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 Eschatology (lit. 'study of the last') is a part of theology and philosophy concerned with what are believed to be the final events in history, or the.

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Presentation on theme: " Eschatology (lit. 'study of the last') is a part of theology and philosophy concerned with what are believed to be the final events in history, or the."— Presentation transcript:

1  Eschatology (lit. 'study of the last') is a part of theology and philosophy concerned with what are believed to be the final events in history, or the ultimate destiny of humanity, commonly referred to as the end of the world. theologyphilosophyhistorydestinyend of the world ◦ Wikipedia contributors. "Eschatology." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 5 Apr. 2010. Web. 12 Apr. 2010.

2 GodJesusAngelJohnServants

3  Prophecy acquaints us with the most important subject of the ages, God’s plan for man.  Studying Bible prophecy convinces us that there really is a God.  The literal fulfillment of prophecy teaches us that prophecy should be interpreted literally.  The study of prophecy prepares the Christian to avoid the deceptions of the many false prophets [of the day.]

4  The only book in the Bible that comes with a blessing to any and all persons who read it. (Revelation 1:3)  But, the only book that comes with a warning not to add words to it, or take away any of its words. ( Revelation 22:18-19)

5  The study of prophecy promotes an evangelical church.  The study of prophecy tends to purify the believer.  Prophecy offers confident hope in a hopeless age. Lahaye, Tim. Charting the End Times, 2001. Harvest House Publishers

6 1. Jesus Christ is coming again. 2. Evil will be judged. 3. The dead will be raised to judgment, resulting in eternal life or eternal destruction.

7 An Introduction

8  It is the only prophetic book in the New Testament. (17 in the OT)  The author, John, reaches farther back into eternity past than does any other writer in Scripture. (John 1:3)  There is a special blessing which is promised to the readers of this book (Rev. 1:3); and there is also a special warning …to those who tamper with its contents. (Rev. 22:18) McGee, J. Vernon. Thru the Bible 1 Corinthians through Revelation. 1983. Thomas Nelson Publishers

9  It is not a sealed book. Daniel was told to seal the book until the end of time (Dan. 12:9); but John is told not to (Rev. 22:10).  It is a series of visions expressed in symbols which deal with reality. The literal interpretation is always preferred unless John makes it clear that it is otherwise. McGee, J. Vernon. Thru the Bible 1 Corinthians through Revelation. 1983. Thomas Nelson Publishers

10 GenesisRevelation Earth createdEarth passes away Satan’s first rebellionSatan’s last rebellion Sun, moon, and stars for earth’s government Light from God through the Son for earth’s government Darkness was called nightThere is “no night there” Waters were called seasThere is no more sea Entrance of sinExodus of sin The curse was pronouncedThe curse is removed Death enteredThere is no more death Beginning of sorrow and suffering There will be no more sorrow and no more tears Marriage of the first AdamMarriage of the last Adam We saw man’s city, Babylon built We see man’s city destroyed, and a New Jerusalem Satan’s doom pronouncedSatan’s doom executed [1] [1] McGee, J. Vernon. Thru the Bible 1 Corinthians through Revelation. 1983. Thomas Nelson Publishers

11  Dragon =Satan  First Beast (out of the sea)=Antichrist  Second Beast (out of the earth)=False Prophet

12  The events of history  Reveals mankind’s depravity  Portrays God’s authority over the events of human history

13 majesty & power Gospel of Matthew Lion Faithfulness Gospel of Mark Ox Intelligence Gospel of Luke Man Sovereignty Gospel of John Eagle

14  Seven Seals  Seven Trumpets  Seven Bowls

15  The Four Horsemen represent God’s judgment of people’s sin & rebellion  “Given power over a fourth of the earth to kill by sword, famine and plague, and by the wild beasts of the earth.”

16 Conquering Power White Horse War & Bloodshed Red Horse Famine Black Horse Pestilence Pale Horse

17 Martyrdom Slain Souls 5 th Seal Physical Disturbances Lamb’s Wrath 6 th Seal Trumpets Introduces next series 7 th Seal

18 Hail, fire Upon earth 1 st Burning Mountain Upon sea 2 nd Wormwood Upon waters 3 rd Trumpets

19 Sun, moon, stars Upon heavens 4 th Demonic locusts Upon people 5 th horsemen Upon people 6 th Announces Seven Bowls 7 th

20 Boils Upon earth 1 st Blood Into the sea 2 nd Blood Into rivers 3rd Bowl Judgments

21 Scorching Upon the sun 4 th Darkness Upon throne of the Beast 5 th Dry up the Euphrates 6 th Earthquake, hail Upon air 7 th

