Presentation on theme: "North and South Korea Communism vs. Free Market. Objectives Identify North and South Korea on a blank map. Discuss the philosophy of Juche and its effect."— Presentation transcript:
North and South Korea Communism vs. Free Market
Objectives Identify North and South Korea on a blank map. Discuss the philosophy of Juche and its effect on North Korea. Recount how the two halves of Korea separated. Name the sponsors of each of the two halves. Compare the development of the two nations since their split.
I hate this place. I’m never coming back. We don’t need anyone else! Terms and People The DMZ or Demilitarized Zone is the divider between North and South Korea. Juche (Ju-Chey) is the idea of isolation and self sufficiency which North Korea follows. Pyongyang is the capital of North Korea. Seoul is the capital of South Korea. A defector is someone that leaves their country for the other side. A Cult of personality is the worship or near worship of a political leader. Our leader is always right! Praise the leader!
China Japan Russia Korea is a peninsula in northeast Asia. Korea is divided into two nations, North Korea and South Korea. Korea has only three neighbors.
A mountain chain runs along the peninsula’s eastern side. North Korea is separated from China by the Yalu River. North Korea is more mountainous than South Korea. Both North Korea and South Korea have lowlands to the west, suitable for rice-growing. Both of their capitals are on this side.
RUGGED MOUNTAINS MAIN RICE PRODUCING SECONDARY RICE PRODUCING INDUSTRIAL AREA
Since the divide, communist North Korea and free- market South Korea have had very different levels of success.
Americans are familiar with some South Korean companies, notably cars and electronics. Americans aren’t familiar with North Korean exports. There aren’t any.
North Korea South Korea
Observe this nighttime satellite photo of the two Korean nations. What can one learn from this satellite photo concerning Korean economy?
The border between North and South Korea is the most heavily militarized border in the world. Naturally, it’s called the De- Militarized Zone. It is guarded day and night.
Profile of a dictator: Kim Jong Il The Official Version: At his birth a double rainbow and new star appeared. He has composed of six operas. He has designed a huge tower in Pyongyang, the capital city. He is the protector of Juche ideology and a brilliant general. The Unofficial version Playboy reputation—permed hair and platform shoes Allegedly responsible for nation’s nuclear program Suspected of ordering a number of atrocities
North Korea has nuclear weapons. What conclusions can one draw from this chart about their nuclear weapons? N. Korea is also developing missiles to deliver their weapons.
NORTH KOREA – 55% of the peninsula – 1/3 of the population – extremely rural – Inefficient, non- productive agriculture – Antique state enterprises – Limited trade – former Soviet Union and China SOUTH KOREA – 45% of the peninsula – 2/3 of the population – highly urbanized – Intensive, increasingly mechanized agriculture – Modern factories – Extensive trade – US, Japan, and Western Europe
What is the physical geography of Korea? An archipelago A peninsula A plateau A valley Which country sponsored North Korea after the split? Sweden Soviet Union Great Britain United States Which country sponsored South Korea after the split? China France Great Britain United States Which best describes the border between North and South Korea? Dividing the capital city Along rugged mountains Along the Yalu River World’s most heavily armed
North Korea is far wealthier than South Korea. What economic systems are used by North and South Korea? North Korea is communist; South Korea allows free-market. Both North and South Korea are Communist. South Korea is communist; North Korea allows free trade. Both North and South Korea allow free-trade. After half a century of side-by-side communist and free market, what is the result? Both North and South Korea are about the same economically. South Korea is far wealthier than North Korea.
Please read "The Koreas: A Divided Land." World Studies: Asia and the Pacific. Pearson- Prentice-Hall, 2005. Pg. 162. OR "The Koreas: A Divided Land." World Explorer: Eastern Hemisphere. Prentice-Hall, 1998. Pg. 532.
By comparison with the more rural South, North Korea was economically well-endowed. With a far smaller population, it contained the bulk of Korea’s heavy industry, mining, and electricity plants (a fact that in the early days of the divide often led Pyongyang to cut Seoul’s electricity at will). Per capita productivity was booming.
Korean History Repression under Japan – Japanese Language – Japanese Names – Japanese Education – Forced labor and military service, – “Comfort Women”