Presentation on theme: "My Soul Delighteth in the Words of Isaiah”"— Presentation transcript:
1My Soul Delighteth in the Words of Isaiah” 2 Nephi 11-25
2Isaiah = the Lord is salvation Prophet in Jerusalem during 40 years, BCContemporary Prophets: Hosea and MicahHe had great religious and political influence during the reign of Hezekiah, whose chief adviser he was.Isaiah is the most quoted of all the prophets, being more frequently quoted by Jesus, Paul, Peter, and John than any other Old Testament prophet.BD 707
3Most QuotedNineteen of Isaiah’s sixty-six chapters are quoted in their entirety in the Book of Mormon and, except for two verses, two other chapters are completely quoted.Of the 1292 verses in Isaiah, about 430 are quoted in the Book of Mormon, some of them more than once (for a total of nearly 600).More than half of the Isaiah verses quoted in the Book of Mormon differ from the King James version of the Bible. These differences help clarify or give additional insight into the meaning of Isaiah. BD 707
4If all of the quotations from Isaiah in the Book of Mormon were moved into one place and called the book of Isaiah, it would constitute the fourth largest book in the Book of MormonBOM Sem manual
5Why Nephi quoted Isaiah To more fully persuade them to believe in the Lord2 Ne 11:2-4To provide another witness of Jesus Christ2 Ne 11:5-6,8To help us (his readers) rejoice2 Ne 25:3To reveal God’s judgments
6Keys to understanding Isaiah 1 Ne 19:23; 2 Ne 11:2,8“Liken all scriptures unto us”2 Ne 25:1“Know … concerning the manner of prophesying among the Jews”2 Ne 25:3,6“Know the judgments of God”2 Ne 25:6“Know concerning the regions round about [Jerusalem]”2 Ne 25:4Be “filled with the spirit of prophecy”
7Why Liken?Nephi includes many historical passages in his Isaiah extracts and gives them not as history lessons so much as lessons from history, showing the past types and patterns that can influence later generations.He recognized that scripture will help only those readers who can personally relate to its message.ISAIAH: PROPHET, SEER, AND POET, Victor L. Ludlow
8Isaiah’s Writing Class? I suspect the Humanities Writing class had instructions more like these:Conceal what you’re going to say. Never use the same noun twice when referring to a person, group or place (Isaiah uses five different names to describe the same place in 2 Ne 17). Speak of future events in past tense at times. (Isa 53) In fact, have no time frame — move in and out of past, present and future without telling the reader what you’re doing. Use complex symbolism rather than simple parables. Never let anyone know whether you’re being literal or figurative.John Bytheway, Isaiah for Airheads, 28
9Manner of prophesying.. Symbolism John Bytheway, Isaiah for Airheads, 28
10Isaiah’s writings deal with: BD 707Isaiah’s writings deal with:A major theme is that God requires righteousness of his people , and until they obey him they will be smitten and scattered by their enemies. But in the end, Israel will be restored; the barren land will be made fruitful and able to support a large population; and the Lord…will dwell in the midst of his people, who will be called Zion. BD, 707The bulk of Isaiah’s prophecies deal with the coming of the Redeemer, both in his first appearance and as the Great King at the last day, as the God of Israel.Isaiah deals with events of his day as well as events beyond his time, some of which have already come to pass and others are yet to be. He uses local themes and extends them to latter-day fulfillment or application. So some prophecies are fulfilled more than one time and have more than one application. B
11Know God’s judgmentsIsaiah foresaw how the kingdoms of Israel and Judah would suffer because of their wickedness, but he also prophesied that their blessings would be restored when they repented and followed Jesus Christ. From Isaiah’s accounts of what happened to Israel and Judah, and from his prophecies of the future restoration of the house of Israel, we can better understand how God works in our lives and how He blesses nations according to their righteousness.
13Isaiah’s Ministry Begins Assyrians Capture the Northern Kingdom Babylonian Captivity Jews Return to JudahThe Four Events are: | B.C |Assyrians attack the southern kingdom of Judah
14Be filled with the spirit of prophecy Rev 19:10 What is the spirit of prophecy?Revelation 19:10 tells us that “the testimony of Jesus is the spirit of prophecy.”How can we obtain it?How can the spirit of prophecy help us understand Isaiah’s teachings about the Savior?
152 Ne 20:28-34Liken – look at the chapter heading
16Uses the threats against ancient Israel to describe threats against Zion today The Assyrian and Babylonian threats against Judah and House of IsraelThe attacksThe scattering and destruction of the wickedThe blessings of the righteousThe battle between the world (Babylon) and Zion in our dayThe attacksThe destruction of the wickedThe blessings of the righteous=
17Who are The Assyrians?“A captured city was usually plundered and burnt to the ground, and its site was deliberately denuded by killing its trees. The loyalty of the troops was secured by dividing a large part of the spoils among them; their bravery was ensured by the general rule of the Near East that all captives in war might be enslaved or slain. Soldiers were rewarded for every severed head they brought in from the field, so that the aftermath of a victory generally witnessed the wholesale decapitation of fallen foes. Most often the prisoners, who would have consumed much food in a long campaign, and would have constituted a danger and nuisance in the rear, were dispatched after the battle; they knelt with their backs to their captors, who beat their heads in with clubs, or cut them off with cutlasses. Scribes stood by to count the number of prisoners taken and killed by each soldier, and apportioned the booty accordingly; the king, if time permitted, presided at the slaughter. The nobles among the defeated were given more special treatment: their ears, noses, hands and feet were sliced off, or they were thrown from high towers, or they and their children were beheaded, or flayed alive, or roasted over a slow fire. ( Durant, Our Oriental Heritage, 1:271, 275–76.)-OT Institute Manual
182 Ne 20:28-34 Know the geography We are holding out here in the Canton ward and the enemy is on the hill the other side of MarketWe face 185,000 troops (Assyrians!!!!!)
