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The Riches of His Glorious Inheritance in the Saints Week 2 Westminster Larger Catechism Q57-89.

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Presentation on theme: "The Riches of His Glorious Inheritance in the Saints Week 2 Westminster Larger Catechism Q57-89."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Riches of His Glorious Inheritance in the Saints Week 2 Westminster Larger Catechism Q57-89

2 Resources

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5 Resources – Christian Creeds and Reformed Confessions

6 Resources - iReformed

7 “For this reason, because I have heard of your faith in the Lord Jesus and your love toward all the saints, I do not cease to give thanks for you, remembering you in my prayers, that the God of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of glory, may give you the Spirit of wisdom and of revelation in the knowledge of him, having the eyes of your hearts enlightened, that you may know what is the hope to which he has called you, what are the riches of his glorious inheritance in the saints, and what is the immeasurable greatness of his power toward us who believe,…” (Eph 1:15-19) Our theme for the next several weeks:

8 “For this reason, because I have heard of your faith in the Lord Jesus and your love toward all the saints, I do not cease to give thanks for you, remembering you in my prayers, that the God of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of glory, may give you the Spirit of wisdom and of revelation in the knowledge of him, having the eyes of your hearts enlightened, that you may know what is the hope to which he has called you, what are the riches of his glorious inheritance in the saints, and what is the immeasurable greatness of his power toward us who believe,…” (Eph 1:15-19) Our theme for the next several weeks:

9 More background… The WLC (and the WSC) is an OUTLINE of doctrine extracted from the Bible. Answers many (most) of the questions that we might ask regarding the Christian life and experience. We will look at the “Benefits of Redemption” or as Paul stated, “…that you may know what is the hope to which he has called you, what are the riches of his glorious inheritance in the saints,….” (Eph 1:18) First the context in our outline of doctrine to establish the FOUNDATION:

10 The WLC Begins with the End Man’s Chief End: Glorify & Enjoy God [Q1] An Apology for God’s Being [Q2] God’s Revelation of Himself [Q3] An Apology for God’s Word [Q4]A Summary of God’s Word [Q5] What to Believe (God’s & His Works) [Q6-90] What to Do (Man’s Duty) [Q91-196]

11 A Biblical Pattern: Believe => Do This pattern is not arbitrary – why did they outline it this way? Because it has its roots in Scripture: Belief begets practice. What you believe WILL dictate how you behave. Examples: –Paul’s letters – Romans 1-11 explain the work of God then at 12:1 “I beseech you therefore brethren by the mercies of God to present your bodies a living sacrifice…” –Ephesians 1- 3 declares the work of God in salvation then at 4:1 “I therefore, a prisoner for the Lord, urge you to walk in a manner worthy of the calling to which you have been called,…” –Even in the giving of the 10 commandments we see this pattern: ““I am the Lord your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of slavery. You shall have no other gods before me….” [God: “This is Who I am and who you are – therefore DO this…”]

12 What to Believe (God & His Works) [Q6-90] A Summary of what to believe about God [Q6]Who God is… [Q7-11]What God is… [Q7] The Persons of the Godhead [Q8-11] What God does…[Q12 – 90]

13 Man’s Duty: How to Glorify God [Q91-196] The sum of man’s duty. [Q91] The moral law. [Q92-152] The means of grace. [Q ]

14 QuestionTopicWeek 57, 58The benefits of redemption & how applied110/13/ , 60Who are the recipients?210/20/2013 Justification and Sanctification: What’s the difference? Dr. David Van Drunen 10/27/ The visible church311/3/ The Invisible Church411/10/ Union with Christ &Effectual Call511/17/ Communion in Grace with Christ – Justification611/24/ Justifying Faith712/1/ Communion in Grace with Christ – Adoption & Sanctification 812/8/ The Difference Between Justification and Sanctification912/15/ Perseverance and Assurance of Believers1012/22/ Communion in Glory with Christ – in this life1112/29/ Communion in Glory with Christ – after death121/5/ The Final Judgment131/12/2013 Where are we going?

15 synonyms:arbitrationarbitration, conciliation, reconciliation, intervention, intercession, good offices; negotiation, shuttle diplomacyconciliationreconciliation interventionintercession negotiationshuttle diplomacy "mediation between victims and offenders" me·di·a·tion /mēdē ˈ āSHən/ noun: mediation; plural noun: mediations 1. intervention in a dispute in order to resolve it; arbitration. "the parties have sought mediation and it has failed" intervention in a process or relationship; intercession. "they are offering sacrifice and mediation between God and man" Q. 57. What benefits hath Christ procured by his mediation? A. Christ, by his mediation, hath procured redemption, with all other benefits of the covenant of grace.

