Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Masculinity and feminity – Myths and Stereotypes

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "Masculinity and feminity – Myths and Stereotypes"— Presentation transcript:

1 Masculinity and feminity – Myths and Stereotypes

2 Gender is not the same as sex
Gender – non physiological aspects of being male or female – the cultural expectations of being masculine or feminine. Gender identity – An individuals private experience of the self as female or male Gender role – set of behaviors socially defined as appropriate for one’s self.

3 Stereotype Stereotypes are socially shared beliefs that certain qualities can be assigned to individuals based on their membership in a particular group – gender, race, national origin, social class, age, religion or even height.

4 Gender Roles




8 Williams & Bennett, 1975 Women: Affected, affectionate, appreciative, attractive, charming, complaining, dependent, dreamy, emotional, excitable, feminine, fickle flirtatious frivolous, fussy, gentle, high-strung, meek, mild, nagging, prudish, rattlebrained, sensitive, sentimental, softhearted, sophisticated, submissive, talkative, weak, whiney.

9 Williams & Bennett, 1975 Men: Adventurous, aggressive, ambitious, assertive, autocratic, boastful, course, confident, courageous, cruel, daring, disorderly, dominant, enterprising, forceful, handsome, independent, jolly logical, loud, masculine, rational, realistic, robust, self-confident, severe, stable, steady, stern, strong, tough, unemotional, unexcitable.

10 DeLisi & Soundaranayagam, 1990
There were agreement on the following: Female core traits: Niceness/nurturance dimension Male core traits: Potency/power dimension Differences: Females saw themselves as capable, competent, dependable, intelligent and responsible. Males saw females as attractive, good-looking, sexy and sofe.

11 Do stereotypes imply prejudice?
Prejudice: The negtive valuation of persons or their activities because of thei memebership in a particular group. Sexism: The brand of prejudice that is based on a person’s sexual category. Discrimination???

12 Feminist





17 In Africa men wear the finery
Kukuku Tunisia

18 Masai

19 Self-image

20 Stereotypes of African Americans

21 Asian stereotypes

22 Arab women the veil

23 Gender Schema Schemas are cognitive structures that derive from the integration and organization of particular types of knowledge.  Once developed, they influence the categorization, interpretation, and comprehension of social events and behaviors.  Self-schemas, in particular, are those cognitive structures that contain integrated and organized information about the self--the unique aspects of people's personality, abilities, achievements, interests, and appearance






29 How are stereotypes maintained
Childrearing practices Toys and clothing Media – ads, stories, movies, sit-coms Other

30 Self–fulfilling prophecy
The concept of the self-fulfilling prophecy can be summarized in these key principles: We form certain expectations of people or events We communicate those expectations with various cues. People tend to respond to these cues by adjusting their behavior to match them. The result is that the original expectation becomes true. This creates a circle of self-fulfilling prophecies.

Download ppt "Masculinity and feminity – Myths and Stereotypes"

Similar presentations

Ads by Google