Presentation on theme: "Trans Misrepresentation in the Media Sara Payo Dr. Vicaro COMM 409."— Presentation transcript:
Trans Misrepresentation in the Media Sara Payo Dr. Vicaro COMM 409
Definitions Gender Identity – “One's internal, personal sense of being a man or a woman (or a boy or a girl)” Transgender – “An umbrella term … for people whose gender identity and/or gender expression differs from the sex they were assigned at birth” Transsexual – “An older term which originated in the medical and psychological communities. While some transsexual people still prefer to use the term to describe themselves, many transgender people prefer the term transgender to transsexual. Unlike transgender, transsexual is not an umbrella term, as many transgender people do not identify as transsexual. It is best to ask which term an individual prefers” Cisgender – “is a term used to describe people who, for the most part, identify as the gender they were assigned at birth.”
Concepts Ideological discourse – “The expression of ideology in discourse is usually more than just an explicit or concealed display of a person's beliefs, but mostly also has a persuasive function: speakers want to change the mind of the recipients in a way that is consistent with their beliefs, intentions and goals” (van Dijk 263). Witnessing – Report on what audience cannot experience first-hand Ethical dilemmas/conflicts – Seek truth and report it Avoid stereotyping Give voice to the voiceless – Minimize harm Show compassion Show good taste. Avoid pandering to lurid curiosity – Act independently – Be accountable Admit mistakes and correct them promptly
Journalism & Mainstream Media News coverage has served to misrepresent and sensationalize the trans community – Untimely – Misleading – Inaccurate – Narrow in focus Fox News CNN Katie Couric “Katie” talkshow
Criticism “Coverage that portrays transgender people in a negative light is not news, but propaganda that further stigmatizes a community which faces horrific violence and discrimination at alarming rates. Negative and inaccurate depictions of transgender people in the media are not only unethical, they are dangerous” (Maza, “Watch”).
Transpeople in Pop Culture/Media Recent news coverage on transgender individuals – Laverne Cox – Carmen Carrera – Janet Mock – Chaz Bono – Chelsea Manning
Violence and Hate Crimes “Media Ignores Rash of Assaults on Transgender Women” - June 6, 2012 – -ignores-rash-of-assaults-on-transgender-women.html -ignores-rash-of-assaults-on-transgender-women.html “Transgender Woman Dies in Possible Hate Crime” – Aug 23, 2013 – death-of-transgender-woman-is-investigated-as-hate- crime.html “What Grantland Got Wrong” – Jan 20, 2014 –
Works Cited Bernstein, Jacob. “In Their Own Terms: The Growing Transgender Presence in Pop Culture.” 12 Mar NY Times.. Brinker, Luke. “Fox News, CNN Ignore Their Own Advice On Transgender Coverage.” 27 Jan Brinker, Luke. “Watch MSNBC's Melissa Harris-Perry Cover Transgender Issues The Way They Should Be.” 3 Feb Dishneau, David and Pauline Jelinek. “Manning Wants To Live As A Woman Named Chelsea.” 22 Aug Associated Press.. Gilles, Kate. “Gender-Based Violence Against the Transgender Community Is Underreported.” Dec Grant, Jaime M., Lisa A. Mottet, Justin Tanis, Jack Harrison, Jody L. Herman, and Mara Keisling. “Injustice at Every Turn: A Report of the National Transgender Discrimination Survey”. Washington: National Center for Transgender Equality and National Gay and Lesbian Task Force, “GLAAD Media Reference guide – Transgender Glossary of Terms.” GLAAD. Web.. Hannan, Caleb. “Dr. V’s Magical Putter: The remarkable story behind a mysterious inventor who built a ‘scientifically superior’ golf club.” 15 Jan Grantland. Web.. Haughney, Christine. “‘He’? ‘She’? News Media Are Encouraged to Change.” 22 Aug NY Times. Web.. Jones, Saeed. “Transgender People Are Paying The Price For The Media’s Willful Ignorance.” 19 Jan Buzzfeed. Web.. Matlow, Rachel. “Transgender issues: Public awareness is on the rise.” 4 May Maza, Carlos. “Experts: Fox News' Coverage Contributes To Violence, Discrimination Against Transgender Community.” 18 June Media Matters. Web.. Maza, Carlos. “Watch A Transgender Activist Ask A Television Host To Prove Her Womanhood.” 30 April Equality Matters. Web.. McBee, Thomas. “How Trans Rights Became the Civil Rights Struggle of Our Generation.” 3 Apr Policy Mic. Web.. Michaelson, Jay. “Media Ignores Rash of Assaults on Transgender Women.” 6 June The Daily Beast. Web.. Mendoza, Martha. “Facebook Offers New Gender Options For Users.” 13 Feb Associated Press.. Nichols, James. “Monica Jones, Transgender Woman, Convicted Of 'Manifesting Prostitution'.” 16 April Huffington Post. Web.. “NLGJA Programs.” N.d. The Association of LGBT Journalists. Web.. O’Connor, Maureen. “Why Is It So Hard to Call Chelsea Manning ‘She’?” 22 August NY Mag. Web.. Phillips, Julia. “5 Transgender Victims of Media Violence.” 19 June PolicyMic. Web.. “SPJ Code of Ethics.” N.d. Society of Professional Journalists. Web.. Ulaby, Neda. “On Television, More Transgender Characters Come Into Focus.” 23 Apr NPR. Web.. van Dijk, Teun A. "Ideological Discourse Structures." Ideology: A Multidisciplinary Approach. London: SAGE Publications Ltd., SAGE knowledge. Web. 5 May Zeigler, Cyd. “How ESPN and Grantland Desperately Failed the Trans Community.” 23 March Web. Huffington Post..