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APA Citizen’s Academy Presentation on Local Resources Paul Casey, Assistant City Administrator October 18, 2013.

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Presentation on theme: "APA Citizen’s Academy Presentation on Local Resources Paul Casey, Assistant City Administrator October 18, 2013."— Presentation transcript:

1 APA Citizen’s Academy Presentation on Local Resources Paul Casey, Assistant City Administrator October 18, 2013

2 2 Overview  Summary of Key Revenue Sources  Property Taxes  Sales Taxes  Transient Occupancy Taxes  Other Fees and Taxes (business, UUT, Fees and Service Charges)  Voter Approved Funding  Enterprise Funds  Transportation Funding  Redevelopment  State Involvement in Local Revenue  Land Use Wars

3 3 Government Funding 101  Government Funding is Complex  Multiple Funds  Multiple Revenue Sources  General Fund  Police, Fire, Library, Planning, Admin  Enterprise Funds  Dedicated, fee based funds

4 4 General Fund Main Sources of Revenue  Property Tax  Sales Tax  Transient Occupancy Tax  Other Fees and Service Charges

5 PROPERTY TAX City of Santa Barbara Community Development Department 5

6 6 Property Tax  Historically Primary Source of Local Government Funding  Applied to residential and commercial properties – Value-Based Tax  Exemptions for Non-Profit, Religious, Educational, Hospital, Government Owned  Revenue Collected by County – Distributed Per State Law

7 7 Property Tax Breakdown  Typical Breakdown of Property Taxes Statewide  Schools 46%  County 27%  City 21 %  Special Districts 7%

8 8 Property Tax Breakdown City of Santa Barbara  Breakdown Property Taxes for City of Santa Barbara  County 26%  Elementary School District 23%  High School District 17%  City 13%  City College 6%  Other County Special Districts 6%  ERAF 9%

9 9 Proposition 13  Statewide Initiative in 1978  Approved by Voters %  Changed Property Tax Approach  Changed Voting Requirements on Taxes

10 10 Key Proposition 13 Components  Decreased Property Taxes to 1975 Level  Limits Annual Tax Assessment to 1% of it’s Assessed Value  Restricted Annual Increases of Assessed Value to Not Exceed 2 % per year  Reassessment can occur at Change of Ownership – or Improvement to Property  Requires 2/3 majority in Legislature for increases in state tax rates  Requires 2/3 vote in local election for special taxes

11 11 Effect of Proposition 13  Authority to Allocate Property Taxes Shifted to State  Provided Predictability for Property Owners  Differing Tax Rates for Similar Properties Receiving Similar Services Based upon Purchase Date  Harder to approve tax increases in Legislature, and at ballot Box

12 12 Effect of Proposition 13  Local Government Revenue Reduced by 60%  Cities and Counties Raised User Fees and Local Taxes in Response  Commercial Properties Don’t Change Ownership as Frequently – Leads to Lower Assessments Over Time

13 Property Tax Summary  Remains Valuable Local Revenue Source  May Not Keep up with Inflation, but Generally Doesn’t Fall as Fast in Hard Times Either 13

14 SALES TAX City of Santa Barbara Community Development Department 14

15 15 Sales Tax  Collected by State Board of Equalization  Statewide Tax is 7.5%  Localities May Add Additional Sales Tax  Measure A ½ Cent as an example

16 16 Sales Tax  7.5% Sales Tax Broken Down:  6.5% to State General fund Public Safety Education  1% - Uniform Local Tax

17 17 Sales Tax  Strong Revenue Source  Can Grow with Increase in Economic Activity  Auto Dealers, High Volume Retail Desirable

18 TRANSIENT OCCUPANCY TAX City of Santa Barbara Community Development Department 18

19 19 Transient Occupancy Tax  Also Known As Bed Tax  Generally a Percentage of Charged Hotel Room Rate  Over Time, Has Become Many Cities Best/Favored Revenue Source  Least Likely to be Interfered with by State, but can be Volatile

20 OTHER FEES AND SERVICE CHARGES City of Santa Barbara Community Development Department 20

21 21 Other Fees and Service Charges  Utility User Taxes  Business License Fees  Direct Service Charges (Recreation Programs, Planning and Building Fees)  Development Impact Fees (Traffic, Schools, Parks and Open Space)

