Presentation on theme: "RIMA HALLAK AND JAKE TWIGG Why did the Nazi’s persecute different minority groups in Germany."— Presentation transcript:
RIMA HALLAK AND JAKE TWIGG Why did the Nazi’s persecute different minority groups in Germany
Contents page - Anti-Semitism and the Nazi Party - The Nazi’s ideas on the Aryan Race - Persecutions of the different minorities + The Jews + The mentally and physically disabled + The Gypsie's + The Homosexuals and Black people + The Eastern Europeans - Bibliography
ANTI-SEMITISM IN THE NAZI PARTY - Amongst other things, Hitler began hating Jews after he found out about a Jewish doctor poisoning his mother. He also hated Jews as he got rejected into the Vienna Academy of Art in 1908 - He blamed the Jews for many of the problems that occurred towards him during the time period of 1908 to 1910, this led to anti-Semitism occurring towards the Jews. - Hitler blamed the Jews for his time in Vienna prison, which was when he wrote his book “Mein Kampf” - Hitler and the Nazi’s wanted to get rid of the Jews because they were getting in the way of Hitler’s idea of creating the ‘prefect race’ - Hitler also got red of the Jews as they took up space in Germany and easier to kill then ship off
The Nazi’s ideas on the Aryan Race - Hitler believed in a pure German race, which he called the Aryan Race, also known as the Master Race - “The Aryan race is tall, long legged, slim. The race is narrow-faced, with a narrow forehead, a narrow high built nose and a lower jaw and prominent chin, the skin is rosy bright and the blood shines through.... the hair is smooth, straight or wavy – possibly curly in childhood. The colour is blonde” Description of a ‘pure’ Aryan taken from a leaflet, ‘The Nazi Race’, 1929 - Hitler partly blamed the failure of WW1 from the Aryan’s marrying the non-Aryans which led to the countries race weakening - Hitler believed that the Aryan Race was to be superior to all other races when it came to intelligence, physical strength and cultural achievements - Germans or people who were not apart of the Aryan Race were known as ‘inferior stock’ - Not only did Hitler share this idea but ordinary Germans did too
The Holocaust Beginnings On April 1, 1933, the Nazis instigated their first action against German Jews by implementing the Nuremberg laws, which would exclude Jewish people from business and public affairs. The Nuremberg Laws, issued on September 15, 1935, began to exclude Jews from public life. At its start, the Nazi’s would round up Jewish communities and put them in ghetto’s, which restricted their freedom within in Germany
The Holocaust Operations The Nazi’s sent Jews into ‘Concentration Camps’ to either be put to forced labor or executed in various different methods. Around 1938, the Nazi’s began putting heavier emphasis on the Jewish people, and more of them were sent to concentration camps to be either be killed or put to hard work.
The Results of the Holocaust By the end of the Holocaust, an estimated 6 million Jewish people had died, about 78 percent of the Jewish population in Germany at the time. The Holocaust is marked as one of the biggest, most recent examples of genocide within a country, and its effect on the world still shows today.
The mentally and physically disabled The mentally and physically disabled were known as inferior to scientists, zoologists and doctors - According to Grey and Little, Euthanasia and Sterilisation were suggested as “remedies” - Hitler introduced the ‘Sterilisation Law” in order to get rid of the so called “abnormal” - Forced Sterilizations began in January 1934 and up to 400,000 people were sterilized under the law - Vasectomy's and the removal of ovarian tubes of women were 2 methods of sterilisation - The Euthanasia program was also introduced. - It was a program used to systematically kill those who were mentally and physically disabled - Hitler felt that the Mentally and physically disabled would get in the way of the Aryan Race
The Gypsies (Sinti and Roma) Sinti and Roma, also known as Gypsies They were ‘nomadic people’ (had no actual home) found throughout Europe and the United States They were singled out just like the Jews, Blacks, mentally and physically disabled, eastern Europeans and the Homosexuals They were treated fairly similar to the Jews as they were placed in ghettos, extermination camps and used as medical guinea pigs Their civil rights were deprived, just as the Jews, Eastern Europeans, blacks and homosexuals were, not to mention those who were physically and mentally disabled. Hitler also god rid of the gypsies for the same reasons as the other minority groups. Was because they got in the way of fulfilling the Aryan Race
The homosexuals and black people Why did hitler hate the blacks and the homosexual “According to J. A. Rogers, Adolph Hitler declares in Mein Kampf Negroes are "half-apes." This is far from being the opinion of pre-Hitler Germany if one is to judge by the various monuments and pictures of Negroes in German museums and other public places…” Hitler was more lenient towards homosexuality than the other minorities, his prejudice was more directed towards the ‘femme’ gays than the more manlike ‘butch’ gays.
Bibliography - Site on the different minorities “Holocaust History.” Blacks during the Holocaust. Web. 09 Mar. 2012. http://kimel.net/hitjew.html http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Holocaust/disabled.html “HolocaustÂ Facts.” About.com 20 th Century History. Web. 09 Mar. 2012. “History Learning site.” History Learning Site. Web. 09 Mar. 2012. http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Holocaust/hitler.html “Sinti and Roma – the Gypsies! Us Www.HolocaustResearchProject.org.” Holocaust Education & Archive Research Team. Web. 09 Mar. 2012 “THE WATCHMAN’S CRY.” THE WATCHMAN’S CRY. Web. 09 Mar. 2012 “Sachsenhausen Concentration Camp Http://www.HolocaustResearchProject.org.” Holocaust Education & Archive Researh Team. Web. 09 Mar. 2012 “Hitler, Aryans, Summerians. Hot It All Ties In., Page 1. “ AboveTopSecret.com. Web. 09 Mar. 2012. “Adolf Hitler | TopNews.” TopNews. Web. 09 Mar. 2012.