2Rhyme SchemeA regular pattern of rhyming words in a poem. The rhyme scheme is shown by using different letters of the alphabet for each new rhyme. In an aabb stanza, for example, line 1 rhymes with line 2 and line 3 rhymes with line 4.Ex: I wondered lonely as a cloud aThat floats on high o’er vales and hills, bWhen all at once I saw a crowd, aA host, of golden daffodils, bBeside the lake, beneath the trees, cFluttering and dancing in the breeze c
3StanzaStanza: A formal division of lines in a poem, considered as a unit. Stanzas are separated by spaces (imagine a paragraph)Quatrain: A stanza or poem made up of four lines, usually with a definite rhythm and rhyme scheme
4Ex: For thy sweet love remember’d such wealth brings Couplet, QuatrainCouplet: A couplet is pair of rhyming lines, usually of the same length and meter.Ex: For thy sweet love remember’d such wealth bringsThat then I scorn to change my state with kings.
5MeterThe meter of a poem is its rhythmical pattern. This pattern is determined by the number and types of stresses, or beats, in each line.Ex.Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day.
6Blank VerseBlank Verse: Poetry written in unrhymed iambic pentameter lines. This verse form was widely used by William Shakespeare“My child is yet a stranger in the worldShe hath not seen the change of fourteen years”
7Lyric PoemA lyric poem is a highly musical verse that expresses the observations and feelings of a single speaker.Lyric poems exhibit an endless variety of forms. Below are some popular lyric forms:Haiku, Sonnet, Limerick
8Free VerseFree Verse: Poetry not written in a regular rhythmical pattern, or meter. Free verse tries to capture the rhythms of speech.
9Homework! Oh, Homework! by Jack Prelutsky I hate you! You stink!I wish I could wash youaway in the sink.If only a bombwould explode you to bits.You're giving me fits.I'd rather take bathswith a man-eating shark,or wrestle a lionalone in the dark,eat spinach and liver,pet ten porcupines,than tackle the homeworkmy teacher assigns.Homework! Oh, homework!You're last on my list.I simply can't seewhy you even exist.If you just disappearedit would tickle me pink.I hate you! You stink!Lyric and Free Verse
10Sonnet A sonnet is a 14 line lyric poem, usually written in rhymed iambicpentameter.My mistress’ eyes are nothing like the sunCoral is far more red than her lips’ red;If snow be white, why then her breasts are dun;If hairs be wires, black wires grow on her head.I have seen roses damasked, red and white,But no such roses see I in her cheeks;And in some perfumes is there more delightThan in the breath that from my mistress reeks.I love to hear her speak. Yet well I knowThat music hath a far more pleasing soundI grant I never saw a goddess go;My mistress, when she walks, treads on the ground.And yet, by heaven, I think my love as rareAs any she belied with false compare.
11Narrative PoemA narrative poem tells a story. It can be humorous or serious.
12The Broken-Legg’d Man"What was it then?" I asked him, and this is what he said:"I crossed a busy crossing when the traffic light was red;A big black car came whizzing by and knocked me off my feet.""Of course you looked both ways," I said, "before you crossed the street.""Not at all!" said the broken-legg'd man. "They rushed me to the hospital right quickly, "he went on,"And when I woke in nice white sheets I saw my leg was gone;That's why you see me walking now on nothing but a crutch.""I'm glad," said I, "you told me, and I thank you very much!""Not at all!" said the broken-legg'd man.I saw the other day when I went shopping in the storeA man I hadn't ever, ever seen in there before,A man whose leg was broken and who leaned upon a crutch-I asked him very kindly if it hurt him very much."Not at all!" said the broken-legg'd man.I ran around behind him for I thought that I would seeThe broken leg all bandaged up and bent back at the knee;But I didn't see the leg at all, there wasn't any there,So I asked him very kindly if he had it hid somewhere.Then where," I asked him, "is it? Did a tiger bite it off?Or did you get your foot wet when you had a nasty cough?Did someone jump down on your leg when it was very new?Or did you simply cut it off because you wanted to?""Not at all!" said the broken-legg'd man.
13BalladA ballad is a songlike poem that tells a story, often one dealing with adventure and romance.
14Ballad Example: Davy Crockett Born on a mountain top in TennesseeThe greenest state in the land of the freeRaised in the woods so's he knew ev'ry treeKilt him a b'ar when he was only threeDavy, Davy Crockett, king of the wild frontierFought single-handed through many a warTill the enemy was whipped and peace was in storeAnd while he was handlin' this risky choreHe made himself a legend forever moreDavy, Davy Crockett, the man who knew no fearHe went off to Congress and served a spellFixin' up the Government and the laws as wellTook over Washington, so I heard tellAnd he patched up the crack in the LibertyBellDavy, Davy Crockett, seeing his duty clearWhen he came home his politic'ing was doneAnd the western march had just begunSo he packed his gear and his trusty gunAnd lit out a-grinnin' to follow the sunDavy, Davy Crockett, leading the pioneer