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USHC 3.3 Analyze the effects of Reconstruction on the southern states and on the role of the federal government, including the impact of the thirteenth,

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Presentation on theme: "USHC 3.3 Analyze the effects of Reconstruction on the southern states and on the role of the federal government, including the impact of the thirteenth,"— Presentation transcript:

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2 USHC 3.3 Analyze the effects of Reconstruction on the southern states and on the role of the federal government, including the impact of the thirteenth, fourteenth, and fifteenth amendments on opportunities for African Americans. Color Palette by GamehenGraphicsGamehenGraphics

3 “With malice toward none, with charity for all, with firmness in the right as God gives us to see the right, let us strive on to finish the work we are in, to bind up the nation's wounds… to do all which may achieve and cherish a just and lasting peace among ourselves and with all nations.” -- Abraham Lincoln Second Inaugural Address March 4, 1865 MAGNANIMOUS

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6 Sic Semper Tyrannis!

7 President Andrew Johnson continued Lincoln’s lenient Reconstruction plan.

8 Thirteenth Amendment Freedmen’s Bureau Sharecropping Black Codes FRANCHISE And Not This Man? FRANCHISE And Not This Man?

9 RECONSTRUCTION AMENDMENTS: Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime where of the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction. Ratified December 6,

10 SharecroppingTenant Farming

11 Passed in many Southern states to restrict the activities of freedmen

12 Established by Congress in 1865 to help former slaves. – Education – Healthcare – Job Placement From Harper’s Weekly, 1868

13 PresidentialCongressional (aka, Radical)

14 Thaddeus Stevens (PA) HOUSE GOALS: 1.Punish the South. 2.Protect African Americans.

15 The Radicals proposed dividing the former Confederate states (minus Tennessee) into five military districts.

16 Photo Credits: Peter Clark (soldier)Peter Clark FutUndBeidlFutUndBeidl (ballot box) Forced Ratification of the Fourteenth Amendment IMMEDIATE Suffrage for African Americans Military Occupation of the South 123

17 Congress overrode all of Johnson’s vetoes of the Reconstruction Acts.

18 Impeachment Photo Credit: Nancy LehrerNancy Lehrer

19 2 – 1 – 0 By the Numbers

20 Photo Credit: Nancy LehrerNancy Lehrer Presidents have been impeached by Congress. 2

21 President has resigned from office. 1

22 0 Presidents have been removed from office.

23 But Johnson was only ONE vote shy.

24 Section 1. All persons born or naturalized in the United States… are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside. No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws. RECONSTRUCTION AMENDMENTS: Ratified July 9, 1868

25 Section 1. The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude. RECONSTRUCTION AMENDMENTS: Ratified February 3, 1870

26 RECONSTRUCTION AMENDMENTS:

27 USHC 3.4 Summarize the end of Reconstruction, including the role of anti–African American factions and competing national interests in undermining support for Reconstruction; the impact of the removal of federal protection for freedmen; and the impact of Jim Crow laws and voter restrictions on African American rights in the post- Reconstruction era. Reconstruction in the South

28 Carpetbag

29 “Carpetbaggers” Nickname applied by Southern whites to people who migrated South after the Civil War

30 The “Carpetbagger” Stereotype Click to play!

31 “Carpetbaggers” Individual carpetbaggers’ goals were diverse: P ower O pportunity W ealth S ervice

32 Educating Freedmen and Women Although many carpetbaggers went South to seek fortune and political office, many went South to educate freedmen and women. Hampton Institute (VA) Late Nineteenth Century Hampton Institute (VA) Late Nineteenth Century

33 The Republican Coalition in the South “Carpetbaggers” “Scalawags” Freedmen

34 Resistance to Reconstruction

35 The (First) Ku Klux Klan Gen. Nathan Bedford Forrest, CSA Vigilantism

36 Restoration of Southern “Home Rule”

37 1874 Northern public opinion turns against Radical Reconstruction. Perception of “Colored Rule” and corruption in the South under Carpetbag state governments ions/reconstruction/coloredrule.htm

38 1874 Congressional Elections U.S. House of Representatives VOTERS REACT TO: Bad Economy Political Corruption Reconstruction Policy

39 Election of 1876 Republican Platform Democratic Platform Tilden: 184 Hayes: 166 Disputed: 19 FTW:

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41 Compromise of 1877 DISPUTED ELECTION Samuel Tilden (D-NY) Rutherford B. Hayes (R-OH) “Rutherfraud”

42 “Redeemer” Governments Southern White “Bourbon” Democrats re-assert authority “Solid South” – DEMOCRATIC STRONGHOLD Republican Party a non-entity in Southern politics until the 1960s Gov. Wade Hampton (SC)

43 The “Solid South” Almost 50 Years Later

44 Jim Crow “Jim Crow” Laws Racial Segregation Grandfather Clause Literacy Tests Poll Tax Designed to keep Black citizens from voting Segregation and Voting Restrictions

45 The Supreme Court and Civil Rights (Late Nineteenth Century) In the late 19 th century, the Supreme Court upheld Jim Crow, as well as restrictions on voting (since these restrictions did not explicitly discriminate based on race).

46 Plessy v. Ferguson 14 (1896)

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