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Anglican Eucharistic Prayers 1549 Prayer Book 1552 Prayer Book 1662 Prayer Book 1789 (Episcopal Church USA)

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Presentation on theme: "Anglican Eucharistic Prayers 1549 Prayer Book 1552 Prayer Book 1662 Prayer Book 1789 (Episcopal Church USA)"— Presentation transcript:

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2 Anglican Eucharistic Prayers 1549 Prayer Book 1552 Prayer Book 1662 Prayer Book 1789 (Episcopal Church USA)

3 The 1549 Prayer Book The Lord be with you. AnswerAnd with thy spirit. PriestLift up your hearts. AnswerWe lift them up unto the Lord. PriestLet us give thanks to our Lord God. AnswerIt is meet and right so to do. Sursum Corda

4 Preface The Priest It is very meet, right, and our bounden duty that we should at all times and in all places give thanks to thee, O Lord, holy Father, almighty, everlasting God. Here shall follow the proper Preface, according to the time, if there be any specially appointed, or else immediately shall follow, Therefore with angels and archangels, and with all the holy company of heaven, we laud and magnify thy glorious name; evermore praising thee, and saying,

5 Sanctus Holy, holy, holy, Lord God of hosts: heaven and earth are full of thy glory. Hosanna in the highest. Blessed is he that cometh in the name of the Lord. Glory to thee, O Lord, in the highest. This the Clerks shall also sing.

6 Intercessions (Prayer for Whole State of Christ’s Church) When the Clerks have done singing, then shall the Priest or Deacon turn him to the people, and say, Let us pray for the whole state of Christ's Church. Then the priest, turning him to the altar, shall say or sing, plainly and distinctly, this prayer following.

7 Intercessions (Prayer for Whole State of Christ’s Church) Almighty and everliving God, which by thy holy apostle hast taught us to make prayers, and supplications, and to give thanks for all men; We humbly beseech thee most mercifully to receive these our prayers, which we offer unto thy divine Majesty; beseeching thee to inspire continually the universal church with the spirit of truth, unity, and concord: and grant, that all they that do confess thy holy name may agree in the truth of thy holy word, and live in unity and godly love.

8 Intercessions (Prayer for Whole State of Christ’s Church) Specially we beseech thee to save and defend thy servant Edward our king; that under him we may be godly and quietly governed; and grant unto his whole council, and to all that be put in authority under him, that they may truly and indifferently minister justice, to the punishment of wickedness and vice, and to the maintenance of God's true religion and virtue.

9 Intercessions (Prayer for Whole State of Christ’s Church) Give grace, O heavenly Father, to all bishops, pastors and curates that they may both by their life and doctrine set forth thy true and lively word, and rightly and duly administer thy holy sacraments. And to all thy people give thy heavenly grace; that with meek heart and due reverence, they may hear and receive thy holy word; truly serving thee in holiness and righteousness all the days of their life. And we most humbly beseech thee of thy goodness, O Lord, to comfort and succour all them, which in this transitory life be in trouble, sorrow, need, sickness, or any other adversity. And especially we commend unto thy merciful goodness this congregation, which is here assembled in thy name, to celebrate the commemoration of the most glorious death of thy son.

10 Intercessions (Prayer for Whole State of Christ’s Church) And here we do give unto thee most high praise, and hearty thanks, for the wonderful grace and virtue declared in thy saints, from the beginning of the world; and chiefly in the glorious and most blessed Virgin Mary, mother of thy Son Jesu Christ our Lord and God; and in the holy patriarchs, prophets, apostles and martyrs, whose examples, O Lord, and stedfastness in thy faith, and keeping thy holy commandments, grant us to follow.

11 Intercessions (Prayer for Whole State of Christ’s Church) We commend unto thy mercy, O Lord, all other thy servants, which are departed hence from us with the sign of faith, and now do rest in the sleep of peace: grant unto them, we beseech thee, thy mercy, and everlasting peace; and that, at the day of the general resurrection, we and all they which be of the mystical body of thy Son, may altogether be set on his right hand, and hear that his most joyful voice, Come unto me, O ye that be blessed of my Father, and possess the kingdom, which is prepared for you from the beginning of the world. Grant this, O Father, for Jesus Christ's sake, our only Mediator and Advocate.

