Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

The Framers of the Constitution purposely left the power to set suffrage qualifications to each State.The Framers of the Constitution purposely left.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "The Framers of the Constitution purposely left the power to set suffrage qualifications to each State.The Framers of the Constitution purposely left."— Presentation transcript:

1

2

3 The Framers of the Constitution purposely left the power to set suffrage qualifications to each State.The Framers of the Constitution purposely left the power to set suffrage qualifications to each State.

4 Both of these terms have the same meaning:Both of these terms have the same meaning: –The RIGHT or PRIVILEGE to vote.

5

6 When the Constitution went into effect in 1789, who was allowed to vote?When the Constitution went into effect in 1789, who was allowed to vote? –White, male, property owners

7 Today the size of the American electorate (potential voting population) is around 210 million peopleToday the size of the American electorate (potential voting population) is around 210 million people Who is allowed to vote today?Who is allowed to vote today? –Nearly all citizens who are at least 18 years old.

8 That big number is a result of some 200 years of continuing, often bitter and sometimes violent struggle.That big number is a result of some 200 years of continuing, often bitter and sometimes violent struggle. The history of suffrage has been marked by (2) long-term trends:The history of suffrage has been marked by (2) long-term trends: 1.The gradual elimination of restrictions on the right to vote 2.The State’s power over the right to vote has been assumed by the Federal government.

9 The growth of the American electorate to its present size and shape has come in five fairly distinct stages:The growth of the American electorate to its present size and shape has come in five fairly distinct stages:

10 When:When: –Early 1800s What:What: –Elimination of religious, property, and tax requirements.

11 When:When: –Post Civil-War Era. What:What: –Race or color could not block right to vote. –15 th Amendment.

12 When:When: –1920 What:What: –Women get the right to vote in Federal elections. –19 th Amendment

13 When:When: –1960s What:What: –23 rd Amendment allows District of Columbia to vote in presidential election –24 th Amendment – No poll tax –Voting Rights Act 1965

14 When: –1971 What: –Minimum age of voting can be no higher than 18 years old.

15

16 Today, every state requires that any person who wants to vote must be able to satisfy qualifications based on (3) factorsToday, every state requires that any person who wants to vote must be able to satisfy qualifications based on (3) factors :

17 Aliens (foreign born residents who have not become citizens) are denied the right to vote.Aliens (foreign born residents who have not become citizens) are denied the right to vote. States have power to regulate this.States have power to regulate this. Pennsylvania?Pennsylvania? –Citizen for 30 days –Resident of PA for 30 days

18 Why is there a residency requirement?Why is there a residency requirement? 1.Political Machines cannot bring voters in from different areas. 2.New voters can become familiar with candidates and issues of an area.

19 Transients:Transients: –persons living in a State for only a short time; are prohibited from voting in nearly every state.

20 26 th Amendment (1971) set the minimum age for voting in any election at no more than th Amendment (1971) set the minimum age for voting in any election at no more than 18. Vietnam War was key.Vietnam War was key. What is the impact of years olds in voting?What is the impact of years olds in voting? –NONE: they have the lowest percentage of all voting groups..

21

22 The States have imposed a number of other qualifications over time.The States have imposed a number of other qualifications over time. 1.Registration 2.Literacy 3.Tax Payment 4.Persons Denied the Vote

23 Procedure of voter identification intended to prevent fraudulent voting.Procedure of voter identification intended to prevent fraudulent voting. A prospective voter must register his/her name, age, place of birth, present address, length of residence, and similar facts.A prospective voter must register his/her name, age, place of birth, present address, length of residence, and similar facts. What is purging?What is purging? –Reviewing the lists of registered voters and removing the names of the ineligible.

24 Some people argue that the registration requirement is bar to voter turnout, especially among the poor and less- educated.Some people argue that the registration requirement is bar to voter turnout, especially among the poor and less- educated.

25 In 1993 Congress passed a law dubbed “the Motor- Voter Law”.In 1993 Congress passed a law dubbed “the Motor- Voter Law”. What did this do?What did this do? 1.Register by mail 2.Register when applying/renewing driver’s license.

26 Today no state has a suffrage qualification based on voter literacy – a persons ability to read or write.Today no state has a suffrage qualification based on voter literacy – a persons ability to read or write. States had these in place to keep a group away from the polls – African Americans, Native American, Irish Catholic immigrants.States had these in place to keep a group away from the polls – African Americans, Native American, Irish Catholic immigrants.