22  It Is Well With My Soul  When peace like a river, attendeth my way, When sorrows like sea billows roll; Whatever my lot, Thou hast taught me to say, It is well, it is well, with my soul.  Refrain: It is well, with my soul, It is well, with my soul, It is well, it is well, with my soul.  Though Satan should buffet, though trials should come, Let this blest assurance control, That Christ has regarded my helpless estate, And hath shed His own blood for my soul.  My sin, oh, the bliss of this glorious thought! My sin, not in part but the whole, Is nailed to the cross, and I bear it no more, Praise the Lord, praise the Lord, O my soul!  For me, be it Christ, be it Christ hence to live: If Jordan above me shall roll, No pang shall be mine, for in death as in life, Thou wilt whisper Thy peace to my soul.  But Lord, 'tis for Thee, for Thy coming we wait, The sky, not the grave, is our goal; Oh, trump of the angel! Oh, voice of the Lord! Blessed hope, blessed rest of my soul.  And Lord, haste the day when my faith shall be sight, The clouds be rolled back as a scroll; The trump shall resound, and the Lord shall descend, Even so, it is well with my soul.  Horatio Spafford

23  When and how will Christ return?  Could he come back at any hour? Grudem, Wayne. Systematic Theology, 1994. Zondervan

24  There will be a sudden, personal, visible, bodily return of Christ.  We should eagerly long for Christ’s return.

25  We do not know when Christ will return. ◦ “Anyone who claims to know specifically when Jesus is coming back is automatically to be considered wrong.” ◦ “Anyone who claims to know the date on which Christ will return—from whatever source—should be rejected as incorrect.”

26  All evangelicals agree on the final result of Christ’s return.  There is disagreement over the details of future events.  Could Christ come back at any time?

27  What is the millennium?  When does it occur?  Will Christians go through the Great Tribulation?

28  Who will be judged?  What is hell? Grudem, Wayne. Systematic Theology, 1994. Zondervan



31  Contemporary ◦ they had a direct message to the local churches of the John’s day. ◦ John was writing to churches that he well knew.  Composite ◦ Each one is a composite picture of the church. ◦ There is something that is applicable to all churches in all ages in each message to the individual church.  Chronological ◦ The panoramic history of the church ◦ From Pentecost to the upper air

32 CommendationCondemnation Ephesus Smyrna Pergamum Thyatira Sardis Philadelphia Laodicea

33 [1] [1] McGee, J. Vernon. Thru the Bible. 1983. Nashville: Nelson.

34 Grudem, Wayne. Systematic Theology. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1994.

35  If this significant event were to happen, we might at least expect that explicit teaching to that effect would be found in the New Testament

36  Throughout history, I Thess. 4:17 and I Cor. 15:51-52 have been understood not of a secret rapture of the church before the tribulation, but of a very visible public rapture (or “taking up”) of the church to with Christ just a few moments prior to his coming to earth with them to reign during the millennial kingdom

37  It is difficult to understand I Thess. 4:17 as a secret coming of the Lord if in I Thess. 4:16 it says that, “For the Lord himself will descend from heaven with a cry of command, with the voice of an archangel, and with the sound of the trumpet of God. And the dead in Christ will rise first.” (That seems open and public)

38  Moreover, even if one believes this doctrine to be in Scripture, it is taught with such little clarity that it was not discovered until the nineteenth century. This does not make it seem likely.

39  The loud trumpet call to gather the elect in Matthew 24:31, the sound of the trumpet of God in I Thess. 4:16 and the last trumpet at which our bodies are changed in I Cor. 15:51-52 all seem to be the same trumpet—the last trumpet that is blown just before the millennium. If it is indeed the “last trumpet” (I Cor. 15:52), then it is hard to see how another loud trumpet call (Matthew 24:31) could follow it seven years later.

40  In addition, Matthew 24 is very difficult to understand as referring not to the church but to Jewish people who would be saved during the tribulation. Jesus is addressing his disciples (Matt. 24: 1-4) and warning them of persecution and suffering to come.

41  Finally, the New Testament does not seem to justify the idea of two separate returns of Christ  (once for his church before the tribulation and then seven years later with his church to bring judgement on unbelievers).

42  It seems best to conclude, with the great majority of the church throughout history, that the church will go through the time of tribulation predicted by Jesus. We would probably not have chosen this path for ourselves, but the decision was not ours to make.

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