12 Prayer over the Gifts/Epiclesis O God, heavenly Father, which of thy tender mercy didst give thine only Son Jesu Christ to suffer death upon the cross for our redemption; who made there, by his one oblation once offered, a full, perfect, and sufficient sacrifice, oblation, and satisfaction, for the sins of the whole world; and did institute, and in his holy gospel command us to celebrate a perpetual memory of that his precious death, until his coming again: hear us, O merciful Father, we beseech thee; and with thy Holy Spirit and word vouchsafe to ble ✚ ss and sanc ✚ tify these thy gifts and creatures of bread and wine, that they may be unto us the body and blood of thy most dearly beloved Son Jesus Christ,

13 Institution Narrative who in the same night that he was betrayed, took bread, and when he had blessed, and given thanks, he brake it, and gave it to his disciples, saying, Take, eat; this is my body which is given for you; do this in remembrance of me. Likewise after supper he took the cup, and when he had given thanks, he gave it to them, saying, Drink ye all of this; for this is my blood of the new Testament, which is shed for you and for many for remission of sins. Do this, as oft as you shall drink it, in remembrance of me.

14 Anamnesis and Offering Wherefore, O Lord and heavenly Father, according to the institution of thy dearly beloved Son our Saviour Jesu Christ, we thy humble servants do celebrate and make here before thy divine Majesty, with these thy holy gifts, the memorial which thy Son hath willed us to make; having in remembrance his blessed passion, mighty resurrection, and glorious ascension; rendering unto thee most hearty thanks for the innumerable benefits procured unto us by the same; entirely desiring thy fatherly goodness mercifully to accept this our sacrifice of praise and thanksgiving; most humbly beseeching thee to grant, that by the merits and death of thy Son Jesus Christ and through faith in his blood, we and all thy whole church may obtain remission of our sins, and all other benefits of his passion.

15 Offering, continued/Prayer over People And here we offer and present unto thee, O Lord, our self, our souls and bodies, to be a reasonable, holy, and lively sacrifice unto thee; humbly beseeching thee, that whosoever shall be partakers of this holy communion may worthily receive the most precious body and blood of thy Son Jesus Christ, and be fulfilled with thy grace and heavenly benediction, and made one body with thy Son Jesu Christ, that he may dwell in them, and they in him.

16 Prayer over People, cont’d. And although we be unworthy, through our manifold sins, to offer unto thee any sacrifice, yet we beseech thee to accept this our bounden duty and service, and command these our prayers and supplications, by the ministry of thy holy angels, to be brought up into thy holy tabernacle, before the sight of thy divine Majesty; not weighing our merits, but pardoning our offences, through Christ our Lord;

17 Doxology By whom, and with whom, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, all honour and glory be unto thee, O Father almighty, world without end. Amen.

18 Structure of Eucharistic Prayers 1549 BCPRoman Canon Sursum corda Short preface with 5 longer variables Sanctus Intercessions Prayer over gifts/epiclesis Institution narrative Anamnesis and Offering Prayer over people Doxology Sursum corda Variable preface Sanctus Intercessions Prayer over gifts Institution narrative Anamnesis and Offering Prayer over people Intercessions Doxology

19 1549: Eucharistic Presence That bread and wine “may be unto us the body and blood of … Jesus Christ” “That whoever shall be partakers … may worthily receive the most precious body and blood … be fulfilled with thy grace and heavenly benediction … made one body … that he may dwell in them, and they in him”

20 1549: Sacrifice Jesus’s death is “one oblation once offered, a full, perfect, and sufficient sacrifice, oblation, and satisfaction, for the sins of the whole world” Church offers “sacrifice of praise and thanksgiving” Church offers “our self, our souls and bodies, to be a reasonable, holy, and lively sacrifice unto thee”

