COURSE TITLE: ONE LEG OF THE STOOL: THE SACRED SCRIPTURES PART III: THE OLD TESTAMENT – AN INTRODUCTION The Rev. Dr. David A. Zwifka Instructor
Introducing the Old Testament Divine Revelation Types General: General revelation refers to the general truths that can be known about God through nature. Special: Special revelation refers to the more specific truths that can be known about God through the supernatural; how God has chosen to reveal God’s “self.” Faith as a response to revelation Personal Communal
Introducing the Old Testament Nature of the Old Testament Organization [Jewish: TaNaK] Law (Torah) - Ta Prophets (Nebi’im) - Na Writings (Ketubim)- K Historical (additional division added by Christians) Canon (qaneh)
Introducing the Old Testament Long View Pentateuch 5 Books (Genesis-Exodus) Pre-history (call and preparation of a “people”) Deliverance Obligations of Covenant
Introducing the Old Testament Long View Historical Books (Former Prophets) Promised Land Conquest Settlement and Struggle for survival Monarchy Exile and the Post–Exilic period (Resettlement)
Introducing the Old Testament Long View Writings (Wisdom) Prophecy Major Minor (The Twelve Prophets
Introducing the Old Testament Learning Objectives At this point, with assigned readings and class presentations, you should be able to discuss the following topics: What does the term “Bible” mean? Explain “divine revelation.” Explain how one should read and make use of the Bible. Describe the primary difference between the Christian and the Jewish understanding of the Old Testament. Describe the main divisions of the Old Testament as it is used by the Episcopal Church. Define the following terms: Canon Septuagint Apocrypha Testament Explain why Jews, Protestants and Catholics disagree about the number of books that comprise the Old Testament. Give a brief overview of the Old Testament discussing the principal divisions, books, history and composition.