Presentation on theme: "Unit 3 Message of the Land Pira Sudham Text Appreciation Lesson 3-Message of the Land I.Text AnalysisText Analysis 1. StyleStyle 2. Stylistic featureStylistic."— Presentation transcript:
Text Appreciation Lesson 3-Message of the Land I.Text AnalysisText Analysis 1. StyleStyle 2. Stylistic featureStylistic feature 3. ThemeTheme 4. StructureStructure 5. Further discussionFurther discussion II. Writing DevicesWriting Devices 1.SimileSimile 2.MetaphorMetaphor 3.PersonificationPersonification
Lesson 3-Message of the Land Style: essay (in a very broad sense) or interview The interviewees: a farmer and his wife (note: Since the World War II it has become popular for writers to interview people, record what they say and, after some, not too much, editing, publish these people’s stories in book form.) I.Text Analysis Style The end of Style.
Lesson 3-Message of the Land colloquial I.Text Analysis Please find supportin g details in the text. The end of Stylistic feature. Stylistic feature straightforward language short sentences small and easy words
Lesson 3-Message of the Land I.Text Analysis The text tells about the deep regret of the old people over the loss of traditional values and the way of life. Theme of the story The theme is hidden in the message of the land. The end of Theme.
Lesson 3-Message of the Land I.Text Analysis Structure of the text Part I the wife’s speech (paras. 1—3) (paras. 4—7) Part II the farmer’s speech (paras. 8—11) The wife tells us briefly about her family and how all her children left. This part focuses on the changes that she finds she can’t adjust to. The farmer tells about what he thinks are the root of all evils and what joys he finds in life and farming. The end of Structure.
Lesson 3-Message of the Land I.Text Analysis Changes in family Changes in the village The wife’s complaints The farmer’s complaints None of the children will come back to inherit the land. Greed, anger, and lust are the root of all evils. No young man will care what message the land gives. the loss of traditional values and the way of life All four children went away. Children wear jeans instead. no barter, but cash no pay-free help plastic things instead only the old on the land no practice of the old customs no respect for the old To be continued on the next page.
Lesson 3-Message of the Land I.Text Analysis What ’ s the message of the land? For further discussion To be continued on the next page. It’s our history, our culture, our tradition and our life. In a word, it is our root which we cannot live without.
Lesson 3-Message of the Land I.Text Analysis Yes, these are our rice fields. They belonged to my parents and forefathers. The land is more than three centuries old. In Para. 1 Question: Why does the wife start her conversation with the talk about the land? The wife has already regarded the land as part of her life. This is the land where her parents and forefathers lived and it is bound with family history and tradition. It represents the root of her family. To be continued on the next page.
Lesson 3-Message of the Land I.Text Analysis Question: What’s the main idea of Paras. 1— 3? The wife makes a brief introduction of her family and tells us how all her four children left for cities. She feels sorry about this and she also feels sorry about the land. The land is no longer fertile, like her and her husband, getting old and exhausted. To be continued on the next page.
Lesson 3-Message of the Land I.Text Analysis Pay attention to paragraph organizatio n. Question: What is the topic sentence of Para. 4? What are the supporting details? Topic sentence: “… we two haven’t changed much, but the village has.” Supporting details: Cash instead of barter Paid help Plastic things instead of village crafts The old alone on the land Young people’s different way of thinking, dressing and behaving To be continued on the next page.
Lesson 3-Message of the Land I.Text Analysis Question: What is the main idea of Paras. 5—6? What is the function of the first sentence in Para. 5? With the first sentence in Para. 5 serving as a transitional sentence, the wife shifts her talk to the things that should not change, which include people’s worship, and young people’s respect to their parents and the aged. To be continued on the next page.
Lesson 3-Message of the Land I.Text Analysis Question: How does the wife present her speech? What is her attitude toward the changes around her? By comparison/contrast and exemplification, the wife presents her idea of this changing world. She dislikes the changes around her. She won’t accept the changes and even refuses to change with the life. To be continued on the next page. Please find examples in the text.