27 What eliminated all of these requirements?What eliminated all of these requirements? –Voting Rights Act Amendments of 1970

28 Poll tax = payment of a tax in order to vote.Poll tax = payment of a tax in order to vote. Beginning with Florida in 1889, each of the 11 southern states enacted this to keep African- Americans away from the polls.Beginning with Florida in 1889, each of the 11 southern states enacted this to keep African- Americans away from the polls.

29 The 24 th Amendment to the Constitution ended this in 1964.The 24 th Amendment to the Constitution ended this in 1964.

30 Some states deny the right to vote to certain persons:Some states deny the right to vote to certain persons: –People in mental institutions. –Persons found legally incompetent. –Persons convicted of serious crimes.

31

32 First step in the effort to extend the franchise to African Americans.First step in the effort to extend the franchise to African Americans. What does it declare….What does it declare….

33 Right to vote cannot be denied because of race, color or previous condition of servitude.Right to vote cannot be denied because of race, color or previous condition of servitude.

34 Yet for almost 90 years ( ), the Federal government paid little attention to voting rights for African Americans.Yet for almost 90 years ( ), the Federal government paid little attention to voting rights for African Americans. During this period, blacks were kept from the polls by a mix of violence, literacy tests, poll taxes and other devices:During this period, blacks were kept from the polls by a mix of violence, literacy tests, poll taxes and other devices:

35 Definition:Definition: –Drawing district lines to limit or strengthen the voting power of a particular group.

36

37 Definition:Definition: –Practice that excluded blacks from running for office; used in the South. –Eventually ruled unconstitutional.

38 Allowed for Federal voting referees to help voters register or vote.Allowed for Federal voting referees to help voters register or vote.

39 This Act was much broader and more effective than either two of the earlier measures.This Act was much broader and more effective than either two of the earlier measures. Outlawed discrimination in several areas – especially job related matters.Outlawed discrimination in several areas – especially job related matters. It relied on judicial action to overcome racial barriers.It relied on judicial action to overcome racial barriers.

40 Definition:Definition: –A court order that either forces or limits an action by a person.

41 Voter registration march in Selma, Alabama were met with violence - showing a need for new and stronger legislationVoter registration march in Selma, Alabama were met with violence - showing a need for new and stronger legislation. What played a role in getting the nation’s attention?What played a role in getting the nation’s attention? –The violence shown on national TV.

42 This act applied to ALL elections held anywhere in this country – state and local as well as federal.This act applied to ALL elections held anywhere in this country – state and local as well as federal. Originally, the Act was to be in effect for 5 years but Congress has extended its life three times.Originally, the Act was to be in effect for 5 years but Congress has extended its life three times.

43 1.Suspended us of literacy tests. 2.Gave Federal government power to oversee elections.

44 Changes that must be approved:Changes that must be approved: –Location of polling places –Boundaries of districts –Deadlines in election process –Qualifications of candidates

45 Additions to the law include:Additions to the law include: –extensions for existing provisions –help for language minorities (ballots in several languages)

46

47 There are several legitimate reasons for not voting…There are several legitimate reasons for not voting… But the troubling fact remains that most of the millions who do not vote cannot claim those reasons.But the troubling fact remains that most of the millions who do not vote cannot claim those reasons.

48 Case in point Election Day 2000:Case in point Election Day 2000: –those eligible to vote (205.8 million) and million did vote (51.2%) –How many people did not vote at all? Nearly 100 million people!!!Nearly 100 million people!!!

49 Off-year elections, which are the congressional elections in between a President’s term, have even lower rates of voter turnout.Off-year elections, which are the congressional elections in between a President’s term, have even lower rates of voter turnout. What does it mean to be a “nonvoting voter”?What does it mean to be a “nonvoting voter”? –Vote for candidates at top of ballot, but no other offices.

50 One reason for nonvoting is “ballot fatigue”One reason for nonvoting is “ballot fatigue” –many voters get exhaust their patience and/or knowledge as they work they way down the ballot.

51 There are any number of reasons for not voting:There are any number of reasons for not voting: –Belief that it makes no difference who wins. –Others are satisfied with the political world as they it.

52 DefineDefine –People who lack any feeling of influence or effectiveness in politics. Why do people have it?Why do people have it? –They believe they have no impact on what the government does.

