o Tells a story o Because it tells a story, it is usually longer than other types of poetry Narrative Poetry
A poem that tells a story They are a form of narrative poetry They are often used in songs and have a very musical quality to them No, these are not 80’s rock ballads The basic form for ballads is iambic heptameter (seven sets of unstressed, stressed syllables per line) Ballads
AAAAlso known as (Heroic Poetry) an epic is a long narrative about adventures of larger than life characters. Epic Poetry
Hero is a great leader of a certain group of people The setting includes many places, particularly supernatural realms ( ex. The land of the dead or “hell”) Characteristics Include: Group of people
. The hero fights in a great battle or goes on a long journey or quest.The hero fights in a great battle or goes on a long journey or quest.
Often gods or supernatural beings will take part in the action. (ex. The Odyssey, Beowulf)
The main character in a long narrative that reflects the values and heroic ideals of a particular society. The Epic Hero
o They possess superior physical strength o Usually a very “ethical” or moral person o Embodies the ideals of the society MODERN DAY HEROES Characteristics
What themes do these epics share? Modern Day Epics
A poem of highly musical verse that expresses the observations and feelings of a single speaker.
What though, for showing truth to flattered state, Kind Hunt was shut in prison, yet has he, In his immortal spirit, been as free As the sky-searching lark, and as elate. Minion of grandeur! think you he did wait? Think you he nought but prison-walls did see, Till, so unwilling, thou unturnedst the key? Ah, no! far happier, nobler was his fate! In Spenser's halls he strayed, and bowers fair, Culling enchanted flowers; and he flew With daring Milton through the fields of air: To regions of his own his genius true Took happy flights. Who shall his fame impair When thou art dead, and all thy wretched crew?
A fourteen-line lyric poem, usually written in rhymed iambic pentameter. A fourteen-line lyric poem, usually written in rhymed iambic pentameter. ? What’s Iambic Pentameter???? Sonnet
IIIIambic pentameter is among the most common metrical forms in English poetry: it is used in many of the major English p p p p p oooo eeee tttt iiii cccc f f f f oooo rrrr mmmm ssss, including b b b b b llll aaaa nnnn kkkk v v v v eeee rrrr ssss eeee, the h h h h h eeee rrrr oooo iiii cccc cccc oooo uuuu pppp llll eeee tttt, and many of the traditional rhymed stanza forms. IIIIf you count, it usually has 10 syllables per line.
An iambic foot is an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable. We could write the rhythm like this: da DUM A line of iambic pentameter is five of these in a row: da DUM da DUM da DUM da DUM da DUM Example Here Example Here :Examples:
JULIET appears above at a window But, soft! what light through yonder window breaks? It is the east, and Juliet is the sun. Arise, fair sun, and kill the envious moon, Who is already sick and pale with grief, That thou her maid art far more fair than she: Be not her maid, since she is envious; Her vestal livery is but sick and green And none but fools do wear it; cast it off. It is my lady, O, it is my love! Notice the 10 syllables per line. Romeo and Juliet Examples:
14 lines Two types: 1. English (Shakespearian Shakespearian) 2. Italian (Petrarchan) Back to the Sonnet
consists of three quatrains (4 lines) and a couplet (2 lines) English Sonnet
Italian consists of an octave ( 8 lines) and a sestet (6 lines). Italian Sonnet
Three line verse form The 1 st and 3 rd line of the Haiku each have 5 syllables The 2 nd line has 7 syllables A haiku seeks to convey a single vivid emotion by means of images of nature. Haiku
Notice the syllables 5,7,5 Curving up, then down. Meeting blue sky and green earth Melding sun and rain. Examples:
Poetry written in unrhymed iambic pentameter Popular verse form widely used by Shakespeare. Blank Verse
P P P Poetry not written in a regular rhythmical pattern, or meter iiiit is the opposite of blank verse. Free Verse
Stanza A group of linesA group of lines 1. Couplet – 2 lines 2.Quatrain- 4 lines 3.Sestet- 6 lines 4.Octave- 8 lines
Anything that stands for or represents something else. = or An object that serves as a symbol has its own meaning but it also represents something abstract An object that serves as a symbol has its own meaning but it also represents something abstract. Symbolism in Poetry
Examples in Poetry Uses like or as to compare to two or more thingsUses like or as to compare to two or more things The little girl was as pretty as a flower.The little girl was as pretty as a flower.
MMetaphors- Figure of speech in which one thing is spoken of as though it were something else. DDoes not use like or as to make the comparison. Example: My nephews are animals.
Same as a regular metaphor but in this case a subject is spoken of or written of as though it were something else. Same as a regular metaphor but in this case a subject is spoken of or written of as though it were something else. Several comparisons are made Several comparisons are made Extended Metaphor
Be prepared to see figures of speech such as similes, metaphorspersonification, and onomatopoeia Be prepared to see figures of speech such as similes, metaphors, personification, and onomatopoeia. Smiley face playing trumpet Figurative Language in Poetry
Sometimes the language Sometimes the language means exactly what it says, there are no hidden meanings or symbols. This is the opposite of Figurative Language. of Figurative Language. You’re not listening ! Literal Language
AAAAn extreme exaggeration “I’m so hungry I could eat a horse!” Eat more beef!! Uh oh ! Hyperbole
Personification “The screaming phone woke me up!” Giving human characteristics to a non- human or non-living thing. Giving human characteristics to a non- human or non-living thing.
TTTThe repetition of initial consonant sounds. Sally sells sea shells down by the sea shore. Listen to the ssssss sound Alliteration
The repetition of sounds at the end of words. End Rhyme – When rhyming words come at the end of lines. Internal Rhyme – When rhyming words are found within a line.
oToToToThe pattern of rhyming words in a poem oToToToThe rhyme scheme of a poem is indicated by using different letters of the alphabet for each new rhyme. Rhyme Scheme
I love to hear her speak, yet well I knowA That music hath a far more pleasing sound. B I grant I never saw a goddess go:A My mistress, when she walks, treads on the ground.B And yet, by heaven, I think my love as rareC As any she belied with false compare.C Example: “My Mistress’s Eyes are Nothing Like the Sun”- Shakepeare
The pattern of beats, or stresses, in spoken or written language. This is very similar to the da dum da dum da dum of the iambic pentameter. The pattern of beats, or stresses, in spoken or written language. This is very similar to the da dum da dum da dum of the iambic pentameter. Rhythm