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Presentation by Group3 Gamze Uzunyayla Re ş ide Çubukçu Müge Didem Orhan Zeynep Arcan.

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Presentation on theme: "Presentation by Group3 Gamze Uzunyayla Re ş ide Çubukçu Müge Didem Orhan Zeynep Arcan."— Presentation transcript:

1 Presentation by Group3 Gamze Uzunyayla Re ş ide Çubukçu Müge Didem Orhan Zeynep Arcan

2 OUTLINE 1.Toni Morrison’s style; Lyric Prose Metaphors Simile Ironies 2.Cultural and Historical Contex; Great Depression 3.Themes and Characters The search for love 4.References

3 TONI MORRISON'S STYLE Rich, lyrical prose Simile Irony Metaphor Imaginary Retrieved 10 may 2010;

4 “And cholly loverd her. I ‘m sure he did. He,at any rate, was the one who loved enough her, envelop her, give something of himself to her. But his touch was fatal, and somehing he gave her filled the matrix of her agony with death. Love is never any better than the lover. Wicked people love wickedly, violent people love violently, weak people love weakly, stupid people love stupidly, but the love of a free man is never safe. There is no gift for the beloved. The lover alone possesses his gift of love. The loved one is shorn, neutralized, frozen in the glare of the lover’s inward eye.” (p.206)

5 “...longing for those hard times, yearning to be grown without “a thin di-ime to my name.” I looked forward to the delicious time when “my man” would leave me, when I would “hate to see that evening sun go down...” 'cause then I would know “my man has left this town.” “...longing for those hard times, yearning to be grown without “a thin di-ime to my name.” I looked forward to the delicious time when “my man” would leave me, when I would “hate to see that evening sun go down...” 'cause then I would know “my man has left this town.” ” (p.26)

6 ST. LOUIS BLUES I hate to see that evenin' sun go down 'Cause my baby, he done lef' this town. Feelin' tomorrow lak ah feel today. Feel tomorrow lak ah feel today. I'll pack my trunk, make my getaway. ………. Retrieved 10 may 2010 from :

7 THE BLUEST EYE Blue=color Blue=glommy,sad “Please make me disappear.” “Please make me disappear.” (p.45) “Each night, without fail, she prayed for blue eyes” “Each night, without fail, she prayed for blue eyes” (p.46) Keep the reality, saddness Retrieved 10 may 2010 from; AAAEk/tX4P9oLKjZg/s400/Bluest+eye.jpg

8 “We had dropped our seeds in our own little plot of black dirt “We had dropped our seeds in our own little plot of black dirt just as Pecola’s father had dropped his seed in his own plot just as Pecola’s father had dropped his seed in his own plot of black dirt.” of black dirt.” (p.6)

9 Could you give an another example of metaphor in the novel? “Dolls we could destroy, but we could not destroy the honey voices of parenst and aunts, the obedience in the eyes of our peers, the slippery light in the eyes of our teacher when they encountered the Maureen Peals world. ” “Dolls we could destroy, but we could not destroy the honey voices of parenst and aunts, the obedience in the eyes of our peers, the slippery light in the eyes of our teacher when they encountered the Maureen Peals world. ” (p.76)

10 “They fight this battle all the way to the grave. The laugh that is a little too loud; the enunciation a little too round; the gesture a little too generous. Thayhold their behind in for fear of sway too free; when they wear lipstick, they never cover the entire mounth for fear of lips too thick, and they worry, worry, worry about the edges of their hair.” (p.83)

11 Mary Jane “Smiling white face.Blonde hair in gentle disarray, blue eyes looking at her out of a world of clean comfort. The eyes are petulant, michevious.To Pecola they are simply pretty. She eats the candy, and its sweetness is good.To eat the candy is somehow to eat the eyes, eat Mary Jane. Love Mary Jane. Be Mary Jane.” “Smiling white face.Blonde hair in gentle disarray, blue eyes looking at her out of a world of clean comfort. The eyes are petulant, michevious.To Pecola they are simply pretty. She eats the candy, and its sweetness is good.To eat the candy is somehow to eat the eyes, eat Mary Jane. Love Mary Jane. Be Mary Jane.” (p.49)

12 BREEDLOVE Breed=produce Breeding hate Family member could not love each other.

13 retrieved 10 may 2010 from; Soaphead Church write a letter to God (p.176) vs. poisioned dog Pedophili Is there any other irony in the novel?

