Today’s session 1. Revision of the last session 2. The Article 3. Older people in Britain
1. What do you know about the medical aspect of disability? 2. What do you know about the social aspect of disability? 3. What types of disability are there? 4. What can be affected by a disability? 5. Where do most disabled people in Britain live? 6. What percentage of the population have disabilities? Revision – Disabled People
7. What is respite care? 8. What social services are provided for people with disabilities? 9. What does a Disability Employment Adviser focus on when interviewing a person with disability? 10. How does the Disability Discrimination Act protect the disabled? 11. Who else is protected from discrimination under the Equality Act 2010? Revision – Disabled People
The indefinite article generally means ‘one’ or ‘any’, e.g. I saw a (one) girl in the park. Please, give me a (any) pen. We use it when we introduce something mentioned for the first time, as long as it is a countable noun in singular; Discuss these examples: 1. I bought sugar, biscuits and an apple. 2. He wanted power, not money. 3. A student left the room. The student was crying. The Indefinite Article ‘a, an’
1. I bought sugar, biscuits and an apple. Only ‘apple’ is a singular and countable noun. ‘Sugar’ is uncountable, ‘biscuits’ is countable and plural. 2. He wanted power, not money. Power and money are uncountable nouns. 3. A student left the room. The student was crying. ‘Student’ in the first sentence is mentioned for the first time, but in the second the reader knows which student is referred to, therefore, the definite article is used. The Indefinite Article ‘a, an’
Used for all kinds of nouns when the reader knows which thing(s) or person(s) is/are referred to. They were either mentioned earlier in the text, are obvious from the context, or there is only one of it in general. Both the speaker and the interlocutor know which one is talked about. Discuss these examples: 1. The President gave a speech. 2. I’m afraid I lost the money you gave me. 3. ‘Pass the salt, please!’ The Definite Article ‘the’
1. The President gave a speech. It is obvious that it is the president of the given country, and there is only one. 2. I’m afraid I lost the money you gave me. ‘ Money’ is defined here. It is THE money that you gave me. 3. ‘Pass the salt, please!’ Not salt in general, but the salt on the table. The Definite Article ‘the’
Nouns are often followed by a phrase giving us more information on the noun. Generally speaking, the definite article defines the noun (which one?) and the indefinite article describes it (what kind? what like?) Look at the following examples: 1. I saw a boy with blue eyes. 2. I saw the boy with blue eyes. Defining and describing
Summary: - the indefinite article ‘a’ comes from the word ‘one’ and, therefore, cannot stand with a plural noun or with an uncountable noun (it can often be replaced by ‘one’ or ‘any’) - the definite article ‘the’ does not depend on the number or countability. It denotes a specific concept, person or thing (it can often be replaced by ‘this’ or ‘that’, or sometimes ‘all’). - the zero article is used with general plural or uncountable nouns, or with abstract nouns used in general terms The Article (a, the, Ø)
Discuss the difference in the meaning of the noun in the following pairs of sentences: 1.I ate a sandwich. I ate the sandwich. 2.A man you hate was there. The man you hate was there. 3. I saw a film which had won an Oscar. I saw the film which had won an Oscar. Exercise 1
1.I ate a sandwich. (one sandwich) I ate the sandwich. (the sandwich you know about) 2.A man you hate was there. (you hate many men, one of them was there) The man you hate was there. (you hate one man and he was there) 3. I saw a film which had won an Oscar. (one film...) I saw the film which had won an Oscar. (and not the one that hadn’t) Exercise 1 – answers
When.... crime is first discovered,.... police often don’t know who has done it or why. Usually, though,.... person who has committed.... crime will have left some evidence of their identity at.... scene such as.... footprint,.... blood, or.... fibres from.... clothing. This evidence often forms.... basis of any case against.... suspect who.... police may take to.... court. Exercise 2 – complete the text with articles
When A crime is first discovered, THE police often don’t know who has done it or why. Usually, though, THE person who has committed THE crime will have left some evidence of their identity at THE scene such as A footprint, / blood, or / fibres from / clothing. This evidence often forms THE basis of any case against A suspect who THE police may take to / court. Exercise 2 – ANSWERS
.... King Juan Carlos of.... Spain arrived in.... London today for.... three day visit to.... United Kingdom. He was met by.... Queen and drove with her to.... Buckingham Palace. Tomorrow he will have.... lunch with.... Governor of.... Bank of.... England and in.... evening he will have.... talks with.... businessmen. Exercise 3 – complete the text with articles
/ King Juan Carlos of / Spain arrived in / London today for A three day visit to THE United Kingdom. He was met by THE Queen and drove with her to / Buckingham Palace. Tomorrow he will have / lunch with THE Governor of THE Bank of / England and in THE evening he will have / talks with / businessmen. Exercise 3 – complete the text with articles
Practice Do the articles exercise on p. 50
Older People DISCUSS THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS When does a person become old? What is the criterion or the age limit for declaring somebody old? How does our chronological age reflect on our role in the society?
Older People boundary of old age not clearly defined some criteria: retirement age moment of becoming grandparents when signs of physical/mental decline start appearing Do you see any problems with these criteria?
Older People in Europe Read paragraphs 1&2 of the text on p.65 How does paragraph 1 summarize the problems surrounding older people in Europe? How is ‘old age’ defined in para 2? How is chronological age used in the society? What are the implications of ‘old’ in Western culture?
Older People in Europe Read paragraphs 3&4 How is ageism defined in para 3? How is an older person put in jeopardy? What can you say about social perceptions and expectations regarding older people?
Older People in Europe Do exercise 1 on p. 67 (comprehension check) Do the vocabulary practice on p. 67
Older People in Britain Read the text on p. 68 and summarize the social services available to older people in Britain. Are you familiar with such services being available in Croatia? If so, which ones? Do you have any direct contact with older people who use any social services in our country?
Older People in Britain SOME STATISTICS REGARDING OLDER PEOPLE twice as many women live alone than men twice as many women live in communal establishments more than half own their own homes 1 in 5 rent from the social sector, 1 in 20 rent privately about 30% of homes equipped with handrails for easier access, 26% have bathroom modifications, 14% have alarms installed
Older People in Britain SOME STATISTICS REGARDING OLDER PEOPLE life expectancy and disability-free life expectancy (DFLE) steadily increasing DFLE increasing slightly more 2008/09 a male pensioner received average income of £304 per week, female £264 most of the income comes from benefit income, then occupational pension, personal pension, investment, and, lastly, earnings income drops with age
Social Security in the USA Read the text and do the related exercises