2 The Importance of Studying Bible Prophecy Because it is part of God's WordBecause nearly one third of Scripture was prophetic when it was originally writtenBecause fulfilled prophecy demonstrates God's sovereignty over the events of historyBecause it gives incentive to holy livingBecause it gives hope of Christ's returnBecause it reminds us of the temporal nature of this world and the eternal nature of heaven
3 The Dangers of Studying Bible Prophecy Preoccupation with current eventsJumping to conclusions about the meaning of current eventsThinking that we can know the unknowable, i.e. the date of Christ's returnPride that we have uncovered the hidden mysteries of GodPride that we are better than other believersIgnoring present responsibilities because we think that Christ is about to return
4 3 Primary Views of Future View of Rev. 20:4-6 is key:Amillennial1000 years not literal but symbolic. Reign of Christ in hearts of believers.Postmillennial1000 years not literal. But Christ returns only after world is Christianized.Premillennial1000 years are literal. Christ will personally return to establish a literal, earthly kingdom.
5 Amillennial View Second Coming Messianic Kingdom General resurrection General judgementIsrael & Church =One people of GodDuration unknownEternal
6 Postmillennial View Second Coming Church will establish Christ’s Kingdom through spread of gospelMessianic KingdomGeneral resurrectionGeneral judgementIsrael & Church =One people of GodDuration unknownEternal
7 Premillennial View Rapture Second Coming Church Age Tribulation Messianic KingdomDuration unknownDuration7 yearsDuration1000 years
8 Principles of Interpretation Literal (historical-grammatical) interpretationUnderstand the historical, cultural situation of the original recipientsUnderstand the language of the original writerUnderstand the purpose of the original writerUnderstand the figures of speech
9 Determine Single Meaning “A passage of Scripture has only one basic interpretation. Those who would handle the Word of truth honestly must seek to find that before making any other use of the passage. The application of a passage of Scripture must be governed by the same rules of interpretation that apply in all handling of the Scriptures.”John Phillips, Bible Explorer’s Guide
10 Distinguish Israel & the Church If we follow a literal interpretation of Scripture, and follow the progress of revelation in Scripture, we naturally arrive at the clear distinction of Israel and the Church.The nation of Israel rejected the Messiah and so a “blindness in part has happened to Israel until the fullness of the Gentiles has come in.”God has now begun a new work with the Church, a mystery not revealed in the OT.
11 The Promises of God Noahic Covenant, Genesis 9:1-18 An unconditional covenant where God promised never to destroy the world again with a flood. The rainbow was given as the sign of the covenant.Abrahamic Covenant, Genesis 12:1-15:17An unconditional covenant where God promised blessing to Abraham and through him and his seed, to the entire world. Circumcision was given as the sign of the covenant.
12 The Promises of God Mosaic Covenant, Ex. 20:1-31:18 A conditional covenant made with the nation of Israel, promising blessing for obedience and judgement on disobedience.Palestinian Covenant, Gen. 15:18-21; cp. Deut. 30:1-10An unconditional covenant made with the nation of Israel, promising that Israel will possess the Promised Land forever.
13 The Promises of God Davidic Covenant, 2 Sam. 7:4-16 An unconditional covenant where God promised David that his throne, lineage, and kingdom will be eternal.New Covenant, Jeremiah 31:31-33An unconditional covenant where God promised Israel regeneration, forgiveness, and the indwelling Holy Spirit.
14 The Messianic KingdomThe message of John the Baptist and of the Lord JesusNo explanation is given by them, indicating that they should have known what this kingdom wasTherefore, we should go back to the OT to understand what the kingdom is
15 The Messianic KingdomDefinition — “The Kingdom of God may be defined broadly as the rule of God over His creation.” (Alva McClain)Distinction between:God’s eternal kingdomThe mediatorial kingdomThe mystery form of the kingdomThe manifestation of the kingdom
16 Daniel’s Visions A Great Image 2:31-45 4 Great Beasts 7:3-27 Ram & Goat8:3-26SymbolizesHead of goldLion with eagle’s wingsBabylonian EmpireChest & arms of silverBear w/ 3 ribs in its mouthRam with 2 hornsMedo-Persian EmpireBelly & thighs of bronzeLeopard 4 wings & 4 headsMale goat w/ large hornGreek EmpireLegs of ironDreadful & terrible beastRoman EmpireFeet part iron, part clayAnother horn, a little oneRevived Roman EmpireStone cut without handsOne like the Son of ManMessianic Kingdom
17 Daniel’s 70 sevens Daniel 9:20-27 The context, vv. 20-23 The content, vv70 sevens are determinedFor your people and your holy citySix purposes are statedThree periods outlined
18 Daniel’s 70 sevens Six purposes stated To finish the transgression To make an end of sinsTo make reconciliation for iniquityTo bring in everlasting righteousnessTo seal up vision and prophecyAnd to anoint the Most Holy
19 Daniel’s 70 sevens Three periods outlined 7 sevens (7x7=49 years) 1 seven (1x7=7 years)Total of 490 years483 years have passed7 years remain
20 Daniel’s 70 sevens Begins with command to rebuild Jerusalem Four decrees were made by Persian rulers, but only the fourth had to do with the city:538 B.C. — by Cyrus regarding rebuilding the temple (Ezra 1)520 B.C. — by Darius I confirming the first decree (Ezra 6)457 B.C. — by Artaxerxes concerning financial backing for animal sacrifices (Ezra 7)444 B.C. — by Artaxerxes concerning the city walls (Neh. 2)
21 Daniel’s 70 sevensFrom the command to rebuild in 444 B.C. until Messiah the Prince will be 69 weeks.If each “seven” represents seven years, then 69 x 7 = 483 years483 years from the command to rebuild Jerusalem in 444 B.C., Christ entered Jerusalem on Palm Sunday!