53 Cumbersome election procedures (registration, long lines and ballots)Cumbersome election procedures (registration, long lines and ballots) Bad weather can also effect turnout.Bad weather can also effect turnout.

54 Time-Zone FalloutTime-Zone Fallout –polls on East Coast close before other time-zones –Announcing East Coast results might discourage West Coast voters.

55 A simple factor is, purely and simply, a lack of interestA simple factor is, purely and simply, a lack of interest!

56 Voters and Non- voters.Voters and Non- voters. One useful way to get a handle on the problem of nonvoting is to contrast those who go to the polls regularly and those who do not…One useful way to get a handle on the problem of nonvoting is to contrast those who go to the polls regularly and those who do not…

57 High level of income, education and job status.High level of income, education and job status. Strong sense of party identification.Strong sense of party identification. Long time residents who are active in their community.Long time residents who are active in their community. Unmarried, unskilled and under the age of 35.Unmarried, unskilled and under the age of 35. Live in rural areas of country.Live in rural areas of country. Women vote more than men.Women vote more than men.

58 Voting has been studied more closely than any other form of political participation.Voting has been studied more closely than any other form of political participation. Why is this? The importance of the topic and the great amount of data available.Why is this? The importance of the topic and the great amount of data available.

59 Most of what is known about voter behavior comes from (3) sources:Most of what is known about voter behavior comes from (3) sources:

60 Sociology is the study of groups and how people behave within groups.Sociology is the study of groups and how people behave within groups.

61 Lower income tend to be Democrat, higher income Republicans.Lower income tend to be Democrat, higher income Republicans. Occupations :Occupations : –professionals, business people tend to vote Republican –manual labor, union workers tend to vote Democrat.

62 College grads vote for Republicans in higher percentages than do high school grads; High school grads vote GOP more than grade school grads.College grads vote for Republicans in higher percentages than do high school grads; High school grads vote GOP more than grade school grads.

63 The Gender Gap in politics:The Gender Gap in politics: –Women tend to favor Democrats by 5-10%, and men tend to favor Republicans by the same amount.

64 Historically, a majority of Protestants have voted Republican.Historically, a majority of Protestants have voted Republican. Social issues are key to most Protestants voters.Social issues are key to most Protestants voters.

65 Traditional, have voted Democrat.Traditional, have voted Democrat. Immigration in early 1900s.Immigration in early 1900s. Recent trend is that they are swing voters:Recent trend is that they are swing voters: – % for Bush – % for Obama

66 Traditionally have always voted Democrat.Traditionally have always voted Democrat. Immigration in early 1900s.Immigration in early 1900s. Recent trend:Recent trend: – % for Bush – % for Obama

67 For decades, African Americans have supported the Democratic Party consistently and massively.For decades, African Americans have supported the Democratic Party consistently and massively. 95% in % in 2008

68 Do not vote as a blockDo not vote as a block Cuban-Americans:Cuban-Americans: –Tend to vote Republican Mexicans and Puerto Ricans:Mexicans and Puerto Ricans: –Tend to vote Democrat

69 The part of the country in which a person lives has an impact on voting.The part of the country in which a person lives has an impact on voting. Solid South:Solid South: –Starting with the end of the Civil War, the South voted solidly Democrat for over 100 years.

70 Married couples and family members tend to vote the same way.Married couples and family members tend to vote the same way. What is the role of parents?What is the role of parents? –2 of 3 voters follow the political attachments of their parents

71 Psychology is the study of the mind and of individual behavior.Psychology is the study of the mind and of individual behavior.

72 A majority of Americans identify with one of the major parties – and many NEVER change.A majority of Americans identify with one of the major parties – and many NEVER change. This is the SINGLE most significant predictor of how a person will vote.This is the SINGLE most significant predictor of how a person will vote.

73 Straight Ticket :Straight Ticket : –Voting of candidates of ONLY one party Split Ticket:Split Ticket: –Voting for candidates of MORE than one party

74 Term used for people with no party affiliation.Term used for people with no party affiliation. New breed of:New breed of: –Often young and above average in education, income and job status.

75 Candidates:Candidates: –An impression a candidate makes on a voter can cause a switch in party Issues:Issues: –An important issue can cause a switch in party for a voter –An important issue can cause a switch in party for a voter.


Download ppt "The Framers of the Constitution purposely left the power to set suffrage qualifications to each State.The Framers of the Constitution purposely left."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google