16 synonyms:savingsaving, freeing from sin, absolution "God's redemption of his people"absolution synonyms:retrievalretrieval, recovery, reclamation, repossession, return "the redemption of their possessions“, exchange, cashing in, conversion "the redemption of credit vouchers"recoveryreturnexchange conversion paying off, paying back, discharge, clearing, honoringdischargeclearing "the redemption of the mortgage“ fulfillment, carrying out, discharge, performing, honoring, meeting "the redemption of his obligations"fulfillment dischargemeeting re·demp·tion /ri ˈ dempSHən/ noun: redemption; plural noun: redemptions 1. the action of saving or being saved from sin, error, or evil. "God's plans for the redemption of his world" a thing that saves someone from error or evil. "his marginalization from the Hollywood jungle proved to be his redemption" 2. the action of regaining or gaining possession of something in exchange for payment, or clearing a debt.

17 Q. 57. What benefits hath Christ procured by his mediation? A. Christ, by his mediation, hath procured redemption, with all other benefits of the covenant of grace. LATIN red- back LATIN emere buy LATIN redimere late Middle English redeem buy back OLD FRENCH redimer late Middle English (in the sense ‘buy back’): from Old French redimer or Latin redimere, from re(d)- ‘back’ + emere ‘buy.’

18 What did Christ’s work accomplish? But when Christ appeared as a high priest of the good things that have come, then through the greater and more perfect tent (not made with hands, that is, not of this creation) he entered once for all into the holy places, not by means of the blood of goats and calves but by means of his own blood, thus securing an eternal redemption. (Heb 9:11-12 ESV) For even the Son of Man came not to be served but to serve, and to give his life as a ransom for many.” (Mark 10:45 ESV)

19 Q. 58. How do we come to be made partakers of the benefits which Christ hath procured? A. We are made partakers of the benefits which Christ hath procured, by the application of them unto us, which is the work especially of God the Holy Ghost. … are made partakers… by the application of them … Who is doing the work here? What is the difference between the work of the Holy Spirit and that of Christ? Remember where we are in the catechism outline? What to believe about God > His works > His decrees > His works of providence Christ: redemption accomplished (Q 36 – 56) Holy Spirit: redemption applied

20 The Holy Spirit Applies the Benefits of Redemption Jesus answered him, “Truly, truly, I say to you, unless one is born again he cannot see the kingdom of God.” Nicodemus said to him, “How can a man be born when he is old? Can he enter a second time into his mother's womb and be born?” Jesus answered, “Truly, truly, I say to you, unless one is born of water and the Spirit, he cannot enter the kingdom of God. That which is born of the flesh is flesh, and that which is born of the Spirit is spirit. Do not marvel that I said to you, ‘You must be born again.’ The wind blows where it wishes, and you hear its sound, but you do not know where it comes from or where it goes. So it is with everyone who is born of the Spirit.” (John 3:3-5) But to all who did receive him, who believed in his name, he gave the right to become children of God, who were born, not of blood nor of the will of the flesh nor of the will of man, but of God. (John 1:12-13)

21 The Holy Spirit Applies the Benefits of Redemption But when the goodness and loving kindness of God our Savior appeared, he saved us, not because of works done by us in righteousness, but according to his own mercy, by the washing of regeneration and renewal of the Holy Spirit, whom he poured out on us richly through Jesus Christ our Savior, so that being justified by his grace we might become heirs according to the hope of eternal life. (Titus 3:4-7, ESV)

22 The Valley of Dry Bones… The hand of the Lord was upon me, and he brought me out in the Spirit of the Lord and set me down in the middle of the valley; it was full of bones. And he led me around among them, and behold, there were very many on the surface of the valley, and behold, they were very dry. And he said to me, “Son of man, can these bones live?” And I answered, “O Lord God, you know.” Then he said to me, “Prophesy over these bones, and say to them, O dry bones, hear the word of the Lord. Thus says the Lord God to these bones: Behold, I will cause breath to enter you, and you shall live. And I will lay sinews upon you, and will cause flesh to come upon you, and cover you with skin, and put breath in you, and you shall live, and you shall know that I am the Lord.” (Ezekiel 37:1-6, ESV) Hebrew: Ruwach (roo’-akh) = wind, spirit, breath

