Presentation on theme: " Where did you see prejudice (specifically, racism)? Where does “racism” lie? Who can be racist (sexist, etc.)? What are some possible causes of."— Presentation transcript:
Where did you see prejudice (specifically, racism)? Where does “racism” lie? Who can be racist (sexist, etc.)? What are some possible causes of racism?
Social Identity Theory Gudykunst & Lim, 1986 Interpersonal Intergroup Interpersonal Intergroup High Low High Low
Interpersonal : individual perception of communicators, based on personal experiences Intercultural : real differences in values, beliefs, behaviors, regardless of awareness Intergroup : perceived differences between communicators based on group identity (e.g., in-group/out-group perception, stereotypes, prejudice)
Axes: › Internal/External › Controlability › Permanence Biases › Self-protective bias: › Other biases (primacy, recency, consistency, etc.) › Fundamental attribution error: › Ultimate attribution error : “We lost the game because Negative OutcomePositive outcome Me/my group “Them”/ “their” group
Categorization? › Why is it good? › Why is it bad? › How does it work? Stereotypes › Overgeneralizations › Social stereotype › Content and other dimensions › Kernel of truth › Media
Behavior or attitude? Intent or result of action? › Communicative prejudice: ethophaulisms (epithets) › Racial jokes Individual or Institutional › Direct versus indirect institutional racism Overt versus subtle/symbolic/everyday Who can be racist, sexist, etc.?
The main point: Four (or three) main aspects) › Spheres: group identities on which one can be intolerant › Stances: positions towards various groups › Levels/layers of analysis: levels at which intolerance exists Layers: Implies: ____________________
Hate Crimes against Asians: An interaction in Bro-Menn Hospital: “Why don’t you people just go home?” Hate crimes website: i-releases-2008-hate-crime-statistics/ i-releases-2008-hate-crime-statistics/ The Contact Hypothesis: › Defined › Clarifications
Anti-Indian sentiment in B-N Heterosexism/homophobia in high schools Racial tensions in a Cincinnati community Palestine/Jewish Israeli tensions