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Civics Vocabulary Review Part 1

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1 Civics Vocabulary Review Part 1
1. / a government in which citizens rule directly by voting on laws Direct democracy 2. / sharing power between federal and state governments federalism

2 3. / part of the Constitution Article 4. / to approve Ratify

3 5. / something added to a legal document Amendment 6
5. / something added to a legal document Amendment 6. / lawmaking branch of the government Legislative Branch

4 7. / branch of government responsible for making sure laws are followed/carried out Executive Branch 8. / the idea that the government’s power comes from the people- the people are in charge of the government Popular Sovereignty

5 9. / branch that interprets the laws and decides if someone has broken one. Judicial Branch 10. / the introduction to the Constitution Preamble

6 11. / responsibility of the government to keep peace among the people
11. / responsibility of the government to keep peace among the people. Domestic Tranquility 12. / a government in which citizens rule through elected representatives who make the choices for them. Republic

7 13. / system that breaks up power so that each branch can balance or limit the power of the others, that way no one group becomes too powerful. Checks and Balances

8 Civics Vocab Review Part 2

9 14. / people that members of Congress (or other government officials) represent Constituents 15. / to formally charge a public official with misconduct while in office Impeach

10 16. / idea that the government must follow procedures established by law and guaranteed by the Constitution. Due process of Law 17. / powers that have been listed for (or belong only to) the federal government. Enumerated powers

11 18. / powers not specifically mentioned in the Constitution
18. / powers not specifically mentioned in the Constitution. Implied powers 19. / to set something aside (like money/funds) for a particular purpose appropriate

12 20. / a person who owes loyalty to and is entitled to the protection of a state or nation. Citizen 21. / powers shared by both the state and federal governments, things they do together. Concurrent/shared powers

13 22. / the right of the Supreme Court to determine if laws violate the Constitution. Judicial Review 23./ to grant full citizenship to a foreigner Naturalization 24. / powers held specifically for the states. Reserved powers

14 Chapter 7 Section 3 textbook page 207
Test on Tuesday, January 13, 2015

15 Roots of the Constitution 1. The Iroquois League- (1570)
member nations each governed their own affairs but joined together for defense 2. The Magna Carta- (England, 1215) the idea of limiting the power of a ruler (p611)

16 3. England’s Parliament -(mid-1200’s) representative government- leaders chosen to represent the people and vote on laws for the citizens. 4. English Bill of Rights- (1689) gives us the idea of including our own bill of rights (p613)

17 5. Enlightenment Philosophers
a. John Locke - believed all people had natural rights to life, liberty and property; if a ruler violated those rights the people had the right to rebel

18 b. Montesquieu - believed in limiting the power of a government by separating the governing bodies ***separation of powers Not only did the power have to be split up, it needed to be clearly limited and defined so there was no confusion.

19 B. A Stronger National Government (Federalism) )
(Enumerated) 1. Powers of the Federal Gov’t -declare war, issue money, regulate trade, make treaties, raise an army

20 2. Powers of the State Gov’t -
(Reserved powers) a. any powers not specifically given to the Federal Gov’t nor denied to the states b. regulate trade w/in their borders c. establish local governments

21 d. conduct local elections and determine voter qualification
e. establish public schools f. provide for the safety, health and welfare of their citizens

22 3. Powers that Overlap (Concurrent Powers /Shared Powers)
power to tax, power to try criminals in court, power to build roads

23 4. Supreme Law of the Land - the National Government is supreme over state governments when there is a conflict Who decides these cases? The Supreme Court in Washington, D. C.

24 C. Separation of Powers 1. The Legislative Branch -creates the laws, Made up of Congress (The House of Representatives and the Senate)

25 2. The Executive Branch makes sure laws are carried out, made up of the President, Vice- President & Cabinet

26 3. The Judicial Branch interprets the laws (figures out what laws mean and decides if one has been broken), made up of the Supreme Court & lower federal courts

27 Civics Vocab Review Part 3

28 25. Throughout our nation’s history, only 2 presidents have gone through ______ proceedings due to things they did while in office. impeachment Neither one was found guilty and a third resigned so he wouldn’t have to go to trial.