22 VOTER APPROVED REVENUE City of Santa Barbara Community Development Department 22

23 23 Voter Approved Revenue  Used for General Fund Services, Large Capital Projects, Infrastructure Financing, Special Needs  Increases to Existing Fees (Sales Tax, T.O.T., UUT, Property Tax, G.O. Bonds, Parcel Tax etc)  Requires Voter Approval 2/3 Special Tax 50% General Tax 55% School District Bond  Dictated by Proposition 13, Proposition 218, Proposition 26, State Legislature

24 24 Voter Approved Revenue  Local Examples:  Measure A ½ Cent Sales Tax Countywide  Creeks Measure City of SB – 2% TOT Increase  TOT Increase in City of Goleta and Carpinteria – General Tax  School District Bond Measure  Santa Barbara City College Bond Measure

25 ENTERPRISE FUNDS City of Santa Barbara Community Development Department 25

26 26 Enterprise Funds  Separate Accounting For Municipal Service Functions  Revenues and Expenditures in Completely Separate Fund from General Fund  Most Often Utilities – Water, Wastewater, Refuse – ratepayer based utilities  Other Examples Locally-- Airport, Harbor, Golf Course

27 27 Enterprise Funds  Allows Public/Government to See Program Stand on its Own  Newly Funded Programs Often Created as Enterprise Fund  Some Legally Required, Others Used as Public Trust Approach  Often Confusing in Tough Budget Times to General Public

28 TRANSPORTATION FUNDING City of Santa Barbara Community Development Department 28

29 29 Transportation Funding  Multiple Sources – Federal, State, Local  Federal and State Gas Taxes  Local Self Help Counties = Increase to Sales Tax  More Fuel Efficient Cars Leads to Effectively Declining Revenue

30 REDEVELOPMENT City of Santa Barbara Community Development Department 30

31 31 Redevelopment  Tax Increment Financing – Around Since 1950s  Powerful Tool to Improve Downtowns Throughout California  State Took RDA Money to Address Budget in 2000’s  Voters Passed Prop 22 to Close RDA Loophole November 2010  State Eliminated Redevelopment in 2011

32 STATE INVOLVEMENT City of Santa Barbara Community Development Department 32

33 33 State Involvement In Local Revenue Last 35 Years  Prop 13 (1978)  ERAF (1992) – Education Revenue Augmentation Fund  State diverted local property tax to Schools to Meet Prop. 98  $2 - $3 million per year for City of SB  Redevelopment (2000 to 2011)  Money from RDAs to Balance State Budget – eventually eliminated RDAs for Revenue  Vehicle License Fee (2004) – First a Convoluted Swap of Funds, but Over Time Essential Elimination

34 34 Local Government Response  Proposition 1A (2004)  Sponsored by California League of Cities  Passed with 84% Support  Prohibits State From:  Reducing Sales Tax to Cities  Reducing VLF without Replacement Funding  Shifting Property Taxes from Cities  Borrowing Money from Cities, unless paid back in 3 years and can only borrow twice in 10 years

35 35 Local Government Response  State Takings of Local Revenue and Proposition 1A Created Distrust between Legislature and Cities  Led to Further Voter Initiatives, and Eventual Elimination of Redevelopment

36 LAND USE WARS City of Santa Barbara Community Development Department 36

37 37 Land Use Wars  Proposition 13 Led to a Chase for Revenue other than Property Tax  Most Often Sales Tax  Drive for Retail Centers, Auto Malls  Ineffecient Regional Planning – See Ventura/Oxnard and Palmdale/Lancaster

38 FUTURE TRENDS City of Santa Barbara Community Development Department 38

39 39 Trends in CA City Revenues Statewide  State and Federal Aid to Cities Declining  21% on average in 1975  10% on average today  Property Tax Controlled by State and Limited per Prop 13  Sales Tax Base is Declining – trend to Service Economy, Internet Retail Uncertainty  Limitations/Restriction on Taxes and Fees that Cities Can Impose  Infrastructure Improvements and Maintenance are Lagging Statewide and Nationally

40 40 Trends in Santa Barbara City Financing  Broad Tax Base  TOT, Sales, and Property Taxes are Strong and Relatively Stable  County Seat, Vibrant Downtown, Other Strong Commercial Areas, and Desirable Location All Help  Tourism Supports TOT and Sales Tax  Infrastructure Improvements and Maintenance are Long Term Challenge, Especially Without RDA  Demand for Services and Citizen Expectations Remain High

41 41 Resources  California Local Government Finance Almanac:  Californiacityfinance.com  League of California Cities:  cacities.org  Institute for Local Government:  ca-ilg.org  “Guide to California Planning” by Bill Fulton


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