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P OLICE AND CRIME COMMISSIONERS – IMPLICATIONS FOR RACE EQUALITY Mark Blake – BTEG Neena Samota.

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Presentation on theme: "P OLICE AND CRIME COMMISSIONERS – IMPLICATIONS FOR RACE EQUALITY Mark Blake – BTEG Neena Samota."— Presentation transcript:

1 P OLICE AND CRIME COMMISSIONERS – IMPLICATIONS FOR RACE EQUALITY Mark Blake – BTEG Neena Samota

2 A GENDA Introduction Aims and objectives Exploring the context Criminal justice and commissioning

3 I NTRODUCTION About BTEG BAME CJS Network Safer Future Communities Programme Implications for the BAME VCSE and Criminal Justice landscape

4 SFC - N ATIONAL P ARTNERS

5 W HAT IS THE SFC P ROGRAMME ? The local SFC Networks engage with PCCs and other local community safety commissioners to promote the role of the VCSE sector in local community safety activities; highlight the community safety concerns of VCSE organisations and the people they work with influence the decisions and agendas set by the PCCs to ensure they are reflective of local needs.

6 SFC – L OCAL N ETWORKS Co-ordinate and manage a diverse network Gather information and evidence around local priorities and influence strategic plans Build links between the network and other strategic partners Identify training and support needs of network partners Provide evidence of the success and impact of the network and of lessons for policy makers and practitioners Ensure excluded groups and the vulnerable are heard and represented.

7 Relevance of race equality Why it matters What needs to be done

8 T HE ELECTION OF POLICE AND CRIME COMMISSIONERS Policing in the 21 st century The Police Reform and Social Responsibility Act 2011 shifts power away from Whitehall bureaucrats and, through Police and Crime Commissioners, into the hands of the public It is the biggest shake-up to policing in 50 years… This will introduce democratic accountability Give public greater say over policing, increased visibility and strengthened accountability

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10 H OWEVER …

11 P OLICE AND CRIME COMMISSIONERS Appoint the Chief Constable (CC) and hold them to account for the running of their force Set out a 5 year Police and Crime Plan (in consultation with the CC) determining local policing priorities. Set the annual local precept and annual force budget Make community safety grants to a range of organisations

12 R OLE OF THE PCC Scope of the role Strategic direction and accountability for policing. [Protocol] Working with partners to cut crime Representing the public, the vulnerable and victims Contributing to regional and national policing. [Strategic Policing Requirement] Ensuring value for money

13 P OLICE AND C RIME P LANS PCCs must set out their 5 year police and crime plan by March 2013 Police and crime plan Policing services from the Chief Constable (or other providers - in consultation with the Chief Constable). Services for victims of crime (dependent on the outcome of consultation) Wider services to tackle crime and drugs and keep communities safe

14 P OLICE AND CRIME PANELS Will be established in each force area to provide regular, public scrutiny of the PCC. Will be locally determined. Under a duty to support, as well as challenge, the PCC. They do not replace the police authority. These will cease to exist once PCCs are elected. They are not a super-partnership. Although strong local partnership working will be vital.

15 C OMPOSITION OF POLICE AND CRIME PANELS The Panel will include at least one representative from each local authority in the force area. Where there is a directly elected mayor they will have the option of sitting on the panel. Minimum of 10 Councillors and 2 independents. Option to co-opt further members, on approval of Home Secretary, up to a maximum panel size of 20. Balanced, as far as is practicable, to represent all parts and the political make up of the police force area. Members must have the necessary skills, knowledge and experience.

16 K EY R OLE AND P OWERS OF P OLICE AND C RIME P ANELS Role Enabling Powers Powers of veto Reviewing the draft Police and Crime Plan Reviewing the PCCs Annual Report Must hold confirmation hearings for CEO, CFO and Deputy Overseeing all complaints against the PCC, informally resolving non- criminal Have access to papers (except those that are operationally sensitive) Can ask HMIC for a professional view on CC dismissals Can invite the CC to attend with the PCC (cannot require) Can require the PCC to attend a public hearing Setting of the precept Appointment of Chief Constable

17 L EGISLATIVE FRAMEWORK Working together Reciprocal duties to co-operate Reciprocal duty to have regard to priorities PCC power to call together CSPs PCC power to approve CSP mergers PCP oversight

18 O PPORTUNITIES FOR COLLECTIVE LEADERSHIP Need to maximise collective leadership between PCC, community safety, justice, health and other partners, to ensure the needs of the public are met Freedom to commission services from other bodies Opportunities for broader collaboration on joint priorities, across reform agendas e.g. health reforms and troubled families work PCC will take a strategic overview across local partnerships, seeking ways to drive and coordinate action across their area

19 L EGISLATIVE FRAMEWORK – DUTIES TO CO - OPERATE Legislation provides a flexible framework for co-operation Intention is to enable collective local leadership on crime and justice Deliberately broad and flexible, to allow local flexibility and innovation Police Probation Community Safety Section 10(1) & 10(2) (Police Authority) Fire & Rescue Health (PCT / LHB) Local Authority Criminal Justice Section 10(3) CPS HMCTS Prison Probation YOT

20 J OINT C OMMISSIONING PCC Clinical Commissioning Group DAATHWWB Community Safety Partnership

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22 N ORTH WEST – R EGIONS AND L OCAL AUTHORITIES Cheshire = 8 Cumbria = 6 G.Manchester = 10 Lancashire = 14 Merseyside = 5 Total of 43 local authorities Total BME population 7.8% for the NW includes 11.64% for Manchester and 7.58% for Lancashire

