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Understanding the Future. The Importance of Studying Bible Prophecy Because it is part of God's Word Because it is part of God's Word Because nearly one.

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Presentation on theme: "Understanding the Future. The Importance of Studying Bible Prophecy Because it is part of God's Word Because it is part of God's Word Because nearly one."— Presentation transcript:

1 Understanding the Future

2 The Importance of Studying Bible Prophecy Because it is part of God's Word Because it is part of God's Word Because nearly one third of Scripture was prophetic when it was originally written Because nearly one third of Scripture was prophetic when it was originally written Because fulfilled prophecy demonstrates God's sovereignty over the events of history Because fulfilled prophecy demonstrates God's sovereignty over the events of history Because it gives incentive to holy living Because it gives incentive to holy living Because it gives hope of Christ's return Because it gives hope of Christ's return Because it reminds us of the temporal nature of this world and the eternal nature of heaven Because it reminds us of the temporal nature of this world and the eternal nature of heaven

3 The Dangers of Studying Bible Prophecy Preoccupation with current events Preoccupation with current events Jumping to conclusions about the meaning of current events Jumping to conclusions about the meaning of current events Thinking that we can know the unknowable, i.e. the date of Christ's return Thinking that we can know the unknowable, i.e. the date of Christ's return Pride that we have uncovered the hidden mysteries of God Pride that we have uncovered the hidden mysteries of God Pride that we are better than other believers Pride that we are better than other believers Ignoring present responsibilities because we think that Christ is about to return Ignoring present responsibilities because we think that Christ is about to return

4 3 Primary Views of Future View of Rev. 20:4-6 is key: View of Rev. 20:4-6 is key: AmillennialAmillennial 1000 years not literal but symbolic. Reign of Christ in hearts of believers years not literal but symbolic. Reign of Christ in hearts of believers. PostmillennialPostmillennial 1000 years not literal. But Christ returns only after world is Christianized years not literal. But Christ returns only after world is Christianized. PremillennialPremillennial 1000 years are literal. Christ will personally return to establish a literal, earthly kingdom years are literal. Christ will personally return to establish a literal, earthly kingdom.

5 Amillennial View Israel & Church = One people of God Duration unknown Second Coming Messianic Kingdom General resurrection General judgement Eternal

6 Postmillennial View Israel & Church = One people of God Duration unknown Second Coming Messianic Kingdom General resurrection General judgement Eternal Church will establish Christ’s Kingdom through spread of gospel

7 Premillennial View Church Age Duration unknown Rapture Tribulation Duration 7 years Second Coming Messianic Kingdom Duration 1000 years

8 Principles of Interpretation Literal (historical-grammatical) interpretation Literal (historical-grammatical) interpretation Understand the historical, cultural situation of the original recipientsUnderstand the historical, cultural situation of the original recipients Understand the language of the original writerUnderstand the language of the original writer Understand the purpose of the original writerUnderstand the purpose of the original writer Understand the figures of speechUnderstand the figures of speech

9 Determine Single Meaning “A passage of Scripture has only one basic interpretation. Those who would handle the Word of truth honestly must seek to find that before making any other use of the passage. The application of a passage of Scripture must be governed by the same rules of interpretation that apply in all handling of the Scriptures.” “A passage of Scripture has only one basic interpretation. Those who would handle the Word of truth honestly must seek to find that before making any other use of the passage. The application of a passage of Scripture must be governed by the same rules of interpretation that apply in all handling of the Scriptures.” John Phillips, Bible Explorer’s Guide John Phillips, Bible Explorer’s Guide

10 Distinguish Israel & the Church If we follow a literal interpretation of Scripture, and follow the progress of revelation in Scripture, we naturally arrive at the clear distinction of Israel and the Church. If we follow a literal interpretation of Scripture, and follow the progress of revelation in Scripture, we naturally arrive at the clear distinction of Israel and the Church. The nation of Israel rejected the Messiah and so a “blindness in part has happened to Israel until the fullness of the Gentiles has come in.” The nation of Israel rejected the Messiah and so a “blindness in part has happened to Israel until the fullness of the Gentiles has come in.” God has now begun a new work with the Church, a mystery not revealed in the OT. God has now begun a new work with the Church, a mystery not revealed in the OT.

11 The Promises of God Noahic Covenant, Genesis 9:1-18 Noahic Covenant, Genesis 9:1-18 An unconditional covenant where God promised never to destroy the world again with a flood. The rainbow was given as the sign of the covenant.An unconditional covenant where God promised never to destroy the world again with a flood. The rainbow was given as the sign of the covenant. Abrahamic Covenant, Genesis 12:1-15:17 Abrahamic Covenant, Genesis 12:1-15:17 An unconditional covenant where God promised blessing to Abraham and through him and his seed, to the entire world. Circumcision was given as the sign of the covenant.An unconditional covenant where God promised blessing to Abraham and through him and his seed, to the entire world. Circumcision was given as the sign of the covenant.