14 THE GREAT DEPRESSION Worldwide economic downturn ( ). Decline in stock prices in USA Foreign investors withdraw stocks “Black Thursday,” October 24, 1929 Wall Street Crash – USA Stock Marked Western World and USA as centre Industrialized countries

15 Retrieved 9 may 2010 from ;

16 Retrieved 9 may 2010 from;

17 Retrieved 9 may 2010 from ; Black_Tuesday_2.jpg

18 Stock Marked Crash (Decline In Stock Price) Led to Declıne In Spendıng  1)Declıne In Productıon 2)Declıne In Employment

19 UNEMPLOYMENT QUEUES Retrieved 9 may 2010 from;

20 Retrieved 9 may 2010 from;

21 EFFECTS OF CRISIS ON AFRICAN- AMERICAN SOCIETY IN USA Employment discrimination against African-Americans LAST HIRED, FIRST FIRED! Why were they last hired, first fired? Because They are black Less educated Less skilled

22 FEDERAL SURVEY OF UNEMPLOYMENT

23

24 What kind of problem mentioned in novel does unemployment cause ? Poverty How does the unemployment creates differences between whites and black? Do you remember any examples in the novel? Retrieved 9 may 2010 from;

25 WHITES’ WORLD "We reached the Lake Shore Park, a city park laid out with rosebuds, fountains, bowling greens, picnic tables. It was empty now, but sweetly expectant of clean, white, well-behaved children and parents who would play there above the lake in summer before half-running, half-stumbling down the slope to the welcoming water." (p.105) "We reached the Lake Shore Park, a city park laid out with rosebuds, fountains, bowling greens, picnic tables. It was empty now, but sweetly expectant of clean, white, well-behaved children and parents who would play there above the lake in summer before half-running, half-stumbling down the slope to the welcoming water." (p.105) Better life conditions than blacks( clean areas, freedom, healthy places.. Etc.) Welathy Happiness

26 BLACKS’ WORLD Later we walk home, glancing back to see the great carloads of slag being dumped, red hot and smoking, into the ravine that skirts the steel mill. The dying fire lights the sky with a dull orange glow. Frieda and I lag behind, staring at the patch of color surrounded by black. It is impossible not to feel a shiver when our feet leave the gravel path and sink into the dead grass in the field." (p.10) "Later we walk home, glancing back to see the great carloads of slag being dumped, red hot and smoking, into the ravine that skirts the steel mill. The dying fire lights the sky with a dull orange glow. Frieda and I lag behind, staring at the patch of color surrounded by black. It is impossible not to feel a shiver when our feet leave the gravel path and sink into the dead grass in the field." (p.10)  Unhealty life conditions (smoking, orange glow sky)  Poverty

27 NEGRO JOBS Waiter, domestik servant and porter White industries-steel, cooal, automobiles but with no protection for blacks. With minimum wages. “ They agreed to marrt and go ‘way up north, where Cholly said steel mills werebegging for workers.Young, loving and full of energy, they came to Lorain, Ohio. Cholly found work in the steel mills right away, and Pauline started keeping house.” (p. 116)

28 BLACK WOMANS

29 There were no discrimination for black women more than black men.  Do you give an example about a working women in novel?! Pauline works in a white family’s house.