23 Q. 59. Who are made partakers of redemption through Christ? A. Redemption is certainly applied, and effectually communicated, to all those for whom Christ hath purchased it; who are in time by the Holy Ghost enabled to believe in Christ according to the gospel. Jesus said to them, “I am the bread of life; whoever comes to me shall not hunger, and whoever believes in me shall never thirst. But I said to you that you have seen me and yet do not believe. All that the Father gives me will come to me, and whoever comes to me I will never cast out. For I have come down from heaven, not to do my own will but the will of him who sent me. And this is the will of him who sent me, that I should lose nothing of all that he has given me, but raise it up on the last day. For this is the will of my Father, that everyone who looks on the Son and believes in him should have eternal life, and I will raise him up on the last day.” (John 6:35-40, ESV)

24 Q. 59. Who are made partakers of redemption through Christ? A. Redemption is certainly applied, and effectually communicated, to all those for whom Christ hath purchased it; who are in time by the Holy Ghost enabled to believe in Christ according to the gospel. What is that group of people called for whom Christ died? His people His sheep His church His body The elect (Eph 1) Those whom He foreknew (Rom 8:29-30) For those whom he foreknew he also predestined to be conformed to the image of his Son, in order that he might be the firstborn among many brothers. And those whom he predestined he also called, and those whom he called he also justified, and those whom he justified he also glorified. (Romans 8:29-30, ESV)

25 Underlying question: For whom did Christ die? Didn’t Christ die for the whole world? (John 3:16, etc.) Doesn’t the Bible teach that Christ died for “all?” Does “ALL” mean “everyone without exception?” In those days a decree went out from Caesar Augustus that all the world should be registered. (Luke 2:1, ESV) That evening at sundown they brought to him all who were sick or oppressed by demons. (Mark 1:32, ESV) And when they had further threatened them, they let them go, finding no way to punish them, because of the people, for all were praising God for what had happened. (Acts 4:21, ESV) Isn’t it correct to say that “God gives everybody a chance to be saved, and we can take it or leave it?” Another way to look at it… Did Christ die to provide salvation … or did He die to provide the possibility of salvation?

26 … who are in time by the Holy Ghost enabled to believe… The ETERNAL perspective: … even as he chose us in him before the foundation of the world, that we should be holy and blameless before him. (Ephesians 1:4 ESV) The TEMPORAL perspective: And you were dead in the trespasses and sins in which you once walked, following the course of this world, following the prince of the power of the air, the spirit that is now at work in the sons of disobedience – But God, being rich in mercy, because of the great love with which he loved us, even when we were dead in our trespasses, made us alive together with Christ—by grace you have been saved— (Ephesians 2:1-2 and 4-5 ESV)

27 Q. 60. Can they who have never heard the gospel, and so know not Jesus Christ, nor believe in him, be saved by their living according to the light of nature? A. They who, having never heard the gospel, know not Jesus Christ, and believe not in him, cannot be saved, be they never so diligent to frame their lives according to the light of nature, or the laws of that religion which they profess; neither is there salvation in any other, but in Christ alone, who is the Savior only of his body the church. What about the poor savage who has not had a chance to hear the gospel? God surely would not send them to hell if they never even had the chance to hear the gospel?

28 The case of the poor savage…. For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men, who by their unrighteousness suppress the truth. For what can be known about God is plain to them, because God has shown it to them. For his invisible attributes, namely, his eternal power and divine nature, have been clearly perceived, ever since the creation of the world, in the things that have been made. So they are without excuse. For although they knew God, they did not honor him as God or give thanks to him, but they became futile in their thinking, and their foolish hearts were darkened. Claiming to be wise, they became fools, and exchanged the glory of the immortal God for images resembling mortal man and birds and animals and creeping things. (Romans 1:18-23, ESV) For there is no distinction: for all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God, (Romans 3:22-23, ESV) How then will they call on him in whom they have not believed? And how are they to believe in him of whom they have never heard? And how are they to hear without someone preaching? And how are they to preach unless they are sent? As it is written, “How beautiful are the feet of those who preach the good news!” But they have not all obeyed the gospel. For Isaiah says, “Lord, who has believed what he has heard from us?” So faith comes from hearing, and hearing through the word of Christ. (Romans 10:14-17, ESV)

29 So what? Why does all this matter? –It cuts to the heart of the gospel –It shows us who we are –It gives all the glory to God

30 QUESTIONS? COMMENTS OBJECTIONS?


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