Presentation on theme: "Prophetic Monotheism: Judaism. Abraham: the Patriarch ·Founder of Judaism ·Moved from ·Mesopotamia to Canaan (Israel) ·Tested by God ·Covenant: monotheism."— Presentation transcript:
Prophetic Monotheism: Judaism
Abraham: the Patriarch ·Founder of Judaism ·Moved from ·Mesopotamia to Canaan (Israel) ·Tested by God ·Covenant: monotheism ·“I will make you the father of a great nation”
Moses the Lawgiver 1.10 Plagues and “Passover” 2.Ten Commandments 3.Exodus to the Promised Land (Israel) 4.Moses believed author of the Torah 5.Gods chosen people
10 commandments ·Rules for Judaism and Christianity
Torah and Talmud ·Sacred Text of Judaism. ·In Christianity, Torah is known as the Old Testament
Jewish view of Jesus? ·Jesus is a prophet, not the sun of God or the messiah. ·They are still waiting for the messiah to return.
Kosher Laws ·Food must be blessed ·Do not mix meat and dairy ·Do not eat Pork (dirty animal)
Kingdom of Israel ·Saul ·David - conquers city of Jerusalem ·Solomon - builds temple in Jerusalem ·Fall to the Assyrians ·Babylonian exile ·First temple destroyed
Wailing Wall ·In Jerusalem, people often write prayers for God and put them within the wall. It is from when the first temple was destroyed
Jewish Diaspora ·Numerous Jewish revolts in Palestine (Roman name for the region). The Romans crush the revolts, destroy the temple in the CITY OF JERUSALEM, and the Jews disperse.
Medieval Anti-Semitism ·In the Middle Ages, Charlemagne asked Jews to move to his Holy Roman Empire because Christians were not allowed to lend money (it was seen as the sin of usury) ·Many European nations attempted to forcibly convert or expel Jews from their kingdoms. After the Crusades, Anti-Semitism increases greatly.
Attacks and Expulsions ·The First Crusaders rampage through Jewish communities in Northern Europe en route; ·Jews often live apart in ghettoes; ·Jews are blamed for the plague; ·Jews are expelled from France, Italy, England, Germany, Spain, etc. ·Many move to Poland, Russia, etc.
Pogroms in Russia ·1791: Jews in Russia must live within an area called the Pale ·Czarist govt. authorities in 19th C. Russia encourage attacks on Jewish settlements
Twentieth Century ·Zionism (the Jewish Nationalist Movement to return to Israel) grows ·The Balfour Declaration in England promises to support a Jewish Homeland ·The Holocaust ·The Creation of Israel by the United Nations after World War II
Arab-Israeli Wars ·1948 Wars of Independence ·1968 Six Day War ·1973 October (Yom Kippur) War Peace Accords: ·Egypt ·Jordan
Disputed Territories ·Grey Territories: Palestine ·Blue: Jewish settlements ·Since 1948, Israel has expanded its control of some of this land for security reasons.
Miscellaneous ·Rosh Hashanah ·Yom Kippur ·Chanukah ·Pesach (Passover) ·Sabbath (at home or synagogue/temple) ·Bar / Bat Mitzvah