29 26. It is the responsibility of representatives in Congress to pay attention to the views and beliefs of their _______ when deciding on laws or they might get voted out of office during the next election. Constituents

30 27. The Supreme Court can look at a law passed by Congress and use their right of ________ to throw out that law if it goes against the Constitution. Judicial Review

31 28. When someone moves to the United States and wants to become a citizen of our country, they must go through the ________ process to get that citizenship. Naturalization

32 29. The Constitution does not specifically say that states can create hospitals for the poor, but it is one of the _______ granted to the states for our health and welfare. Implied powers

33 30. The Constitution says that states can create public schools, because it is one of the _______ granted to the states. Reserved powers

34 31. Paying for all of the public services that the government provides to us on a state and national level requires a lot of money. Therefore, the power to tax is one of the _______ powers set up in the Constitution. Concurrent powers

35 32. Making a new law allowing teenagers to vote would be the responsibility of the _________ branch of government. Legislative

36 33. Since the federal government is in conflict with the state of Colorado over a specific law, the _________ branch will have to decide which group is correct. Judicial

37 34. If the president believed that a state was keeping people from voting (which is against the law), could he ask the department of justice to keep an eye on the elections in that state? This is a tricky one, you can make a few arguments for this one. Yes, because his job is to make sure laws are followed, but it would be the job of the justice department to investigate first to determine if the law was broken.

38 35. If the government decides that they want to round up suspected terrorists and throw them out of our country with out a trial, is this legal? This is a tricky one, you can make a few arguments for this one. No, because we have DUE PROCESS of LAW, the government has to follow the rules just like any other crime and have an investigation and trial first.

39 Chapter 7 Section 3 textbook page 207
Test on Tuesday, January 13, 2015

40 D. Electing the President
1. An electoral college made up of electors representing voters in each state casts votes to elect the President 2. The number of electors is the same as the total number of senators and representatives in each state **Louisiana has 8

41 E. Checks and Balances** gives each branch control over the other two examples:
1. The President can veto a bill passed by Congress 2. Congress can override a Presidential veto and Congress can impeach the President 3. The Supreme Court can declare laws unconstitutional

42 F. Ratifying the Constitution -
The Federalists - favored a strong national gov’t Anti- Federalist (opposed the Constitution )-believed the states should retain maximum power and independence - felt presidential power was too great

43 The Vote-only needed 9 out of the 13 states to approve it, but founding fathers worked hard to get all 13 states to approve so we could start our new government as one, unified group.

44 A Bill of Rights -The framers wanted to ensure a way for the Constitution to be changed as time changed *** a living document , Sept. 25, 1791–the first ten Amendments passed both Houses** Bill of Rights, Dec. 15, 1791 – ratified by ¾ of the states

45 Test on this material will be Tuesday, January 13, 2015
Review section Test on this material will be Tuesday, January 13, 2015

46 1. Be able to tell what things in our current government we got from other sources.
for example: Where did we get the idea for the Bill of rights in our Constitution? Ans. Philosopher John Locke gave us the idea of natural rights and the document the English Bill of Rights was the blue print for listing our rights.

47 3. What does separation of powers prevent and who did we get the idea from?
Montesquieu gave us the idea to separate the power and specifically list and limit the power so no one group can control the others.

48 4. Why is it a good thing to have the following powers enumerated for the federal government: declare war, issue money, regulate trade, make treaties? These are all big issues that affect the whole country so we need the big federal government to organize and handle them.

49 5. What ideas did we get from the English for setting up the government?
Magna Carta- limit the power of the ruler Bill of Rights- list the people’s rights English Parliament- representatives for the people in government John Locke- define what rights everyone has (natural rights) and idea that we can break away from bad government

50 6. Be able to identify what powers go with the federal government (Enumerated), the state government (Reserved), and which ones are Concurrent powers. You will have a scrambled list.

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