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Literature and Nature University of Helsinki/ Comparative Literature 4.11.2014 M.A. Pekka Raittinen.

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Presentation on theme: "Literature and Nature University of Helsinki/ Comparative Literature 4.11.2014 M.A. Pekka Raittinen."— Presentation transcript:

1 Literature and Nature University of Helsinki/ Comparative Literature M.A. Pekka Raittinen

2  Lived circa 650 to 750 BC. in the hamlet of Ascra, near Mount Helicon  Also Theogony, ”The genealogy or birth of the gods”  Erga kai hamerai; so- called didactic poetry and the annual labours of the farmer

3 ” But do you at any rate, always remembering my charge, work, high-born Perses, that Hunger may hate you, and venerable Demeter richly crowned may love you and fill your barn with food; for Hunger is altogether a meet comrade for the sluggard. Both gods and men are angry with a man who lives idle, for in nature he is like the stingless drones who waste the labour of the bees, eating without working; […]”

4 ”When the Pleiades, daughters of Atlas, are rising, begin your harvest, and your ploughing when they are going to set”

5  Hexameter epic, four books  Like Hesiod, V. stresses the importance of hard work  Roman agriculture and animal husbandry ; olive gardens, forests, fruits etc.  Idealized society of bees versus the political chaos preceding the Octavian age

6  In 18th century English literature  Thomas Jefferson: Notes on the State of Virginia (1787)  James Thompson: The Seasons (1793)  ”The Bean Field” chapter of Thoreu’s Walden  Wendell Berry

7  The trope of ”the good peasant” beginning with J. L. Runeberg’s Farmer Paavo (Saarijärven Paavo)  Aleksis Kivi’s Seitsemän veljestä and poetry  Arvid Järnefelt  Free yeoman versus the smallholder

8  1. If you dwell on something, especially unpleasant, you think, speak, or write about it for a long time. ’I’d rather not dwell on the past’, he told me.  2. If you dwell somewhere, you live there, a formal use. Shiva is a dark god;he dwells in the mountains and deserts.  3. See also dwelling.=>

9  In ecocritical context connotates not only habitation, but also a deeper connection to ”the land”  Agriculture, ancestry, tradition etc.  The discontinuity of the modern age=> We can no longer know, where we are to be be buried

10  ”On the Origin of the Work of Art” (1935)  Bauen = ”to build”  Van Gogh’s A Pair of Shoes; belongs to ”the earth” and ”the world”  Criticism: Heidegger’s thought and Blud und Boden ideology of the Nazi party

11  “The Georgic model of dwelling is of diminishing relevance for most North Americans and Europeans.” (Garrard)  Idealized version of Native Americans in popular culture et al.  Animistic worldview and relation to nature

12  A new(ish) field of study in the humanities and social sciences  Peter Singer (1975): Animal Liberation  Animal versus human  Domestic versus wild animals

13 Man versus machine contra man versus animal?

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