Presentation on theme: "Grasping God’s Word New Testament—Revelation Chapter 17."— Presentation transcript:
Grasping God’s Word New Testament—Revelation Chapter 17
Introductory Matters Author: John (author of gospel and epistles) Date: AD 96 Location: Patmos (Roman exile) Occasion: persecution under Domitian Literary Type: A Prophetic Epistle with Apocalyptic style Content: Four visions (things that are and things that are to come)
Apocalyptic Literature Description of end of world history Visions and dreams Symbolic depiction of events Battles between the forces of good and evil
Difference: Revelation & Apocalyptic Literature References to the book as prophecy Prophetic warnings & calls for repentance Lack of pseudonymity Optimistic worldview No retracing of past as if prophecy Realized eschatology (end had begun) Little interpretation by angels Belief that Messiah had already come Morris, The Book of Revelation, pp
Themes Second coming of Christ Sovereignty of God in history Wrath of God against evil Holiness and justice of God Limited, but vicious power of evil Person of Christ: slaughtered lamb & conquering king
Outline I. Things That Are A. Introductionchapter 1 B. Letters to Seven Churcheschapters 2-3 II. Things That Are to Come A. Heavenchapters 4-5 B. Seven Sealschapters 6-7 C. Seven Trumpetschapters 8-11 D. Woman, Dragon, and Beastschapters E. Seven Bowlschapters F. The Judgmentchapters G. New Heaven and New Earthchapters Revelation, by Lewis Foster, page 24.
Use of Symbols NUMBERS fractions: incompleteness 4: the earth 5: punishment 6: evil 7: God or heaven 10 and 12: completeness 666: ultimate evil 1000: completeness (10 cube) 144,000: faithful on earth (12x12x1000) COLORS white: purity emerald green: life pale green: death gold: value red: sin black: famine
Past Future Continuous Historical Ideal Late first century persecution under the Roman emperor Domitian (81-96) AD Events associated with the end of time/return of Jesus Events between John’s day and the return of Jesus Four Schools of Interpretation
First ComingSecond Coming Millennium (heaven)Tribulation Rapture judgment, final state Second Coming Rapture judgment, final state First Coming TribulationMillennium (earth) First Coming Tribulation Second Coming judgment, final state Rapture Millennium (Christians) First Coming Rapture Tribulation Second Coming judgment, final state Armageddon Millennium (Israel) Amillenialism Postmillennialism Historic Premillennialism Dispensational Premillennialism Millennial Views
Historical Premillennialism (held strongly during the first four centuries) Amillennialism (held by near all Christians from the 400s to the 1500s) Postmillennialism (held by many North American Christians during the 1800s) Dispensational Premillennialism (extremely popular in the United States since World War I) Timeline of Millennial Views
Principles of Interpretation Figurative Language: Figures of speech are normal in all written language, and should be recognized and interpreted according to first-century understanding. Simplicity of Meaning: The simplest explanation of complex information is generally preferred in science as well as interpretation of scripture, unless there is some compelling reason to do otherwise. Telescoping of Time: A biblical prophecy may refer to both a near and a remote event (Isaiah 61:1-3). Time Lines: Chronology can not be established with absolute certainty, but the need to make Jesus one’s first love can. Holman New Testament Commentary: Revelation, Kendell H. Easley, page 8.
A Final Thought …Revelation both opens and closes with promises of blessing to those who heed its teachings (1:3; 22:7), not to those who intellectually decipher its prophetic landscapes. Kendell H. Easley