22 Daniel’s 70 sevensAfter the 69 sevens (but before the start of the 70th seven), Messiah will be cut off, but not for HimselfThen the city will be destroyed by the people of the coming princeThe Romans, under General Titus, destroyed Jerusalem in AD. 70
23 Daniel’s 70 sevensThen he (the Roman prince) will confirm a covenant with many (the Jews) for one seven (7 years)After 3 ½ years, the covenant is broken by the Prince through a desecration of the Temple offerings.Note that the Temple must be reconstructed and functioning during this time.
24 Daniel’s 70 sevensThe second half of Daniel’s 70th week is spoken of elsewhere as:42 months, Rev. 11:21260 days, Rev. 11:3time, times, and half a time, Rev. 12:14; Dan. 7:25Therefore it is clearly a precise period of 3 ½ years, and therefore, the 70th week is 7 years long.
25 Daniel’s 70 sevens Daniel’s 70th week also described as: The time of Jacob’s trouble, Jer. 30:7The tribulation, Matt. 24:29The Great Tribulation, Rev. 7:14But remember, that Daniel’s 70 sevens have to do with the nation of Israel
26 Daniel’s 70 Weeks – Daniel 9:24-27 70 weeks (Heb. heptads) = 490 yearsSix purposes are stated (v. 24)Three fulfilled atChrist’s first adventThree to be fulfilled atChrist’s second adventNote: The focus of the prophecy is the nation of Israel & the city of Jerusalem (v. 24).To finish the transgressionTo make an end of sinsTo make reconciliation for iniquityTo bring in everlasting righteousnessTo seal up vision & prophecyTo anoint the Most HolyThe Timing & Sequence of Daniel’s 70 weeksThe 70 weeks begins with the command to restore and rebuild Jerusalem.7 weeks =49 years62 weeks =434 yearsAfter the 69 weeks,But not during the 70th1 week = 7 yearsRebuilding the city, 444 BC until 395 BCEnded with Christ’s triumphal entryMessiah cut off, but not for Himself. He suffers for sins of othersFinal week begins with 7-year covenant signed by PrincePeople of Prince shall destroy Jerusalem. Fulfilled in AD 70In the middle of week, Prince causes sacrifices to ceaseGap between 69th & 70th weeks has now extended nearly 2000 years.There will then be much suffering until consummation
27 An Outline of Future Events The beginning of sorrows, Matt. 24:4-14The rapture of the Church, 1 Thes. 4:13-18; John 14:1-2The tribulation, Matt. 24:15-29; Rev. 6-7Battle of Gog & Magog, Ezekiel 38-39Signing of peace treaty, Dan. 9Great Tribulation, Rev. 8-18Battle of Armageddon, Rev. 16The return of Christ in glory, Matt. 24:30-31; Rev. 19:11-16Judgement of nations, Matt. 25:31-46
28 An Outline of Future Events The Millennial Kingdom of Christ, Rev. 20:1-6; Isa. 11:1-10Satan will be loosed for a period again, Rev. 20:7-8Final Great Battle, Rev. 20:8-9Satan cast into lake of fire, Rev. 20:10Great White Throne judgement of unbelievers, Rev. 20:11-15New heavens and earth created – eternal state, Rev
29 The Day of the LordThe Old Testament prophets spoke much of the Day of the Lord.The Day of the Lord was a time of judgement, but also includes promises to Israel that God will restore themSometimes it referred to events near at hand, but often it was looking forward to God’s final victoryThe future Day of the Lord will include the Tribulation, Return of the King, Millennial Kingdom of Christ, and the establishment of new heavens and earth
30 The Day of ChristThe day of Christ is distinct from the day of the Lord.The day of Jesus Christ (Phil. 1:10; 2:16) is the time at which the Lord Jesus evaluates the works of believers.This is also known as the Judgement Seat of Christ (Bema), Rom. 14:10; 2 Cor. 5:10; 1 Cor. 3:13Believers are judged at the Bema.Unbelievers are judged at the Great White Throne
31 The Day of GodThe day of God refers to the eternal state. It follows the final phase of the Day of the Lord when the heavens and earth will be destroyed. The day of God is the Day of His complete and final triumph. For this reason it is a day we should wait for and earnestly desire...The day of God is not the time in which the final destruction takes place. Instead, this ultimate judgment must occur before the Day of God can be ushered in. (Wm. MacDonald)
32 3 Days Christ Rapture Second Coming God Church Age Tribulation MillenniumThe Day of the LordJudgementRestoration
33 3 Resurrections Rapture Second Coming Church Age Tribulation MillenniumThe “rest of the dead”i.e. UnbelieversRev 20:5Church ageSaints1 Thes. 4Trib saints &OT saintsDan 12:2; Rev 20:4
34 3 Judgements 1 2 3 Rapture Second Coming Church Age Tribulation Millennium1 = Judgement seat of Christ– rewards for believers2 = Judgement of sheep & goats– entrance to earthly kingdom3 = Great White Throne judgement– punishment of unbelievers
35 3 Battles Rapture Second Coming Church Age Tribulation Millennium 1 = Battle of Gog & Magog, Ezekiel 38-392 = Battle of Armageddon, Rev 16:12-163 = Final battle, Rev 20:7-10
36 Conclusion Titus 2:13 Revelation 22:7 ...looking for the blessed hope and glorious appearing of our great God and Saviour Jesus ChristRevelation 22:7“Behold, I am coming quickly! Blessed is he who keeps the words of the prophecy of this book.”