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Corporate Universities: The New Keepers of the Ethical Flame? Philip McGee Clemson University Corporate Universities: The New Keepers of the Ethical Flame?

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Presentation on theme: "Corporate Universities: The New Keepers of the Ethical Flame? Philip McGee Clemson University Corporate Universities: The New Keepers of the Ethical Flame?"— Presentation transcript:

1 Corporate Universities: The New Keepers of the Ethical Flame? Philip McGee Clemson University Corporate Universities: The New Keepers of the Ethical Flame? Philip McGee Clemson University

2 Behavior VS. Performance Behavior VS. Performance

3 Three Influencers of Behavior: Goals Needs Values

4 Goal Need Value

5 Ethics

6 Type into any Internet search engine the keyword unethical behavior to find the following: Unethical Behavior of Pharmacists Real Estate Medical Schools Sports Agents Preying on Student-Athletes Accounting and Banking

7 For unethical companies… Employees are turning their backs on employers who lack a sense of moral responsibility. It is estimated they lose almost $3 trillion dollars a year in the U.S. alone.

8 For ethical companies… With good reputations tend to enhance their brand image. Productivity and the quality of their products and services improve. Companies with environmental management systems substantially reduce their operating costs.

9 As teachers and trainers… I believe that we have, and have had, a tremendous amount of influence upon the ethical behavior displayed in our society. We are at the same time, both part of the problem, and part of the solution. As teachers and trainers… I believe that we have, and have had, a tremendous amount of influence upon the ethical behavior displayed in our society. We are at the same time, both part of the problem, and part of the solution.

10 Business Relationships Trust Truth

11 How Work Was Viewed In Ancient Times (400 B.C. – 400 A.D.)

12 Both the Greeks and Romans used slaves in an attempt to avoid work.

13 Plato

14 Saint Augustine

15 Education in Ancient Times

16 How Was Work Viewed During the Middle Ages? (400– 1400)

17 The Search for Truth During the Middle Ages

18 Peter Abelard ( ) Thomas Aquinas ( ) Roger Bacon ( )

19 Higher Education during the Middle Ages

20 How Work Was Viewed During the Renaissance? (1400 – 1700)

21 Martin Luther (1483 – 1546) John Calvin ( )

22 The Search for Truth During the Renaissance

23 Christopher Columbus ( ) Sir Thomas More ( ) Galileo Galilei ( ) René Descartes ( ) Sir Francis Bacon ( ) Hobbes, Thomas ( ) Robert Boyle ( ) Sir Isaac Newton ( ) Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz ( ) John Locke ( )

24 Higher Education During the Renaissance

25 In American Harvard College is founded in 1636

26 How Work Was Viewed During the Age of Reason ( )

27 Benjamin Franklin ( ) “Work as if you were to live a hundred years, pray as if you were to die tomorrow. Early to bed and early to rise, makes a man healthy, wealthy, and wise. Well done is better than well said. Keep thy shop, and thy shop will keep thee. He that hath a Trade hath an Estate

28 The Search for Truth During the Age of Reason ( )

29 Major philosophers of this period were: Immanuel Kant ( ) David Hume ( ) Jean Jacques Rousseau ( ) Adam Smith ( )

30 Higher Education During the Age of Reason ( )

31 American universities continue to be established. Church Related: Yale (1701) Congregationalist Princeton (1746) Presbyterian Columbia (1754) Episcopal Rutgers (1766) Presbyterian Brown (1764) Baptist Dartmouth (1769) Congregationalist State Universities: University of North Carolina (1789)

32 How Work Was Viewed During the Industrial Revolution ( )

33 The secularized work ethic rejected the concept of a calling and replaced it with the concept of public usefulness.

34 The Search for Truth During the Industrial Revolution ( )

35 Arthur Schopenhauer ( ) John Stuart Mill ( ) Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche ( )

36 Higher Education During the Industrial Revolution ( )

37 State Universities: University of Georgia (1801) University of South Carolina (1803) Land Grant Universities: As our nation grew, so did our need for people trained in agriculture and engineering. To meet this need The Morrill Land Grant Act of 1862 was passed and provided an open door for the common man to earn a university degree. Because these were state school that focused on “what worked” their orientation and curriculums were pragmatic in nature.

38 How Work Was Viewed in the 20 th Century

39 During the twentieth century work in America shifted from manufacturing and agriculture to knowledge and information generating and manipulation. While the twentieth century stated out in the industrial age it closed out in the information age.

40 The Search for Truth in the 20 th Century

41 William James ( ) John Dewey ( ) George Santayana ( ) Martin Heidegger ( ) Jean Paul Sartre ( )

42 Higher Education During the 20 th Century

43 Higher education, driven by the information age, has gown exponentially during the twentieth century. Sleepy tree lined campuses have been turned into educational super-markets. Most every community has at a minimum a community college that offers both day and evening classes. If you can’t attend a class in person, you can now go online with any number of private, public, or for profit colleges and universities who are more than eager to fulfill your educational and training needs. In short, education has become big business with at times, big business ethics.

44 What Will it Be Like to Work in the 21 st Century?

45 "Good" jobs--those offering health insurance and a pension, along with a prospect for advancement--are increasingly relics of the past. Increase in the use of temporary employees. Highly flexible organizational forms--often called networked organizations or virtual corporations—will become increasingly common in the future.

46 Higher Education in the 21st Century

47 Residential institutions of higher education at the undergraduate level. Continued growth of community and technical colleges. Introduction of corporate universities. Increased use of technology.

48 A Little History Mid-Evil Universities Founded by the Church Scripture = Truth Mid-Evil Universities Founded by the Church Scripture = Truth Universities After the Enlightenment Founded by the State Experimental Method = Truth Universities After the Enlightenment Founded by the State Experimental Method = Truth Corporate Universities Founded by Corporations Pragmatism = Truth Corporate Universities Founded by Corporations Pragmatism = Truth Jarvis, P. (2001). Universities and Corporate Universities. Sterling, VA: Stylus Publishing Inc.

49 Corporate Values in the 21 st Century

50 “In a business world still reeling from corporate scandals, HR leaders – past and present – from some of the nation’s largest employers consider HR’s new role in steering a company’s legal and ethical activities from the top down.” Ricard F. Stolz “In a business world still reeling from corporate scandals, HR leaders – past and present – from some of the nation’s largest employers consider HR’s new role in steering a company’s legal and ethical activities from the top down.” Ricard F. Stolz Stolz, R.F. (2003, January). What HR Will Stand For. Human Resource Executive

51 Major Philosophical Approaches Absolutism Relativism Theoretical Normative Teleological Theories Deontological Theories Environmental Ethics Theoretical Normative Teleological Theories Deontological Theories Environmental Ethics

52 1. Human Resources: Development and Protection of People. Four Basic Areas of Corporate Social Responsibility 2. Community, Cultural and Societal Involvement and Philanthropy. 3. Environmental Protection, Waste Reduction and Sustainability. 4. Product, Consumer, and Service Contributions and Protections. Adapted from: Hatcher, Tim. (2002). Ethics and HRD. Cambridge, MA: Perseus Publishing.

53 Let’s Do an Exercise

54 Strategic Plan Ethical Goal Policies and Guidelines Rules and Procedures Measure, Monitor and Evaluate

55 Let’s Share

56 Thanks for Coming! A Post Conference Website for This Session can be Found at:


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