Lesson 3-Message of the Land I.Text Analysis Question: What can be inferred from Para. 10? The farmer is very traditional. He still clings to the conventional idea of having a big family with children around him. Because of his strong attachment to the land, he wants his children to follow in his footsteps and be content with the farming life. To be continued on the next page.
Lesson 3-Message of the Land I.Text Analysis Question: What can we learn from the last paragraph? The farmer nurses a strong love towards the land. He loves the feeling when tilling the land and the smell and sight when the rice on the land is ripening. He feels so close to the land that he can even read the message of the land. He strongly hopes that one day he can pass on the land’s secret message to his grandchildren. To be continued on the next page.
Lesson 3-Message of the Land I.Text Analysis Further study of the text Question: What are the traits, as shown in the old couple, shared by other farmers? In the couple we find traits that are shared by many farmers who till the land: love of land and physical labor, and love of family being honest and kind, and easy to be satisfied clinging to traditional values and the way of life We can still find the common problems: generation gap confusion of the old towards the changing world young people’s quitting of the farming life To be continued on the next page.
Lesson 3-Message of the Land What does the wife think of her husband? How does the husband counterattack his wife’s opinion of him? Does “a pair of jeans” carry any other meanings in the text? How do young girls nowadays differ from those in the old days? Why is the question “Are you happy?” never occurred to her? I.Text Analysis Further discussion about the text To be continued on the next page.
Lesson 3-Message of the Land What is the wife’s philosophy of life? Why is the farmer at peace with his conditions now? Does the farmer have any regrets? What, in his opinion, is the root of all evils? Do you agree? How does he feel about his wife? Do you think he loves her? Why does he want to leave his land to his children? Why can’t he sell the land and give the money to them? I.Text Analysis Further discussion about the text The end of Further discussion.
Lesson 3-Message of the Land II.Writing Devices Simile Examples To be continued on the next page. A simile consists of two parts: tenor and vehicle. The tenor is the primary subject; the vehicle is the thing to which the main subject is compared to.
Lesson 3-Message of the Land II.Writing Devices Simile The end of Simile. subject / tenor simile marker reference/ vehicle Records (fell)likeripe apples (on a windy day.) The data processing (is going on) as (slow) asa snail.
Lesson 3-Message of the Land II.Writing Devices Metaphor To be continued on the next page. A metaphor is also a comparison. The difference is that a simile compares things explicitly—that is, it states literally that X is like Y. A metaphor compares things implicitly. Read literally, it does not state that things are alike; it says that they are the same thing, that they are identical. Examples
Lesson 3-Message of the Land II.Writing Devices Metaphor subject / tenorreference/ vehicle Cape Cod (is the bared and bended) arm of (Massachusetts.) He (is)a wolf (in sheep’s clothing.) To be continued on the next page.
Lesson 3-Message of the Land II.Writing Devices Please find the sentences in the text which contain either simile or metaphor and point out the rhetorical device in each sentence. 1. Sometimes, they get bullied and insulted, and it is like a knife piercing my heart. (2) 2. When each of them has a pair of jeans, they are off like birds on the wing. (10) To be continued on the next page.
Lesson 3-Message of the Land II.Writing Devices The end of Metaphor. 3. The soft cool breeze moves the sheaves, which ripple and shimmer like waves of gold. (11) 4. Yes, this bag of bones dressed in rags can still plant and reap rice from morning till dusk. (7)
Lesson 3-Message of the Land II.Writing Devices Personification Our piece of land is small, and it is no longer fertile, bleeding year after year and, like us, getting old and exhausted. (3) Personification is really a special kind of metaphor. personification Referring to inanimate things or abstractions as if they were human. To be continued on the next page.
Lesson 3-Message of the Land II.Writing Devices Personification: more examples As London increased, however, rank and fashion rolled off to the west, and trade, creeping on at their heels took possession of their deserted abodes. The youth were singing, laughing and playing the music instruments. The trees and flowers around them danced heartily as if touched by merry mood. How soon hath Time, the subtle thief of youth, stolen on his wing my three and twentieth year! The purpose of personificatio n is to explain, to expand, and to vivify. The end of Personification.
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