23 C HESHIRE PCC CANDIDATES

24 C UMBRIA PCC CANDIDATES

25 G REATER MANCHESTER PCC CANDIDATES

26 M ERSEYSIDE PCC CANDIDATES

27 L ANCASHIRE PCC CANDIDATES

28 P CC CANDIDATE PROFILE 24 candidates 4 independent 6 women 1 BAME

29 CHALLENGES Financial cost Public engagement/awareness/understanding Preparation – national and local responsibility Forging relationships Community safety, local and national priorities

30 W HAT ABOUT EQUALITY Negotiating different needs Geography and demographics Children and young people Women Ethnic minority groups Provision of information Ring-fenced funding Voter Turnout Independent candidates

31 P OLICING AND STOP AND SEARCH A total of 1, stop and searches were conducted in 2010/11 6 police forces carried out 60% of all stops and searches 43% of all stops and searches were carried out by London Met 1 in 10 stop and searches leads to an arrest. More than 90% of stop and searches do not result in arrest Asians are stopped and searched at twice the rate of white people Black people are stopped and searches at 7 time the rate of white people If white people experienced the same level of stop and search as black people there would be an additional 4.4 million stop and searches per year. Source: Stopwatch

32 Source: Stopwatch

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35 A RRESTS - C HESHIRE

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37 A RRESTS - C UMBRIA

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39 A RRESTS – GREATER MANCHESTER

40 A RRESTS - LANCASHIRE

41 A RRESTS - MERSEYSIDE

42 R ACIST INCIDENTS Police force area 2009/102010/11%age change Cheshire Cumbria Greater Manchester Lancashire Merseyside

43 C HESHIRE HATE CRIME – CPS DATA 2010/11 Crime TypeProsecutionsConvictionsConvictions %Eng &Wales % Hate crime total %82.8% Disability %79.8% Homophobic & Transphobic %80.7% Race and religion %83.1%

44 CUMBRIA HATE CRIME – CPS DATA 2010/11 Crime TypeProsecutionsConvictionsConvictions %Eng &Wales % Hate crime total %82.8% Disability 11100%79.8% Homophobic & Transphobic %80.7% Race and religion %83.1%

45 G REATER MANCHESTER HATE CRIME – CPS DATA 2010/11 Crime TypeProsecutionsConvictionsConvictions %Eng &Wales % Hate crime total %82.8% Disability %79.8% Homophobic & Transphobic %80.7% Race and religion %83.1%

46 L ANCASHIRE HATE CRIME – CPS DATA 2010/11 Crime TypeProsecutionsConvictionsConvictions %Eng &Wales % Hate crime total %82.8% Disability %79.8% Homophobic & Transphobic %80.7% Race and religion %83.1%

47 M ERSEYSIDE HATE CRIME – CPS DATA 2010/11 Crime TypeProsecutionsConvictionsConvictions %Eng &Wales % Hate crime total %82.8% Disability %79.8% Homophobic & Transphobic %80.7% Race and religion %83.1%

48 N ORTH WEST PRISONS HMP ALTCOURSE Liverpool - Male Local HMP BUCKLEY HALL Lancashire - Male Cat. C HMP-YOI FOREST BANK Manchester - Male Cat. B and YOI HMP GARTH Preston - Male Cat. B HMP HAVERIGG Cumbria - Male Cat. C HMYOI HINDLEY Wigan - Juvenile (under 18) ISLE of MAN PRISON Isle of Man - Local HMP KENNET Liverpool Merseyside - Male Cat. D HMP KIRKHAM Preston Lancs - Male Cat. D HMYOI LANCASTER FARMS Lancaster - Male YOI HMP LANCASTER CASTLE - Male Cat. C HMP LIVERPOOL Liverpool - Male Local HMP MANCHESTER Manchester - High Security HMP PRESTON Preston Lancashire - Male Local HMP RISLEY Warrington Cheshire - Male Cat. C HMP STYAL Wilmslow Cheshire - Female Closed Training HMYOI THORN CROSS Warrington Cheshire - Male YOI HMP WYMOTT Preston - Male Cat. C

49 O PPORTUNITIES Securing local priorities that are evidence based Influence/lobby PCC candidates Post-election engagement with PCC New way of doing things – challenge status quo Cross boundary co-operation Collaboration on shared agendas such as community budgets (whole-place and neighbourhood-level), health and social care and safeguarding

50 I NFLUENCE AND PARTICIPATION Public participation Vote Stand as a candidate Register to vote Campaign Join SFC networks Lobby

51 I MPACT ON BAME - LED ORGANISATIONS The community safety fund will be transferred from community safety partnerships to the PCC. Existing funding streams will be diverted to this new fund and will no longer be ring-fenced. PCCs will determine how and if specific services will get funded.

52 W HAT CAN BAME - LED ORGANISATIONS DO ? Engage with their SFC networks Organise strategy meetings with BAME-led organisations in their region Attend hustings and stop and search your PCC candidates Distribute information leaflets Use social media and networks to cascade information

53 Y OUR ROLE IN IMPROVING COMMISSIONING Influence good contract design Clarity on outcomes – their purpose and design Providing evidence – research and evaluation Responsibility to capture good quality data Facilitate member-led projects Knowledge and experience Flexibility and continuity

54 Y OUR ROLE IN IMPROVING COMMISSIONING Influence commissioning by demonstrating effectiveness of interventions that others are not willing to test Create partnerships to improve strength and common purpose Document inequalities and differential impact on user groups Participate and initiate joint needs assessment

55 THANK YOU FOR YOUR PATIENCE!


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