21 1549: Creation/Salvation History No mention of creation Seasonal salvation history mentioned in variable prefaces (incarnation, resurrection, ascension, Pentecost) Communion is primarily a memory of the death of Jesus (reiterated several times); anamnesis also mentions resurrection and ascension No eschatological expectation

22 1549: Assembly/Church/Humankind Vernacular and emphasis on audibility imply that this is a communal celebration (people and priest) Thanksgiving for saints and intercession for departed We are unworthy to offer any sacrifice, but ask God to accept our sacrifice of praise, thanks, and our whole selves through Jesus Christ

23 The 1552 Prayer Book Lift up your hearts. Answer:We lift them up unto the Lord. Priest:Let us give thanks unto our Lord God. Answer:It is meet and right so to do. Sursum Corda

24 Preface The Priest It is very meet, right, and our bounden duty that we should at all times and in all places give thanks to thee, O Lord, holy Father, almighty, everlasting God. Here shall follow the proper Preface, according to the time, (if there be any especially appointed), or else immediately shall follow, Therefore with angels and archangels, and with all the holy company of heaven, we laud and magnify thy glorious name; evermore praising thee, and saying,

25 Prayer of Humble Access Holy, holy, holy, Lord God of hosts, heaven and earth are full of thy glory. Glory be to thee, O Lord most high. Sanctus Then shall the Priest, kneeling down at God’s board, say in the name of all them that shall receive the Communion, this prayer following. "We do not presume... and he in us. Amen."

26 Prayer over the Gifts Then the Priest, standing up, shall say as followeth: Almighty God, our heavenly Father, which of thy tender mercy didst give thine only Son Jesu Christ to suffer death upon the cross for our redemption; who made there, by his one oblation of himself once offered, a full, perfect, and sufficient sacrifice, oblation, and satisfaction, for the sins of the whole world; and did institute, and in his holy gospel command us to celebrate a perpetual memory of that his precious death, until his coming again: hear us, O merciful Father, we beseech thee; and grant that we, receiving these thy creatures of bread and wine, according to thy Son our Savior Jesus Christ's holy institution, in remembrance of his death and passion, may be partakers of his most blessed body and blood;

27 Institution Narrative Who, in the same night that he was betrayed, took bread, and when he had given thanks, he brake it, and gave it to his disciples, saying, Take, eat; this is my body which is given for you. Do this in remembrance of me. Likewise after supper he took the cup, and when he had given thanks, he gave it to them, saying, Drink ye all of this; for this is my blood of the New Testament, which is shed for you and for many for remission of sins; do this, as oft as you shall drink it in remembrance of me.

28 Communion Then shall the Minister first receive the communion in both kinds himself, and next deliver it to other Ministers, if any be there present, that they may help the chief Minister, and after to the people in their hands kneeling. And when he delivereth the bread he shall say, Take and eat this, in remembrance that Christ died for thee, and feed on him in thy heart by faith with thanksgiving. And the Minister that delivereth the cup, shall say, Drink this in remembrance that Christ's blood was shed for thee, and be thankful. Then shall the Priest say the Lord's Prayer, the people repeating after him every petition.

29 Prayer After Communion (Offering) After shall be said as followeth: O Lord and heavenly Father, we thy humble servants entirely desire thy fatherly goodness mercifully to accept this our sacrifice of praise and thanks- giving; most humbly beseeching thee to grant, that by the merits and death of thy Son Jesus Christ, and through faith in his blood, we and all thy whole church may obtain remission of our sins, and all other benefits of his passion. And here we offer and present unto thee, O Lord, our selves, our souls and bodies, to be a reasonable, holy, and lively sacrifice unto thee; humbly beseeching thee, that all we which be partakers of this holy communion, may be fulfilled with thy grace and heavenly benediction.

