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John Calvin (1509-1564) FOUNDER of The Presbyterian Church (Switzerland, 1536 AD) A Number of Churches Teach His Fundamental Doctrine.

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Presentation on theme: "John Calvin (1509-1564) FOUNDER of The Presbyterian Church (Switzerland, 1536 AD) A Number of Churches Teach His Fundamental Doctrine."— Presentation transcript:

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2 John Calvin ( ) FOUNDER of The Presbyterian Church (Switzerland, 1536 AD) A Number of Churches Teach His Fundamental Doctrine.

3 Calvinism An Introduction T U L I P otal Hereditary Depravity nconditional Election imited Atonement rresistible Grace erseverance of the Saints

4 TULIP otal Hereditary Depravity nconditional Election imited Atonement rresistible Grace erseverance of the Saints

5 Calvinism An Introduction THE FOUNDATION OF HIS DOCTRINE (Misconception of God’s Sovereignty) “Scriptures clearly prove…that God by his eternal and immutable counsel determined once for all those who it was his pleasure one day to admit to salvation, and those whom, on the other hand, it was his pleasure to doom to destruction.” John Calvin, Institutes of the Christian Religion

6 Calvinism An Introduction THE FOUNDATION OF HIS DOCTRINE (Misconception of God’s Sovereignty) “Scriptures clearly prove…that God by his eternal and immutable counsel determined once for all those who it was his pleasure one day to admit to salvation, and those whom, on the other hand, it was his pleasure to doom to destruction.” John Calvin, Institutes of the Christian Religion Ezk. 33:11, “Say unto them, As I live, saith the Lord GOD, I have no pleasure in the death of the wicked; but that the wicked TURN from his way and live: TURN YE, TURN YE from your evil ways; for why will ye die, O house of Israel?” Cf. I Tim. 2:4 (Jn. 8:31-32); II Pet. 3:9

7 Calvinism An Introduction THE FOUNDATION OF HIS DOCTRINE (Misconception of God’s Sovereignty) “Scriptures clearly prove…that God by his eternal and immutable counsel determined once for all those who it was his pleasure one day to admit to salvation, and those whom, on the other hand, it was his pleasure to doom to destruction.” John Calvin, Institutes of the Christian Religion Deut. 30:19, “I call heaven and earth to record this day against you, that I HAVE SET BEFORE YOU LIFE and DEATH, BLESSING and CURSING: therefore CHOOSE LIFE, that BOTH THOU and THY SEED MAY LIVE.” Cf. Josh. 24:15; Rom. 6:16-18, 23 (Acts 10:34-35)

8 Calvinism An Introduction THE FOUNDATION OF HIS DOCTRINE (Misconception of God’s Sovereignty) “God, from all eternity, did, by the most wise and holy counsel of his own will, freely and unchangeably ordain whatsoever comes to pass.” Presbyterian Confession of Faith, Chapter 3, Section 1 Absolute Predestination of All Human Events

9 Calvinism An Introduction Calvin’s Presumptions Answered – “Now, if the doctrine here set forth is true, we think it impossible for man to err. Whatever he does is in keeping with and brought about by God’s fore-ordination or decree, and therefore cannot be wrong. If he does anything—it matters not what—whether good or bad—if God has ordained every thing, He has ordained that thing. If it comes to pass that a man lies, God has not only ordained that he should lie, but He has unchangeably ordained it.” T.W. Brents, Gospel Plan of Salvation, p. 8

10 Calvinism An Introduction Calvin’s Presumptions Answered God Ordained That Hezekiah Shall Die (II Kings 20:1), Yet Later Added 15 Years To His Life (II Kings 20:5-6). The Prayer and Tears of Hezekiah Changed the Decree of God. Does Prayer Make A Difference? Cf. Jas. 4:2 The Prayer and Tears of Hezekiah Changed the Decree of God. Does Prayer Make A Difference? Cf. Jas. 4:2 Did God Deceive Hezekiah Knowing That He Had Really Pre-ordained That He Would NOT Die? Did God Deceive Hezekiah Knowing That He Had Really Pre-ordained That He Would NOT Die?

11 Calvinism An Introduction Calvin’s Presumptions Answered God Ordained That In 40 Days Nineveh Shall Be Overthrown Jonah 3:4 But Changed His Mind (Jonah 3:10). God Ordained That In 40 Days Nineveh Shall Be Overthrown (Jonah 3:4), But Changed His Mind (Jonah 3:10). Did God Deceive Jonah Knowing That He Pre-ordained NOT To Destroy Nineveh? Did God Deceive Jonah Knowing That He Pre-ordained NOT To Destroy Nineveh? Is It Not More Harmonious With The Text That God Was Going To Destroy Nineveh Unless By Free Will They Chose To Repent? Is It Not More Harmonious With The Text That God Was Going To Destroy Nineveh Unless By Free Will They Chose To Repent?

12 Calvinism An Introduction Calvin’s “Proof” Texts Eph. 1:3-7, 11, “Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who hath blessed us with all spiritual blessings in heavenly places IN CHRIST: 4 According as he hath chosen us IN HIM before the foundation of the world, that we should be holy and without blame before him IN LOVE: 5 Having PREDESTINATED US unto the adoption of children by Jesus Christ to himself, according to the good pleasure of his will, 6 To the praise of the glory of his grace, wherein he hath made us ACCEPTED IN THE BELOVED. 7 IN WHOM we have redemption through his blood, the forgiveness of sins, according to the riches of his grace.”

