2Amendments 11-27There are 17 other amendments not included in the Bill of RightsThe rest of the amendments have been added fromThe most important of these amendments deal with civil rights and voting.
3Amendments 11-27 11th- Lawsuits against states (1795) Federal courts are not to be used when a citizen of another state sues the stateMust use state courtForeign countries cannot sue a state in federal courtEx. Norway suing Delaware in the Supreme court cannot happen
4Amendments 11-2712th The President and Vice President are elected together. (1804)Kept them from being from two different parties and arguing constantlyAlso says that the House of Representatives picks if there is a tie
5Amendments 11-27 13th Abolishes slavery/ involuntary servitude (1865) Ended slavery and slavery as a result of debtGives Congress right to make laws to enforce thisException- Prisoners doing manual labor as a part of their sentence-Note: Guaranteed slaves freedom but not any rights
6Amendments 11-27 14th Rights of Citizens (1868) Gives people, born or naturalized in the United States, citizenship and the rights that come with it.Naturalized- becoming an American citizen by conforming to our laws and standards
7Amendments 11-27 15th Right to vote (1870) Gives citizens the right to voteCannot be denied based on race, color or if you were a slaveGives Congress the power to enforceGrandfather laws, poll taxes and voter test were still allowedNote- Does not given women the right to vote
8Amendments 11-27 16th Grants Congress the power to tax income (1913) Was to help pay for government expenses17th Provides election of Senators by the people (1913)Use to be elected by the state legislatureNow citizens of that state elect senators
9Amendments 11-27 18th Sets up Prohibition Bans the sale, production and consumption of alcoholOnly amendment repealed (21st)Was abandoned due to the increase of organized crime
10Amendments 11-27 19th Grants women the right to vote (suffrage) 1920 During WWI, women were working I the factories and were unable to vote
11Amendments 11-2720th Changes the beginning dates for presidential and congressional terms (1933)Was a result of travel being faster and politicians could get to Washington DC quicker21st Repeals Prohibition (1933)Prohibition only lasted for 14 years
12Amendments 11-2722nd Places a limit on the number of terms a president may serve for (1951)Result of FDR being elected to 4 terms (although he died during the 4th)23rd Grants residents of Washington DC the right to vote in presidential elections (1961)Washington DC is not a state and therefore they once could not vote
13Amendments 11-27 24th Prohibits poll tax (1964) A tax required to vote (predominantly in the South)Outlawed a method for trying to prevent blacks from voting (most blacks were below the poverty line)25th Sets policies for presidential succession and in case the president is incapacitated (1967)Vice-president takes over and then nominates his new vice-presidentPuts the vice-president in charge if the president is in surgery or incapacitated due to disease
14Amendments 11-27 26th Lowers the voting age to 18 (1971) Result of the Vietnam war18 year olds were able to get drafted but unable to vote for or against the war27th Placed limits on Congressional pay raises (1992)Congress can raise its pay but it cannot go in affect until the following term
15Essential QuestionsWhy do you think it took three amendments to give freed slaves all of their rights?Why would they make Congressional pay raises not go in effect until after the next election?Why did WWI help women to get the right to vote?