12 The Promises of God Mosaic Covenant, Ex. 20:1-31:18 Mosaic Covenant, Ex. 20:1-31:18 A conditional covenant made with the nation of Israel, promising blessing for obedience and judgement on disobedience.A conditional covenant made with the nation of Israel, promising blessing for obedience and judgement on disobedience. Palestinian Covenant, Gen. 15:18-21; cp. Deut. 30:1-10 Palestinian Covenant, Gen. 15:18-21; cp. Deut. 30:1-10 An unconditional covenant made with the nation of Israel, promising that Israel will possess the Promised Land forever.An unconditional covenant made with the nation of Israel, promising that Israel will possess the Promised Land forever.

13 The Promises of God Davidic Covenant, 2 Sam. 7:4-16 Davidic Covenant, 2 Sam. 7:4-16 An unconditional covenant where God promised David that his throne, lineage, and kingdom will be eternal.An unconditional covenant where God promised David that his throne, lineage, and kingdom will be eternal. New Covenant, Jeremiah 31:31-33 New Covenant, Jeremiah 31:31-33 An unconditional covenant where God promised Israel regeneration, forgiveness, and the indwelling Holy Spirit.An unconditional covenant where God promised Israel regeneration, forgiveness, and the indwelling Holy Spirit.

14 The Messianic Kingdom The message of John the Baptist and of the Lord Jesus The message of John the Baptist and of the Lord Jesus No explanation is given by them, indicating that they should have known what this kingdom wasNo explanation is given by them, indicating that they should have known what this kingdom was Therefore, we should go back to the OT to understand what the kingdom isTherefore, we should go back to the OT to understand what the kingdom is

15 The Messianic Kingdom Definition — “The Kingdom of God may be defined broadly as the rule of God over His creation.” (Alva McClain) Definition — “The Kingdom of God may be defined broadly as the rule of God over His creation.” (Alva McClain) Distinction between: Distinction between: God’s eternal kingdomGod’s eternal kingdom The mediatorial kingdomThe mediatorial kingdom The mystery form of the kingdomThe mystery form of the kingdom The manifestation of the kingdomThe manifestation of the kingdom

16 Daniel’s Visions A Great Image 2: Great Beasts 7:3-27 Ram & Goat 8:3-26 Symbolizes Head of goldLion with eagle’s wings Babylonian Empire Chest & arms of silver Bear w/ 3 ribs in its mouth Ram with 2 horns Medo-Persian Empire Belly & thighs of bronze Leopard 4 wings & 4 heads Male goat w/ large horn Greek Empire Legs of ironDreadful & terrible beast Roman Empire Feet part iron, part clay Another horn, a little one Revived Roman Empire Stone cut without hands One like the Son of Man Messianic Kingdom

17 Daniel’s 70 sevens Daniel 9:20-27 Daniel 9:20-27 The context, vv The context, vv The content, vv The content, vv sevens are determined 70 sevens are determined For your people and your holy cityFor your people and your holy city Six purposes are stated Six purposes are stated Three periods outlined Three periods outlined

18 Daniel’s 70 sevens Six purposes stated Six purposes stated To finish the transgressionTo finish the transgression To make an end of sinsTo make an end of sins To make reconciliation for iniquityTo make reconciliation for iniquity To bring in everlasting righteousnessTo bring in everlasting righteousness To seal up vision and prophecyTo seal up vision and prophecy And to anoint the Most HolyAnd to anoint the Most Holy

19 Daniel’s 70 sevens Three periods outlined Three periods outlined 7 sevens (7x7=49 years)7 sevens (7x7=49 years) 62 sevens (62x7=434 years)62 sevens (62x7=434 years) 1 seven (1x7=7 years)1 seven (1x7=7 years) Total of 490 yearsTotal of 490 years 483 years have passed 483 years have passed 7 years remain 7 years remain

20 Daniel’s 70 sevens Begins with command to rebuild Jerusalem Begins with command to rebuild Jerusalem Four decrees were made by Persian rulers, but only the fourth had to do with the city:Four decrees were made by Persian rulers, but only the fourth had to do with the city: 538 B.C. — by Cyrus regarding rebuilding the temple (Ezra 1) 538 B.C. — by Cyrus regarding rebuilding the temple (Ezra 1) 520 B.C. — by Darius I confirming the first decree (Ezra 6) 520 B.C. — by Darius I confirming the first decree (Ezra 6) 457 B.C. — by Artaxerxes concerning financial backing for animal sacrifices (Ezra 7) 457 B.C. — by Artaxerxes concerning financial backing for animal sacrifices (Ezra 7) 444 B.C. — by Artaxerxes concerning the city walls (Neh. 2) 444 B.C. — by Artaxerxes concerning the city walls (Neh. 2)

