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MORE HERMENEUTICAL ISSUES IN OLD TESTAMENT PROPHECY.

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Presentation on theme: "MORE HERMENEUTICAL ISSUES IN OLD TESTAMENT PROPHECY."— Presentation transcript:

1 MORE HERMENEUTICAL ISSUES IN OLD TESTAMENT PROPHECY

2 HOW DID THE OLD TESTAMENT PROPHETS PREDICT JESUS?

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4 The Meaning of “Fulfillment” Different from our use of the term Application of a passage - Midrash Multiple fulfillments

5 Categories of Fulfillment Non-Predictions (Hosea 11:1) Predictions Completed (Isaiah 7:14) Predictions Incomplete (Jeremiah 31:15) Predictions Uninitiated (Isaiah 9:1-2; Zechariah 9:9)

6 In earlier times He treated the land of Zebulun and the land of Naphtali with contempt, But later on He shall make it glorious, by the way of the sea, on the other side of Jordan, Galilee of the Gentiles. The people who walk in darkness Will see a great light; Those who live in a dark land, The light will shine on them. Galilee  Jerusalem Assyrian Invasion Ministry of Jesus in

7 Zechariah 9:9 Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion! Shout in triumph, O daughter of Jerusalem! Behold, your king is coming to you; He is just and endowed with salvation, Humble, and mounted on a donkey, Even on a colt, the foal of a donkey.

8 Messiah’s Second Coming  Babylonian Exile  Messiah’s First Coming 

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10 Types of Fulfillments Literal Figurative Spiritual

11 Literal Fulfillments Ezekiel 26:1-14 and the fall of Tyre Zechariah 9:9 where the Messiah rides into Jerusalem on a donkey Psalm 22:18 where the soldiers cast lots for the garments of Jesus

12 Figurative fulfillments John 2:19. "Destroy this temple and in three days I will raise it up.” Psalm 118:22. The stone which the builders rejected Isaiah 22:22. Key of the House of David Zechariah 13:7. Strike the shepherd

13 Spiritual Fulfillments Isaiah 2:2-3 speaks of the mountain of the house of the Lord Amos 9:11-12 tells how God will raise up the fallen booth of David, and wall up its breaches and raise up its ruins, and rebuild it as in the days of old

14 The Purpose of Prophecy To affect the conduct of those who hear the prophecy To build faith To encourage believers who are in the midst of a difficult situation

15 KEYS TO UNLOCKING PROPHECY The New Testament is Necessary to Interpreting the Old Testament The Old Testament is Necessary to Interpreting the New Testament The Bible is to Interpret our Current Events, not the Reverse The Symbolic Nature of Dreams and Visions

16 ARE WE LIVING IN THE LAST DAYS?

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22 The “Latter Days” According to Moses

23 Judgment for Unfaithfulness Blessings for Faithfulness Fertility Military Victory Famine Military Defeat Repentance

24 The “Latter Days” according to Moses

25 “The Latter Days” in the Early Prophets Unfaithfulness will lead to Deportation and Exile Repentance will lead to Return and Restoration The Last Days will be that time of Eventual Blessing

26 “The Latter Days” in the Early Prophets

27 Amos 9:11-12

28 Additional patterns seen in the Early Prophets The King The Temple The Gentiles

29 The King David’s Descendants taken into exile Isaiah 39:6-7. “All that is in your house… shall be carried to Babylon…” A Glorious Throne will be established Jeremiah 3:17. “They shall call Jerusalem, ‘The throne of the Lord…’” EXILE RESTORATION

30 The Temple Temple to be Destroyed Micah 3:12. “Zion will be plowed as a field. Jerusalem will become a heap of ruins…” A Glorious Temple will be established Isaiah 2:2. “The mountain of the house of the Lord will be established...” EXILE RESTORATION

31 The Gentiles Gentiles Victorious over Israel Gentiles punished for plundering Israel EXILE RESTORATION

32 Isaiah 2:2

33 Isaiah 2:3

34 Isaiah 2:4

35 The Latter Days in the Later Prophets Jeremiah taught that the Captivity would be 70 years in duration (Jeremiah 29:10) After the Captivity there would be a return in the Latter Days (Daniel 2:28) Daniel and the Prophecy of Jeremiah (Daniel 9)

36 Daniel 9:13 "As it is written in the law of Moses, all this calamity has come on us; yet we have not sought the favor of the LORD our God by turning from our iniquity and giving attention to Thy truth.”

37 Leviticus 26:18 “If also after these things, you do not obey Me, then I will punish you seven times more for your sins.”

38 Haggai 2:21-22 "Speak to Zerubbabel governor of Judah saying, 'I am going to shake the heavens and the earth. 22 'And I will overthrow the thrones of kingdoms and destroy the power of the kingdoms of the nations; and I will overthrow the chariots and their riders, and the horses and their riders will go down, everyone by the sword of another.’”

39 Haggai 2:23 “On that day,” declares the LORD of hosts, “I will take you, Zerubbabel, son of Shealtiel, My servant,” declares the LORD, “and I will make you like a signet ring, for I have chosen you,” declares the LORD of hosts.

40 The Latter Days in the New Testament Jesus and “the favorable year of the Lord” (Luke 4:17-19) Peter’s understanding of the prophet Joel (Acts 2:14-21) A Future Promise: In the last days difficult times will come (2 Timothy 3:1)

41 New Testament Eschatology Inauguration of the Kingdom Continuation of the Kingdom Culmination of the Kingdom

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46 Eternal State Prophecies of Tribulation and Kingdom fulfilled in this age Revelation 20 seen as symbolic of kingdom today Satan bound with reference to his ability to deceive the nations

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48 Full Preterism: “Past” Partial Preterism

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50 Homework for Next Class Read Jonah and Hosea Read Handbook on the Prophets, Pages and Read Introduction to the Old Testament Prophets: Chap 29, 25 Do Study Guide #2 of He Gave Us Prophets from Pratt Video/Audio No Class next week

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