Presentation on theme: "Macbeth Act I. Act I Synopsis The warriors, ___________________________ have been victorious in battle against the traitors Macdonald and the Thane."— Presentation transcript:
Act I Synopsis The warriors, ___________________________ have been victorious in battle against the traitors Macdonald and the Thane (Lord) of Cawdor in 11 th century Scotland. King Duncan hears of their courage before their return home from the battlefield ________________ ________________________________________________ While they are returning from battle, Macbeth and Banquo encounter three witches on a desolate heath who greet Macbeth ____________ ________________________________________________ Macbeth and Banquo and in gratitude bestows the title of Cawdor on the absent Macbeth. as Thane of Glamis, Thane of Cawdor, and “King hereafter.”
Act I Synopsis continued … They prophesy that Banquo____________________ _______________________________________________ Macbeth, who is already Thane of Glamis, is startled when two messengers from the king greet him as the new Thane of Cawdor, thus fulfilling the witches’ prophecy in part. (Duncan has condemned the disloyal Cawdor to death.) When Macbeth learns that Duncan’s son Malcolm has been appointed Prince of Cumberland, automatic successor to the throne, he momentarily entertains the idea of killing the king, and so begins the ultimate prediction of the witches on the heath. will beget kings though he will not himself be one.
Act I Synopsis continued … Lady Macbeth falls in with Macbeth’s plot with greater energy than Macbeth himself, and when Duncan and his retinue pay a visit to Macbeth’s castle, Lady Macbeth vows ominously that the king “must be provided for.”
Macbeth Act I Quotes “So foul and fair a day I have not seen.” Speaker ___________________________ Explanation ____________________________________ ________________________________________________________. “The Thane of Cawdor lives. Why do you dress me in borrowed robes?” Speaker ________________________________________ Explanation _____________________________________ ________________________________________________. Macbeth It is a foul day because of the fighting and blood shed, but it is a fair day because of their victory. Macbeth The Thane of Cawdor is alive, why are you calling by his name.
Macbeth Quotes continued … “If chance will have me king, why chance may crown me, without my stir.” Speaker _______________________________________ Explanation _______________________________________ ___________________________________________________ “…nothing in his life became him like the leaving it.” Speaker ______________________________________ Explanation _______________________________________ ___________________________________________________ Macbeth Fate will make me king. If it’s meant for Macbeth to be king it will happen without him doing anything. Malcolm Because Cawdor confessed his treasons and was courage upon his death;, so the only thing he did right or honorable was to die for his acts.
Macbeth Quotes continued … “Prince of Cumberland! That is a step on which I must fall down, or else o’erleap, for in my way it lies.” Speaker _______________________________________ Explanation _____________________________________ “Yet do I fear thy nature; it is too full o’ th’ milk of human kindness to catch the nearest way.” Speaker ________________________________________ Explanation _____________________________________ _ Macbeth The king has made Malcolm the Prince of Cumberland. This poses a problem for Macbeth because now Malcolm stands between him and the throne. Lady Macbeth Because she fears Macbeth is too soft to commit murder in order to get what he “deserves.”
Macbeth Quotes continued … “Come you spirits that tend on mortal thoughts, unsex me here, and fill me, from the crown to the toe, top-full of direst cruelty.” Speaker ___________________________________ Explanation______________________________________ _________________________________________________ “Your hand, your tongue. Look like th’ innocent flower, but be the serpent under’t.” Speaker _______________________________________ Explanation_______________________________________ ___________________________________________________ Lady Macbeth Lady Macbeth is calling upon the spirits to give her the strength of a man or make her less of a woman or non-human so she can participate in the murder of Duncan. Lady Macbeth She is telling Macbeth to be welcoming, but kill Duncan when he has the chance.
Macbeth Quotes continued … “I have no spur to prick the sides of my intent, but only vaulting ambition, which o’erleaps itself and falls on th’ other.” Speaker_________________________________ Explanation______________________________________ ________ “Away, and mock the time with fairest show: False face must hide what the false heart doth know.” Speaker_______________________________________ Explanation______________________________________. Macbeth He doesn’t have the desire to commit murder, but he feels he must if he is to become king. So he has this internal struggle between good and evil. Macbeth Macbeth is going against the good within him. He must smile while entertaining Duncan; knowing he plans to kill the king as soon as Duncan sleeps.
Study Guide Questions 1-2 In Scene 1, where do the witches plan to meet again, and WHY? _________________________________________________ What news about Macbeth does the blood-stained Captain bring to the king in Scene 2? _________________________________________________ When the hurly-burly's done, when the battle’s lost and won. Upon the heath to meet with Macbeth. (3-8) For brave Macbeth – well he deserves that name – disdaining Fortune, with his brandished steel, which smoked with bloody execution, Like valor’s minion carved out his passage till he faced the slave; which nev’r shook hands, nor bade farewell to him, tell he unseamed him from the nave to th’ chops, and fixed his head upon our battlements. (16-24).
Study Guide Questions 3-4 What news does Ross bring about the Thane of Cawdor? _________________________________________________ What does the king determine to do for Macbeth? __________________________________________________ Ross tells Duncan that the Thane of Cawdor was a traitor. The king is bestowing the title of the Thane of Cawdor upon Macbeth.
Study Guide Questions 5-6 What do the witches tell Macbeth and Banquo in Scene 3? __________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ In Scene 5, what is Lady Macbeth’s response to her husband’s letter with the news about his title and the witches’ prophecy? __________________________________________________ At the heath, the witches hail Macbeth as Thane of Glamis, Thane of Cawdor, and that he shall be king hereafter. The witches tell Banquo that he will be lesser than Macbeth yet greater, happier than Macbeth because will no be happy and that he shall sire kings, though he won’t be one. “Yet do I fear they nature; It is too full o’ th’ milk of human kindness to catch the nearest way.
