Presentation on theme: "By: Santa Clara County Controller-Treasurer’s Office."— Presentation transcript:
By: Santa Clara County Controller-Treasurer’s Office
Property Tax Assessments Property Tax Roll Types Role of Different Agencies Apportionments Projections Demystifying California Property Tax Apportionment System
The People's Initiative to Limit Property Taxation was approved by California voters on June 6, Article 13A of the Constitution of the State of California An annual increases of assessed value of real property to an inflation factor, not to exceed 2% per year.
Allowed reassessment of a base year value for Supplemental event (a) change in ownership, or (b) completion of new construction. A reassessment may be an assessed value increase resulting in a supplemental bill(s), an assessed value decrease resulting in a supplemental refund(s) or retaining the same assessed value (no change).
Government properties or properties that are used for non–commercial purposes. Welfare Exemption: hospitals, religious properties, charities, and nonprofit schools and colleges. Homeowner Exemption Veteran Exemption EXEMPTION
PERSONAL PROPERTY Property other than land, buildings, and other permanent structures, which are commonly referred to as “real property” such as manufacturing equipment, business computers, and office furniture. Aircraft – personal and commercial Boats When determining the market value of personal property, county assessors take into account the loss in value due to the age and condition of personal property—a concept known as depreciation. Unlike property taxes on real property, which are due in two separate payments, taxes on personal property are due on August 31.
The State Board of Equalization is responsible for assessing certain real properties that cross county boundaries, such as Public Utilities :Transmission Lines, Optical Lines, Electric Facilities. Telecommunication: Interexchange and Commercial Mobile Regulated Railway: Railroad tracks and cars. Canals.
The County Assessor is responsible for assessing inter-county pipelines
PROP 8: TEMPORARY REDUCTION OF PROP 13 Base Values due to Market declines. PROP 60 : allows transfers of base year values within the same county (intracounty). Must be at least 55 years old. PROP 90 : allows transfers from one county to another county in California (intercounty) and it is the discretion of each county to authorize such transfers. Must be at least 55 years old. PROP 110 : provides property tax relief for severely and permanently disabled claimants when they sell an existing home and buy or build another. PROP 58 : Transfers of the principal place of residence between parents and their children (there is no limit on the value of the residence)
The 1 percent rate established by Proposition 13 (1978). Tax rates to pay for local voter– approved debt. Property assessments. Mello–Roos taxes. Parcel taxes.
SECURED SUPPLEMENTAL UNSECURED UNITARY
COUNTY ASSESSOR: Assesses Values of the Properties Certifies the Values to the County Treasurer-Controller
TAX COLLECTOR Collects the taxes Issues Refunds Prints and Mails tax bills Processes Roll corrections Certifies the Tax Collections to the Treasurer Controller for Apportionment
TREASURER-CONTROLLER Extends the Annual Tax Rolls Apportions the Tax Collections and Refunds [due to Roll Corrections] Distributes the Funds to Taxing Entities Provides Fiscal Reports
Teeter ◦ Author: Mr. Desmond Teeter, the Auditor-Controller for Contra Costa County (1940s) ◦ Allows counties to apportion secured, unitary, assessment, supplemental to jurisdictions at 100% of billed amount rather than tax collections ◦ County collects delinquent tax payments & penalties ◦ R&T § Benefits: Simplified property tax estimation and allocation process Stable and reliable annual property tax revenues
Santa Clara County: Teeter: Secured & Supplemental Non-teeter: Unsecured Non-Teeter Cities: City of Sunnyvale Town of Los Gatos
AB8 Apportionment factors ◦ The Assembly Bill 8 (“AB8”) 1979 Provides procedures for an equitable allocation of property taxes change in proportion with the increase or decrease of assessed values (“AV”) To allocate to each jurisdiction the amount it received in the prior year, plus the change that has occurred in the current year within its boundaries Increment Allocation Factor (IAF) apply on the change of AV
Annual calculation ‘Modified AB8’ ◦ ADA from the State ◦ Basic Aid and Non-County-of-county districts are not eligible Prior year’s factors for prior year’s collections
Apportionment Schedule ◦ Major revenue Secured: 10 times a year Unsecured: 3 times a year Supplemental: 13 times a year ◦ Link to Apportionment schedule: Treasurer%20Department/Property%20Tax%20 Apportionment/Pages/PROPERTY-TAX- DISTRIBUTION-SCHEDULE.aspx
Current Year’s Projection Assessor’s Certified Roll Roll Corrections Others
Next Fiscal Year’s Projection Assessor’s Monthly Roll Growth Estimated Roll Corrections Others
Current Year’s Projection Collections Assessor’s Annual Roll Roll Corrections Others
Next Fiscal Year’s Projection Historic Data Market Trend/Economy Roll Corrections Others
Current Year’s Projection Market Trend Collection Roll Corrections Historic Data Others
Next Fiscal Year’s Projection Market Trend Roll Corrections Historic Data Others
County Supplemental vs. Transfer Tax Correlation (r)
Current Year Annual Tax Increment Loss Available in August meeting Current Year Pass-through Available in November meeting Same distribution timing as RPTTF [January 2 and June 1] RPTTF Residual Estimate Available on October 1 and April 1 RPTTF Residual Distribution January 2 and June 1
Trust Fund H&S § (b) The county auditor-controller shall create within the county treasury a Redevelopment Property Tax Trust Fund for the property tax revenues related to each former redevelopment agency, for administration by the county auditor-controller. Distribution [H&S §34183] Timing: Jan 2 & Jun 1 What’s distributed Administrative Fees & audit fee to County Auditor-Controller; Pass-through Payment to the affected taxing entities of former RDA; Recognized Obligation Payments to Successor Agency's Recognized Obligation Retirement Fund (RORF); Successor Agency's Administrative Cost Allowance under H&S 34171; SCO Billings under H&S34184(d); Residual Balance of the RPTTF to local agencies and school entities
Demystifying the California Property Tax Apportionment David G Elledge May 2006
Prop 13/ 1978 ◦ limited the tax rate for each individual piece of property to one percent, exclusive of bonded indebtedness approved by the voters SB154/ three weeks after passage of Prop 13 ◦ to divide up the one percent property tax rate based on an historical shares methodology to maintain an “as you were” approach ◦ Example: City A received 5% prior to passage of AB8, City A would receive 5% of property taxes collected at 1%
Problem with SB154 ◦ Geographical boundaries ◦ SB154 Base Year Error ◦ State Assistance (Bailout) Long Term Solution: AB8 ◦ Distribute growth in assessed valuation ◦ Redistribute property taxes resulting from changes in jurisdictional boundaries/services
TEA ◦ Tax Equity Allocation ◦ No/low property tax cities 31 cities existed prior to Prop 13 never levied a property tax, no share in the property tax apportionment ◦ AB 709 first TEA legislation Required 17 counties to shift some of their property tax to 49 qualifying cities ◦ AB1197 amended TEA legislation provide most qualifying cities receive 7 percent of the property tax ◦ Santa Clara County TEA cities: Cupertino, Los Altos Hill, Monte Sereno & Saratoga
ERAF ◦ Educational Revenue Augmentation Fund ◦ 1992/93 ERAF I State Budget Shortfall ◦ 1993/94 ERAF II State Budget Shortfall ◦ 2004/05 and 2005/06 ERAF III (temporary)