21 Daniel’s 70 sevens From the command to rebuild in 444 B.C. until Messiah the Prince will be 69 weeks. From the command to rebuild in 444 B.C. until Messiah the Prince will be 69 weeks. If each “seven” represents seven years, then 69 x 7 = 483 years If each “seven” represents seven years, then 69 x 7 = 483 years 483 years from the command to rebuild Jerusalem in 444 B.C., Christ entered Jerusalem on Palm Sunday! 483 years from the command to rebuild Jerusalem in 444 B.C., Christ entered Jerusalem on Palm Sunday!

22 Daniel’s 70 sevens After the 69 sevens (but before the start of the 70 th seven), Messiah will be cut off, but not for Himself After the 69 sevens (but before the start of the 70 th seven), Messiah will be cut off, but not for Himself Then the city will be destroyed by the people of the coming prince Then the city will be destroyed by the people of the coming prince The Romans, under General Titus, destroyed Jerusalem in AD. 70 The Romans, under General Titus, destroyed Jerusalem in AD. 70

23 Daniel’s 70 sevens Then he (the Roman prince) will confirm a covenant with many (the Jews) for one seven (7 years)Then he (the Roman prince) will confirm a covenant with many (the Jews) for one seven (7 years) After 3 ½ years, the covenant is broken by the Prince through a desecration of the Temple offerings.After 3 ½ years, the covenant is broken by the Prince through a desecration of the Temple offerings. Note that the Temple must be reconstructed and functioning during this time.Note that the Temple must be reconstructed and functioning during this time.

24 Daniel’s 70 sevens The second half of Daniel’s 70 th week is spoken of elsewhere as:The second half of Daniel’s 70 th week is spoken of elsewhere as: 42 months, Rev. 11:2 42 months, Rev. 11: days, Rev. 11: days, Rev. 11:3 time, times, and half a time, Rev. 12:14; Dan. 7:25 time, times, and half a time, Rev. 12:14; Dan. 7:25 Therefore it is clearly a precise period of 3 ½ years, and therefore, the 70 th week is 7 years long.Therefore it is clearly a precise period of 3 ½ years, and therefore, the 70 th week is 7 years long.

25 Daniel’s 70 sevens Daniel’s 70 th week also described as: Daniel’s 70 th week also described as: The time of Jacob’s trouble, Jer. 30:7The time of Jacob’s trouble, Jer. 30:7 The tribulation, Matt. 24:29The tribulation, Matt. 24:29 The Great Tribulation, Rev. 7:14The Great Tribulation, Rev. 7:14 But remember, that Daniel’s 70 sevens have to do with the nation of Israel But remember, that Daniel’s 70 sevens have to do with the nation of Israel

26 Daniel’s 70 Weeks – Daniel 9: weeks (Heb. heptads) = 490 years Six purposes are stated (v. 24) Three fulfilled at Christ’s first advent Three to be fulfilled at Christ’s second advent The Timing & Sequence of Daniel’s 70 weeks The 70 weeks begins with the command to restore and rebuild Jerusalem. 1 week = 7 years After the 69 weeks, But not during the 70 th 62 weeks = 434 years 7 weeks = 49 years Note: The focus of the prophecy is the nation of Israel & the city of Jerusalem (v. 24). 1.To finish the transgression 2.To make an end of sins 3.To make reconciliation for iniquity 1.To bring in everlasting righteousness 2.To seal up vision & prophecy 3.To anoint the Most Holy Rebuilding the city, 444 BC until 395 BC Ended with Christ’s triumphal entry Final week begins with 7-year covenant signed by Prince In the middle of week, Prince causes sacrifices to cease There will then be much suffering until consummation Messiah cut off, but not for Himself. He suffers for sins of others People of Prince shall destroy Jerusalem. Fulfilled in AD 70 Gap between 69 th & 70 th weeks has now extended nearly 2000 years.