19What happened?Cedars of Lebanon – prized hardwood tree, a symbol of the pride of the world
20So what happened with this prophecy? Isaiah 37:36 Then the angel of the Lord went forth, and smote in the camp of the Assyrians a hundred and four score and five thousand: and when they arose early in the morning, behold, they were all dead corpses. (See Isa 36-37;2 Kings 18:13-19:37)Within a twenty-year period the mighty Assyrian army encircled the capitals of both Israel and Judah.Israel: In the first instance, the Assyrians went home victorious, laden with the spoils of war and herding the sorry remnants of a once-proud people before them. Behind them a nation lay smoldering in ruins.Judah: In the second instance, the same Assyrian army went home stunned and decimated. They took no booty and no captives and left behind 185,000 of their troops lying dead on the hillsides of Jerusalem.OT Institute Manual,
212 Ne 12:2-3 Fortifications against the attack What symbolic meanings are associated with mountains?When was 2 Nephi 12:2 fulfilled, or when will it be fulfilled?
22The temple to be built in Jerusalem in the last days and the New Jerusalem
232 Ne 12:2-3 The mountain of the Lord Why do you think Isaiah described the temple as “the mountain of the Lord”?How can all temples be “mountains” for our worship?
24SymbolismAncient prophets communed with the Lord and received revelation in the mountainsDescribes a place close to GodDescriptive of the effort it takes to get to the “mountain of the Lord”A description of a time when the temple and the instruction therein are valued more than other edifices or values
251 Nephi 18:3And I, Nephi, did go into the mount oft, and I did pray oft unto the Lord; wherefore the Lord showed unto me great things.
262 Ne 14:6 Places of refugeWhat are some examples of spiritual storms that we face in this life?How can the temple help protect us from these storms?
27Places of refugeDwelling placesAssembliesTabernacles
282 Ne 12:3-5; D&C 133:7-14 The attack: establish the kingdom of God on earth How can we as Latter-day Saints help establish the kingdom of God on earth?
292 Ne 12:5-12 Walk in the light of the Lord What are some of the specific sins mentioned ?How are these sins still prevalent today? How can we avoid these pitfalls and “walk in the light”?
30Wicked Ways Today? Isaiah Today Replenished from the east Please themselves in the children of strangersHearken unto soothsayersLand full of silver and goldLand full of horses and chariotsLand full of idolsHumbleth himself notLook to other philosophies and religionsJoin the wickedness of the worldIgnore the true prophet for false counselorsMaterialisticWarfareWorship things other than the true GodNo humility
32Occasionally we cut the “cords of vanity” and let go of a favorite sin, but all too often we only periodically cast off from our cart a sin here and there rather than just letting go of the cart rope.Brent Top, A Peculiar Treasure,160
332 Ne 15:26-29; 21:12 Ensign to the nations What did Isaiah say would happen when this ensign was raised?
342 Ne 21; JSH 1:40When the angel Moroni appeared to Joseph Smith, he said that chapter 11 of Isaiah (quoted in 2 Nephi 21) was about to be fulfilled (Joseph Smith—History 1:40).How is the restored gospel of Jesus Christ an ensign to all nations? (See D&C 64:41–43; 105:39; 115:4–6.)
352 Ne 21:12 Nations gatheredWhat can each of us do to help fulfill this prophecy?
362 Ne 16:1-5 Isaiah’s vision/Our call How did Isaiah feel in the presence of the Lord?
372 Ne 16:2-4 SeraphimD&C 77:4 wings are symbolic of power to move or act quicklyCover faces and feet to show reverenceHoly, holy, holy = most holy, holiestShook =the presence of GodIncense = the glory of God, prayers ascend to heaven
382 Ne 16:5-8 Burning coal? Undone = inadequate, humbled Live coal = from the altar, which is symbolic of the atonementBurning = purifying power, cleansing, painful process of repentance and the sanctifying effect of the “refiner’s fire”
392 Ne 16:8 Here am I send meThe service which builds a young, growing Church is not casually requested nor whimsically given. On occasion the obstacles have been great and the price sometimes very dear.Jeffrey R Holland, CR, Oct 2002When might we need to give a similar response to the Lord?
40Life in the service of the Lord is good. When I was a missionary in London fifty years ago, my companion and I would shake hands in the morning and say to one another, “Life is good.” Life in the service of the Lord is good. It is beautiful. It is rewarding.Gordon B Hinckley, Ensign, Nov 1984,86
42Fate of the enemy What Lucifer wanted What Lucifer gets Ascend into heavenExalt to a throne above the starsSit upon the count of the congregationAscend above the heights of the cloudsBe like the Most HighBrought down to hell, the pitTrodden under feetNo great monuments
432 Ne 25:19-30 Nephi’s testimony of the Savior What impresses you about Nephi’s testimony?
452 Ne 22:1-6Isaiah’s description of how all people will praise the Savior during the Millennium. What impresses you about these verses?What “excellent things” (2 Nephi 22:5) has the Savior done for us?
462 Ne 25:23 Grace and worksWhat does this statement teach about the relationship between the grace of Jesus Christ and our works? (See 2 Nephi 10:24–25; D&C 20:29–31How does this statement give you encouragement to do the best you can?
472 Ne 25:29 WorshipWhat might you do this week to comply more fully with Nephi’s exhortation to worship the Lord “with all your might, mind, and strength, and your whole soul”?
48the Savior gave His approval of Isaiah’s teachings in this single statement: “Yea, a commandment I give unto you that ye search these things diligently; for great are the words of Isaiah” (3 Nephi 23:1).