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THE FOURTH SERVANT SONG - THE EXALTED AND SUFFERING SERVANT (ISAIAH 52:13-53:12)

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Presentation on theme: "THE FOURTH SERVANT SONG - THE EXALTED AND SUFFERING SERVANT (ISAIAH 52:13-53:12)"— Presentation transcript:

1 THE FOURTH SERVANT SONG - THE EXALTED AND SUFFERING SERVANT (ISAIAH 52:13-53:12)

2 To solve the problem of human sin once for all, God would raise up a Servant who would suffer and die vicariously for sinners one day. There are two major themes running through the above passages:

3 A. THE EXALTED SERVANT (ISAIAH 52:13-15) A clear prophecy about Jesus in this passage: 1. The divine goal for the Servant is exaltation (Isaiah 52:13) - God intended his Servant to be highly exalted. See Hebrews 1:3; 2:8 2. The path to exaltation involves humiliation (Isaiah 52:14) - Yet the Servant has to undergo suffering and death. See Hebrews 2:9-10; Philippians 2:5-11 * For Jesus, the Cross precedes the Crown. Application: Suffering now becomes the pathway to exaltation

4 B. THE SUFFERING SERVANT (ISAIAH 53:1-12) 2 MAJOR TRUTHS ABOUT THE SUFFERING SERVANT: 1. Jesus as the Servant of God – see Mark 10:45; Acts 8: Jesus voluntarily suffered on behalf of others A PROPHECY ABOUT THE SUFFERING SERVANT 1. Isaiah made this prophecy around 700 years earlier 2. Jesus fulfilled each detail of this prophecy

5 MAJOR FEATURES OF THIS PROPHECY The Servant of God has to undergo 1. A rejection by the Jews (vv. 1-3) a) Jesus was despised by his own people. See John 1:9-11. b) Jesus thus became the ‘man of sorrows’ Application: Jesus can fully emphatise with our personal brokenness

6 2. A sacrificial death (vv. 7-9) a) Jesus voluntarily laid down his life for our sake (John 10:15-18) b) God did not even spare his own Son but gave him up for us all (Romans 8:32) Application: We should never doubt that God always has our best interest at heart.

7 3. A vicarious death (vv. 4-6; 10-12) a) Jesus died as our personal substitute on the Cross * Illustration: the case of Barabbas (Matthew 27:15-26) b) Jesus averted and absorbed divine wrath upon himself * The cry of dereliction on the Cross (Matthew 27:46) * The crux of substitutionary atonement: How then could God express simultaneously his holiness in judgment and his love in pardon? Only by providing a divine substitute for the sinner, so that the substitute would receive the judgment and the sinner the pardon - John Stott Application: Jesus calls each one of us to a life of taking up the cross daily (Luke 9:23)

8 CONCLUDING REMARKS: How then should we live in the light of Jesus suffering and dying for our sins? See 1 Peter 2:21-25


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