30 THE SEARCH FOR LOVE Why black people have to search for love? Grow without love Families are inadequate to give importance to their needs Grow with lots of social and economic problems: racism, poverty In the novel, Different type of loves : Cholly’s love for his daughter Cholly’s love for Pauline Pecola’s love for having blue eyes Pecola’s love for Mary Janes

31 CHOLLY’S SEARCH FOR LOVE Why does Cholly become a violent man? Whose fault is it? The reasons: - His mother left him when he was 4 days old - His father does not know him The results: - Grow up with an aunt - Grow up lack of mother and father’s love

32 “-I’m your boy. -Something wrong with your head? Who told you to come after me? -Nobody. I just thought … I mean, I was just wandering around, and uh, my name is Cholly… -Tell that bitch she get her money. Now, get the fuck outta my face!” (p.156)

33 How does this conversation affect on Cholly’s personality? Before conversation: -He wants to touch his father’s head -He sees in his father’s body his own body After conversation: -The possibility of a crual man -The possibility of an agressive man Being drunk, rapest -The possibility of a violent man

34 “Love is never any better than the lover.Wickled people love wickedly, violent people love violently, weak people love weakly, stupid people love stupidly but the love of a free man is never safe.” (p. 206) What does Morrison want to mention at this quote?

35 THE PESIMISTIC POINT OF VIEW Cholly as a rapist -Never safe -Good people deserve good loves THE EMPATHETIC POINT OF VIEW Cholly as a free man - Life is cruel to him Not free to love, sex -Bad people love badly

36 PAULINE’S SEARCH FOR LOVE Which conditions change Mrs. Breedlove’s happiness? The conditions: - impaled her foot on a nail: crippled -lack of love from her family -grows up individually -lost her front tooth -has a drunk husband -suffers from cultural conflicts: she was not used to white folks

37 PAULINE’S FANTASIES “Fantasies about men and love and touching were drawing her mind and hands away from her work.” (p.113) “For the first time Pauline felt that her bad foot was an asset.” (p.116) (p.116) Does she find her ideal love? Is there any difference between Pauline’s and Cholly’s early and later relationship?

38 BREEDLOVE’S LOVE CHANGED “Money became the focus of all their discussion, hers for clothes, his for drink.” (p.118) How does Pecola’s birth affect their relationship? “He began to drink less and come home more often. They eased back into a relationship more like the early days of their marriage, when he asked if she were tired or wanted him to bring her something from the store. […] But the loneliness in those two rooms had not gone away. ” (p.121)

39 PECOLA’S SEARCH FOR LOVE “-Is it true that I can have a baby now? -Sure you can. -But… how? -Oh, somebody has to love you. There was a long pause in which Pecola and I thought this over. It would involve, I supposed, “my man,” who before leaving me, would love me. But there weren’t any babies in te songs my mother sang. Maybe that’s why the women were sad: the men left before they could make a baby. Then Pecola asked a question that had never entered my mind. “How do you do that? I mean, how do you get somebody to love you?” but Frieda was asleep. And I didn’t know.” (p.32)

40 o How is love defined in this conversation according to a woman? First has a lovely relationship, then be abandoned. o In the novel, whose relationships are like this? Breedloves

41 PECOLA AND PAULINE’S RELATIONSHIP  Relationship with her mother: “Pecola, like Sammy and Cholly, always called her mother Mrs. Breedlove.” (p.43) “Her calling Mrs. Breedlove Polly, when even Pecola called her mother Mrs. Breedlove, seemed reason enough to scratch her. “ (p.108) Their relationship is different from the typical mother- daughter relationship. Pauline accepts her ugliness. Because she feels the same. Pauline brings up Pecola without love.

42 REFERENCES: Robbins, L. (1934). The Great Depression. New York: Macmillan Company Morrison, T. (1993). The Bluest Eye. New York: Vintage books. Sundstrom W.A. (1992). The Journal of Economic History. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. (pp ). Encyclopaedia Britannica. Black history retrieved 9 may 2010 from Moses C. (Winter, 1999), African American Review, Vol. 33, No. 4 pp African American Review Published by: Indiana State UniversityIndiana State University Retrieved 10 may 2010 from; Retrieved 8 may 2010 from;


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