Presentation on theme: "World War I on the Home Front Support vs. Opposition."— Presentation transcript:
World War I on the Home Front Support vs. Opposition
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How did WWI affect the daily lives of Americans?
OPPOSE SUPPORT Conscientious objectors Created the Woman’s Peace Party Risked prison time for resisting draft Made short speeches to build support for the war Created because of WWI
SUPPORT Bought & sold bonds Planted Victory Gardens Conserved food & energy Women’s fashion modernized People went with less SUPPORT War Industries Board Food Administration Conservation & bond sale efforts Worked closely with industries for 1 st time
MIXED For: Urge African Americans to serve to gain equality Against: End discrimination @ home first! Divided the community SUPPORT Moved North to work open jobs in factories New job opportunities Started to fight back
Primary Source Interpretation: Title: African-Americans Lynched by K.K.K in Alabama (1917) Analysis: President Wilson asked Americans to help make the world safe for democracy in WWI, why would many wonder about democracy at home after witnessing images like this?
The Great Migration – Millions of African Americans move from Southern states to Northern states Push Factors – 1. Crop Failures 2. Hate Crimes 3. Racism Pull Factors – 1. Employment in Wartime Industries 2. Opportunities in Northern Cities Pull Factors – 1. Employment in Wartime Industries 2. Opportunities in Northern Cities
1. What are some of the cities African Americans migrated to? 2. Would this migration help or hurt racism towards African Americans?
SUPPORT (most) Bought war bonds Conserved resources Worked in wartime industries Faced discrimination & mob violence Accused of spying OPPOSE Speeches & newspaper articles Refused to serve in military Arrested for disloyalty Meeting halls raided Mob violence
Self-appointed patriot groups enforced “100 percent Americanism” Robert Prager, a German born, was lynched by a mob in 1918 He had tried to join the draft!
What do you see in this political cartoon? What do you think the message is?
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