30 Alternate Postcommunion Prayer (Thanksgiving) Or this. Almighty and everliving God, we most heartily thank thee, for that thou dost vouchsafe to feed us, which have duly received these holy mysteries, with the spiritual food of the most precious body and blood of thy son our saviour Jesus Christ,... We now most humbly beseech thee, O heavenly father, so to assist us with thy grace, that we may continue in that holy fellowship, and do all such good works, as thou hast prepared for us to walk in: through Jesus Christ our Lord, to whom, with thee and the holy ghost, be all honour and glory, world without end. Amen.

31 Structure of Eucharistic Prayers 1549 BCP 1552 BCP Sursum corda Short preface with 5 variables Sanctus Intercessions Prayer over gifts/epiclesis Institution narrative Anamnesis and Offering Prayer over people Doxology Communion Shortened Sursum corda Short preface with 5 variables Sanctus Prayer of Humble Access Prayer over gifts Institution narrative Communion Lord’s Prayer Prayer of oblation or thanksgiving

32 1552: Eucharistic Presence No epiclesis; more receptionist language (body and blood not associated directly with bread and wine) Words of administration are changed: ◦ 1549: “The body of our Lord Jesus Christ, which was given for thee, preserve thy body and soul unto everlasting life.” ◦ 1552: “Take and eat this, in remembrance that Christ died for thee, and feed on him in thy heart by faith with thanksgiving.” Priest can take home leftover consecrated bread/wine “to his own use”

33 1552: Sacrifice Jesus’s death is “one oblation once offered, a full, perfect, and sufficient sacrifice, oblation, and satisfaction, for the sins of the whole world” Church offers “sacrifice of praise and thanksgiving” Church offers “our self, our souls and bodies, to be a reasonable, holy, and lively sacrifice unto thee”

34 1552: Creation/Salvation History No mention of creation Seasonal salvation history mentioned in variable prefaces (incarnation, resurrection, ascension, Pentecost) Communion is primarily a memory of the death of Jesus (reiterated several times); anamnesis also mentions resurrection and ascension No eschatological expectation

35 1552: Assembly/Church/Humankind Vernacular and emphasis on audibility imply that this is a communal celebration (people and priest) Thanksgiving for saints and intercession for departed We are unworthy to offer any sacrifice, but ask God to accept our sacrifice of praise, thanks, and our whole selves through Jesus Christ

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37 The 1662 Prayer Book Lift up your hearts. Answer:We lift them up unto the Lord. Priest:Let us give thanks unto our Lord God. Answer:It is meet and right so to do. Sursum Corda

38 Preface The Priest It is very meet, right, and our bounden duty that we should at all times, and in all places, give thanks to thee, O Lord, holy Father, almighty, everlasting God. Here shall follow the proper Preface, according to the time, (if there be any especially appointed), or else immediately shall follow, Therefore with angels and archangels, and with all the holy company of heaven, we laud and magnify thy glorious name; evermore praising thee, and saying,

39 Prayer of Humble Access Holy, holy, holy, Lord God of hosts, heaven and earth are full of thy glory: Glory be to thee, O Lord most high. Amen. Sanctus Then shall the Priest, kneeling down at the Lord’s Table, say in the name of all them that shall receive the Communion this prayer following. "We do not presume... and he in us. Amen."

40 Prayer over the Gifts When the Priest, standing before the Table, hath so ordered the Bread and Wine, that he may with the more readiness and decency break the Bread before the people, and take the Cup into his hands, he shall say the Prayer of Consecration, as followeth: Almighty God, our heavenly Father, who of thy tender mercy didst give thine only Son Jesus Christ to suffer death upon the Cross for our redemption; who made there (by his one oblation of himself once offered) a full, perfect, and sufficient sacrifice, oblation, and satisfaction, for the sins of the whole world; and did institute, and in his holy gospel command us to celebrate a perpetual memory of that his precious death, until his coming again; Hear us, O merciful Father, we most humbly beseech thee; and grant that we, receiving these thy creatures of bread and wine, according to thy Son our Savior Jesus Christ's holy institution, in remembrance of his death and passion, may be partakers of his most blessed Body and Blood;

