَهَى الْطُمَأْنِينَةِ، وَتُحَفِ الْكَرَامَةِ اللَّهُمَّ اجْمَعْ بَيْنَنَا وَبَيْنَهُ فِي بَرْدِ الْعَيشِ، وَقَرَارِ النِّعْمَةِ ، وَمُنَى الشَّهَوَاتِ، وَأَهْوَاءِ اللَّذَّاتِ، وَرَخَاءِ الدَّعَةِ وَمُنْتَهَى الْطُمَأْنِينَةِ، وَتُحَفِ الْكَرَامَةِ

38 Visitation (Ziyarah) اَلسَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يا رَسُولَ اللهِ، اَلسَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يا خَليلَ اللهِ، اَلسَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يا نَبِيَّ اللهِ، اَلسَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يا صَفِيَّ اللهِ، اَلسَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يا رَحْمَةَ اللهِ، اَلسَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يا خِيَرَةَ اللهِ، اَلسَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يا حَبيبَ اللهِ، اَلسَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يا نَجيبَ اللهِ، اَلسَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يا خاتَمَ النَّبِيّينَ، اَلسَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يا سَيِّدَ الْمُرْسَلينَ اَلسَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يا قائِماً بِالْقِسْطِ، اَلسَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يا فاتِحَ الْخَيْرِ، اَلسَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يا مَعْدِنَ الْوَحْيِ وَالتَّنْزيلِ، ……. وَرَحْمَةُ اللهِ وَبَرَكاتُهُ …..

39 Be in Allah’s Care Thank you and May God Bless you. Dr. A.S. Hashim


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