Study Guide Questions 7-9 What speech tells you what Lady Macbeth plans to do to Duncan when he visits the castle? __________________________________________________ What are Macbeth’s misgiving’s in Scene 7? __________________________________________________ What is Lady Macbeth’s response to Macbeth’s misgivings? __________________________________________________ “…Come, you spirits that tend on mortal thoughts, unsex me here, and fill me, from the crown to the tow, top-full of direst cruelty! Macbeth is kin to the king. Macbeth is the king’s subject and host. Duncan is a good King and his people will mourn greatly and/or rebel. Everything goes against killing the king She accuses him of being a coward, questions his manhood, and tells Macbeth she will think less of him.
Study Guide Questions 10-11 How does the weather reflect the human passions revealed in Act I. _________________________________________________ The witches apparently recognize Macbeth as a man marked for success. Explain why their prophecy of Macbeth’s coming greatness is actually a temptation to him. __________________________________________________ The weather is foreshadowing the evil actions which will soon take place. The weather also reflects the inner turmoil with Macbeth. The prophecy has planted the seed of discontent in Macbeth’s heart. Instead of being grateful for the title and rewards of the Thane of Cawdor, he covets the kingship and is unwilling to wait for it to come to him in a natural way. Macbeth would never have entertained to though of being king had it not been for the witches.
Study Guide Questions 12-13 Explain the seeming contradiction in the witches’ greeting to Banquo in Scene 3: “Lesser than Macbeth, and greater.” How is this true? _________________________________________________ How do Banquo’s reactions to the witches differ from Macbeth’s? What does Macbeth’s reaction suggest at once about his character? ________________________________________________ Banquo’s position will be lesser than Macbeth, but Banquo’s character is greater than Macbeth. Macbeth believes the prophesy where Banquo listens and laughs at the prophesy.
Study Guide Questions 14-15 One critic has said that the witches are “in some sense representative of potentialities with” Macbeth. Explain this statement. Is there any evidence that Macbeth has wanted to be king before? __________________________________________________ The most interesting part of any serious play is what goes on inside the characters’ minds. What conflict rages in Macbeth after he hears the witches’ prophecy? What effect do the events of Scene 4 have on the conflict? _____________________________________________________ The witches trick him by planting the seed of discontent for his position. He has never thought of being king. Macbeth wants to be king, but when Malcolm is anointed as the Prince of Cumberland, Macbeth becomes angry and this is where he makes the decision to kill Duncan. He continues to struggle within himself.
Study Guide Questions 16-17 We see Lady Macbeth alone for most of Scene 5, then with King Duncan and his party in Scene 6. What impressions do you have of her character by the end of Scene 6? __________________________________________________ Describe the temperamental differences between Macbeth and his wife. Who is more single-minded and logical? Who is more imaginative and sensitive? Which one wins the argument? ___________________________________________________ Lady Macbeth is showing the evil side of her ambition. She is willing to help Macbeth kill Duncan. Lady Macbeth is the one to initiate the killing plan. Macbeth is more passive and Lady Macbeth is more aggressive. Lady Macbeth is single-minded and imaginative/not sensitive. Macbeth is more logical and sensitive. Lady Macbeth wins the argument and the continue in their plan to kill Duncan.
Study Guide Questions 18 What irony would the audience feel as they watch Duncan enter the castle and hear him praise its peacefulness? __________________________________________________ Duncan is going to die there.
Act I Name 2 animals associated with the witches? _______________________________________ Who invaded Scotland? __________________________________________ In Scene 2, why does King Duncan give Macbeth a new title? __________________________________________ What is Duncan’s flaw? __________________________________________ Cat /Graymalkin is the witches cat. Toad / Paddock The Norweyan (Norwegian) invaded Scotland. Because he showed bravery in battle and defeated the kerns and the gallowglasses from the Western Isles. Duncan’s flaw is that he sees the best in people.
Act I continued … Who praises Macbeth and expresses a desire to visit Inverness? ________________________________________________ When we first meet Lady Macbeth, what is she doing? ________________________________________________ What does Lady Macbeth complain that Macbeth lacks? ________________________________________________ The king want to go to Macbeth’s castle, Inverness. Lady Macbeth is reading Macbeth’s letter informing her of all that has happened. Macbeth lacks the courage to go through with the plan to kill in order to get what he wants.
Act I continued … Who worries about the consequences of his actions? _____________________________________________ Who doubts Macbeth’s determination to kill the king? ______________________________________________ Macbeth worries about the consequences of his actions. He is worried they may fail. Lady Macbeth doubts Macbeth’s determination to kill the king.
Act I continued … Who accompanies Macbeth in his encounter with the Witches? _______________________________________________ When she hears that Duncan plans to visit, what does Lady Macbeth resolve? _________________________________________________ Banquo is with Macbeth. Lady Macbeth resolves that they will kill the king.
Act I continued … In the final scene, what conflict do Lady Macbeth and Macbeth have? ________________________________________________ Who seems more forceful and ambitious – Macbeth or his wife? ________________________________________________ What is Macbeth’s tragic flaw? ______________________________________________ Lady Macbeth and Macbeth argue over his desire to not kill the king and enjoy the gifts and praise being bestowed upon him now. At this time, Lady Macbeth seems to be the most forceful and ambitious in her pursuit of Macbeth’s position as king. Macbeth’s tragic flaw is his lust for power.