41 Institution Narrative who in the same night that he was betrayed, took Bread; a and, when he had given thanks, he brake it, b and gave it to his disciples, saying, Take, eat; this is my Body c which is given for you: Do this in remembrance of me. Likewise after supper he took the Cup; d and, when he had given thanks, he gave it to them, saying, Drink ye all of this; for this e is my Blood of the New Testament, which is shed for you and for many for the remission of sins: Do this, as oft as ye shall drink it, in remembrance of me. Amen. a) Here the Priest is to take the paten into his hands: b) And here to break the Bread: c) And here to lay his hand upon all the Bread. d) Here he is to take the Cup into his hands: e) And here to lay his hand upon every vessel (be it Chalice or Flagon) in which there is any Wine to be consecrated.

42 Communion Then shall the Minister first receive the Communion in both kinds himself, and then proceed to deliver the same to the Bishops, Priests, and Deacons, in like manner {if any be present), and after that to the people also in order, into their hands, all meekly kneeling. [Words of Administration for Bread (Cup is similar)] The Body of our Lord Jesus Christ, which was given for thee, preserve thy body and soul unto everlasting life: Take and eat this in remembrance that Christ died for thee, and feed on him in thy heart by faith with thanksgiving.

43 Communion, cont’d. If the consecrated Bread or Wine be all spent before all have communicated, the Priest is to consecrate more, according to the Form before prescribed: beginning at (Our Savior Christ in the same night, etc.) for the blessing of the Bread; and at (Likewise after supper, etc.) for the blessing of the Cup. When all have communicated, the Minister shall return to the Lord's Table, and reverently place upon it what remaineth of the consecrated Elements, covering the same with a fair linen cloth. [The elements are consumed after the service.]

44 Structure of Eucharistic Prayers 1552 BCP 1662 BCP Shortened Sursum corda Short preface with 5 variables Sanctus Prayer of Humble Access Prayer over gifts Institution narrative Communion Lord’s Prayer Prayer of oblation or thanksgiving Shortened Sursum corda Short preface with 5 variables Sanctus Prayer of Humble Access Prayer over gifts Institution narrative Communion Lord’s Prayer Prayer of oblation or thanksgiving

45 1662: Eucharistic Presence Language almost identical to 1552 throughout Words of administration are combined: ◦ “The body of our Lord Jesus Christ, which was given for thee, preserve thy body and soul unto everlasting life: Take and eat this in remembrance that Christ died for thee, and feed on him in thy heart by faith with thanksgiving.” Supplemental consecration Elements must be reverently consumed after service

46 Sacrifice, Creation/Salvation History, Assembly/Church/Humankind

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48 The 1789 American Prayer Book Lift up your hearts. Answer:We lift them up unto the Lord. Priest:Let us give thanks unto our Lord God. Answer:It is meet and right so to do. Sursum Corda

49 Preface The Priest It is very meet, right, and our bounden duty that we should at all times, and in all places, give thanks to thee, O Lord, Holy Father, Almighty, Everlasting God. Here shall follow the proper Preface, according to the time, if there be any specially appointed: or else immediately shall be said or sung by the Priest and People, Therefore with angels and archangels, and with all the company of heaven, we laud and magnify thy glorious name; evermore praising thee, and saying,

50 Prayer of Humble Access Holy, holy, holy, Lord God of hosts, heaven and earth are full of thy glory: Glory be to thee, O Lord most high. Amen. Sanctus Then shall the Priest, kneeling down at the Lord’s Table, say, in the name of all those who shall receive the Communion, this Prayer following. "We do not presume... and he in us. Amen."

