Presentation on theme: "The United States is a federation, with elected officials at the federal (national), state and local levels. On a national level, the head of state, the."— Presentation transcript:
The United States is a federation, with elected officials at the federal (national), state and local levels. On a national level, the head of state, the President, is elected indirectly by the people, through an Electoral College. Today, the electors virtually always vote with the popular vote of their state. All members of the federal legislature, the Congress, are directly elected. There are many elected offices at state level, each state having at least an elective governor and legisl ature. There are also elected offices at the local level, in counties and cities. It is estimated that across the whole country, over one million offices are filled in every electoral cycle.United Statesfederationhead of statePresidentElectoral CollegeCongressgovernorlegisl ature
Voting Every state except North Dakota requires that citizens who wish to vote be registered. Some states allow citizens to register to vote on the same day of the election, see below. Traditionally, voters had to register at state offices to vote, but in the mid-1990s efforts were made by the federal government to make registering easier, in an attempt to increase turnout. The National Voter Registration Act of 1993 (the "Motor Voter" law) required state governments that receive certain types of federal funding to make the voter registration process easier by providing uniform registration services through drivers' license registration centers, disability centers, schools, libraries, and mail-in registration. States with same-day registration are exempt from Motor Voter; namely: Idaho, Minnesota, New Hampshire, North Dakota, Wisconsin, and Wyoming.North DakotaNational Voter Registration Act of 1993
Levels of elections The President and the Vice President are elected together in a Presidential election. [ It is an indirect election, with the winner being determined by votes cast by electors of the Electoral College. In modern times, voters in each state select a slate of electors from a list of several slates designated by different parties or candidates, and the electors typically promise in advance to vote for the candidates of their party (whose names of the presidential candidates usually appear on the ballot rather than those of the individual electors). The winner of the election is the candidate with at least 270 Electoral College votes. It is possible for a candidate to win the electoral vote, and lose the (nationwide) popular vote (receive fewer votes nationwide than the second ranked candidate). Until the Twelfth Amendment to the United States Constitution of 1804, the runner-up in a Presidential election became the Vice President.indirect electionElectoral Collegeelectoral votepopular voteTwelfth Amendment to the United States Constitution
Basic rotation of U.S. general elections (fixed-terms only [ )fixed-terms only Year20122013201420152016 TypePresidentialOff-year a MidtermOff-year b Presidential PresidentYesNoYes SenateClass I (33 seats)NoClass II (33 seats)No Class III (34 seats) HouseAll 435 seatsNoAll 435 seatsNoAll 435 seats Gubernatoria l 11 states DE11 states DE, IN, MO, MT, NH, NC, ND, UT, VT,WA, WVINMOMT NHNCNDUTVTWAWV 2 states NJ2 states NJ, VAVA 36 states  AL36 states  AL, AK, AZ, AR, CA, CO, CT, FL, GA,HI, ID, IL, IA, KS, ME, MD, M A, MI,MN, NE, N V, NH, NM, NY, OH, OK, OR,PA, RI, SC, SD, TN, T X, VT, WI, WYAKAZAR CACOCTFL GAHIIDILIAKSMEMDM AMIMNNEN VNHNMNY OHOKORPA RISCSDTNT XVTWIWY 3 states KY3 states KY, LA, MSLAMS 11 states DE11 states DE, IN, MO, MT, NH, NC, ND, UT, VT,WA, WVINMOMTNHNCND UTVTWAWV Other state and local offices Varies from state-to-state, county-to-county, city-to-city, community-to-community, etc.
2010 midterm elections Attacking Obama relentlessly, emphasizing the stalled economy, and fueled by the anger of the Tea Party Movement, Republicans scored a landslide in the 2010 midterm elections, winning control of the House and gaining seats in the Senate.Tea Party Movement2010 midterm electionswinning control of the House Obama blamed himself, in part, for the many Democrats who went down to defeat knowing that they had risked their careers to support his agenda of economic stimulus legislation and a landmark health care bill.  Obama called the elections "humbling" and a "shellacking", arguing that the defeat came because not enough Americans had felt the effects of the economic recovery. [  2012 re-election campaign On April 4, 2011, Obama announced that he would seek re-election in the 2012 presidential election. The campaign would be based in Chicago and run by many former members of the White House staff and members of the successful 2008 campaign.re-election2012 presidential election2008 campaign The campaign succeeded: on November 6, 2012 Obama won a second term. Obama’s election