13 Calvinism An Introduction Calvin’s “Proof” Texts Eph. 1:3-7, 11, “Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who hath blessed us with all spiritual blessings in heavenly places IN CHRIST: 4 According as he hath chosen us IN HIM before the foundation of the world, that we should be holy and without blame before him IN LOVE: 5 Having PREDESTINATED US unto the adoption of children by Jesus Christ to himself, according to the good pleasure of his will, 6 To the praise of the glory of his grace, wherein he hath made us ACCEPTED IN THE BELOVED. 7 IN WHOM we have redemption through his blood, the forgiveness of sins, according to the riches of his grace.”. 11, “IN WHOM also we have obtained an inheritance, being PREDESTINATED according to the purpose of him who worketh all things after the counsel of his own will.” v. 11, “IN WHOM also we have obtained an inheritance, being PREDESTINATED according to the purpose of him who worketh all things after the counsel of his own will.”

14 Calvinism An Introduction Calvin’s “Proof” Texts Rom. 8:29-30, “For WHOM HE DID FOREKNOW, he also did PREDESTINATE TO BE CONFORMED TO THE IMAGE OF HIS SON, that he might be the firstborn among many brethren. 30 Moreover WHOM HE DID PREDESTINATE, THEM he also CALLED: and whom he called, them he also JUSTIFIED: and whom he justified, them he also GLORIFIED.” Cf. II Thess. 2:14 (Rom. 12:1-2) This Is WHAT God Has Done - The Question Is HOW?

15 Calvinism An Introduction Calvin’s “Proof” Texts Examined I Cor. 2:7, “But we speak THE WISDOM OF GOD in a mystery, even the hidden wisdom, which God ordained before the world UNTO OUR GLORY.” Cf. Eph. 3:3-5 II Tim. 1:9-10, “Who hath saved us, and called us with an holy calling, NOT according to our works, BUT according to his own purpose and grace, which was given us IN CHRIST JESUS before the world began, 10 But is now made manifest by the appearing of our Saviour Jesus Christ, who hath abolished death, and hath brought life and immortality to light through the gospel.” Cf. Heb. 5:9 (Rev. 22:17); Eph. 2:8-10

16 Calvinism An Introduction Calvin’s “Proof” Texts Examined Eph. 3:8-11, “Unto me, who am less than the least of all saints, is this grace given, that I should preach among the Gentiles the unsearchable riches of Christ; 9 And to make all men SEE what is THE FELLOWSHIP of THE MYSTERY, which from the beginning of the world hath been hid in God, who created all things by Jesus Christ: 10 To the intent that NOW unto the principalities and powers in heavenly places might be known BY THE CHURCH the manifold wisdom of God, 11 According to THE ETERNAL PURPOSE which HE PURPOSED IN CHRIST JESUS our Lord.” Cf. vv. 3-5 (I Jn. 1:5-7)

17 Calvinism An Introduction Calvin’s “Proof” Texts Examined I Pet. 1:2-5, “Elect according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, through sanctification of the Spirit, unto obedience and sprinkling of the blood of Jesus Christ: Grace unto you, and peace, be multiplied. 3 Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, which according to his abundant mercy hath begotten us again unto a lively hope by the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead, 4 To an inheritance incorruptible, and undefiled, and that fadeth not away, reserved in heaven for you, 5 Who are KEPT by the power of God through faith unto salvation ready to be revealed in the last time.” Cf. Rom. 1:16 (Jas. 1:18)

18 Calvinism An Introduction Calvin’s “Proof” Texts Examined I Pet. 1:18-23, “Forasmuch as YE KNOW that ye were NOT redeemed with corruptible things, as silver and gold, from your vain conversation received by tradition from your fathers; 19 BUT with the precious blood of Christ, as of a lamb without blemish and without spot: 20 Who verily was foreordained before the foundation of the world, but was manifest in these last times for you, 21 Who by him do believe in God, that raised him up from the dead, and gave him glory; that your faith and hope might be in God. 22 Seeing ye have purified your souls in OBEYING the truth through the Spirit unto unfeigned love of the brethren…”

19 Calvinism An Introduction Calvin’s “Proof” Texts Examined Mt. 25:34, “Then shall the King say unto them on his right hand, Come, ye blessed of my Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world.” Cf. v. 41 Eph. 1:4, “According as HE hath CHOSEN US IN HIM before the foundation of the world, that we should be holy and without blame before him IN LOVE.” Rev. 13:8, “And all that dwell upon the earth shall worship him, whose names are not written in the book of life of the Lamb SLAIN from the foundation of the world.” Cf. Ex. 32:33

20 Calvinism An Introduction Calvin’s “Proof” Texts Examined Gal. 3:24-29, “Wherefore the law was our schoolmaster to bring us unto Christ, that we might be JUSTIFIED by faith. 25 But after that faith is come, we are no longer under a schoolmaster. 26 For YE ARE ALL THE CHILDREN OF GOD BY FAITH IN CHRIST JESUS. 27 For as many of you as have been BAPTIZED INTO CHRIST have put on Christ. 28 There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither bond nor free, there is neither male nor female: for YE ARE ALL ONE IN CHRIST JESUS. 29 And if ye be Christ’s, then are ye Abraham’s seed, and HEIRS ACCORDING TO THE PROMISE.” Cf. Gen. 22:18 (Acts 2:38-39; Rom. 6:3)

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