51 Post-Sanctus When the Priest, standing before the Table, hath so ordered the Bread and Wine, that he may with the more readiness and decency break the Bread before the people, and take the Cup into his hands, he shall say the Prayer of Consecration, as followeth. All glory be to thee, Almighty God, our heavenly Father, for that thou, of thy tender mercy, didst give thine only Son Jesus Christ to suffer death upon the Cross for our redemption; who made there (by his one oblation of himself once offered) a full, perfect, and sufficient sacrifice, oblation, and satisfaction, for the sins of the whole world; and did institute, and in his holy gospel command us to celebrate a perpetual memory of that his precious death, until his coming again:

52 Institution Narrative For in the night in which he was betrayed, a he took Bread; and, when he had given thanks, b he brake it, and gave it to his disciples, saying, Take, eat; c This is my Body, which is given for you; Do this in remembrance of me. Likewise, after supper, d he took the cup; and, when he had given thanks, he gave it to them, saying, Drink ye all of this; for e This is my Blood of the New Testament, which is shed for you, and for many, for the remission of sins; Do this, as oft as ye shall drink it, in remembrance of me. a) Here the Priest is to take the Paten into his hands. b) And here to break the Bread. c) And here to lay his hand upon all the Bread. d) Here he is to take the Cup into his hands. e) And here he is to lay his hand upon every Vessel in which there is any Wine to be consecrated.

53 Anamnesis and Offering (of Gifts) The Oblation. Wherefore, O Lord and heavenly Father, according to the institution of thy dearly beloved Son our Saviour Jesu Christ, we thy humble servants do celebrate and make here before thy divine Majesty, with these thy holy gifts, which we now offer unto thee, the memorial which thy Son hath willed us to make; having in remembrance his blessed Passion and precious death, his mighty resurrection, and glorious ascension; rendering unto thee most hearty thanks for the innumerable benefits procured unto us by the same.

54 Epiclesis Over the Gifts The Invocation. And we most humbly beseech thee, O merciful Father, to hear us; and, of thy almighty goodness, vouchsafe to bless and sanctify, with thy Word and Holy Spirit, these thy gifts and creatures of bread and wine; that we, receiving them according to thy Son our Savior Jesus Christ's holy institution, in remembrance of his Death and Passion, may be partakers of his most blessed Body and Blood.

55 Prayer Over the People And we earnestly desire thy fatherly goodness mercifully to accept this our sacrifice of praise and thanksgiving; most humbly beseeching thee to grant, that by the merits and death of thy Son Jesus Christ, and through faith in his blood, we, and all thy whole Church, may obtain remission of our sins, and all other benefits of his passion.

56 Offering of Selves and Prayer Over People And here we offer and present unto thee, O Lord, ourselves, our souls and bodies, to be a reasonable, holy, and living sacrifice unto thee; humbly beseeching thee, that we, and all others who shall be partakers of this holy Communion, may worthily receive the most precious Body and Blood of thy Son Jesus Christ, be filled with thy grace and heavenly benediction, and made one body with him, that he may dwell in them, and they in him. And although we are unworthy, through our manifold sins, to offer unto thee any sacrifice, yet we beseech thee to accept this our bounden duty and service; not weighing our merits, but pardoning our offences, through Jesus Christ our Lord;

57 Doxology By whom, and with whom, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, all honour and glory be unto thee, O Father almighty, world without end. Amen.

58 Communion A hymn is sung, then communion is distributed 1662 words of administration are used (combination of the 1549 and 1552 forms) Supplementary consecration happens by repeating the prayer from “All glory be to thee, Almighty God … through “partakers of his Body and Blood” Remaining elements are reverently consumed after the service

59 Structure of Eucharistic Prayers 1662 BCP 1789 US BCP Shortened Sursum corda Short preface with 5 variables Sanctus Prayer of Humble Access Prayer over gifts Institution narrative Shortened Sursum corda Short preface, 6 variables Sanctus Prayer of Humble Access Post-Sanctus Institution narrative Anamnesis/Offering of gifts Epiclesis Prayer Over People/Offering of selves Doxology

60 Structure of Eucharistic Prayers 1789 US BCP Shortened Sursum corda Short preface, 6 variables (one optional anytime) Sanctus Prayer of Humble Access Post-Sanctus Institution narrative Anamnesis/Offering of gifts Epiclesis: gifts Prayer Over People/Offering of selves Doxology West Syrian Anaphora Sursum corda Fixed preface Sanctus Post-Sanctus Institution narrative Anamnesis and Offering Epiclesis: gifts, people Intercessions Doxology


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