27 An Outline of Future Events The beginning of sorrows, Matt. 24:4-14 The beginning of sorrows, Matt. 24:4-14 The rapture of the Church, 1 Thes. 4:13- 18; John 14:1-2 The rapture of the Church, 1 Thes. 4:13- 18; John 14:1-2 The tribulation, Matt. 24:15-29; Rev. 6-7 The tribulation, Matt. 24:15-29; Rev. 6-7 Battle of Gog & Magog, Ezekiel Battle of Gog & Magog, Ezekiel Signing of peace treaty, Dan. 9 Signing of peace treaty, Dan. 9 Great Tribulation, Rev Great Tribulation, Rev Battle of Armageddon, Rev. 16 Battle of Armageddon, Rev. 16 The return of Christ in glory, Matt. 24:30- 31; Rev. 19:11-16 The return of Christ in glory, Matt. 24:30- 31; Rev. 19:11-16 Judgement of nations, Matt. 25:31-46 Judgement of nations, Matt. 25:31-46

28 An Outline of Future Events The Millennial Kingdom of Christ, Rev. 20:1-6; Isa. 11:1-10 The Millennial Kingdom of Christ, Rev. 20:1-6; Isa. 11:1-10 Satan will be loosed for a period again, Rev. 20:7-8 Satan will be loosed for a period again, Rev. 20:7-8 Final Great Battle, Rev. 20:8-9 Final Great Battle, Rev. 20:8-9 Satan cast into lake of fire, Rev. 20:10 Satan cast into lake of fire, Rev. 20:10 Great White Throne judgement of unbelievers, Rev. 20:11-15 Great White Throne judgement of unbelievers, Rev. 20:11-15 New heavens and earth created – eternal state, Rev New heavens and earth created – eternal state, Rev

29 The Day of the Lord The Old Testament prophets spoke much of the Day of the Lord. The Old Testament prophets spoke much of the Day of the Lord. The Day of the Lord was a time of judgement, but also includes promises to Israel that God will restore them The Day of the Lord was a time of judgement, but also includes promises to Israel that God will restore them Sometimes it referred to events near at hand, but often it was looking forward to God’s final victory Sometimes it referred to events near at hand, but often it was looking forward to God’s final victory The future Day of the Lord will include the Tribulation, Return of the King, Millennial Kingdom of Christ, and the establishment of new heavens and earth The future Day of the Lord will include the Tribulation, Return of the King, Millennial Kingdom of Christ, and the establishment of new heavens and earth

30 The Day of Christ The day of Christ is distinct from the day of the Lord. The day of Christ is distinct from the day of the Lord. The day of Jesus Christ (Phil. 1:10; 2:16) is the time at which the Lord Jesus evaluates the works of believers. The day of Jesus Christ (Phil. 1:10; 2:16) is the time at which the Lord Jesus evaluates the works of believers. This is also known as the Judgement Seat of Christ (Bema), Rom. 14:10; 2 Cor. 5:10; 1 Cor. 3:13 This is also known as the Judgement Seat of Christ (Bema), Rom. 14:10; 2 Cor. 5:10; 1 Cor. 3:13 Believers are judged at the Bema. Believers are judged at the Bema. Unbelievers are judged at the Great White Throne Unbelievers are judged at the Great White Throne

31 The Day of God The day of God refers to the eternal state. It follows the final phase of the Day of the Lord when the heavens and earth will be destroyed. The day of God is the Day of His complete and final triumph. For this reason it is a day we should wait for and earnestly desire...The day of God is not the time in which the final destruction takes place. Instead, this ultimate judgment must occur before the Day of God can be ushered in. (Wm. MacDonald) The day of God refers to the eternal state. It follows the final phase of the Day of the Lord when the heavens and earth will be destroyed. The day of God is the Day of His complete and final triumph. For this reason it is a day we should wait for and earnestly desire...The day of God is not the time in which the final destruction takes place. Instead, this ultimate judgment must occur before the Day of God can be ushered in. (Wm. MacDonald)

32 3 Days Church Age Rapture Tribulation Second Coming Millennium The Day of the Lord JudgementRestoration God Christ

33 3 Resurrections Church Age Rapture Tribulation Second Coming Millennium Church age Saints 1 Thes. 4 Trib saints & OT saints Dan 12:2; Rev 20:4 The “rest of the dead” i.e. Unbelievers Rev 20:5

34 3 Judgements Church Age Rapture Tribulation Second Coming Millennium = Judgement seat of Christ – rewards for believers 2 = Judgement of sheep & goats – entrance to earthly kingdom 3 = Great White Throne judgement – punishment of unbelievers

35 3 Battles Church Age Rapture Tribulation Second Coming Millennium 1 = Battle of Gog & Magog, Ezekiel = Battle of Armageddon, Rev 16: = Final battle, Rev 20:7-10

36 Conclusion Titus 2:13 Titus 2:13...looking for the blessed hope and glorious appearing of our great God and Saviour Jesus Christ...looking for the blessed hope and glorious appearing of our great God and Saviour Jesus Christ Revelation 22:7 Revelation 22:7 “Behold, I am coming quickly! Blessed is he who keeps the words of the prophecy of this book.”“Behold, I am coming quickly! Blessed is he who keeps the words of the prophecy of this book.”


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